Township of Byram, NJ
Sussex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Scope. The provisions of this article shall govern the minimum mechanical and electrical facilities and equipment to be provided.
B. 
Responsibility. The owner of the structure shall provide and maintain mechanical and electrical facilities and equipment in compliance with these requirements. A person shall not occupy as owner-occupant or permit another person to occupy any premises which does not comply with the requirements of this article.
A. 
Facilities required. Heating facilities shall be provided in structures as required by this section.
B. 
Residential buildings. Every dwelling shall be provided with heating facilities capable of maintaining a room temperature of 68° F. in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms based on the outside design temperature required for the locality by the mechanical code listed in Article VIII.
(1) 
Heat supply. Every owner and operator of any building who rents, leases or lets one or more dwelling unit, rooming unit, dormitory, guest room on terms, either express or implied, to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall supply sufficient heat during the period from October 1 to May 1 to maintain the room temperatures specified in § 186-34B during the hours between 6:30 a.m. and 10:30 p.m. of each day and not less than 60° F. (16° C.) during other hours.
(2) 
Room temperature exception. When the outdoor temperature is below the outdoor design temperature required for the locality by the mechanical code listed in Article VIII, the owner or operator shall not be required to maintain the minimum room temperatures, provided that the heating system is operating at full capacity, with supply valves and dampers in a full open position.
C. 
Nonresidential structures.
(1) 
Every enclosed occupied work space shall be supplied with sufficient heat during the period from October 1 to May 1 to maintain a temperature of not less than 65° F. (18° C.) during all working hours.
(2) 
Exceptions:
(a) 
Processing, storage and operation areas that require cooling or special temperature conditions.
(b) 
Areas in which persons are primarily engaged in vigorous physical activities.
D. 
Room temperature measurement. The required room temperature shall be measured at a point three feet (914 mm) above the floor and three feet (914 mm) from the exterior walls.
A. 
Mechanical equipment. All mechanical equipment, fireplaces and solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be properly installed and maintained in a safe working condition and shall be capable of performing the intended function.
B. 
Equipment access. Access to outdoor mechanical equipment shall be maintained under all weather conditions.
C. 
Cooking and heating equipment. All cooking and heating equipment, components and accessories in every heating, cooking and water-heating device shall be maintained free from leaks and obstructions.
D. 
Flue. All fuel-burning equipment and appliances shall be connected to an approved chimney or vent; exception: fuel-burning equipment and appliances which are labeled for unvented operation.
E. 
Clearances. All required clearances to combustible materials shall be maintained.
F. 
Safety controls. All safety controls for fuel-burning equipment shall be maintained in effective operation.
G. 
Combustion air. A supply of air for complete combustion of the fuel and for ventilation of the space shall be provided for the fuel-burning equipment.
H. 
Energy conservation devices. Devices purporting to reduce fuel consumption by attachment to a fuel-burning appliance, to the fuel supply line thereto, or to the vent outlet or vent piping therefrom, shall not be installed unless labeled for such purpose and the installation is specifically approved.
A. 
Facilities required. Every occupied building shall be provided with an electrical system in compliance with the requirements of this section and § 186-37.
B. 
Service. The size and usage of appliances and equipment shall serve as a basis for determining the need for additional facilities in accordance with NFPA 70 listed in Article VIII. Every dwelling shall be served by a main service that is not less than 60 amperes, three wires.
C. 
Electrical system hazards. Where it is found that the electrical system in a structure constitutes a hazard to the occupants or the structure by reason of inadequate service, improper fusing, insufficient outlets, improper wiring or installation, deterioration or damage, or for similar reasons, the Code Official shall require the defects to be corrected to eliminate the hazard.
A. 
Installation. All electrical equipment, wiring and appliances shall be properly installed and maintained in a safe and approved manner.
B. 
Receptacles. Every habitable space in a dwelling shall contain at least two separate and remote receptacle outlets. Every laundry area shall contain at least one grounded-type receptacle. Every bathroom shall contain at least one receptacle.
C. 
Lighting fixtures. Every public hall, interior stairway, water closet compartment, bathroom, laundry room and furnace room shall contain at least one electric lighting fixture.
A. 
General. Elevators, dumbwaiters and escalators shall be maintained to sustain safely all imposed loads, to operate properly and to be free from physical and fire hazards.
B. 
Elevators.
(1) 
In buildings equipped with passenger elevators, at least one elevator shall be maintained in operation at all times when the building is occupied.
(2) 
Exception: Buildings equipped with only one elevator shall be permitted to have the elevator temporarily out of service for testing or servicing.