Borough of Roselle, NJ
Union County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Roselle 7-29-1960 by Ord. No. 1037.[1] Sections 122-10, 122-27 and 122-79 amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Article I. Other amendments noted where applicable.]
Administration of government --See Ch. 4.
Fire Department — See Ch. 15.
Building construction — See Ch. 46.
Coin-operated dry-cleaning establishments — See Ch. 59.
Fire prevention — See Ch. 66.
Swimming pools — See Ch. 104.
Sanitation — See Ch. 125.
Editor's Note: The provisions of this chapter are derived from Chapter 12 of the Revised Ordinances of the Borough of Roselle adopted 7-29-1960 as Ord. No. 1037, formerly adopted by the Board of Health of the Borough of Roselle.
Before any person shall engage in the business of master plumber in the borough, he shall furnish the Board of Health[1] a certificate from the duly appointed Board of Examiners that he is qualified to engage in said business of master plumber and shall receive a license from said Board of Health to follow the trade or calling of a plumber. This section shall not apply to any person engaged in and following the trade, calling or business of a master plumber in the borough at the time of adoption of this chapter.
Editor's Note: See Ch. 4, Board of Health, § 4-10.
Every local applicant for a license as a master plumber shall have a bona fide place of business in the borough. Every out-of-borough applicant for or holder of a local license or registration must also have a bona fide place of business and must possess a license or registration issued by the municipality where his principal place of business is located.
No person other than a licensed plumber so registered with the Roselle Board of Health, or qualified employees of said master plumber, shall be permitted to make alterations to existing water piping or install new water piping in any residence or other structure in the borough, or to make alterations to existing gas piping or install new gas piping, or to install, disconnect or remove from use, adjust or regulate gas-burning appliances.
No person other than a licensed master plumber will be permitted to alter, repair or make connections to any part of the plumbing system, house drain or house sewer of any building except by special permission from the Board of Health.
Any person applying for a certificate of registration shall provide satisfactory proof of his knowledge to the Board of Examiners of the plumbing regulations of the borough, as well as such common laws of physics and hygiene as deal with the proper and safe methods of removing water and sewage from buildings. A candidate for a certificate of competency must demonstrate to said Board of Examiners in a practical manner his ability to comprehend and interpret drawings and plans and fixtures and his skill in designing and constructing plumbing and drainage systems in buildings. The applicant must have a standing of at least eighty percent (80%) in his examination to be entitled to a certificate of competency. The fee for this certificate shall be one hundred dollars ($100.).
The examination fee shall be thirty dollars ($30.), which fee shall be paid to the Board of Health. Candidates failing to pass such examination and desiring another will be granted reexamination after the expiration of three (3) months and upon payment of another fee of thirty dollars ($30.).
Composition; qualification. There is hereby continued a Board of Examiners of Plumbers to be appointed by the Board of Health of the Borough of Roselle, consisting of one (1) master or employing plumber, one (1) journeyman plumber and one (1) Plumbing Inspector, the last to be Chairman ex officio. The first two (2) above-mentioned members shall be citizens of the United States and the State of New Jersey and residents of the borough for at least five (5) years and shall have actively engaged in the trade or business of plumbing for not less than ten (10) years.
Quorum; meetings. A majority of the said Board shall be deemed competent for action on all matters coming within the province of said Examining Board. Said Board shall meet at the call of the Board of Health not more than one (1) day each month, for the examination of any applicant for license as master or employing plumber.
Term of office. The members of the Board of Examiners of Plumbers shall hold office for the term of two (2) years and until their successors are duly appointed and take office.
Every person engaged in the business of a master plumber in the borough shall appear in person at the office of the Board of Health and register his name and place of business, and in case of removal, shall give immediate notice to said Board. Every person so registered as a master plumber shall make and execute to the borough a bond in the sum of five hundred dollars ($500.) and two hundred fifty dollars ($250.) to the Board of Health, with sufficient security, to be approved by said Board of Health and renewed annually, conditioned upon the faithful and proper performance, in accordance with the ordinances, rules and regulations of said Board of Health, by said plumber of all the plumbing work, both inside and outside buildings, done by him within the borough, and no persons shall engage in business or do work as a master plumber within the borough until such bond shall be filed with and approved by said Board of Health between the first and thirty-first days of January.
A reexamination will not be necessary for registration or renewal of license unless a licensed master plumber shall fail to file the bond or fail to make application for reregistration at the given time. The sum of ten dollars ($10.) shall be paid by the master plumber to the Board of Health upon filing of bond and for renewal of license. The failure upon the part of a master plumber to make application for the first or final inspection or the violation of any of the rules of the Board of Health as to the construction of plumbing work and the failure to correct faults after notification shall be deemed sufficient cause to have his license suspended for such length of time as the Board may deem proper. No master plumber shall construct or alter any system of plumbing during the period of his suspension.
In the event a formerly licensed master plumber has failed to renew his bond and license and desires to become again a licensed master plumber, the Board of Health shall, upon a written application, grant reinstatement upon the payment of one hundred dollars ($100.), the original certificate fee, and waive examination, at the option of the Board.
[Added 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250[1]]
Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
The Plumbing Inspector or the Board of Health, who, by law, is empowered to administer and enforce the provisions of the Plumbing Code as adopted or amended.
In a water supply system, the unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe, conduit or faucet supplying water to a tank, plumbing fixture or other device and the flood-level rim of the fixture or receptacle.
Includes the replacing, repairing or relocating of existing plumbing or plumbing fixtures.
Accepted or acceptable under an applicable specification stated or cited in this code, or accepted as suitable for the proposed use under procedures and powers of the administrative authority.
A receptacle designed to collect surface or rain water from an open area.
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distributing pipes of a potable supply of water from any source or sources other than its intended source.
Any arrangement whereby backflow can occur.
A device or means to prevent backflow into the potable water system.
The flowing back of used, contaminated or polluted water from a plumbing fixture or vessel into a water supply system due to a negative pressure in such pipe. (See "backflow.")
