[Adopted 4-23-2003 by Ord. No. 02-10]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- AS-BUILT PLAN
- A plan prepared by the Sewer Engineer showing existing house sewer laterals.
- BERGEN COUNTY UTILITIES AUTHORITY
- The district sewer system into which the Borough sewer system connects and discharges.
- BOARD OF HEALTH
- The Board of Health of the Borough of Paramus.
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- The lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system within a building, which receives the discharge from soil and waste pipes and conveys it to the building connection.
- BUILDING CONNECTION
- That part of the sewage system beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall that receives the discharge from the building drain and conveys it to the building sewer lateral.
- BUILDING SEWER LATERAL
- That part of the sewage system that runs from the sewer main to the curbline and includes all necessary fittings.
- Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- The liquid waste from industrial processes, as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- MAIN SEWER or PUBLIC SEWER
- The sewers laid longitudinally along the center line or other part of the street or other right-of-way in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by the Borough.
- MUNICIPAL SEWER SYSTEM
- The Paramus sewer system and all appurtenances thereto.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
- The logarithm to the base 10 of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- The practice of installing, maintaining, extending, repairing and altering plumbing systems. It is also the installed plumbing system piping, materials, plumbing fixtures and appurtenances of such systems in connection with the following: sanitary drainage or storm drainage facilities together with their venting systems, a public or private water supply system and fire protection systems within or adjacent to any building, structure or conveyance.
- PLUMBING INSPECTOR
- A person licensed and authorized to inspect plumbing pursuant to the provisions of State Uniform Construction Code Act, N.J.S.A. 52:27D-119 et seq.
- PLUMBING SYSTEM
- The sanitary and storm drainage facilities, together with their venting systems and plumbing fixtures, a public or private water supply system and the fire protection systems within or adjacent to any building, structure or conveyance to a point of connection to a public or private sewage system, public or private water supply or other acceptable terminal.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- The same as "main sewer."
- SANITARY SEWAGE
- That domestic sewage, with storm and surface water excluded, such as sewage discharging from the sanitary conveniences of dwellings (including apartment houses and hotels, office and commercial buildings, factories and institutions).
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer, which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and ground water are not admitted.
- Any liquid waste containing animal, chemical or vegetable matter in suspension or solution.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement or devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- SEWAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping and disposing of sewage.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- SEWER ENGINEER
- The person or firm of duly licensed engineers retained or appointed by the Borough in connection with the construction, installation and maintenance of the municipal sewer system; and, if no one has been appointed or such services have been completed, the term shall mean the Borough Engineer.
- SEWER INSPECTOR
- The Sewer Inspector of the Borough or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
- STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
- A sewer which carries storm or surface water and drainage, but excludes sewage and polluted industrial waste.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
The owner of any property upon which there is erected a house, building or other structure used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the Borough and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way or located in the rear of other properties so abutting and having access to such street, alley or right-of-way, in which street, alley or right-of-way there is now located or may in the future be located a public or sanitary sewage system of the Borough, is hereby required at his own expense to:
Such toilet facilities shall be installed and connection shall be made with the public sewer as described in Subsection A hereof within 180 days after the date of official notice requiring such action.
All costs and expenses incident to the installation of the house connection shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the Borough for any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the house connection.
Before any portion of the building drain outside of the building is connected to the building connection, the owner shall prove to the satisfaction of the Plumbing Inspector that it is clean and conforms in every respect to the Uniform Construction Code, and before any portion of the building connection is connected to the building sewer lateral, the Plumbing Inspector shall be satisfied that the building connection is in good order and conforms in every respect to the Uniform Construction Code.
Installation and backfilling.
Where there is no building sewer lateral available, the property owner shall, prior to the issuance of a building permit, apply to the Borough Clerk for a sewer lateral permit and a street opening permit, if necessary, on a form provided by the Borough Clerk, for installation from the sewer main to the curb, or from the curb to the building. The charge for this sewer connection permit is $100. The charge for the street opening permit, if needed, is as required in Chapter 383 et seq. of the Code of the Borough of Paramus.
When installing the building connection, the trenches shall be dug in a careful manner and properly sheathed where required. The excavated materials shall be piled in a compact heap, so placed as to cause the least possible inconvenience to the public. Proper barricades and lights must be maintained around the trench to guard against accidents. Extreme care shall be taken to prevent any dirt, stones or other undesirable material from entering the public sewer system through the building sewer lateral during these operations.
