Buchanan County, VA
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of Buchanan County 7-3-1974; amended in its entirety 11-3-2008. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
In regard to statutory references, unless the County specifically amends the statutory provisions to the contrary or repeals the statutory provisions, future amendments to said statute shall take effect as provided by law.
Erosion and sediment control — See Ch. 31.1.
Fences — See Ch. 33A.
Flood damage prevention — See Ch. 34.
Land use — See Ch. 51.
A. 
There is hereby adopted by reference in the County of Buchanan, Virginia, the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (VUSBC) and the amendments thereto, which is effective the first day of September, 1973, the provisions of which are adopted and shall control all matters concerning the construction, alteration, addition, repair, removal, demolition, use, location, occupancy and maintenance of all buildings and all other functions which pertain to the installation of all systems vital to all buildings and all other functions which pertain to the installation of all systems vital to all buildings and structures and their service equipment, as defined by the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, and shall apply to existing and proposed buildings or structures in the County of Buchanan, Virginia.
B. 
Pursuant to authority granted in the Code of Virginia, § 36-105, as amended, it is hereby expressly provided that the property maintenance provisions of the VUSBC, as they may be amended from time to time by the Virginia Board of Housing and Community Development (VBHCD), are adopted and in effect in Buchanan County and that, in accordance thereto, existing buildings and structures, permanent or temporary, whether occupied or not, and their associated equipment may be inspected after completion of construction to ensure that the buildings and structures are maintained in accordance with VUSBC regulations.
C. 
There are in effect in Virginia and, therefore, also in Buchanan County, the Virginia Amusement Device Regulations, the Virginia Certification Standards, the Virginia Industrialized Building Safety Regulations and the Virginia Manufactured Home Safety Regulations pursuant to the Code of Virginia, and as they may be amended from time to time by the VBHCD.
D. 
Nothing in this chapter shall be held to preclude compliance with any zoning, health, safety, sanitation or provisions of the Code of the County of Buchanan, heretofore or hereafter adopted.
There is hereby established a Building Inspection Department, whose responsibility it is to enforce the provisions of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code as stated in Article I, Section 9, of the Uniform Statewide Building Code. The cost of enforcement may be defrayed through the levying of fees by the locality as provided in § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia. The Building Official, in concurrence with the chief appointing authority, shall be responsible for the organization and daily operation of the department.
[Amended 6-1-2015]
A. 
Permits; inspection procedure.
(1) 
All applicants shall have from the Buchanan County Health Department an updated septic system or layout and approved water, or statement from P.S.A. if on public water and sewage.
(2) 
All work not performed by property owner must be done by Virginia State licensed contractors, with the appropriate endorsements for job to be performed.
(3) 
No permit to begin work for new construction or other building operations shall be issued until the fees prescribed in this section shall have been paid. The fees shall be affixed at the following rates:
(a) 
Minimum fee: $20.
(b) 
Residential (new houses and modular homes): $0.05 per square foot.
(c) 
Singlewide mobile homes: $40.
(d) 
Doublewide mobile homes: $75.
(e) 
Commercial, industrial: $7.50 per $1,000 of estimated cost.
(f) 
All remodeling and additions: $5 per $1,000 of estimated cost.
(g) 
Specialty permits (electrical, plumbing, heating and cooling, re-roofing, demolition, other miscellaneous): $5 per $1,000 of estimated cost.
(h) 
Storage tanks (install or remove): $20 per tank.
(i) 
Storage and utility buildings: $5 per $1,000 of estimated cost.
B. 
Fee for plan review. A special fee shall be paid by the applicant when plans of a special design are filed with the Building Inspection Department. The fee for this review shall be that which is charged by the third party certified plan reviewer and shall be in addition to any other fee required by this chapter.
C. 
There shall be a state levy of 2% on all permit fees.
D. 
Inspections.
(1) 
For first inspection, the Building Code Office shall be notified when excavation is completed and before concrete is poured.
(2) 
Second inspection is on heating, electrical and plumbing rough-in.
(3) 
Final inspection upon completion.
(4) 
Work shall not proceed until the inspector has approved the various stages of construction.
(5) 
Approved plans must be retained on the job and card posted until final inspection has been made.
A. 
The County of Buchanan shall be divided into one fire district(s) and outside fire limits.
B. 
Fire District No.1 shall comprise the jurisdiction and boundaries of the County of Buchanan.
A. 
The owner of a building or structure or any other person may appeal from a decision of the Building Official refusing to grant a permit or a modification of the provisions of the basic code covering the manner of construction or materials to be used in the erection, alteration or repair of a building or structure to the Board of Building Code Appeals. Application for appeal may be made when it is claimed that the true intent of the basic code or the rules legally adopted thereunder have been incorrectly interpreted, the provisions of the basic code do not fully apply or an equally good or better form of construction can be used. Any application for appeal relating to new construction shall be submitted to the Board within 90 calendar days from receipt of the decision to be appealed. Appeals relating to property maintenance provisions of the VUSBC shall be submitted within 21 calendar days; and appeals relating to the application of Virginia Amusement Device Regulations (VDAR) shall be submitted within 14 calendar days of receipt of the decision to be appealed.