Any group of two (2) or more similar adjacent fixtures which discharge into a common horizontal waste or soil branch.
An outlet on a boiler to permit emptying or discharge of sediment.
Any part of the piping system other than a main, riser or stack.
(See "horizontal branch").
A length of soil or waste stack, corresponding in general to a story height but in no case less than eight (8) feet, within which the horizontal branches from one (1) floor or story of a building are connected to the stack.
A vent connecting one (1) or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent.
A structure built, erected and framed of component structural parts, designed for the housing, shelter, enclosure or support of persons, animals or property of any kind.
The s&stem adopted by the administrative authority for the designation of buildings into classes based upon their use or occupancy.
That part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building (house) sewer beginning five (5) feet outside the building wall.
That part of the horizontal piping of a drainage system which extends from the end of the building drain and receives the discharge of the building drain and conveys it to a public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage disposal system or other point of disposal.
A building drain used for conveying rainwater, surface water, groundwater, subsurface water, condensate, cooling water or other similar discharge to a building storm sewer, extending to a point not less than five (5) feet outside the building wall.
The extension from the building storm drain to the public storm sewer or other point of disposal.
That portion of a drainage system which cannot drain by gravity into a building sewer.
A branch vent that serves two (2) or more traps and extends from in front of the last fixture connection of a horizontal branch to the vent stack.
When used alone, these regulations, subsequent amendments thereto or any emergency rule or regulation which the administrative authority having jurisdiction may lawfully adopt.
A fixture combining one (1) sink and tray or two- or three-compartment sink and tray into one (1) unit.
A specially designed system of waste piping embodying the horizontal wet venting of one (1) or more floor drains or special drains by means of a common waste and vent pipe adequately sized to provide free movement of air above the flow line of the drain.
A vent connecting at the junction of two (2) fixture drains and serving as a vent for both fixtures.
A vertical vent that is a continuation of the drain to which it connects.
A drain from a combination of two (2) or three (3) fixtures connected to a single trap.
Any physical connection or indirect connection or arrangement between two (2) otherwise separate piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other containing water of unknown or questionable safety, whereby water of such undesirable character may flow or be drawn or blown from one system to the other, the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two (2) systems. (See "backflow" and "back siphonage.")
A branch leading from a soil, waste or vent pipe, building drain or building sewer, which is terminated at a developed distance of two (2) feet or more by means of a plug or other closed fitting.
Its length along the center line of the pipe and fittings.
Unless specifically stated, the nominal diameter as designated commercially.
Two (2) changes of direction installed in succession or series in continuous pipe.
[See "leader (downspout)"].
Any pipe which carries water or waterborne wastes in a building drainage system.
[See "drainage system (drainage piping)"].
Includes all piping within public or private premises which conveys sewage or other liquid wastes to a legal point of disposal, but does not include the mains of a public sewer system or private or public sewage treatment or disposal plant.
[See "common (unit) vent"].
A term used to describe soil or waste systems where all piping is of threaded tubing or other such rigid construction, using recessed drainage fittings corresponding to the types of piping.
The minimum cross-sectional area at the point of water supply discharge, measured or expressed in terms of the diameter of a circle or, if the opening is not circular, the diameter of a circle of equivalent cross-sectional area. (This is applicable to air flow.)
A plumbing system or any part thereof which has been installed prior to the effective date of this code.
A pipe connecting several fixtures.
The drain from the trap of a fixture to the junction of that drain with any other drainpipe.
A water supply pipe connecting the fixture with the fixture water-distribution branch.
A quantity in terms of which the load-producing effects on the plumbing system of different kinds of plumbing fixtures are expressed on some arbitrarily chosen scale.
The total discharge flow in gallons per minute of a single fixture divided by seven and five-tenths (7.5), which provides the flow rate of that particular plumbing fixture as a unit of flow. Fixtures are rated as multiples of the unit of flow.
A fixture is flooded when the liquid therein rises to the flood-level rim.
(See "flooded").
The top edge of the receptacle from which water overflows.
A device actuated by direct water pressure for the purpose of flushing fixtures, which is adjusted to determine the discharge of a given required amount of water.
A device located at the bottom of the tank for the purpose of flushing water closets and similar fixtures.
A hopper where the trap and controlling flush valve are installed below the frost line, the trap not being an integral part of the fixture.
The slope, fall or pitch of a line of pipe in reference to a horizontal plane in order to establish a gravity flow in the direction of the point of disposition. In drainage it is expressed as a fall in a fraction of an inch per foot length of pipe.
(See "interceptor").
(See "interceptor").
(See "supports, hangers and anchors").
A drainpipe extending laterally from a soil or waste stack or building (house) drain, with or without vertical sections or branches, which receives the discharge from one (1) or more fixture drains and conducts it to the soil or waste stack or to the building (house) drain.
Any pipe or fitting which makes an angle of more than forty-five degrees (45º) to the vertical.
[See "building (house) drain"].
[See "building (house) sewer"].
A pipe that does not connect directly with the drainage system but conveys liquid waste by discharging into a plumbing fixture or receptacle which is directly connected to the drainage system.
A pipe installed to vent a fixture trap and which connects with the vent system above the fixtures served or passes through the roof terminating in the outer air.
Liquid wastes generated in an industrial establishment, resulting from processing treatment, cleaning of materials, tanks or equipment and being free from fecal matter.
Contrary to sanitary principles, injurious to health.
A device designed and installed so as to separate oils, greases or other deleterious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes and permit normal sewage or liquid to discharge into the sanitary sewer or other lawful means of disposal by gravity flow.
The water conductor from the roof to the grade or other approved means of disposal.
The discharge from any fixture, appliance or appurtenance in connection with a plumbing system which does not receive fecal matter.
The percentage of the total connected fixture-unit flow rate which is likely to occur at any point in the drainage system. It varies with the type of occupancy, the total flow units above the point being considered, and with the probability factor of simultaneous use.