In backfilling, the material for the two feet immediately over the pipe shall be selected so it contains no stones. All backfill material for the trench shall be placed by tamping in eight-inch layers so as to avoid any settlement. When the trench has been filled to the proper height, the surface material shall be replaced and heavily tamped and rolled.
Where the trench is excavated in rock, the rock must be carefully excavated to a depth of six inches below the grade line of the sewer and the trench brought to the proper elevation with gravel or other material satisfactory to the Plumbing Inspector. The remainder of the trench must be backfilled with suitable material.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as abrogating any of the existing requirements of the Borough relating to the excavation and backfilling of trenches, but the requirements herein contained shall be in addition thereto.
Where subsoil conditions are bad, such special precaution must be taken to secure a watertight job as may be directed by the Plumbing Inspector.
Where connection is made between the building drain outside of the building and the building connection, a long radius bend shall be appropriately installed at this connection along with a cleanout as required by the Uniform Construction Code. This connection shall be subject to the approval of the Plumbing Inspector who shall be given ample notice prior to such work.
The Plumbing Inspector may apply any appropriate test as defined in the Uniform Construction Code to the plumbing, and the plumber and contractor, at his own expense, shall furnish all necessary tools, labor, materials and assistance for such tests and shall remove or repair any defective materials when so ordered by the Inspector.
Each contractor or other person performing work on private property for the purpose of connecting from the curb or street line onto private property shall be governed by the terms of the ordinances of the Borough, the Uniform Construction Code and of the Board of Health.
No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connection with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or building sewer lateral and the appurtenances thereof. The sewer contractor retained by the Borough, the Department of Public Works or such other official or department of the Borough as may hereafter be designated by the Mayor and Council shall make all connections, alterations and repairs upon the public sewer and shall alter, maintain and repair the house sewer laterals and appurtenances thereof.
Maintenance of the public sewer and building sewer laterals and all connections to the public sewer and all work performed on the sewer system between the main and the curb shall be performed by the Department of Public Works or by a contractor selected by the Borough as a result of open competitive bidding or under the supervision of such other person or department of the Borough as may hereafter be designated by the Mayor and Council. Said contractor shall be governed by the terms of the ordinances of the Borough relating to sewer installation and maintenance and shall comply with plans and specifications of the Sewer Department on file with the Borough Clerk. Such contractor may be required to post a performance bond suitable to the Mayor and Council and the Borough Attorney.
Each contractor or other person performing work on Paramus public property for the purpose of installing building sewer laterals may be required to post a bond or cash acceptable to the Mayor and Council or such other official or department of the Borough as may hereafter be designated by the Mayor and Council. All work shall be adequately guarded with barricades, lights and other measures for protection of the public from hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways, curbs and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the Borough.
No person shall:
Place, deposit or permit to be deposited in an unsanitary manner upon public or private property within the Borough or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Borough any human or animal excrement, garbage, industrial waste, foul liquids or other objectionable waste.
Discharge to any natural outlet, gutter, stream, ditch, culvert, catch basin or watercourse in the Borough or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Borough any sanitary sewage, industrial waste or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this chapter.
Uncover any portion of the public sewers or drains or the connection branches thereof or open any manhole or flush tank except with written permission of the Mayor and Council or some person designated by the Mayor and Council to issue permits.
Open any public street or place for the purpose of making sewer connection or make or cause to be made any connection with a building connection branch of a public sewer, except under a special written permit, signed by the Mayor and Council or such other official or department of the Borough as may hereafter be designated by the Mayor and Council, allowing such specific connection and under the supervision of the Mayor and Council or such other official or department.
Make or cause or allow to be made any excavation within four feet of any public sewer or blast any rock within 10 feet thereof, save with the express written permission of the inspector employed by the Mayor and Council and under his supervision and control.
Break or cut or remove any pipe of any main or public sewer or make or cause to be made any connection with such sewer except through the specific branch or branches allotted for the purpose, the allotment of such connection and its location to be designated by the Mayor and Council or such other official or department as may hereafter be designated by the Mayor and Council.
Discharge or cause or permit the discharge into any main or public sewer, directly or indirectly, of any clear drainage, swimming pools, air-conditioning units, groundwater, surface water or rainwater from sidewalks, yard, areas, courts, roofs, basements, or any sump, cistern or tank overflow.
Discharge or cause to permit the discharge into any main or public sewer, directly or indirectly, of any drainage or overflow from cesspools, manure pits, privies or other receptacles storing or designed to store organic wastes.
