Borough of Mount Oliver, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
For the purpose of this chapter, certain terms and words used herein shall be interpreted or defined as follows:
A. 
Words used in the present tense shall include the future.
B. 
Words used in the singular number shall include the plural.
C. 
Words used in the plural number shall include the singular.
D. 
The word "person" includes a corporation as well as an individual or an association of individuals.
E. 
The words "shall" and "will" are always mandatory.
F. 
The word "may" is permissive.
For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated, unless otherwise specifically stated. Words not defined herein shall be observed and applied according to their generally accepted dictionary definitions.
ALLEY
A minor right-of-way providing secondary vehicular access to the side or rear of two (2) or more properties.
BLOCK
An area bounded by streets, utility, railroad, public facility or other rights-of-way or easements or other definite barriers.
BUILDING LINE
The line of that face of the building nearest the front line of the lot at the street right-of-way line.
BUILDING or STRUCTURE
An independent and detached structure having a roof supported by columns or walls or resting on its own foundation, including but not limited to principal structures, mobile homes, garages, greenhouses and other accessory buildings.
CARTWAY (not right-of-way)
That portion of the total street right-of-way surfaced or otherwise prepared or meant for vehicular use. Width is determined from face of curb to face of curb or from one (1) edge of driving surface to the other edge of driving surface.
COMMISSION, PLANNING
The Mount Oliver Borough Planning Commission as duly appointed by the local governing body.
COVENANT
An obligation defined by law or agreement, the violation of which can be restrained by court action; these are usually stated in the deed. Private "covenants" are not legally enforceable by the borough.
CUL-DE-SAC
A street open to traffic and pedestrian access, with one (1) end permanently terminated by a vehicular turnaround.
DEVELOPER
Any person, individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, estate trust or any other group acting as a unit who or which makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
EASEMENT
A grant by a property owner for the use of land, which is given to persons, corporations or the public for purposes such as access, utility placement or similar activities.
ENGINEER
The Engineer for the borough as officially designated by the governing body.
FLOODPLAIN
A flat or low land area subject to inundation from a stream, river or watercourse and/or any area subject to the rapid accumulation of surface waters from any source.
GOVERNING BODY
The duly elected Borough Council of the Borough of Mount Oliver, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
GROSS ACREAGE
The entire land area of a tract, as distinguished from net acreage.
HALF STREET
A strip of land equal to or less than one-half (1/2) of the required rights-of-way reserved or proposed for street purposes along the property line. "Half streets" are prohibited except to complete another "half street."
IMPROVEMENTS
Those physical changes to the land necessary to produce usable and desirable lots from raw acreage, including but not limited to grading, paving, curbs, gutters, storm sewers and drains, improvements to existing watercourses, sidewalks, crosswalks, street signs, monuments, water supply facilities, sewage disposal facilities and stormwater control facilities.
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase, whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition; a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the "landowner;" or other persons having a proprietary interest in land.
LOT
A tract or parcel of land designated for the conveyance or transfer of ownership, improvement or sale, whether immediate or future.
LOT, CORNER
A lot, abutting two (2) or more streets at their intersection, on which the building line for all streets must be observed.
LOT DEPTH
The mean horizontal distance between the front lot line and the rear lot line.
LOT, DOUBLE-FRONTAGE
A lot that has access to a public right-of-way from both the front yard and backyard. "Double-frontage lots" may be permitted only as a variance due to unnecessary hardship or unique physical circumstances that are not created by an appellant.
LOT, REVERSE FRONTAGE
A lot abutting a public right-of-way along both the front and rear yards, having access to only one (1) of the public rights-of-way.
LOT WIDTH
The total horizontal distance across the lot between the side lot lines, measured at the building line.
MASTER PLAN
An orderly representation of future development plans for a parcel which will be developed by phases over a period of time. This plan is not binding and may be revised periodically as development plans change.
MINOR SUBDIVISION
Subdivisions, developed along existing improved public thoroughfares, that require no additional streets or street openings or realignment of existing streets; or the division of existing vacant lots or lots containing more than one (1) principal structure, for the purpose of transferring legal ownership of lots or structures and the land on which they are situated, that involves no new land development or new streets or realignment of existing streets.
MOBILE HOME
A transportable single-family dwelling as defined, provided for and controlled by Chapter 260, Zoning.
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land in a mobile home park, improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home, which is developed and maintained consistent with the specific requirements of Chapter 260, Zoning.
MOBILE HOME PARK
Any contiguous parcel or tract of land under single ownership used or intended to be used for the placement of two (2) or more mobile homes for nontransient use, developed and maintained consistent with the specific requirements of Chapter 260, Zoning.
MUNICIPALITY
The Borough of Mount Oliver, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
NET ACREAGE
The total acreage of a development site minus the areas utilized for accessways, on-grade utilities and facilities, lakes, ponds or similar water surfaces and parking facilities.
