The Town Board of Supervisors of the Town of Woodruff, Oneida County, Wisconsin, does hereby find, determine and ordain that in order to promote public safety and convenience it is necessary that certain requirements be established and followed in the creation of new or improved public or private highways in the Town of Woodruff.
It is not intended by this article to repeal, abrogate, annul or interfere with any existing highway rules or regulations issued pursuant to law in regard to public highways.
In order to clarify this article, the following definitions apply:
- HIGHWAY RIGHT-OF-WAY
- A general term denoting land, property or interest therein, usually in a strip, acquired for or devoted to a highway.
- The graded portion of a highway within top and side slopes, prepared as a foundation for the pavement structure and shoulders.
- Any area within the right-of-way where any part of the actual road construction will take place.
- The top surface of a roadbed upon which the pavement structure and shoulders are constructed.
- SURFACE COURSE
- One or more layers of a pavement structure designed to accommodate the traffic load, the top layer of which resists skidding, traffic abrasion and the disintegrating effects of climate.
Individual homeowners or owners of land abutting that part of a highway which is to be created or altered shall make an application in writing to the Board of Supervisors giving the location and description of the proposed highway. Said application may be delivered to the Town Clerk. Upon receipt of the application, the Supervisors will proceed to examine the proposed route of the highway. If approval is received, the individual or individuals may proceed to build the highway under the supervision of the Town Board or its engineering representative.
Development and/or proposed building of a private access road or driveway to any existing Town road must be approved and a permit obtained, thereby promoting public safety through inspection by the Town Board of Supervisors. The fee for a driveway permit and/or a fire number shall be provided in the Town Fee Schedule.
Private access or driveway permit approval process:
The following are the standards set up by the Board of Supervisors for the construction of the proposed highway in compliance with good practice, general construction and safety.
The minimum width for any highway right-of-way shall not be less than 66 feet.
The minimum width for a cul-de-sac shall be 45 feet.
At all bend points or curves in the horizontal alignment where the tangent deflection angle is 45° or larger, the tangent shall be connected with a curve having a minimum length of 300 feet as measured along the center line. This shall not apply to road intersections.
The intersection of the proposed highway with another highway or Town road shall be at 90° (i.e., the center line of the proposed highway must be perpendicular to the center line of the existing highway at their intersection).
Clearing and grubbing of all trees, stumps and brush shall be completed to a minimum width of 44 feet. The forty-four-foot clearing width is to be centered on the roadbed center line. In cut or fill sections which extend beyond the forty-four-foot minimum clearing width, the roadway is to be cleared five feet beyond the cut or fill slope intercept.
No trees, stumps, brush, or large rocks shall be disposed of within the highway right-of-way.
Topsoil salvaged from the roadbed shall be spread to a minimum depth of two inches in the side slope areas of cut or fill sections that have had the natural cover removed.
All disturbed areas outside the edge of the gravel shoulders shall be seeded and mulched to promote a growth of rooted grasses to reduce the possibility of erosion. Seeding shall be Seed Mixture No. 20, as specified in Section 6188.8.131.52.1.1.1 of the 1989 Wisconsin Department of Transportation specifications for road and bridge construction. The sowing rate shall be three pounds per 1,000 square feet. Mulching material shall be either straw or hay which is substantially free of noxious weed seeds. The mulching material shall be placed to a minimum depth of one inch.
The applicant is responsible for erosion control on the proposed highway and is also responsible for following any Department of Natural Resources regulations and guidelines which may apply to this project. If any permits are required the applicant is required to obtain them.
All marsh, swamp, muck and peat material shall be removed from the area of the proposed roadway to ensure a stable foundation for the roadway fill.
All excavated, organic materials shall be disposed of either by placing in six-inch maximum depth layers on the side slopes of all cut or fill sections or by disposing off the highway right-of-way.
The roadbed fill shall be free of large rocks, muck, peat, and other organic material.
Fill material shall consist of sand or gravel and shall be placed in six-inch maximum lifts and compacted to prevent differential settlement.
Drainage structures of proper size shall be installed to ensure proper drainage and to prevent the flooding of the roadbed or adjacent property.
The maximum grade on the proposed Town road shall be 8.0%.
Crushed aggregate for the base course shall be placed to a minimum compacted depth of four inches and shall conform to the requirements of Gradation No. 2 of Section 304 of the 1989 Wisconsin Department of Transportation specifications for road and bridge construction. The crushed aggregate base course shall be placed to a minimum width of 24 feet. Culs-de-sac shall have a gravel base with a radius of 37 feet.
Bituminous pavement shall be placed to a compacted depth of two inches and shall conform to Gradation No. 3 of Section 401.2.5 of the 1989 standard specifications or Gradation No. 3 or 4 of the 1981 standard specifications. All work done under the heading of bituminous pavement shall be done in accordance with Sections 405 and 406 of the 1989 standard specifications. The bituminous material used in the hot mix asphalt shall be a Type A.C. with a penetration designation of 120/150. The minimum paving width shall be 20 feet and the culs-de-sac shall have a minimum paved radius of 35 feet.
Bituminous pavement shall not be constructed between October 15 and May 15 without the prior approval of the Town Board or its engineering representative.
Crushed aggregate base course shoulders shall be placed with a machine specifically designed for shouldering; the shoulders shall be constructed two feet wide along the edge of the pavement with Gradation No. 2 or Gradation No. 3 crushed aggregate base course according to Section 304 of the standard specifications. The shoulders are to be constructed according to the attached typical cross section. After the shoulders are placed it is required that they be compacted with a rubber tire roller.
Approval of phases; inspections; engineering costs.
Each phase of the road construction (rough grading, crushed aggregate base course and bituminous paving) must be approved by the Town Board or its engineering representative prior to the commencement of the next phase of construction.
Upon completion of the roadway and prior to acceptance into the Town road system, the Board of Supervisors shall make a final inspection of the highway. If during the inspection deficiencies are noted in the construction, such deficiencies must be corrected and approved prior to the road being accepted. When final acceptance is made, the owner or owners shall deed to the Town the minimum sixty-six-foot right-of-way. The Town Board may request additional right-of-way if it is needed for the future maintenance of the roadway or in large cut or fill sections where more right-of-way would be needed to construct the proper side slopes.
Should it become necessary for the Town Board of Supervisors to engage the services of an engineering firm to verify compliance with the road specifications hereinbefore set forth, the applicant will be responsible for the cost of those services, and payment will be due prior to the Board of Supervisors giving approval to the new road involved.