The same as a circuit vent, except that it loops back and connects with a stack vent instead of a vent stack.
The principal artery of any system of continuous piping to which branches may be connected.
(See "public sewer").
Under this chapter, a person regularly in the business of plumbing either as an individual or as a bona fide member of a firm so engaged, who has passed a satisfactory examination before the Board of Examiners appointed by the Board of Health of the Borough of Roselle.
Embraces public nuisance as known at common law or in equity jurisprudence; and whatever is dangerous to human life or detrimental to health, and whatever building, structure or premises is not sufficiently ventilated, sewered, drained, cleaned or lighted in reference to its intended or actual use, and whatever renders the air or human food or drink or water supply unwholesome, are also severally, in contemplation of this code, "nuisances."
A combination of elbows or bends in a line of piping which brings one section of the pipe out of line but into a parallel with the other section.
A natural person, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns; and includes a firm, partnership or corporation, its or their successors or assigns. The singular includes the plural; and male includes female.
(See "grade").
The practice, materials and fixtures used in the installation, maintenance, extensions, replacement and alteration of all piping, fixtures, appliances and appurtenances in connection with any of the following: sanitary drainage or storm drainage facilities, the venting system and the public or private water supply systems within or adjacent to any building, structure or conveyance; also the practice and materials used in the installation, maintenance, extension or alteration of stormwater, liquid waste or sewage and water supply systems of any premises to their connection with any point of public disposal or other acceptable terminal.
Installed receptacles, devices or appliances which are supplied with water or which receive or discharge liquids or liquidborne wastes, with or without discharge into the drainage system with which they may be directly or indirectly connected.
(See "administrative authority").
Includes the water supply and distribution pipes, plumbing fixtures and traps, soil, waste and vent pipes, building drains and building sewers, including their respective connections, devices and appurtenances, within the property lines of the premises, and water-treating or water-using equipment.
A water receptacle used for swimming or as a plunge or other bath, designed to accommodate more than one (1) bather at a time.
Water which is satisfactory for drinking, culinary and domestic purposes and meets the requirements of the State Department of Health or other agency having jurisdiction.
In the classification of plumbing fixtures, applies to fixtures in residences and apartments and to fixtures in private bathrooms of hotels and similar installations where the fixtures are intended for the use of a family or an individual.
A sewer privately owned and not directly controlled by public authority.
In the classification of plumbing fixtures, applies to fixtures in general toilet rooms of schools, gymnasiums, hotels, railroad stations, public buildings, bars, public comfort stations and other installations (whether pay or free) where a number of fixtures are installed so that their use is similarly unrestricted.
(See "administrative authority").
A sewer directly controlled by public authority.
A vent the primary function of which is to provide circulation of air between drainage and vent systems.
(See "watershed areas").
A double offset installed so as to return the pipe to its original alignment.
That part of a vent line which connects directly with an individual waste or group of wastes, underneath or back of the fixture, and extends either to the main or branch vent pipe.
An unobstructed open edge of a fixture.
A water supply pipe which extends vertically one (1) full story or more to convey water to branches or fixtures.
A drain installed to receive water collecting on the surface of a roof and to discharge it into the leader (downspout).
(See "interceptor").
A pipe which carries sewage and excludes storm, surface and ground water.
As applied to material or plumbing equipment, that which has been installed and has been used, removed and passed to another ownership or possession.
(See "interceptor").
A watertight receptacle which receives the discharge of a drainage system or part thereof and is designed and constructed so as to separate solids from the liquid, digest organic matter through a period of detention and allow the liquids to discharge into the soil outside of the tank through a system of open-joint bell-and-spigot tile piping or disposal pit.
Any liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution and which may include liquids containing chemicals in solution.
A vent connecting to the drainpipe through a fitting at an angle not greater than forty-five degrees (45º) to the vertical.
(See "diameter").
(See "grade").
Any pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets or urinals or other fixtures having similar functions, with or without the discharge from other fixtures, to the building drain or building sewer.
(See "stack vent").
(See "indirect waste pipe").
The vertical main of a system of soil, waste or vent piping.
A term applied to the location of fixtures in relation to the stack so that by means of proper fittings, vents may be reduced to a minimum.
The extension of a soil or waste stack above the highest horizontal drain connected to the stack.
A method of venting a fixture or fixtures through the soil or waste stack.
[See "building (house) storm drain"].
A sewer used for conveying rainwater, surface water, condensate, cooling water, or similar approved liquid wastes.
A drain which receives only subsurface or seepage water and conveys it to a place of disposal.
A receptacle which receives the discharge from building subdrains or subsoil drains.
Devices for supporting and securing pipes and fixtures to walls, ceilings, floors or structural members.
A fitting or device so designed and constructed as to provide, when properly vented, a liquid seal which will prevent the back passage of air, gases or odors without materially affecting the flow of sewage or waste water through it.
The maximum vertical depth of the liquid that a trap will retain, measured between the crown weir and the top of the dip of the trap.
(See "backflow preventer").
(See "vent system").
A vertical vent pipe installed primarily for the purpose of providing circulation of air to and from any part of the drainage system.
A pipe or pipes installed to provide a flow of air to or from a drainage system or to provide a circulation of air within such system to protect trap seals from siphonage and back pressure.
Any pipe or fitting which is installed in a vertical position or which makes an angle of not more than forty-five degrees (45º) to the vertical.
See "liquid waste" and "industrial waste."
A pipe which conveys waste from fixtures other than water closets or urinals and is otherwise free from fecal matter.
In a building or premises, a pipe which conveys water from the water service pipe to the plumbing fixtures and other water outlets.
As used in connection with the water distributing system the discharge opening in a water supply system of a building or premises through which water can be obtained for the several purposes for which it is used by means of a faucet, valve or other control mechanism.
(See "riser").
The pipe from the main or other source of water supply to the building served.
Any area from which water may feed, flow or drain into any source of a potable water supply.
