Buchanan County, VA
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The owner of any house, building or property which is used for commercial, industrial and/or residential purposes abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is or may be located a gravity sewer connected to the treatment works of the PSA is required, at the owner's expense, to install suitable toilet facilities therein and to connect such facilities directly to the proper sewer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter within 30 days after notice that a sewer is available within 300 feet of the property line. This section shall not apply to any person served by a privately constructed, owned, operated and maintained sewer and treatment facility which discharges directly to a natural outlet in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and applicable state and federal laws.
A. 
No person shall uncover, make any connections with, use, alter or disturb any wastewater sewer without first obtaining a written permit from the Executive Director.
B. 
There shall be two classes of permits for connections to the PSA's treatment works and treatment facilities:
(1) 
CLASS I, residential.
(2) 
CLASS II, industrial.
C. 
In all cases, the owner shall make application for a permit to connect to the PSA's treatment works on a form furnished by the PSA. The permit application shall be supplemented by wastewater information required to administer this chapter. A permit and inspection fee in an amount set by the PSA from time to time in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations shall be paid to the PSA at the time the application is filed.
Existing building sewers may be used for connection of new buildings only when they are found, on examination and testing by the Executive Director, to meet the requirements of this chapter.
A. 
No person shall connect roof, foundation, areaway, parking lot, roadway or other surface runoff or groundwater drains to any sewer which is connected to a treatment works unless such connection is authorized, in writing, by the Executive Director. The connection of such drains shall conform to codes specified in § 73-10 or as specified by the Executive Director as a condition of approval of such connection.
B. 
Except as provided above, roof, foundation, areaway, parking lot, roadway or other surface runoff or groundwater drains shall discharge to natural outlets or storm sewers.
The connection of a building sewer into a treatment works shall conform to the requirements of the Building and Plumbing Codes or other applicable requirements of the PSA or the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the Commonwealth of Virginia Sewerage Regulations, the Uniform Building Code of Virginia and the American Society of Testing Materials. The connections shall be made gastight and watertight and shall be verified by proper testing. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved, in writing, by the Executive Director before installation.
The applicant for a building sewer or other drainage connection permit shall notify the Executive Director when such sewer or drainage connection is ready for inspection prior to its connection to the PSA's treatment works. Such connection inspections and testing, as deemed necessary by the Executive Director, shall be made by the Executive Director.
A. 
No industrial user shall introduce or cause to be introduced into the POTW any pollutant or wastewater which causes pass-through or interference. These general prohibitions apply to all industrial users of the POTW, whether or not they are subject to categorical pretreatment standards or any other federal, state or local pretreatment standards or requirements. Furthermore, no industrial user may contribute the following substances to the POTW:
(1) 
Pollutants which create a fire or explosive hazard in the municipal wastewater collection system and POTW, including but not limited to waste streams with a closed-cup flash point of less than 140° F. (60° C.) using the test methods specified in 40 CFR 261.21.
(2) 
Any wastewater having a pH less than 5.0 or otherwise causing corrosive structural damage to the POTW or equipment or endangering PSA personnel.
(3) 
Solid or viscous substances in amounts which will cause obstruction of the flow in the POTW, resulting in interference, but in no case solids greater than three inches or eight centimeters in any dimension.
(4) 
Any wastewater containing pollutants, including oxygen-demanding pollutants (BOD, etc.), released in a discharge at a flow rate and/or pollutant concentration which, either singularly or by interaction with other pollutants, will cause interference with either the POTW or any wastewater treatment or sludge process or which will constitute a hazard to humans or animals.
(5) 
Any wastewater having a temperature greater than 120° F. or which will inhibit biological activity in the treatment plant, resulting in interference, but in no case wastewater which causes the temperature at the introduction into the treatment plant to exceed 104° F. (40° C.).
(6) 
Petroleum oil, nonbiodegradable cutting oil or products of mineral oil origin in amounts that will cause interference or pass-through.
(7) 
Any pollutants which result in the presence of toxic gases, vapors or fumes within the POTW in a quantity that may cause acute worker health and safety problems.
(8) 
Any trucked or hauled pollutants, except at discharge points designated by the PSA.
