[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Franklin 8-5-1997 by Ord. No. 97-1461 as Sec. 13.22 of the 1997 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Whenever used in this chapter, the following definitions shall apply:
- COIN-OPERATED CLEANING MACHINE
- Any machine used for the purpose of dry cleaning whose operation is actuated by the insertion of a coin in a slot or other receptacle.
- DRY CLEANING
- The process of removing dirt, grease, paint, spots, stains or any other form of foreign matter from wearing apparel or household furnishings by any means other than washing with soap or detergent and water.
- FLAMMABLE SOLVENT
- Any liquid, viscous or other compound, powder or solid product or substance having the capacity to evaporate and generate and emit a gas or vapor propagative of flame, fire or explosion incident to evaporation.
- Any business establishment or location where wearing apparel or household furnishings are dry cleaned on the premises by use of coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machines.
No person shall establish or operate within the city any plant containing coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machines available for use by the public without first obtaining a permit therefor in compliance with this chapter.
Application for permit shall be on forms furnished by the Building Inspector and shall set forth information required by this chapter and such other information as the Building Inspector deems necessary to safeguard the public health and welfare.
Permits shall be issued by the City Clerk upon approval of the Building Inspector only upon the applicant's compliance with the requirements of this chapter and those requirements of the Building Inspector authorized by this chapter, and upon compliance with all applicable state and local laws, rules and regulations.
The permit fee shall be as stated in Chapter 169, Licenses and Permits, of this chapter for each machine or unit of such machine which can be independently actuated by insertion of a coin or otherwise.
To protect the health and safety of the citizens of the city and other members of the public who may use coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machines, the following requirements shall be complied with:
No flammable solvent shall be used in any coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machine.
No spotting operations utilizing flammable liquid or any substance which causes toxicity in the atmosphere shall be permitted, and no liquid of this nature shall be permitted on the premises.
Filters for solvents on each machine shall be removed and replaced or cleaned not less than once each day.
The contents of the sludge can of such machine shall be placed in containers provided with closely fitting lids and disposed of at regular intervals, not less than once each week.
All solvents, when used in a coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machine, shall be contained within a liquid and vapor tight closed system.
All electrical connections shall be in accordance with the City Electrical Code and the State Electrical Code, and each machine shall be tested and listed by the Underwriter's Laboratories, Inc. The main electrical switch controlling each machine or a bank of machines shall be accessible in an area removed from such machine or machines.
Each machine shall be so equipped that it cannot be opened while operating nor until after the drying cycle is completed and shall be so equipped that it cannot be opened in the event of mechanical or electrical failure, except by an attendant.
No permit shall be granted hereunder unless the plant shall have a concrete, terrazzo or other type floor impervious to solvents. No basement installation of machines shall be allowed.
In the installation of the machines, the following partitions are required to ensure the safety to the public:
The front or customer side of the machine shall be the only portion of the machine exposed in the customer only areas.
The remainder of the machine shall be separated from the customer area by a solid partition.
Access doors to the rear of the partition shall be kept closed and locked when not in use.
Each machine or bank of machines shall be completely separated by an enclosure from other areas that contain heating devices requiring air for combustion.
An exhaust system shall be provided at each plant for the removal of toxic vapors as follows:
An individual exhaust shall be provided on each machine.
Scavenger ducts shall be provided for each machine or bank of two machines and shall be so designed and constructed as to pick up vapors surrounding the equipment near the floor.
Such scavenger pipes shall be located not less than two inches nor more than four inches above the floor and not more than 18 inches from each machine.
An exhaust fan or fans shall be provided for the enclosure behind each machine or machines, to be utilized in the event of solvent spill.
An exhaust fan or duct shall be provided at the front grill or loading door intake on each machine and shall be so arranged and controlled that when such machine is not in operation, air is drawn through the front door or grill of the machine at a face velocity of not less than 100 cubic feet per minute.
The exhaust ventilation system as required shall be operated continuously while occupancy of the plant is open to the public and shall be so interlocked with each machine that such machine cannot be operated unless the exhaust system is functioning.
The entire ventilation system shall exhaust to the outside atmosphere and terminate not less than 10 feet from any building opening in such manner as to not expose the passing public. The exhaust shall be located as far as possible from all air intakes for appliances or other purposes.
Ventilation from the outside atmosphere shall be provided for the customer area equivalent to that exhausted from within such area by the ventilation requirements of this section.
No solvent-contaminated air shall be allowed into air intakes of any combustion equipment. Ventilation from the outside atmosphere shall be provided for all heating devices requiring air for combustion.
Each machine or bank of machines, together with appurtenant appliances, shall be diked with a four-inch floor curb suitable to contain spilled or leaking solvent. Such diked area shall be provided with an untrapped floor drain to conduct any such spilled or leaking solvent to a sealed recovery tank. No such drain shall be connected to any sewer system.
Each plant shall be provided with a portable fire extinguisher of the carbon dioxide or dry chemical type, of at least 30 pounds' capacity.
Detailed instructions for use of dry-cleaning machines shall be posted in a conspicuous location near each machine in the customer area.
Each plant shall have a competent attendant on duty at all times such coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machines are available for use by the public.
No permit shall be granted for any plant which contains coin-operated or self-service dry-cleaning machines involving or requiring the handling of garments or materials to be cleaned between operations of the machine.