A water supply pipe for public or community use.
As applied to a building or premises, consists of the water service pipe, the water distributing pipes and the necessary connecting pipes, fittings, control valves and all appurtenances in or adjacent to the building or premises.
A vent which receives the discharge of fixtures above the fixture it serves as a vent.
A pipe connecting upward from a soil or waste stack to a vent stack for the purpose of preventing pressure changes in the stacks.
Word usage. The word "may" is permissive; the word "shall" is mandatory.
Editor's Note: Ord. No. 1250, adopted 10-12-1970, adopted supplements to the Code of the Borough of Roselle which was adopted 7-29-1960 as Ord. No. 1037. Other sections of this chapter amended by Ord. No. 1250 are noted where applicable.
Before any portion of the plumbing and drainage system of any building shall be constructed, there shall be filed in the office of the Board of Health a plan and specification thereof, same to be furnished to the Board of Health, signed by the plumber, showing said plumbing and drainage system entirely from its connection with the sewer, cesspool or vault throughout the entire building, together with the location of all fixtures, traps, ventilating pipes, etc. Said plan must be approved and the name of the owner attached thereto before any portion of the work shall be executed. Before any changes are made in the direction of pipes or location of fixtures, they must first be approved and said changes made on the original plan on file. This regulation also applies to any extension or alterations of existing systems.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
A permit fee of one dollar ($1.) shall be charged for installing a pot stove to heat hot water, and a permit shall be obtained and an inspection shall be made by the Plumbing Inspector.
When the plan of any plumbing and drainage system is filed in the office of the Board of Health, a minimum fee of ten dollars ($10.) shall be charged to defray the expenses of approving and filing plans and superintending the testing of the work on all plumbing systems that have one (1) to five (5) outlets for fixtures and one (1) floor drain. For each additional outlet for a fixture or floor drain, a charge of two dollars ($2.) shall be made.
For every inspection made by the Plumbing Inspector by reason of neglect of the master plumber, an additional fee of ten dollars ($10.) shall be charged by the Plumbing Inspector and paid by the master plumber. In the event of the failure of the master plumber to make payment, the Plumbing Inspector shall refuse to make inspections for said master plumber until the charges are paid.
A fee of fifteen dollars ($15.) shall be paid for the privilege of making any sewer connection from any house or building line to any main or lateral sewer.
Where an existing system is altered for new fixtures and where waste or vent line is changed, a fee of ten dollars ($10.) shall be charged for the first fixture plus an additional fee of two dollars ($2.) per fixture thereafter. A fee of ten dollars ($10.) will be charged for a permit to install or relay a house sewer from the borough sewer to a building.
For the installation of any gas-fired heating unit for domestic or commercial purposes with a BTU of forty thousand (40,000) or better input, a fee of four dollars ($4.) shall be charged for a permit and inspection.
For the installing, replacing or connecting of any gas appliance to new or existing lines, or for the installing, replacing or connecting of any automatically controlled potable water heater of the storage or tankless type using fuel oil, kerosene, gas or electricity, a fee of one dollar ($1.) shall be charged for a permit. Any of these items that are the sum total of or any part of any plan or specification as filed with the Plumbing Inspector of the Board are exempt from this payment. Any installation is subject to inspection and approval by the Inspector.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
Every new plumbing system before being used must be tested by the plumber, by the smoke, water or other test, under the supervision of the Plumbing Inspector, according to the following requirements:
The several lines of soil, vent and waste pipes with their respective branches must be in place.
All brass screw plugs for cleanouts of traps, etc., on house drain must be in position.
Any such system put in and covered without due notice to the Plumbing Inspector must be uncovered for examination at the direction of said Inspector. All defective pipes and fittings must be removed and replaced with new.
On all new buildings, when the work is entirely complete, the Plumbing Inspector shall be notified and a final inspection or smoke test shall be made in the presence of the Plumbing Inspector. All equipment and material for making said test shall be furnished by the master plumber.
For alterations, additions or extensions to plumbing systems in old buildings, a proper plan must be filed in accordance with the requirements of § 122-11. Fees for same shall be as set forth in § 122-12. When the work is entirely complete, the Plumbing Inspector shall be notified and a final inspection or test shall be made in the manner the Plumbing Inspector may deem necessary.
Until said work is approved and a certificate has been granted by the Plumbing Inspector, the plumber authorized to do said work shall be held responsible for its proper completion.
For plumbing requirements in the removal or demolition of existing buildings, see the building construction standards.[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 40, Building Construction.
No building or premises will be allowed to be connected with any sewer, cesspool or vault without a permit first obtained from the Board of Health or other designated department of the borough. It is further required that permits shall be kept on hand during the progress of the work to which they relate, and they shall be exhibited whenever required by the proper officers of the Board. The condition of this permit must be strictly complied with. This regulation applies to all sewers, whether on private property or in public streets or alleys.
Before laying the drain from the building to the sewer, cesspool or vault and after the trench is graded, the bottom of the trench must be carefully rammed to avoid unequal settling of the drain. After the pipe is laid, as the trench is filled, the earth must be tightly rammed as near as possible to its original compactness. Tunneling is prohibited unless the consent of the Board of Health thereto has first been obtained.
Where the ground is made or filled in, or in any case where there is danger of settlement from frost or from any cause, the drain extending from the sewer, cesspool or vault to the foundation wall must be of extra-heavy cast-iron pipe of such diameter as may be approved. Such pipes shall be laid with the joints properly caulked with lead, to be inspected by the Plumbing Inspector.
All house sewers from main sewer in street shall be of extra-heavy cast-iron pipe with a fall of one-fourth (1/4) inch to the foot, same to be of such diameter as may be approved by the Plumbing Inspector. Whenever tile sewer connections are required to be renewed, they are to be replaced with cast-iron pipe. Old house drains shall not be used in connection with new buildings or new plumbing except by permission from the Board of Health.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
Where a building is to be connected with the sewer, cesspool or vault, it must be connected by a drain not less than four (4) inches in diameter, having a fall of not less than one-fourth (1/4) inch to the foot. Old drains can be used for new houses only when found to conform in all respects to the foregoing regulations governing drains.
