[Amended 9-16-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-018]
Permit required. No person shall locate, construct or reconstruct any driveway providing vehicular access to any Town road or place any culvert in the public right-of-way of any Town road or create any curb cut along any Town road without obtaining a permit from the Town. Permit applications shall be obtained from the Town Zoning Administrator or his or her designee along with the fee specified in § 1-16A(6).
Contained within frontage. Any driveway shall be so located such that the entire width of the access and appurtenances thereto lie within the limits of the frontage abutting the street of the property served and within applicable setback requirements.
Intersections. No driveway shall provide direct access to any intersection. No urban driveway shall be located within 75 feet of any intersection. No rural driveway shall be located within 125 feet of any intersection, as measured from center line to center line of intersecting streets.
No interference with right-of-way. No driveway shall encroach upon or occupy any areas of Town road right-of-way required for effective traffic movement, control or safety or placement of any traffic control signs.
Safety. Every driveway shall be placed in such location as to not create a safety hazard for traffic traveling upon or entering and exiting the roadway. The location of every driveway shall provide adequate sight lines, as determined according to generally accepted professional traffic engineering standards, to permit a safe distance from a vehicle access to see an approaching vehicle and to have adequate time to exit or enter the access safely and for an approaching vehicle to see a vehicle at the access and to safely stop.
The driveway surface connecting to the Town road for a rural driveway shall slope down and away from the road to a sufficient degree to preclude the flow of ordinary surface water from the driveway onto the road.
Drainage ditches shall not be obstructed. If necessary, culverts shall be placed to permit the flow of stormwater. Culverts shall be placed prior to the commencement of construction and shall be of a size to adequately permit the flow of water in the ditch and shall be constructed as follows:
Culverts shall not be less than 18 inches in diameter (or equivalent) or less than 26 feet in length, unless otherwise approved.
The property owner shall be responsible for the cost of a hydraulic study if deemed necessary by the Town to determine the size of culvert required.
The culvert length shall not exceed the length required for the surface width plus the 3:1 side slopes to meet the existing ditch grade.
Culverts shall be constructed of corrugated metal or concrete pipe with endwalls.
Culverts shall have a minimum eight-inch cover of stone, asphalt, concrete or a combination thereof. Driveway side slopes shall be a 3:1 ratio.
Culverts shall be backfilled with stone not smaller than 3/4 inch clean to prevent damming, blockage or standing water in drainage ditches.
All damaged, filled or deteriorated culverts shall be repaired or replaced at the owner's expense to conform to this section.
Size, width and construction.
Rural and urban driveways shall be constructed consistent with the respective Rural Driveway Detail and Urban Driveway Detail diagrams included as an appendix to this chapter. Urban Driveways shall also be subject to the requirements of § 94-4.
Driveway widths shall be measured at the right-of-way and at right angles to the center line of the driveway.
Rural driveways may be constructed of gravel, asphalt, concrete, or a combination thereof
If the replacement of any part of a driveway is required by the Town for a Town or Sanitary District project, decorative items (such as stone around the culvert, pavers, stamped pavement, etc.) will not be replaced by the Town or Sanitary District.
The Town or Sanitary District will replace gravel driveways with six inches of standard gravel. If an existing driveway is concrete or asphalt, the Town will replace the area disturbed with the lesser cost of asphalt or concrete. Asphalt replacement will be three inches thick, and concrete replacement will be six inches thick.
Any cost above the standard surface will be at the expense of the property owner. Any decorative landscaping around the culvert, other than grass, will be the responsibility of the property owner to replace.
Encroachments or obstructions around culverts. No obstruction shall be placed within 10 feet of the edge of the travelway on rural streets. Obstructions will be considered trees, light poles, utility poles, signs other than regulatory or street signs, and other fixed objects, such as rocks and retaining walls. Treatments that are installed in the right-of-way around a culvert shall be sloped at a 3:1 slope such that a vehicle can traverse the slope.
Number. No property shall have more than one driveway access point unless an additional driveway access point is necessary for reasonable and adequate service to the property and may be had without impairing the safety, convenience and utility of the road.
The property owner or applicant shall be responsible for all costs, materials and labor for construction of the driveway.
Installation shall be made without jeopardy to or interference with the safe passage of traffic on any Town road. All road surfaces, shoulders, ditches and vegetation disturbed by installation shall be restored to the original condition.
Proper barricades, flags, warning signals and flagmen, if necessary shall be provided by the applicant and may be required by the Town Building Inspector or his/her designee.
Where a curb cut is required for new construction, rough curb cuts shall be made as soon as the building foundation is backfilled and gravel tracking pad is installed. This curb cut shall be used for all construction vehicles, and the owner or builder shall be responsible for damage to any curbs.
Any curb crossing shall be properly blocked to prevent damage.
All curb cuts are to be inspected by the Town after forming is completed and prior to pouring of concrete.
The permittee, by acceptance of the driveway permit allowing the curb cut, warrants the materials and construction of the replaced curb for a period of two years from completion of construction of the curb replacement.