[Amended 4-7-1997]
(9) 
Any noxious or malodorous liquids, gases, solids or other wastewater which, either singularly or by interaction with other wastes, is sufficient to create a public nuisance, a hazard to life, or to prevent entry into the sewers for maintenance and repair.
(10) 
Any wastewater which imparts color which cannot be removed by the treatment process, such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions, which consequently imparts color to the treatment plant's effluent, thereby violating the PSA's VPDES permit. Color (in combination with turbidity) shall not cause the treatment plant effluent to reduce the depth of the compensation point for photosynthetic activity by more than 10% from the seasonably established norm for aquatic life.
(11) 
Any wastewater containing any radioactive wastes or isotopes, except as specifically approved by the Executive Director in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
(12) 
Stormwater, surface water, groundwater, artesian well water, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, swimming pool drainage, condensate, deionized water, noncontact cooling water and unpolluted industrial wastewater, unless specifically authorized by the Executive Director.
(13) 
Any sludge, screenings or other residues from the pretreatment of industrial wastes.
(14) 
Any medical wastes, except as specifically authorized by the Executive Director in a wastewater discharge permit.
(15) 
Any wastewater causing the treatment plant's effluent to fail a toxicity test in accordance Regulation VR 680-21-00 of the Virginia Water Quality Standards or any amendments or replacements thereof.
(16) 
Any wastes containing detergents, surface active agents or other substances which may cause excessive foaming in the POTW.
(17) 
Any discharge of fats, oils or greases of animal or vegetable origin is limited to 100 milligrams per liter or some lesser limit which may be placed in a permit at the discretion of the Executive Director.
(18) 
Any discharge of petroleum or hydrocarbon products is limited to 20 milligrams per liter or some lesser limit which may be placed in a permit at the discretion of the Executive Director.
B. 
Wastes prohibited by this section shall not be processed or stored in such a manner that they could be discharged to the POTW. All floor drains located in process or materials storage areas must discharge to the industrial user's pretreatment facility before connecting with the POTW.
The national categorical pretreatment standards found at 40 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter N, Parts 405-471 are hereby incorporated.
State pretreatment standards in the Virginia Sewerage Regulations promulgated by the State Department of Health and the State Water Control Board are hereby incorporated.
A. 
The charges and fees for service are those fees established by the rate ordinance heretofore enacted by the PSA and any amendments or changes in said rate ordinance which may hereinafter be enacted by the PSA.
B. 
Surcharge.
(1) 
A surcharge, in addition to the user charges as defined above, will be assessed to all users whose wastewater constituents exceed the following limits:
(a) 
BOD: 240 milligrams per liter.
(b) 
Suspended solids: 240 milligrams per liter.
(2) 
This surcharge will be based on the following formulas, applicable to users whose wastewaters are treated at the POTW:
US
=
(BOD-240) (8.345) (0.21) Vu for 1,000,000 gallons and over.
US
=
(SS-240) (8.345) (0.26) Vu for 1,000,000 gallons and over.
US
=
(BOD5-240) (8.345) ($1 per pound of BOD) for up to 1,000,000 gallons and over.
US
=
(SS-240) (8.345) ($1 per pound of SS) for up to 1,000,000 gallons and over.
Where
US
=
User's surcharge per month in dollars.
BOD
=
Average measured BOD value of user's wastewater in milligrams per liter.
SS
=
Average measured suspended solids value of user's wastewater in milligrams per liter.
Vu
=
Volume of user's monthly wastewater contribution in millions of gallons.
NOTE: The above formulas reflect the current estimated operation and maintenance costs for treatment per pound of BOD and SS at the POTW. The factors affecting such costs may be reviewed by the Sanitary Board and the above formulas revised to reflect revised operation and maintenance costs as required.
A. 
Each industrial user, unless otherwise excluded, shall be required to pay an industrial cost recovery charge in addition to their user charge and/or surcharge in accordance with United States Environmental Protection Agency requirements. Unless otherwise excluded, each industrial user's industrial cost recovery charge shall be computed based on the treatment facility servicing the industry and the following parameters:
Where
Q
=
Average daily wastewater flow contributed by the user in gallons per day.