Connect or cause or permit the connection with any main or public sewer, directly or indirectly, of any garbage disposal units, exhausts, boiler blowoffs, sediment drips or any pipes carrying or constructed to carry hot water, acids, dyes, brine, germicides, greases, brewery mash, gasoline, naphtha, benzene, oil, flammable or explosive liquids, industrial wastes, radioactive materials or any other substance detrimental to the sewers or their appurtenances or to the operation of the sewage system or system or sewage disposal works.
Throw or deposit or cause or allow to be thrown or deposited in any fixture, vessel, receptacle, inlet or opening connected directly or indirectly with any main or public sewer any straw, garbage, wood, glass, feathers, tar, plastics, vegetable, cloth, parings, ashes, cinders, rags or viscous substance capable of causing obstructions to the flow in the sewers except feces, urine, necessary toilet papers and liquid house slops, or allow any house sewer connection with a main or public sewer to be likewise connected with any privy vault or cesspool or underground drain or with any channel conveying water or filth except such soil pipes, building drains, building sewers and other plumbing works as shall have been duly inspected and approved by the Plumbing Inspector.
Except as hereinafter provided, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
Liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150º F.
Water or waste which may contain more than 100 parts per million, by weight, of fat, oil or grease.
Gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
Water or waters having a pH lower than 5.5 or higher than 9.0 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structure, equipment and personnel of the sewage works.
Waters or water containing a toxic or poisonous substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, to constitute a hazard to humans or animals or to create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant.
Waters or wastes containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual attention or expense is required to handle such matters at the sewage treatment plant.
Noxious or malodorous gas or substance capable of creating a public nuisance.
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when, in the opinion of the Plumbing Inspector they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity as defined in the Uniform Construction Code approved by the Plumbing Inspector and shall be located so as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.
Grease and oil interceptors shall be constructed of impervious materials capable of withstanding abrupt and extreme changes in temperature. They shall be of a substantial construction, watertight and equipped with easily removable covers which, when bolted in place, shall be gastight and watertight.
Where installed, all grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times.
Grease traps are required for all waste outlets from all grease-producing establishments. The type and manufacture of grease traps must be approved by the Plumbing Inspector and the Sewer Department before installation.
Each grease-producing establishment shall be required to control oil and grease discharges, as follows:
Where outside space permits, an exterior grease trap shall be located and installed subject to the approval of the Plumbing Inspector.
Where outside space does not permit the installation of an exterior grease trap, an interior grease trap shall be installed subject to the approval of the Plumbing Inspector.
The sizing of the grease trap shall be as determined by the user's professional engineer licensed in the State of New Jersey. The data showing the sizing of the grease trap shall be submitted for approval of the Plumbing Inspector.
A bacterial pretreatment program shall be developed and implemented by the user of the grease-producing establishment so as to ensure that the grease-producing establishment's effluent will not exceed the grease and oil limitations as established in this chapter. The bacterial treatment program shall be subject to review and approval by the Sewer Department.
No new grease trap shall be installed adjacent to, or immediately downstream from, a hot water source.
Each new grease-producing establishment shall furnish the following information to the Sewer Department prior to obtaining a building permit and before discharging any effluent to the municipal sewer system:
Description of the establishment, including number of employees, number of patrons, number of seats, frequency of seating and type of grease-producing facility;
Listing of fixtures, including but not limited to dishwashers and other grease-producing units, describing their function and volume;
Listing of drain outlets, sizes, or trap sizes at each fixture;
Total annual water use and daily minimum and maximum use; and
Expected concentrations of grease and oil (as estimated from similar establishments).
All exterior grease trap chambers shall be constructed of noncorrosive materials, such as reinforced concrete or fiberglass. The chamber shall be capable of sustaining ten-ton truck loading, and shall have baffles and fittings made of noncorrosive materials. Access shall be available to twenty-four-inch manhole frames and covers located at the end of the chamber.
Each grease-producing establishment shall provide a grease trap maintenance program to the Sewer Department for approval, prior to initial operation and/or prior to issuance of a certificate of occupancy. The frequency of grease removal is dependent upon the capacity of the interceptor and the quantity of grease in the waste water. Maintenance intervals may vary from once a week to once in several weeks, but in no event more than once monthly. When the grease-removal interval has been determined for a specific installation, regular cleaning at the interval is necessary to maintain the rated efficiency of the interceptor. After the accumulated grease and waste material has been removed, the interceptor shall be checked to make sure that the inlet, outlet and air relief ports are clear of obstructions such as solidified grease. When deemed necessary, there shall be a visual inspection of grease traps by the Sewer Inspector on a quarterly basis at grease-producing establishments.