Where there is no sewer in the street on which a building faces and it is necessary to construct a private sewer to connect with the sewer on an adjacent street or avenue, it must be laid outside of the curb, under the roadway or the street and not through yards or under houses without a special permit from the Board of Health.
Pipe sewers must not be cut. House drain connections with pipe sewers must be made with Y-branches. Where connection is made with brick sewers, a terra-cotta junction block must be used.
All horizontal drains within a building and to the curbline shall be extra-heavy cast iron with caulked leaden joints and shall be so located as to be readily accessible for inspection. If possible or necessary, the house drain must be above the cellar floor and supported at intervals of not more than ten (10) feet by eight-inch brick piers, or suspend from the floor beams or be otherwise properly supported by heavy pipe hangers at intervals of not more than ten (10) feet. The use of pipe hooks for supporting house drains is prohibited. All brick piers, pipe hangers and supports must be in position before the test is made, same to be furnished by the contracting plumber unless otherwise specified by the architect. The house drain and all soil and waste pipes shall have a fall of at least one-fourth (1/4) inch to the foot and more if possible. All changes in any direction must be made with proper fittings and connection made with Y-branches and one-eighth (1/8) or one-sixteenth (1/16) bends. Full-size Y- or T-branches for handhole cleanouts must be provided at the foot of all soil and waste lines of same sizes of pipe and where required on house drain and its branches. In no case shall said cleanouts be more than twenty (20) feet apart; they must be accessible and closed by extra-heavy brass trap-screw ferrules.
An extra-heavy cast-iron Y and one-eighth (1/8) bend shall be placed just inside the foundation wall finished two (2) inches above the floor level with an extra-heavy cleanout screw.
The sizes of soil pipes must not be less than those set forth as follows:
Horizontal lines are to be increased as fixtures are added, but verticals throughout their entire length are to have the diameter given for the total number of fixtures which discharge into them, according to the following table:
Vertical Lines
Number of Water Closets
1 plus plumbing fixtures in a one-family house
1 to 4
5 to 12
13 to 25
26 to 40
If the building is five (5) to less than twelve (12) stories in height, the diameter shall not be less than five (5) inches; if twelve (12) stories or more, it shall be six (6) inches in diameter.
Small fixtures, in a number not to exceed twice the number of water closets, may discharge into the lines above specified without increasing their size.
The sizes of waste pipes must not be less than those set forth in the following table:
Horizontal and Vertical Lines
Number of Small Fixtures (inches)
1 1/2
1 drinking fountain or dental chair only
1 to 5
2 1/2
6 to 9
10 to 16
17 to 25
26 to 40
41 to 70
If the building is five (5) to ten (10) stories in height, the vertical waste pipe shall not be less than three (3) inches in diameter; if eleven (11) to sixteen (16) stories, four (4) inches; seventeen (17) to twenty-one (21) stories, six (6) inches in diameter.
All branch wastes from the main house drain when underground must be of not less than three (3) inches in diameter. All soil, vent and waste pipes shall be as direct and concentrated as possible, protected from frost and readily accessible for inspection and convenient in repairing.
All cast-iron soil and waste pipes and fittings must be sound, free from holes and of uniform thickness and what is known in commerce as "extra heavy" of the following weights:
Extra-Heavy Pipe
Diameter (pounds per linear foot)
5 1/2
9 1/2
The following table sets forth the maximum area allowed to drain into pipes of the following diameter at the fall indicated:
Diameter (inches)
Area (square feet) (Fall, 1/4-inch per foot)
Area (square feet) (Fall, 1/2-inch per foot)
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
All waste and vent lines are to be, standard galvanized wrought iron or brass pipe properly reamed, with galvanized drainage fittings for waste. Beaded fittings may be used for vents. All vent pipes are to be increased to a diameter of two (2) inches before passing through the roof and to a watertight roof flashing. Flashing is to weigh six (6) pounds per foot or to be sixteen-ounce copper.
Every vertical soil and waste pipe must be cast iron or galvanized wrought iron and must extend at least two (2) feet above the roof or coping, except in the case of flat roof tenement houses, in which case it should extend at least six (6) feet above the roof. No cap or cowl shall be affixed to the top of such ventilation pipe. Each length shall be securely fastened, and in the case of each line of soil pipe it shall rest at its foot on a pier or foundation to prevent settling. All joints in cast-iron drain, soil or waste pipes must be filled with oakum and lead and hand-caulked so as to make them gastight, and the amount of lead used shall not be less than twelve (12) ounces to each inch of diameter of the pipe so connected.
All changes in direction in cast-iron or galvanized wrought-iron pipe shall be made with curved pipes, and all connections shall be made with Y-branches and one-sixteenth or one-eighth bends.
Soil, waste and vent pipe in an extension must be extended above the roof of the main building where otherwise they would open within twenty (20) feet of the windows of the main house or the adjoining house.
Where lead pipe is used to connect fixtures with vertical soil or waste pipes, it must not be lighter than D pipe. All lead traps and bends must be of the same weight and thickness as their corresponding pipe branches.
All lead waste, soil, vent and flush pipes must be of the best quality, known in commerce as "D," and not less than the following weights per linear foot:
Diameter (inches)
Weight (pounds per linear foot)
1 1/4 (for flush pipes only)
2 1/2
1 1/2 (for flush pipes only)
2 (for flush pipes only)
3 (for flush pipes only)
4 (for flush pipes only)
All connections of lead with iron pipes must be made with a brass sleeve or ferrule put in the hub of the branch of the iron pipe and caulked with lead. The lead pipe must be attached to the ferrule by a wiped joint. All connections of lead waste and vent pipes shall be made by means of wiped joints. All brass ferrules and soldering nipples shall be extra heavy.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
Every water closet, urinal, sink, basin, washtray, bath and every tub or set of tubs, hydrant and stationary dishwasher waste pipe must be separately and effectively trapped, except where sink and washtubs immediately adjoin each other, in which case the waste pipe from the tubs may be connected with the inlet side of the sink trap. In no case shall the waste from any fixture be connected with a water closet.