BOD
=
The average daily poundage of five-day biochemical oxygen demand contributed by a user, which shall be calculated as follows:
Q x BOD5 x 8.31
Where
Q is in the form of million gallons per day.
BOD5 is in the form of milligrams per liter.
SS
=
The average daily poundage of suspended solids contributed by a user, which shall be calculated as follows:
Q x SS x 8.34.
Where
Q is in the form of million gallons per day.
SS is in the form of milligrams per liter.
Sample industrial recovery calculation assumed parameters are:
Q
=
150,000 gallons per day.
BOD
=
180 milligrams per liter.
SS
=
200 milligrams per liter.
BOD calculation:
0.15 million gallons per day x 180 milligrams per liter x 8.34 = 225.18 pounds per day.
SS calculation:
0.15 million gallons per day x 20 milligrams per liter x 8.34 = 250.20 pounds per day.
Therefore:
Q
=
150,000 gallons per day.
BOD
=
225.18 gallons per day.
SS
=
250.20 gallons per day.
If we assume the flows are treated at the PSA's plant:
Q
=
150,000 gallons per day x $863.94 per 1,000 gallons
=
$122,591
BOD
=
225.18 pounds per day x $529.83 per pound
=
$110,307
SS
=
250.20 pounds per day x $617.19 per pound
=
$151,421
$403,319
Total cost recovery payments required over useful life:
Annual payment
=
$403,3193
years' useful life
=
$13,444 per year
Monthly payment
=
$13,444/year
12 months
=
$1,120 per month
B. 
The requirements for exclusion from the above charges are as follows: industrial users [as defined in 40 CFR 35.905-8(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), which discharge only nonprocessed, segregated, domestic waste or waste from sanitary conveniences (for example, the so-called "dry" industries)] which are not significant industrial users under the regulations (40 CFR 35.925-12).
The Board of the PSA reserves the right to establish, by ordinance or in wastewater discharge permits, more stringent standards or requirements on discharges to the POTW if deemed necessary to comply with the objectives presented in § 73-1 of this chapter or the general and specific prohibitions in § 73-12 of this chapter.
A. 
The PSA reserves the right to enter into special agreements with industrial users setting out special terms under which they may discharge to the POTW. In no case will a special agreement waive compliance with a pretreatment standard or requirement. However, the industrial user may request a net gross adjustment to a categorical standard in accordance with 40 CFR 403-15. The industrial user may also request a variance from the categorical pretreatment standard from the EPA. Such a request will be approved only if the industrial user can prove that factors relating to its discharge are fundamentally different from the factors considered by the EPA when establishing that pretreatment standard. An industrial user requesting a fundamentally different factor variance must comply with the procedural and substantive provisions in 40 CFR 403.13.
B. 
Nothing in this article shall be construed as preventing any agreement or arrangement between the PSA and any user of the treatment works and treatment facility whereby wastewater of unusual strength or character (only in terms of BOD and/or suspended solids) is accepted into the system and specially treated subject to additional payments or user charges as may be applicable.
No industrial user shall ever increase the use of process water or in any way attempt to dilute a discharge as a partial or complete substitute for adequate treatment to achieve compliance with a discharge limitation unless expressly authorized by an applicable pretreatment standard or requirement. The Executive Director may impose mass limitations on industrial users which are using dilution to meet applicable pretreatment standards or requirements or in other cases when the imposition of mass limitations is appropriate.
It shall be unlawful for any person to lay or install plastic sewer pipes underground on any public property within the limits of Buchanan County which do not meet the American Water Works Association specifications.
All costs and expenses incidental to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the user. The user shall indemnify the PSA from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building, except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard or driveway, the front building sewer may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one building sewer; but the PSA does not and will not assume any obligation or responsibility for damage caused by or resulting from any such single connection aforementioned.
Whenever possible, the building sewer shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor. In all buildings in which any building drain is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building drain shall be lifted by an approved means at the expense of the user and discharged to the building sewer.
All excavations for building sewer installation shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the PSA or other appropriate entity.
All service laterals abandoned due to building demolition or for any other reason shall be properly sealed by the owner and inspected by a representative of the PSA prior to backfilling.