Village of Sea Cliff, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Sea Cliff 10-1-1979, effective 11-4-1979. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction administration — See Ch. 48.
Site plan review — See Ch. 107.
Streets and sidewalks — See Ch. 110.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 112.
Zoning — See Ch. 138.
Schedule of fees — See Ch. A142.
Construction of streets to be dedicated to Village — See Ch. A147.
Sidewalk, drain, curb, gutter and curb cut construction — See Ch. A153.
Unless an extension of time shall have been granted by the Building Inspector, work under any permit to open a street or sidewalk shall be commenced within 30 days from the date of the issuance of the permit and continued in an expeditious manner.
A. 
Any person making a street or sidewalk opening shall erect suitable barriers or guards for the protection of persons using the streets or sidewalks and, in addition thereto, shall set up and maintain, during the hours of darkness, sufficient lights or flares to properly illuminate the area and shall also take all necessary precautions for the protection of the property of the Village and of public utilities or municipal districts and others which may be endangered by such openings or the work incident thereto and shall comply with all directions given by the Building Inspector with respect to such barriers, lights, flares and protective measures. Such barriers and lights shall be maintained during the entire course of the work and for a period of not less than 24 hours after the area has been resurfaced.
B. 
No pavement cuts or trenches are to be left unfilled overnight, except in emergencies, and in such cases adequate precautions must be exercised to protect traffic.
C. 
No tunneling under any of the surfaces shall be permitted at a straight opening crossing pavement. No so-called buttresses with tunnels underneath shall be developed in opening any longitudinal trenches. The entire depth, length and width of trench shall be opened. However, at the discretion of the Building Inspector, water service lines up to 1 1/4 inches in size may be installed under streets or sidewalks by blowing with compressed air, provided that the cover over the pipe is three feet six inches or more.
D. 
In cutting concrete pavement, all reinforcement shall be cut along the center line of the trench and bent back over the edge of the remaining pavement. After the backfill has been replaced, as provided in Subsection F hereof, the reinforcing material shall be bent back as near to its original position as possible, after which temporary pavement shall be placed by methods acceptable to the Building Inspector.
E. 
Longitudinal trenches. Where underground works of any character are to be installed longitudinally with the street or sidewalk, either within the line of the pavement or outside of such lines, the cut shall be for the full width and continuous throughout as provided in Subsection C hereof. In all cases where the nature of the subsoil can be determined or where it is clearly indicated as the work progresses, the person making the opening shall provide necessary protection as follows:
(1) 
Where sandy conditions are found, necessary sheeting shall be driven and shall only be withdrawn after proper replacement of fill, as specified in Subsection F hereof. If, in the opinion of the Building Inspector, it is necessary to leave the sheeting in place in order to protect the balance of the pavement, this shall be done at the cost of the party making the opening.
(2) 
Trenches in earth shoulders. Wherever works are to be installed within earth shoulders, the bottom of the trench nearest the edge of the pavement shall not be closer than three feet thereto and shall be at a greater distance if the nature of the subsoil indicates that the natural angle of repose will make it necessary. In case there is insufficient distance between the edge of the pavement and other public works, such as gutters, curbing, etc., tight sheeting shall be used and driven in such manner as not to impair any of the adjoining work. In all cases, the party opening streets or sidewalks shall take all due precaution to learn the location of any other public or private works, such as drains, sewers, waterlines, etc., which may be affected by such opening and shall repair or cause to be repaired, at his own expense, any such works in any way affected.
F. 
Replacement of backfill. The trench shall be carefully refilled as soon as possible after the works are installed and with such excavated material and in a manner as hereinafter provided. The material within one foot over the top of the work shall be placed in layers of six inches and thoroughly rammed, Mechanical rammers of efficiency to develop ninety-five-percent compaction shall be employed.
G. 
In case the backfill consists substantially of sand, water may be used for settling. If water is used, 50% of the total depth of the backfill shall be made, followed by a thorough saturation with water, after which the balance of the backfill shall be made and the same treatment given it. In all cases, the party making street or sidewalk openings shall preserve in good condition all surface material which is to be replaced on the surface of the excavated area, and laid to grade. In case any of this material is lost, wasted or for any reason insufficient for such replacement, the party making the opening shall cause the same to be furnished and placed to the satisfaction of the Building Inspector. After the backfill has been properly made to the satisfaction of the Building Inspector, the party holding the permit shall, within 24 hours thereafter, temporarily cover and resurface such opening with a two-inch layer of blacktop, cold-patch or the equivalent. Within 60 days after installation of any temporary resurfacing, such resurfacing shall be completely removed and permanent resurfacing installed.
H. 
Replacement of bituminous pavement. In replacement of bituminous pavement, all temporary pavement or temporary backfill shall be removed, and the adjoining bituminous pavement, if any, shall be removed to a width of one foot on each side of the trench where such trench is not deeper than three feet. In case the trench is of greater depth than three feet, the surrounding pavement shall be removed to a width of two feet on all sides. In either case, if the space between the edge of pavement as removed and the outer edge of remaining pavement, either against earth shoulders, concrete gutters, headers or otherwise, is of a lesser width than one foot, it shall also be removed. The subsurface shall then be thoroughly tamped or rolled with a ten-ton roller sufficiently to bring said subsurface to a safe and solid condition to receive and carry new foundation. After the trench has been prepared as specified, a mix of 1:2:3 1/2 gravel or broken stone concrete base shall be laid, with which shall be installed five-eighths-inch reinforcing bars spaced at twelve-inch centers and two inches above the bottom of the concrete base. This base shall be six inches in thickness and shall be so laid as to permit the placing thereon of a hot bituminous pavement two inches thick, the surface of which shall be rolled to conform to a true grade with the surrounding pavement. All bituminous pavement replacements shall be finished in a workmanlike manner and shall conform as nearly as possible to grade and finish of the surrounding pavement.
I. 
Replacement of concrete pavement. Where cuts have been made and trenches opened through concrete pavements, the pavement shall be cut one foot back of the remaining top of slab on all sides and where trenches are not more than three feet in depth. Where trenches are of greater depth, the pavement shall be cut back a distance of two feet on all sides and the reinforcing material preserved as far as possible. If in laying out such cutting of edges the lines of cutting are closer than five feet to the edge of the original slab either longitudinally or transversely, the entire area of remaining concrete shall be removed and replacement made over the entire area disturbed. Reinforced-concrete pavement shall be laid in the trench in a mix of 1:1 1/2:3 with a proper grading of broken stone. The depth shall be seven inches throughout, except for the area over trenches and two feet in addition thereto where the pavement shall be eight inches thick, and additional reinforcing placed two inches above the bottom of the pavement, which reinforcement shall consist of five-eighths-inch rods spaced one foot apart in both directions. The person making such replacements shall use methods to obtain early-strength concrete either by using cement especially made for that purpose or by the use of calcium chloride Acqua-Pruf or equal material to produce early-strength concrete.
J. 
Alternate reinforcing method. All edges of openings shall be squared and clean cut, refilled with four inches of rolled gravel or crushed stone, covered with a sand binder and resurfaced with two inches of blacktop rolled and feathered in to existing grades.
If any street opening remains unfilled or is not covered with temporary or permanent resurfacing as herein provided for a period of 24 hours after personal notice, or 48 hours after the mailing (by certified mail, return receipt requested) of a notice directing same by or on behalf of the Board of Trustees to the permit holder at the address set forth on the application, such work as shall be necessary to remove or correct the condition shall be performed on behalf of the Board of Trustees, and the entire cost thereof, including any attorneys' fees incurred, shall be assessed by the Board of Trustees against the permit holder.
Permit holders shall notify the Building Inspector when work has been completed, after which an inspection will be made by the Building Inspector or his duly authorized agent, and upon approval of the work a release will be granted to the permit holder. Until the granting of such release, the permit holder shall remain liable for proper guarding and protection as provided in § A154-2.
All permanent resurfacing of street openings shall be guaranteed for a period of five years by bond or security acceptable to the Board of Trustees. The Village reserves the right to replace any or all cuts or to alter any replacements which may have been performed by or for the permit holder and to charge the cost of same against the aforesaid security.