The Building Inspector, or his/her designee, may post a stop-work order if any work or any part thereof is being installed contrary to the terms of a permit or without a permit. If the landowner or the permittee fails to cease the unpermitted activity or comply with the permit conditions immediately, the Town may issue a notice of intent to the landowner or permittee of the Town's intent to perform the work necessary to comply with this section. The Building Inspector, or his/her designee, or a contractor retained to perform such services, may commence the work no less than 14 days after issuance of the notice of intent. All costs associated with the work performed, including the services of the Building Inspector, Town Engineer, Town Attorney, Town administrative costs and those of the contractor performing the work, shall be billed to the landowner. If the landowner fails to pay the amount due, the Town Treasurer shall enter the amount due onto the tax rolls and collect such bill as a special charge pursuant to Wis. Stats. § 66.0627.
[Amended 9-16-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-018]
Concrete used in the construction of sidewalks and urban driveways shall be Grade A air-entrained or Grade A-WR air-entrained from an approved supplier. The maximum slump shall be three inches.
Equipment and tools necessary for sidewalk and driveway construction shall be satisfactory as to design capacity and mechanical condition for the purposes intended.
The foundation shall be formed by excavating or filling to the required elevation. The foundation so constructed shall be mechanically tamped or rolled until thoroughly compacted to ensure stability.
Forms shall be of wood or metal and shall be straight and of a depth at least equal to the depth of the sidewalk (four inches) and sidewalk through driveway (six inches) and of sufficient strength to resist displacement during the process of depositing and consolidating the concrete. The forms shall be securely braced and held firmly to the required line and grade and shall be sufficiently tight to prevent the leakage of mortar. All forms shall be thoroughly cleaned and oiled before the concrete is placed against them.
The concrete shall be placed on a moist foundation, deposited to the required depth and consolidated and spaded sufficiently to bring the mortar to the surface, after which it shall be struck off and floated with a wooden float. Before the mortar has set, the surface shall be steel-troweled and brushed. The brush shall be drawn across the surface at right angles to the edges of the sidewalk or driveway with the adjacent strokes slightly overlapping, producing a uniform, slightly roughened surface with parallel brush marks.
The concrete shall be cured with an application of an approved clear-membrane-forming curing compound meeting the requirements of ASTM 309-81, except during the period from October 1 to April 1, when the concrete shall be cured with an application of an approved linseed oil membrane-forming emulsion at the rate of 200 square feet per gallon of curing compound.
After the concrete has been cured, the spaces along the edges of the sidewalk and driveway shall be backfilled to the required elevation with topsoil and turf established by seeding or sodding.
Inspection is required prior to pour.
Variation in grade and/or alignment shall be made by the Town of Ledgeview.
[Amended 1-22-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-002; 4-7-2014 by Ord. No. 2014-002]
The owner of property abutting on any sidewalk shall, without notice and at all times, keep such abutting sidewalk clean and free of debris, dirt, sweepings and obstructions and clear of snow and ice and shall not deposit or place any sweepings or debris or other foreign matter upon the same.
The lessee, occupant of the first or ground floor, or persons having charge of a building, or, if there be no lessee, occupant or person having charge, then the owner of each and every parcel of real estate in the Town abutting or bordering upon any street highway or other public place, shall remove or cause to be removed all snow and ice from the public sidewalk in front of or adjacent to such premises of the full paved width of such sidewalk within 24 hours after such snow or ice shall have fallen or accumulated.
If the snow and ice on the public sidewalk shall be frozen so hard that it cannot be removed without injury to the sidewalk, the lessee, occupant, person having charge or owner of every parcel of real estate shall, within the time specified in Subsection B, cause the public sidewalk abutting or adjacent to such premises to be kept strewn with ashes, sand or some other suitable material and shall as soon thereafter as the weather shall permit thoroughly clean such sidewalk.
If the owners or occupants of lands abutting sidewalks fail to clear them as provided herein, the Town shall, at its option, clear said sidewalks of ice and snow. The cost of such ice and snow removal by the Town shall be charged against such abutting lands as a special tax by the entry of such amount in the tax roll and shall be collectible with all other property taxes.
The obligation of landowners and occupants provided herein shall not abate in the event that the Town removes snow and ice from sidewalks as provided herein and elects not to charge therefor, nor shall any duty or responsibility for snow and ice removal accrue to the Town as a result of the Town's election to provide snow removal services without charge.
A person owning or occupying the property shall remove such snow, debris or any injurious substance from the public sidewalks and driveways within 24 hours after such event or accumulation. Failure of such person to comply constitutes a violation of this article, and in such event, the Town shall cause the snow, debris or any injurious substance to be removed, and the cost thereof shall be charged to the property owner. The Town shall apply the charges for the actual cost for removal plus an escalating forfeiture for nonconformance for each violation. The cost of such ice and snow removal by the Town shall be charged against such property owner as a special tax by the entry of such amount in the tax roll and shall be collectible with all other property taxes. The Town may or may not decide to notify property owners or occupants prior to the beginning of each winter season.
Editor's Note: Forms for the Curb Cut and Replacement Permit and the Sidewalk Permit, which originally followed this subsection, are on file in the Town offices.
Noncompliance penalty. The Town of Ledgeview policy for sidewalk clearing charge for noncompliance is as follows: