No person shall occupy as owner-occupant or let to another for occupancy or use or maintain any premises which does not comply with the requirements of this article.
The owner of any premises, unless otherwise specified, shall provide and maintain such premises in compliance with the requirements of this article.
Every occupant of a premises shall keep all supplied fixtures and facilities therein in a clean and sanitary condition and shall be responsible for the exercise of reasonable care in the proper use and operation thereof.
Every owner or operator of a dwelling containing two or more dwelling units shall maintain in a safe and sanitary condition the shared or public area of the dwelling and premises thereof.
Every occupant of a premises shall maintain in a safe and sanitary condition that part or those parts thereof that the occupant occupies and controls.
No owner, operator or occupant required to supply any service, facility, equipment or utility shall cause such service, facility, equipment or utility to be removed from or shut off from or discontinued for any occupied dwelling or dwelling unit let or occupied by such owner, operator or occupant, except for temporary interruptions, not to exceed eight hours, while actual repairs or alterations are in process, or during temporary emergencies when discontinuance of service is approved by the Director of Health.
All construction and materials, ways and means of egress and installation and use of equipment shall conform to the appropriate statutes, ordinances and regulations dealing with fire protection of the Town of West Hartford and the State of Connecticut.
Every supplied facility, piece of equipment or utility shall be so constructed or installed that it will function safely and effectively, and said supplied facilities shall be maintained in working order.
Accessory structures present or provided by the owner, agent or tenant occupant on any premises shall be structurally sound, maintained in good repair, free of insects, rats and rodents and comply with the standards specified in this code and § 177-23 of the Chapter 177, Zoning, or such structures shall be removed from the premises. The exterior of such structures shall be made weather resistant through the use of decay-resistant materials or the use of lead-free paint or other preservatives.
Cabinets and/or shelves used for the storage of eating, drinking or cooking equipment or utensils or of food that does not, under ordinary summer conditions, require refrigeration for safekeeping shall be of sound construction and shall be furnished with surfaces that are easily cleanable and that will not impart any toxic or harmful effect to food.
Each stove or similar device for cooking food and each refrigerator or similar device for the safe storage of food in a dwelling unit shall be properly installed and maintained, and all necessary connections for safe and efficient operation shall be made. Each such stove and/or refrigerator shall be maintained in a sanitary condition.
Every dwelling unit shall have at least four square feet of floor-to-ceiling height closet space for the personal effects of each permissible occupant. If the closet space is lacking, in whole or in part, an amount of space equal in square footage to the deficiency shall be subtracted from the area of habitable room space used in determining permissible occupancy.
No person shall let to another for occupancy any dwelling, dwelling unit or habitable room unless all doors and windows of the dwelling, dwelling unit or habitable room are equipped with functioning security devices as described in § 62-8 of the Town Code.
In every multiple dwelling containing five or more dwelling units, every entrance or exit to a dwelling unit which opens onto a common corridor or stairway shall be equipped, where the same can be done without violating the National Fire Standards under the rules of the National Fire Protection Association, with a door having an optical viewing device which affords a view of said corridor from the entrance or exit of said unit of not less than 150°. Electronic devices affording at least equal viewing may be substituted.
Every dwelling unit shall have at least two means of egress leading to safe and open space at ground level. Every dwelling unit in a multiple dwelling shall have immediate access to two or more means of egress leading to safe and open space at ground level, approved by the Director of Health as adequately meeting the purposes of this section, provided that any dwelling unit in existence and not in compliance with this subsection on the effective date of this chapter shall be brought into compliance not later than January 1, 1987, unless granted a variance or extension of time for compliance in accordance with § 105-58.
Each room to be used for sleeping purposes and located below the fourth floor shall have at least two means of egress from said room. One means of egress shall be a door or window leading directly to the outdoors.
Egress from each dwelling unit shall be provided without passing through any other dwelling unit.
All doors and windows intended to provide the means of egress required by this section shall be openable from the inner side without the use of keys.
All routes of egress shall be free of obstruction of any kind which would hinder, delay or prevent use of said means of egress.
Every owner of a premises shall provide and maintain the premises free from hazards to health, as determined by the Director of Health, due to the presence of toxic substances.
No owner or occupant shall apply a lead-based paint to any surface of any dwelling or dwelling unit.
Existing interior or exterior painted surfaces that contain in excess of 0.06% lead shall be abated or protected in a manner approved by the Director of Health.
Every building, structure, dwelling and premises shall be pest-, insect- and rat-free and maintained in a pest-, insect- and ratproof condition.
Every occupant of a dwelling containing a single dwelling unit shall be responsible for the extermination of pests, insects and/or rats on the premises, and every occupant of a dwelling unit in a dwelling containing more than one dwelling unit shall be responsible for such extermination whenever his or her dwelling unit is the only one infested.
Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, whenever infestation is caused by failure of the owner to maintain a dwelling in a reasonably pest-, insect- or ratproof condition, extermination shall be the responsibility of the owner. Whenever infestation exists in two or more of the dwelling units in any dwelling, or in the shared or public parts of any dwelling containing two or more dwelling units, extermination thereof shall be the responsibility of the owner. The owner shall be responsible for any extermination necessary in all exterior areas of the structure and premises.
Every foundation, roof, floor, exterior and interior wall, ceiling, inside and outside stair, handrail, porch, door, skylight, window and every appurtenance thereto shall be:
Safe to use and capable of supporting the loads that normal use may cause to be placed thereon.
Free of decay and deterioration, cracks, breaks or holes.
Kept structurally sound and in good repair.
Free of cracked, chipped, blistered, flaking or peeling paint, cracked or loose plaster or other defective conditions.
Weathertight, watertight and damp-free.
Free of loose material that may create a hazard by falling on persons utilizing the premises.
All exterior wood surfaces, other than those of decay-resistant woods, shall be protected from the elements and decay by paint which is not lead-based or by other approved protective covering or treatment. Such covering shall be compatible with the existing covering.
Structurally sound handrails shall be provided on any steps containing three risers or more. The handrail shall not be less than 30 inches in height.
Structurally sound guardrails shall be provided on corridors, balconies, landings, patios, porches or other areas having more than a three-foot drop to the adjoining level. The guardrail shall not be less than 30 inches in height.
All roofs shall be kept in good repair and shall not leak.
Leaders and drainpipes shall be securely fastened to the structure and maintained in good functional condition. Said leaders and drainpipes shall be kept clean and free of leaks and obstructions and shall direct stormwaters away from the foundation walls of the structure into draining fields or systems and shall protect the structure from wetness and dampness.
Chimneys, flues and vent attachments shall at all times be maintained: