[HISTORY: Adopted by Township Council of the Township of Washington 10-26-1995 by Ord. No. 26-1995 as Sec. 12-17 of the 1994 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
As used in this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings set forth:
- ARTIFICIAL POOL
- A pool composed entirely of artificial construction.
- PARTLY ARTIFICIAL POOL
- A pool formed from a natural body of water which has either so limited a flow or such an inadequate natural circulation that the quality of water must be maintained by artificial means.
- PRIVATE SWIMMING POOL
- Any pool designed, used or maintained for swimming purposes by an individual for uses by his/her household and guests and located on a lot as an accessory use to a residence. Unless otherwise qualified, the term "private swimming pool" shall be construed as including both artificial and partly artificial pools.
No private swimming pool shall be hereafter constructed without a permit. The swimming pool permit is not a substitute or replacement for a building permit. Any pool construction which comes under the Uniform Construction Code shall continue to require a building permit.
Applications for a permit, accompanied by four sets of plans and specifications or proper descriptive brochure, shall be made to the Zoning Officer. The Zoning Officer shall not pass on the structural features or durability of the pool but shall issue a permit for the construction or installation of the pool if the plans and specifications or descriptive brochure comply with the rules and regulations hereinafter set forth.
In the event that the County Board of Health shall formulate rules and regulations designed for the control of such pools, the Zoning Officer shall not issue a permit until approval has been received from the County Board of Health. 
Swimming pool permit fees shall be as set forth in Chapter 80, Fees.
All material used in the construction of private swimming pools shall be waterproof. The bottom and sides of the pool shall be either white or a light color, except that aluminum paint shall not be used as a finish. Sand or earth bottoms are prohibited. Construction and design of such pools shall be such that they may be maintained and operated to be clean and sanitary at all times. The owners of every pool shall be responsible to maintain such pool in such condition as to prevent breaks in the pool chassis or water from the pool overflowing onto adjacent public or private property.
There shall be no physical connection between a potable public or private water supply system and any pool at a point below the maximum flow line of the pool, or to a recirculating or heating system of a pool unless such physical connection is so installed and operated that no pool water can be discharged or siphoned into a potable water supply system.
All private swimming pools hereafter constructed shall be provided with one drainage outlet not in excess of two inches in diameter, extending from the pool to either a brook, storm sewer or lawn sprinkling system on the premises on which such pool is located. No private pool drain shall be connected into the Township sanitary sewer or streets.
All private swimming pools shall be so constructed, installed and maintained so as to provide necessary equipment for chlorination and other disinfection and filtering to comply with approved bacteriological standards as may be promulgated by regulations issued by the County Board of Health and the State Department of Health. The County Health Inspector is hereby authorized to take samples of the water from such pools from time to time, to insure compliance with these requirements. 
No swimming pool shall be constructed or installed nearer than 10 feet to any property line nor nearer to the street line on which the premises fronts than the main front wall of the dwelling erected thereon. No pool shall be located nearer than 10 feet to any side or rear property line in residential districts A, B or C.
No private swimming or wading pool shall be constructed or installed on any lot unless upon there shall be a residence located upon such lot or unless such lot is part of a residence curtilage.
Private swimming pools shall not be installed or erected either below or above ground on any front or side yard.
No pool will exceed nine feet in depth.
Every pool shall be fully enclosed by a suitable fence with a gate capable of being locked when the pool is not in use. All gates and doors must have a self-latching device for keeping doors and gates closed securely. Such fence shall have a minimum height of four feet. Such fencing shall be a woven fence with a mesh so that openings will not exceed two inches by two inches, or standard chain link fence or cyclone fence, picket fence with a maximum distance between pickets of two inches, or such other type of fencing conforming to these standards. An accessory building may be used as part of such enclosure.
No artificial lighting shall be maintained or operated in connection with private swimming pools in such a manner as to be a nuisance or annoyance to neighboring properties. Any underwater lighting facilities shall be installed in accordance with the current electrical standards under the current Electrical Code adopted by the State of New Jersey.
All areas surrounding the pool and its enclosures shall be made and kept neat and attractive so as to be in conformity with surrounding property, with no rubbish, debris or litter of any kind at any time.
Sound absorbing and deflecting structures and plantings, shrubbery and trees shall be provided in such number and so located so as to effectively reduce the sounds from the pool to be heard from contiguous property or streets, to the end that there shall be no unreasonably loud noise which is abnormal to the surrounding neighborhood. No sound amplifying system shall be used.
Every private swimming pool constructed in the Township or to be constructed shall at all times comply with the requirements of all authorities having jurisdiction on the premises, and any nuisance or hazard which may exist or develop in consequence of or in connection with any such swimming pool shall forthwith be abated and removed by the person in possession of such pool, upon receipt of notice from the designated person so requiring.
Any pool which does not exceed 18 inches in depth and 100 square feet in surface area is excepted from the provisions of this section.