Traps must be placed as near the fixtures as practicable, and in no case shall a trap be more than two (2) feet from the fixture. All traps must be protected from siphonage and back pressure, and all branch vent lines must be connected with the adjoining soil or waste line well above the top of the highest fixtures.
The sizes of the branch vents for the different fixtures must not be less than the following:
For water closets where only one (1) line extends to roof three by four (3 x 4) inches.
For each water closet, except in cellar, where only one (1) line extends to roof, three by four (3 x 4) inches.
For other separate water closets where there is only one (1) line, two (2) inches.
For vent on sink where there is only one (1) line to roof, two (2) inches.
Where sink vent is intersected to main soil vent, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches.
For slop sinks, two (2) inches. For washtrays and all other fixtures, one and one-half (1 1/2) inches.
When a fixture is installed in a cellar or basement, it shall be vented with not less than a two-inch line, and a two-inch plugged tee left out for future use.
Offsets of the forty-five-degree-angle pattern will be permitted on waste or vent lines, and all vent lines must be connected at the bottom with a Y-branch to soil or waste pipe or house drain in such a manner as to prevent the accumulation of rust scale and to relieve compression. The area of all vent pipes must be increased as they pass upward so as to correspond to the combined area of all branch vents passing into them, and must always have a continuous slope to avoid water condensation.
A vent line need not be run from a closet located on the highest floor unless said closet shall be situated more than three (3) feet from the main vent pipe, in which case a two-inch continuous vent must be used. If the closet is more than ten (10) feet from the main soil pipe, the soil pipe serving the closet shall be continued upward through the roof of the building by a vent pipe not less than two (2) inches in diameter.
All water closets in buildings are to be protected from siphon and back pressure by a special revent pipe of suitable area not less than two (2) inches in diameter. All water closets and slop sinks must have suitable brass floor flange soldered to lead pipe or closet bend with asbestos gasket to make a gastight and watertight joint. Where safes are placed under fixtures, the safety waste shall run separate to the basement or cellar and empty over a water-supplied and vented fixture.
No waste pipes from a refrigerator or other receptacle where food is kept shall be connected with the house drain, soil or other waste pipe. Refrigerator wastes must be of a diameter of not less than one and one-half (1 1/2) inches and so arranged as to be properly flushed. They shall empty over a water-supplied sink properly trapped and vented. On buildings over two and one-half (2 1/2) stories high, the waste must be extended to make a continuous vent above the roof and must be increased to at least two (2) inches in diameter.
The sediment pipe from kitchen boilers must never be connected to any part of the plumbing or drainage system of any building. Kitchen boilers must be provided with a proper draw cock for emptying purposes.
All water closets for private or public use must be of the latest deep-seal siphon pattern, and when arranged in batteries they must be of the separate or individual type. All water closets within the house must be supplied with water from separate tanks or cisterns, the water of which is used for no other purpose. A group of closets on the same floor may be supplied from one (1) tank.
Whenever a toilet is installed for public use, a basin shall be installed in the same room, which shall be properly connected and supplied with hot and cold running water. All toilets installed in public buildings shall be provided with nonporous open-front seats.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
Water closets must never be placed in an unventilated room or compartment. In every case, the compartment must be open to the air or be ventilated by means of mechanical gravity, ventilation system or skylight. If ventilated by mechanical gravity, such as an exhaust fan, the system must be contained in a separate duct system to the outside air.
Rainwater leaders must never be used as soil, waste or vent pipes, nor shall any soil, waste or vent pipe be used as a leader.
No steam exhaust, blowoff or drip pipe from a steam boiler shall connect with the sewer or any drain, soil pipe or waste pipe. Such pipes must discharge into a condenser or sump pit. Subsoil drains must be provided when necessary, and in no case shall these drains have a direct connection with the sewer or the drainage system of any building.
The following are prohibited without special permit from the Board of Health: short one-quarter bends on horizontal lines, double hubs, below-waste connections, short roof increasers, common offsets, bands and saddles, yard water closets, washout closets, long hopper closets, McClellan vents, wooden or cement washtrays, and all traps with inner partitions or other mechanical devices. In addition, no cast- or wrought-iron pipe can be tapped or threaded to connect a waste or vent line. A deep-seal trap of the pot or drum pattern will be permitted on bath wastes or shower receptors when properly vented.
The waste pipes from any plumbing in any building shall not be connected with the lead bend of the water closet. There must be a separate Y-branch outlet left in the soil pipe for all other plumbing fixtures.
Fittings for vent pipes on wrought-iron or brass pipes must be of cast or malleable iron or brass. All brass pipes for vents and waste pipes and solder nipples must be thoroughly annealed, seamless drawn-brass tubing. Connections on brass pipes and between brass pipe and traps on iron pipe must not be made with slip joints or couplings. Threaded connections on brass pipes must be of the same size as iron pipe threads for same size of pipe and be tapered.
All garage drains, where connected to sewer, shall be provided with a proper drain pit or garage trap, with leader connecting, or a proper vent pipe of not less than two (2) inches in diameter running separately to roof and not intersected to any other vent pipe connected to the plumbing system. Where pits are built, they must be of watertight material; if of brick, they must be smooth inside and out and a Y-fitting and one-eighth bend shall be used for the purpose of forming a proper water seal or trap, with proper cleanout. There shall be a suitable iron cover or grating placed on top of the pit. Pits in all cases shall not be less than eighteen by eighteen (18 by 18) inches; depth of pit shall be regulated to conform to grade of drain.