Records must be kept of all maintenance on grease traps. The record must be made available for inspection by Borough representatives upon request during normal business hours. The record shall include the following information: date, time, description of work done, comments on the results of the work done, comments on the additional work needed, quantity of grease removed, and the names of personnel performing the work. Any establishment that fails to provide such records or provides inadequate records shall be subject to a penalty and/or termination of service.
[Amended 6-19-2012 by Ord. No. 12-14]
Prior to issuance of a certificate of occupancy for a grease-producing establishment in which a grease interceptor is required, the applicant shall pay an initial fee of $150 to the Borough Clerk. A yearly fee of $150 shall thenceforth be payable to the Borough Clerk to cover the Borough's costs for inspecting grease interceptors, for enforcement of the requirements of this chapter. Existing grease-producing establishments having a grease trap shall also pay a yearly fee of $150.
The fee shall be payable to the Borough Clerk on or before the 15th day of July in each year, and all such licenses shall expire on the 14th day of July of the following year.
The admission into the public sewers of any waters or wastes having a five-day BOD greater than 300 parts per million by weight, more than 350 parts per million by weight of suspended solids, any quantity of substances with the characteristics described in the previous sections of this chapter, or an average daily flow greater than 2% of the average daily sewage flow of the Borough shall be subject to the review and approval of the Paramus Sewer Department.
When there is reasonable indication, as determined by Borough personnel, that the discharge is exceeding the maximum allowed limits, then the Borough shall have the discharge sampled and tested. The grease-producing establishment shall pay for the cost of this effort.
Where necessary, in the opinion of the Plumbing Inspector, the owner shall provide, at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:
Reduce the BOD to 300 parts per million and suspended solids to 350 parts per million by weight; or
Reduce objectionable characteristics or constituents to within the maximum limits provided for in § 363-6, Prohibited discharges, of this chapter; or
Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes.
Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the Plumbing Inspector and of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, if required, and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.
Where preliminary treatment facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.
When required by the Sewer Department, the owner of any property served by a building connection or building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the waste. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the Plumbing Inspector and the Sewer Department. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this chapter shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Sewage and Industrial Wastes, published by the American Public Health Association, Inc. Said publication is hereby incorporated in this chapter by reference and made a part hereof as fully as though it had been set forth at length herein. In accordance with law, the required number of copies have been placed on file in the office of the Borough Clerk and in the office of the Board of Health and shall remain on file in said offices for use and examination by the public so long as this chapter shall remain in effect.
All such measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes shall be determined from samples taken at the control manhole provided for as described in the previous section. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected.
No person shall break, damage, destroy, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the municipal sewer system.
Any person who, by reason of the violation of the provisions of this chapter or other improper use of the municipal sewer system or any of its branches, appurtenances or connections, shall cause damage to said municipal sewer system or to the facilities of the Bergen County Utilities Authority to which the municipal sewer system is connected, by reason of which the Borough may sustain damage or may be or become liable to the Bergen County Utilities Authority for damages which it may sustain, shall be liable to the Borough for all costs and expense that may be incurred by the Borough for the correction of any such damage. The Borough shall have the right to recover such costs and expense from any such person by appropriate action at law in a court of competent jurisdiction. The right of the Borough to be reimbursed for any costs and expenses incurred by it by reason of such damages shall be an additional remedy, and such person shall also be subject to the penalties contained in this chapter for violation of its provisions.
In the administration of this chapter, the connections from the curb or street line onto private property shall be supervised and administered by the Paramus Plumbing Inspector, and all matters relating to sewers lying within the street, from the curb or from the public sewer to curb or street line, shall be within the jurisdiction of the Paramus Sewer Department.
The Paramus Sewer Department and other duly authorized employees of the Borough bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon all properties for the purpose of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
Decisions of the Paramus Sewer Department or the Mayor and Council in the interpretation and application of the provisions of this chapter shall be final and binding upon the property owner affected. The Mayor and Council may waive strict compliance with the provisions of this chapter where such compliance would cause great hardship other than increased financial expense to the property owner involved. No action which shall be authorized by a permit from the Borough shall be deemed a violation of this chapter, provided that the action authorized is not injurious in any manner to the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the Borough. The issuance of any such permit by the Borough shall be within its discretion and revocable at its pleasure; and, upon such revocation, the provisions of this chapter shall apply as though said permit had never been granted.