Buchanan County, VA
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of Buchanan County 4-7-1997. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
[In regard to statutory references, unless the county specifically amends the statutory provisions to the contrary or repeals the statutory provisions, future amendments to said statute shall take effect as provided by law.]
There is hereby adopted by the Board of Supervisors that certain Code entitled the "Code of Buchanan County, Virginia," containing certain ordinances of a general and permanent nature as revised, compiled, consolidated and codified in Chapters 1 to 90, both inclusive.
The provisions of such Code shall be in force on and after the effective date of this ordinance, and all ordinances of a general and permanent nature enacted on or prior to the effective date of this ordinance and not contained in such Code are hereby repealed from and after the effective date of this ordinance, except as hereinafter provided.
The repeal provided for in the preceding section of this ordinance shall not affect any offense or act committed or done or any penalty or forfeiture incurred or any contract or right established or occurring before the effective date of this ordinance; nor shall such repeal affect any ordinance or resolution promising or guaranteeing the payment of money by or for the county or authorizing the issue of any bonds of the county or any evidence of indebtedness or any contract or obligation assumed by the county; nor shall it affect any right or franchise conferred by ordinance or resolution of the county on any person or corporation; nor shall it affect any ordinance adopted for purposes which have been consummated or any ordinance which is temporary, although general in effect, or special, although permanent in effect; nor shall it affect any of the following ordinances or any amendment thereto:
A. 
Any appropriation ordinance.
B. 
Any ordinance levying or imposing taxes.
C. 
Any ordinance providing for any public improvement.
D. 
Any ordinance making any assessment.
E. 
Any ordinance opening, relocating, closing, altering or naming any streets or alleys.
F. 
Any ordinance relative to salaries, wages or compensation or bonds of county officers and employees or to members or employees of county boards or commissions.
G. 
Any ordinance relative to annexation of territory to the county or relative to the change, expansion or contraction of the corporate boundaries of the county.
H. 
Any ordinance adopted subsequent to January 1, 1997.
It is hereby declared to be the intention of the Board of Supervisors that the sections, paragraphs, sentences, clauses and phrases of this ordinance and of the Code are severable, and if any phrase, clause, sentence, paragraph or section of this ordinance or such Code shall be declared unconstitutional or invalid by the valid judgment or decree of a court of competent jurisdiction, such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect any of the remaining phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs and sections of this ordinance or of such Code.
Three copies of the Code shall be filed in the office of the County Administrator and be made available on premises to persons desiring to examine the same.
A. 
In compiling and preparing the ordinances for publication as the Code of Buchanan County, no changes in the meaning or intent of such ordinances have been made, except as provided in Subsection B hereof. In addition, certain grammatical changes and other minor nonsubstantive changes were made in one or more of said pieces of legislation. It is the intention of Buchanan County that all such changes be adopted as part of the Code as if the ordinance had been previously formally amended to read as such.
B. 
In addition, the certain amendments and/or additions are made herewith and are hereby adopted by reference, to become effective upon the effective date of this ordinance. The chapters, articles, sections or subsections which have been amended or added have been noted using an Editor's Note stating "Amended (Added) at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I."
A. 
In the construction of this Code and of all county ordinances, the following rules shall be observed, unless otherwise specifically provided or unless such construction would be inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Board of Supervisors:
(1) 
Gender. See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.7.
(2) 
Computation of time. See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.3.
(3) 
Number. See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.15.
(4) 
"Or" and "and." The word "or" may be read "and" and the word "and" may be read "or" if the sense requires it.
(5) 
"Preceding" and "following." See Code of Virginia, §§ 1-13.6 and 1-13.23.
(6) 
"State" and "commonwealth." The words "state" and "commonwealth" shall be construed as if the words "of Virginia" followed.
(7) 
Time. Words used in the past or present tense include the future as well as the past and present.
(8) 
Other words. The rules of construction given in §§ 1-13.1 to 1-15.1 of the Code of Virginia shall govern, so far as applicable, the construction of all other words not defined in this section.
B. 
As used in this Code and all county ordinances, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BOARD OF SUPERVISORS
The Board of Supervisors of the County of Buchanan, Virginia.
COUNTY
The County of Buchanan in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
MONTH
See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.13.
OATH
See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.16.
OWNER
When applied to a building or land, includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety of the whole or a part of such building or land.
PERSON
See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.19.
SIGNATURE OR SUBSCRIPTION
Includes a mark when a person cannot write.
STREET AND HIGHWAY
Includes public streets, avenues, boulevards, highways, roads, alleys, lanes, viaducts, bridges and the approaches thereto and all other public thoroughfares in the county and shall mean the entire width thereof between abutting property lines. It shall be construed to include a sidewalk or footpath, unless the contrary is expressed or unless such construction would be inconsistent with the manifest intent of the Board of Supervisors.
SWEAR AND SWORN
See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.28.
WRITTEN OR IN WRITING
Includes any representation of words, letters or figures, whether by printing or otherwise.
YEAR
See Code of Virginia, § 1-13.33.