When it is necessary to use a sump system and sewage lift to receive the discharge from the waste or soil connection of fixtures, the same shall be arranged to be accessible. If discharged with compressed air, it shall be connected to the house drain on the sewer side of the leader or area drain traps and fixture connections or may be connected to house drain on the sewer side of house trap. A separate trap and fresh-air inlet must be provided on the inlet side of sump and a four-inch pipeline continued from drain, discharging into sump, up to and above roof, for purposes of ventilation. Relief pipes must be provided on sewage receptacles of sumps. Traps of fixtures connected to sump system must not be vented to vent lines which are used to ventilate traps of fixtures on gravity system. Sump systems should be entirely separate, both as to discharge and venting, from the rest of the plumbing system in the building.
Soda fountains and bar sinks shall be connected to a water-supplied, trapped and vented slop or deep sink. Hotel, restaurant and cafeteria sinks and dishwashers shall be provided with suitable water-cooled grease traps, the same to be placed as near to the fixture as possible and in an accessible location. Hot running water shall be provided in all bars where food and drink are served. Temperature of water is not to be less than one hundred sixty degrees Fahrenheit (160º F.).
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
Before any building or part thereof to be used to serve food or drink to be consumed on the premises, or to offer food or drink for sale to the public, is occupied for such purpose, the plumbing system must be inspected by the authorized Plumbing Inspector and a certificate of approval must be obtained that it conforms to the Plumbing Code of the borough.
Before any building or part thereof to be used for a barbershop, hairdressing or beauty salon establishment is occupied for such purpose, hair traps must be installed beneath sinks and the plumbing system must be inspected by the authorized Plumbing Inspector and a certificate of approval must be obtained that it conforms to the Plumbing Code of the borough.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
All pipes, fittings and traps used for drain lines that carry acids, chemicals or alkalis, or water contaminated with same, placed on the side of any building, shall be made of universal acid-resistant material known as "Dur-iron," which is to be installed in the same manner as cast-iron waste lines, with the exception that the packing used for caulking must be pure asbestos rope. The use of hemp or oakum is prohibited. Drain lines that carry acids, chemicals or alkalis, or water contaminated with same, connected to the house sewer, shall be connected in such a way that the effluents pass through a neutralizing system before running to the house sewer. Where branch wastes are made of lead, the material shall not be less than what is known in commerce as "D" lead. All joints where lead connections are made must be burnt or fused together; no soldered joints are permissible. The ventilating system must be separate from all fixture traps and never connected to any other part of the plumbing, drainage or ventilating system.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
The owner, lessor or agent of any building used in any way for occupation by human beings, whether for business or dwelling purposes, shall provide and maintain in good serviceable condition sufficient water closet and urinal accommodations, proportioned to the number of occupants and, in cases hereinafter mentioned, not less than the number herein specified: In all tenement houses where separate water closets are not maintained for each family and in all business places, separate water closets shall be provided for each sex, arranged so as to secure absolute privacy; in dwellings or places used as a permanent place of abode for persons, at least one (1) water closet shall be provided and maintained for each seven persons; in lodging houses, hotels or other places used as a temporary place of abode, at least one (1) water closet shall be provided for each five (5) persons of the same sex for whom accommodations are provided, and, in addition, urinals shall be provided; in stores of every kind, including restaurants, urinals shall be provided; in no case shall there be fewer than one (1) water closet and one (1) urinal.
It shall be the duty of the owner or contractor engaged in the construction or erection of any new building to provide within such building a sufficient number of water closets for the use of the persons employed in the work of erecting same. Such water closet or water closets shall be placed in every such building at the commencement of the work of erecting same and shall be continued therein until its completion. Every such water closet shall be connected with the sewer in the street upon which such building shall be erected.
Water closets, when placed in any building, shall be kept and maintained at all times in a clean and sanitary condition.
All water closets and other fixtures must be provided with sufficient supply of water for flushing to keep them in a proper and clean condition. When the water pressure is not sufficient to supply freely and continuously all fixtures, a house supply tank must be provided of sufficient size to afford an ample supply of water to all fixtures at all times. Such tanks must be supplied from the pressure or by pumps as may be necessary. When from the pressure, ball cocks must be provided. If water pressure is not sufficient to fill house tanks, power pumps must be provided for filling them in tenement houses, lodging houses, factories and workshops. Tanks must be covered so as to exclude dust and must be so located as to prevent water contaminations by gases and odors from plumbing fixtures or other causes. House supply tank must be of wood or iron or of wood lined with tinned and planished copper but never lead. The overflow pipe should discharge upon the roof where possible, and in such cases should be brought down to within six (6) inches of the roof, or it must be trapped and discharged over an open water-supplied sink. In no case shall the overflow be connected with any part of the plumbing system. Employing pipes for such tanks must be provided and discharged in the manner required for overflow pipes. No service pipes or supplying pipes shall be run, and no tanks, flushing cistern or water-supplied fixtures shall be placed, where they will be exposed to frost; if so placed, they shall be properly boxed and packed with mineral wool in such manner as to prevent freezing.
In tenement houses, lodging houses, factories, workshops and all public buildings, the entire water closet apartment and sidewalls to a height of six (6) inches from the floor, except at the door, must be made waterproof with asphalt, cement, tile, metal or other waterproof material as approved by the health officers or Plumbing Inspector.
In all buildings occupied as stores, dwellings, lodging or boardinghouses, hotels, offices, lofts, workshops, factories or storage houses, there must be at least one (1) water closet in each building. There must be sufficient water closets so that there will never be more than fifteen (15) persons to each water closet.
Separate water closet and toilet rooms must be provided for each sex in buildings used as workshops, lofts, office buildings, factories, hotels and all places of public assembly.
In lodging houses, there must be one (1) water closet on each floor, and where there are more than fifteen (15) persons on any floor, there must be an additional water closet on that floor.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
In all buildings, the water closet and urinal apartments must be ventilated to the outer air as specified in § 122-43.