OFF-SITE SEWER SERVICE
A sanitary sewage collection system in which sewage is carried from an individual lot or dwelling unit by a system of pipes to a central treatment and disposal plant, which may be publicly or privately owned and operated.
OFF-SITE WATER SERVICE
A potable water distribution system in which water is carried to individual lots or dwelling units by a system of pipes from a central water source, located beyond the limits of the lot being served, which may be publicly or privately owned and operated.
ON-SITE SEWER SERVICE
A system of piping tanks or other facilities serving only a single lot and disposing of sewage in whole or in part into the soil.
ON-SITE WATER SERVICE
A single system of piping, tanks or other facilities serving only a single lot and obtaining the water either in whole or in part from a primary source located within the limits of the lot being served.
OPEN SPACE
An unoccupied and undeveloped space open to the sky.
PARKING SPACE
For purposes of this chapter, off-street parking and loading areas shall be defined as follows:
A. 
An off-street parking space shall be a minimum dimension of nine (9) feet wide by twenty (20) feet long.
B. 
A required off-street loading space shall be a minimum dimension of fourteen (14) feet wide by sixty (60) feet long.
PATIO
An outside surfaced courtyard or inner area having no roof.
PLAN, FINAL
A complete and exact subdivision plan, prepared by a registered land surveyor for official recording as required by statute, to delineate boundaries, define property rights, proposed streets and all other improvements.
PLAN, PRELIMINARY
A tentative subdivision plan of an entire tract, prepared by a registered professional engineer, land surveyor or landscape architect, showing approximate street and lot layout as a basis for consideration and review prior to preparation of a final plan.
PLAT
The map or plan of a subdivision or land development, whether preliminary or final.
PUBLIC UTILITY
Includes gas, electric, telephone, sewerage, water and communication cable services.
RESUBDIVISION or REPLATTING
The modification of a recorded subdivision, in whole or in part, by a redesign of lots, size, area or street layout. Such action requires subdivision approval.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
Land reserved for use as a street, interior walk or other public purpose and dedicated for public use; all must be recorded in the County Recorder of Deeds office. For purposes of this chapter, public right-of-way lines shall prevail over private parcel lines that are designated as falling within the public "right-of-way." When a lot abuts a "right-of-way" of a public thoroughfare, all applicable lot area and front, side and rear lot requirements shall be computed from the public right-of-way line.
SETBACK
The minimum distance that a structure can be located from a right-of-way or property line or another structure, thereby creating a required open space on a lot.
SEWAGE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
The designated official of the borough who issues and reviews on-site sewage permit applications and conducts such investigations and inspections as are necessary to implement the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.
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STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
A plan to control the increase and concentration of runoff of stormwater caused by land development or predeveloped conditions.
STREET CLASSIFICATIONS
The following street classifications shall apply to all streets in the borough:
A. 
Limited-access freeways that carry through traffic between major urban centers and to and from points outside of a region with no interference.
B. 
Streets that carry major movements of traffic within or through the community.
C. 
Streets that carry the internal traffic movements within the borough and connect developed areas with the arterial system. The "collector" system simultaneously provides abutting property with road access and accommodates local internal traffic movements.
D. 
Streets that provide access to immediately adjacent land.
E. 
Any vehicular way that is not dedicated as a public street.
STREET MAINTENANCE
The procedure applied to new or existing streets or streets under construction, including but not limited to resurfacing, regrading, drainage improvement, pothole repair, dust prevention practices and snow removal.
SUBDIVIDER
The owner or authorized agent of the owner of the subdivision.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two (2) or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided, however, that the division by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than ten (10) acres not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling shall be exempted.
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP
A map showing ground elevations by contour lines and the location of important natural, man-made and other features.
UNIT, DWELLING
A building or portion thereof providing complete housekeeping facilities for one (1) individual or one (1) family.
USE
The purpose or activity for which the land or building is designed, arranged or intended or for which it is occupied or maintained.
VARIANCE
When the subdivider can show that a provision of this chapter would cause unnecessary hardship not of the subdivider's making if strictly adhered to, and where, because of topographical or other conditions peculiar to the site, in the opinion of the governing body a departure may be made without destroying the intent of such provisions, a "variance" may be authorized. A "variance" shall apply only to the particular subdivision for which it is granted.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending across the full width of the lot, unoccupied other than by steps, walks, terraces, driveways, lampposts and similar improvements, the depth of which is the least distance between the front lot at the right-of-way line and the building line.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending across the full width of the lot between the rear of the principal building and the rear lot line, unoccupied other than by steps, walks, terraces, driveways, lampposts and similar improvements.
YARD, SIDE
A yard between the principal structure and the side lot line, extending from the front yard, or from the front line where no front yard is required, to the rear yard. The width of the required side yard is measured horizontally at ninety degrees (90º) with the side lot line from the nearest part of the principal building.
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Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 750.1 et seq.