Township of Byram, NJ
Sussex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
As used in this article, the term "street" includes one or more streets, public thoroughfares, roads, highways, lanes and alleys or any part thereof.
A. 
In the event that a new street is to be constructed within the Township for use by the public, the person owning the land upon which the street is to be constructed shall submit to the Township Council, before work is started, a comprehensive plan containing the information hereinafter set forth.
B. 
The map shall show the outline of the entire property or section of the same as it is to be subdivided, the locations and widths of the proposed street and the location and widths of existing connecting streets.
C. 
The plan shall also show the plan and profile of the proposed street, a typical cross section, cross sections and details of manholes, inlets, curbs, culverts and other construction details. The plan of the road shall show curve data, the proposed pavement line, the proposed curbline, the property line and the location of storm drains, culverts, subdrains and other items of construction.
D. 
The approval of any plan shall not be construed as an acceptance of any street, nor shall any approval in any way obligate the Township to maintain or exercise jurisdiction over the street
Topsoil shall be stripped from the proposed subgrade to a depth of six to eight inches. The subgrade, when completed, shall be true to the lines, grades and cross sections given on the plan. After this subgrade has been shaped correctly, it shall be brought to a firm, unyielding surface. All soft and spongy places shall be excavated and refilled solidly, as directed by the Township Council. All stumps shall be removed in their entirety.
Embankments or fills shall be formed of suitable material to thoroughly settle before constructing pavement upon it and must be approved by the Township Council.
A. 
French underdrains shall be installed where necessary as directed by the Township Council. These underdrains shall consist of vitrified tile, or perforated metal pipe with a minimum diameter of six inches, laid in the bottom of a trench excavated to the depth and width recommended by the Township Council.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See the Minimum Road Design Standards for Road Acceptance, copies of which are on file in the office of the Township Engineer.
B. 
Stone underdrains as hereinafter specified may be used for laterals, but all trunk drains shall be french drains.
C. 
Stone underdrains shall consist of a trench not less than 15 inches wide at the bottom and a depth recommended by the Township Council, filled with two-and-one-half-inch broken stone to within six inches of the subgrade.
A. 
These drains or culverts shall consist of sections of cast iron, corrugated iron (pure iron), corrugated multiplate or reinforced concrete pipe. All pipe shall comply with the requirements of the current New Jersey Highway Specifications governing materials.
B. 
The location, length, depth, grade, type and size of pipe for culverts shall be as designated on the plans indicated herein or as directed by the Township Council. [1] Trenches shall be bridged at all street crossings, intersecting streets and public and private entrances in such a manner that traffic will not be interrupted. This work must be of a substantial character and approved by the Township Council.
[1]
Editor's Note: See the Minimum Road Design Standards for Road Acceptance, copies of which are on file in the office of the Township Engineer.
C. 
Storm drains and cross drains shall be installed where directed by the Township Council.
D. 
Headwalls, catch basins or inlets shall be installed where directed by the Township Council.
E. 
Easements of a width sufficient to allow proper maintenance shall be provided for the outletting of all drains, pipe lines, etc., to streams, existing storm drains or other legal drainagecourses. These easements shall be granted the Township by approved legal procedures.
Curbs, when specifically required, shall be constructed of concrete not less than eight inches wide at its bottom and not less than six inches wide at its top. Its height shall not be less than 18 inches, constructed to show a vertical face next to street pavement six inches high. Curbs shall be constructed of Class B concrete as specified in the current New Jersey Highway Department Specifications.[1] Curbs shall not be less than 20 feet from the center line of sixty-foot roads, paved 30 feet; not less than 15 feet from the center line of fifty-foot roads, paved 30 feet; 15 feet from the center line of forty-foot roads, paved 20 feet.
[1]
Editor's Note: See also the Minimum Road Design Standards for Road Acceptance, copies of which are on file in the office of the Township Engineer.
A. 
Foundation course shall be constructed when deemed necessary by the Township Council.
B. 
No stone shall be laid on the subgrade until the subgrade has been thoroughly inspected by the Township Council and meets its approval.
There shall be spread over the subgrade a uniform layer of bank-run gravel of such depth that after ultimate compression by rolling with a power roller it shall have a uniform depth of four inches or more. Then there shall be spread another uniform layer of bank-run gravel of such depth that after ultimate compression by rolling with a power roller it shall have a uniform depth of four inches or more, making a total depth of eight inches or more.
A. 
The bituminous binder consisting of MC-1, or its equivalent, shall be applied at the rate of 1/2 gallon per square yard of surface coated.
B. 
The amount of bitumen specified above is based upon a temperature of 60° F. and must be applied in accordance with New Jersey State Highway Specifications.
C. 
Immediately after bitumen has been applied, there shall be spread a uniform layer of three-fourths-inch gravel or crushed stone. Immediately after the stone has been spread, the road surface shall be rolled until the stone is thoroughly imbedded in the bitumen.
D. 
After at least five days, there shall be applied bituminous binder consisting of RC-3 or RC-4, or its equivalent, at the rate of 3/5 gallon per square yard of surface coated.
E. 
Immediately after the bitumen has been applied, there shall be spread a uniform layer of five-eighths-inch crushed stone at the rate of 30 pounds per square yard of surface coated. Immediately thereafter, the road surface shall be rolled, and the road can be opened for travel.
After 15 days and not more than 30 days, there shall be applied another application of bitumen consisting of RC-3 at the rate of 1/3 gallon per square yard of surface coated. Immediately after it has been applied, the surface shall be covered with a layer of three-eighths-inch pea gravel or crushed or chipped stone at the rate of 20 pounds per yard of surface coated and the rolling continued until the road surface has the proper density. If the bitumen is forced or drawn to the surface, additional gravel, crushed or chipped stone or screenings Grade A must be applied at all such places in sufficient quantity to keep the entire road surface covered.
A. 
The pavement at all intersections shall be flared as recommended by the Township Council.
B. 
On all dead-end streets, a circle shall be provided having a radius of not less than 45 feet and paved in its entirety.
C. 
Where a road is not completed for its entire length, a turnaround shall be constructed having a radius of 45 feet surfaced with four inches of quarry strippings properly graded over its entire area.
A. 
All materials and appurtenances, unless otherwise specified herein,[1] shall comply with requirements set forth in the current New Jersey State Highway Specifications.
[1]
Editor's Note: See also the Minimum Road Design Standards for Road Acceptance, copies of which are on file in the office of the Township Engineer.
B. 
Delivery slips for all materials used in constructing the road and appurtenances thereto shall be turned over to the Township Council or its duly authorized agent for tabulation and inspection.
C. 
When in the opinion of the Township Council materials are in need of testing, the materials shall be tested by an approved testing laboratory at the expense of the property owner.
The work shall be inspected throughout the course of construction by the Township Council.
In all cases where a public water supply system will be installed, the pipes of such system shall be at least four feet below the surface of the ground.
Shoulders shall have a width of not less than six feet and shall have a pitch of one inch to each foot of width.
All driveway entrances constructed upon the public roads shall be constructed under the direction of the Township Council. These entrances shall be constructed in a manner that will not interfere with the drainage ditches along the public road.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See also Art. II of this chapter.