In all buildings, the outside partition of any water closet or urinal apartment must be airtight and extend to the ceiling or be independently ceiled over. When necessary to light properly such apartments, the upper part of the partition must be provided with translucent glass. The interior partitions of such apartments must be dwarfed partitions.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
The general water closet accommodation of any building cannot be placed in the cellar, nor can any water closet be placed outside of a building.
In alteration work where it is not practicable to ventilate a water closet or urinal apartment by windows or a skylight directly to the outer air, there may be provided a galvanized wrought sheet iron vent duct extended to the outer air, which must be equal in area to at least one hundred forty-four (144) square inches for one (1) water closet or urinal and an additional seventy-two (72) square inches for each water closet added therein.
Water closets and urinals must never be connected directly with or flushed from the water supply pipes, except when flushometer valves are used.
Each water closet and urinal must be flushed from a separate cistern, the water from which is used for no other purpose, or may be flushed through flushometer valves.
Where flushometers are used, they must be supplied from tank pressure unless otherwise permitted by the Plumbing Inspector; the rising lines shall be at least one and one-half (1 1/2) inches in diameter and the branches shall be at least one and one-fourth (1 1/4) inches in diameter for water closets and three-fourths (3/4) inch in diameter for urinals.
[Amended 10-12-1970 by Ord. No. 1250]
All buildings shall have sufficient supply of water for domestic and sanitary purposes. All water closets and other plumbing shall have a supply of water for flushing to keep them in a proper and clean condition.
Every building for human occupancy or habitation shall have a separate water service. If copper tubing is used, it shall be no lighter than Type K.
Water distributing pipes may be made of brass, copper (Type L or heavier), lead, cast iron, wrought iron or steel.
A physical connection shall be considered as any cross-connection, bypass valve, pipeline auxiliary intake or other similar device which permits or may permit any flow of water into an approved public potable water supply from any other water supply unapproved by the Department of Health of the State of New Jersey or from any source of water supply not fully treated in accordance with the terms or provisions of the permit issued for or the rules and regulations governing the supply of such water for public potable purposes by the Department of Health of the State of New Jersey.
Physical connections shall not be permitted except where physical connections existing April 1, 1929 include two (2) all-bronze check valves with rounded rubber facing, two (2) gate valves with indicator posts or rising stems and drip cocks and gauges for a vault or pit of watertight construction readily accessible for inspection, and provided that where an application for the continuation of such physical connection is made to the Board of Health[1] and is approved by such Board of Health, the date of continuance may be temporarily extended by the Department of Health of the State of New Jersey.
Editor's Note: See Ch. 4, Board of Health, § 4-10.
When a urinal is installed other than a stall type, a floor drain must be installed in the same room, one-half (1/2) inch below the floor level.
Gas pipe shall conform to the standard specifications of the American Society for Testing Materials and must be adequate in size to carry the gas load of the appliance connected thereto. The use of split pipe or defective fittings is prohibited.
All gas supply and distribution pipes within any structure shall be of suitable material with tight joints, capable of withstanding an air pressure of ten (10) pounds per square inch for at least ten (10) minutes.
The installation of gas piping and gas appliances in buildings shall conform to the "American Standard Installation of Gas Piping and Gas Appliances in Buildings," as published by the American Gas Association, December 5, 1950, and supplements and additions thereto.
Gas piping shall be firmly anchored, without sags or traps, and drained back to the meter. Where traps are unavoidable, provision must be made for their drainage. Rigid gas piping must never be bent. Nonrigid piping, such as copper tubing, when bent, must be done smoothly and without kinks.
It is prohibited for anyone, at any time, under any circumstances, to cut into any pipeline without first shutting off the gas at the meter.
Gas piping between the head of service and the gas meter must be exposed and easily accessible. Gas meters shall be installed as close as possible to the point where the service enters the building at the wall. Gas meters must not be set near furnaces, boilers or in closed compartments of insufficient ventilation or in locations where they will be inaccessible or liable to injury.
Piping designed to supply gas to a domestic appliance through flexible gas tubing shall have a substantial gas cock at the end to which the tubing is to be attached.
With the exception of domestic gas ranges, all gas appliances coming under the following classifications must be connected to an effective flue:
Automatically controlled domestic appliances which use more than ten (10) cubic feet per hour.
Any appliance used for domestic purposes having a demand rate in excess of one hundred (100) cubic feet per hour.
Domestic appliances installed in the same room which have an aggregate demand at normal rating as great as six-hundredths (.06) cubic foot per hour per cubic foot of room content.
Appliances with devices or controls governing the main gas supply which cannot reduce the supply below thirty percent (30%) of the maximum demand shall not be classified as automatically controlled.
Every flue-connected gas appliance, except incinerators, must be equipped with an effective down-draft diverter.
When connecting a flue of any gas appliance to a chimney being used by a house-heating furnace burning another fuel, flue pipes should enter above that used by the furnace.
The use of manually operated dampers on flue pipe connected to domestic gas appliance is prohibited.
No automatic or semiautomatic gas water heaters, or heaters equipped with remote control, electrical or mechanical, may be installed unless equipped with an effective device to prevent the escape of unburned gas from the heater's main gas supply.
A temperature and pressure relief valve shall be installed on all automatic water heaters on the hot water line as close to the appliance as practical. The discharge from the relief valve shall be piped so that discharging water will not cause injury or damage to premises or property.
Gas coil tank heaters on which the gas cocks are operated manually by chains, wires, levers or other mechanical devices from floors above are prohibited.
Gas ranges must be set level and at least six (6) inches away from unprotected wood and three (3) inches from protected wood and fireproof walls, but may be flush with protected wood and fireproof walls if flue is connected and oven is insulated.
All provisions of this chapter dealing with gas piping and appliances, except §§ 122-3, 122-71 and 122-72, shall apply only to domestic installations and not to commercial or industrial installations.
Any person violating any of the provisions of § 122-78, shall, upon conviction thereof, pay a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.) or imprisonment for a term not to exceed ninety (90) days, or both.