B. 
The Board of Building Code Appeals shall consist of six members and be appointed by the Board of Supervisors in accordance with the appeal provisions of the VUSBC and shall function in conformance with Section 121.0 of the BOCA National Building Code and the administrative amendments.
C. 
Compensation for the Board of Appeals members shall be determined by the Board of Supervisors of the County of Buchanan.
D. 
To the extent such persons may be available, the membership of the Board shall consists of individuals as follows:
(1) 
Two registered design professionals who are architects or civil engineers; or a builder or superintendent of building construction with at least 10 years' experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
(2) 
A registered design professional with structural engineering or architectural experience.
(3) 
A registered design professional with mechanical or plumbing engineering experience; or a mechanical or plumbing contractor with at least 10 years' experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
(4) 
A registered design professional with electrical engineering experience; or an electrical contractor with at least 10 years' experience, five of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
(5) 
A property manager with at least five years of experience.
E. 
In the event any member ceases to meet the qualifications of the category under which he was appointed, his position shall be deemed vacant and a new member shall be appointed by the Board of Supervisors.
F. 
Any member may be removed by the Board of Supervisors for cause, including but not limited to failure to perform the duties imposed upon him by this chapter, including attendance at meetings of the Board. Any such member shall be given notice of his removal and opportunity to be heard.
G. 
The term of office shall be four years each, except that members may initially be appointed to shorter terms in order to stagger the terms so that no less than half of the terms expire in any one year or until removed by the Board of Supervisors. Vacancies shall be filled by the Board of Supervisors for the unexpired portion of the term of any appointee.
H. 
The Board of Supervisors shall appoint up to four alternate members to the Board, who shall be called by the Chairman to hear appeals in the absence or disqualification of any regular member. Such alternates shall meet the same qualifications as the members of the Board, as set forth above in Subsection D.
I. 
The Board of Building Code Appeals shall annually select one of its members to serve as Chairman. In the event of the absence of the Chairman at a meeting, the members present shall select an acting Chairman. The Chairman shall have the power and duty to direct the hearing, rule upon the acceptance of evidence, and oversee the record of all proceedings. The Building Official, on behalf of the Board of Supervisors, shall designate a secretary to the Board, who shall keep a detailed record of all proceedings on file in the office of the Building Official or his designee and shall file a copy of every resolution(s) with the Clerk to the Board of Supervisors.
J. 
A member of the Board of Building Code Appeals shall not hear an appeal in which that member has any conflict of interest in accordance with the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act as set forth in Virginia Code § 2.2-3100 et seq. and its subsequent recodification, if any.
K. 
The Board shall meet, upon notice from the Board Chairman, within 30 calendar days of the filing of an appeal pertaining to the VUSBC, except that a longer period of time shall be permitted if agreed to by all the parties involved in the appeal. The Board shall meet within seven days of the filing of an appeal pertaining to the VADR.
L. 
All hearings shall be open to the public. The appellant, the appellant's representative, the Building Official, and any other person whose interests may be affected by the matter on appeal shall be given an opportunity to be heard. The Board shall conduct its hearing in conformance with the procedures adopted by the Board and made available to the public through the secretary to the Board.
M. 
When there are fewer than four members and/or alternates present to hear an appeal, any party to the appeal shall have the right to request a postponement of the hearing. The Board shall reschedule the meeting within 30 calendar days of the postponement, or a longer period of time if agreed to by all parties to the appeal.
N. 
A concurring vote of the majority of members of the Board present at a meeting is required to reverse or modify the decision of the Building Official.
O. 
Every decision of the Board shall be by resolution signed by the Chairman and retained as part of the record. Certified copies of the resolution shall be furnished to the appellant and to the Building Official. The resolution shall contain a statement indicating that, if further appeal is sought, application shall be made to the State Technical Review Board within 21 calendar days of receipt of the resolution.
P. 
The Building Official shall take immediate action in accordance with the decision of the Board, unless such decision is appealed to the State Technical Review Board or to the courts. In such event, the Building Official shall take immediate action, if necessary, after any such appeal has been finally and fully resolved.
Q. 
Any person who was a party to the appeal may further appeal the decision of the Board concerning the VUSBC or VADR to the State Building Code Technical Review Board. Application for review of a decision rendered under the VUSBC shall be made to the State Building Code Technical Review Board within 21 calendar days of receipt of the resolution setting forth the decision of the local appeals board to be appealed. Application for review of a decision rendered under the VADR shall be made to the State Building Code Technical Review Board within 14 calendar days of receipt of the resolution setting forth the decision of the local appeals board to be appealed.