[Adopted 10-3-2006 by Ord. No. 13-2006 (Ch. 72, Art. I, §§ 72-1 through 27-12.6, of the 1974 Code)]
§ 315-14 Solid waste collected outside of City limits; separation of waste from residential and nonresidential uses.
The purpose of this article is to regulate and control the collection of solid waste and recyclable materials within the City of Northfield.
Pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:66A-31, all solid waste collected within the City of Northfield shall be disposed of by the sanitary landfill or incinerator method in accordance with the standards for the design, operation and maintenance of sanitary landfills and incinerators contained in the State Sanitary Code.
§ 315-14 Solid waste collected outside of City limits; separation of waste from residential and nonresidential uses.
No solid waste shall, at any time, be collected outside of the City of Northfield and disposed of within the City of Northfield. No person, firm or corporation, whether acting as contractor, agent, employee, collector or owner, shall dump, deposit, site-separate or dispose of any garbage, animal matter, refuse, rubbish, debris, salvage or any other waste material in or upon any lands anywhere within the City of Northfield.
No person shall bring, cart, remove, transport, collect, store, deposit or site-separate any solid waste, whether garbage, paper, ashes, rubbish, waste materials, construction debris, bulk item, hazardous waste or trade waste, from outside the City of Northfield or into the City of Northfield for the purpose of dumping or disposing thereof.
No person, firm or corporation shall bring, cart, remove, transport or collect any trade waste, waste materials, construction debris, hazardous waste or bulk item from a nonresidential user and place same for collection with the solid waste of a residential user and, in those locations where residential and nonresidential users are located on the same premises, the solid waste shall be disposed of separately and in accordance with this article.
Any person assisting in the conviction of a violator of this article through the signing of a complaint, the giving of testimony in court or other significant assistance of the enforcement authorities thereof or who testifies in court in an action against an alleged violator of this article resulting in conviction shall receive a reward of $250.
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- The residue from fires used for cooking foods and heating fires within residential units.
- BULK ITEMS
- Any large, heavy and/or bulky household appliances, furniture and furnishings, which cannot easily and safely be placed in the common collection vehicles used for removal of solid waste within the City of Northfield.
- CONSTRUCTION DEBRIS
- Any scrap lumber, metal, earth, sand, bricks, block, tile, stone, plaster, sheetrock, piping, fencing, cabinets, doors, roofing and siding material, and other debris of a similar nature which accumulates and is incidental to the construction or renovation of homes, buildings, businesses or other projects.
- Any animal or vegetable waste solids resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking or consumption of foods, but not including human wastes.
- HAZARDOUS WASTE
- All waste which is deemed to be chemical waste, hazardous waste, or infectious waste as defined by N.J.A.C. 7:26-1.4, and which shall include, but not be limited to, wastes which are flammable, corrosive, radioactive or explosive or which by themselves or in combination with other waste would be hazardous to life or property.
- MEDICAL WASTE
- Any waste generated during treatment of a patient other than from an individual household source, including, but not limited to, all instruments, supplies, containers, etc., used by health-care facilities as described in the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services Regulations and N.J.S.A. 2C:36-6.1.
- NONRESIDENTIAL USER
- Any type of commercial, industrial, or business establishment conducting a business, whether for pecuniary profit or not for pecuniary profit, and any apartment house, hotel, country club, or dwelling house having more than two dwelling units.
- Every owner, lessee and occupant of a residence, commercial or institutional establishment within the boundaries of the City of Northfield.
- RESIDENTIAL USER
- A dwelling unit inclusive of a house or a multifamily dwelling of two or fewer units used for residential purposes.
- Includes rags, old clothes, leather, rubber, carpets, wood, sawdust, wood furniture and other combustible solids not of a highly volatile or explosive nature, metals, metal shavings, tin cans, glass, crockery, and other similar materials, exclusive of trade waste and waste resulting from building construction or alteration work, and exclusive of cellar or yard dirt.
- SOLID WASTE
- Garbage, refuse and other discarded solid material normally collected by a municipal or private hauler.
- SOLID WASTE COLLECTION CONTRACTOR
- A person or firm for hire, properly licensed in the State of New Jersey for the purpose of collection of solid waste and solid waste materials.
- STREET, SIDEWALK, CURB, ALLEY
- Any accepted public street, curb, sidewalk or alley.
- TRADE WASTE
- All material resulting from the prosecution of any business, trade, or industry, whether or not conducted for profit, and shall include all materials defined as rubbish, garbage, debris resulting from building construction or alteration work, ashes, hazardous waste and other waste materials except recyclable materials.
- WASTE MATERIAL
- Includes any and all garbage, refuse paper, ashes and wastes from building construction or alteration work, regardless of how originating, and shall also include cellar or yard dirt.
Editor's Note: The following definitions, formerly included in this section, were repealed at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I): "aluminum cans"; "cardboard or corrugated paper"; "commercial establishments"; "ferrous containers"; "institutional establishments"; "paper"; "recyclable materials"; and "vegetative waste."
The following items are prohibited from being placed for collection or combined with acceptable solid waste for collection:
Dead animals and animal waste.
Any other item which the City of Northfield may deem to be prohibited.
The recyclable materials designated in § 315-3 of this chapter, excluding paper and cardboard, shall be put in a suitable container, separate from other solid waste, and placed at the curb or such other designated area for collection at such times and dates as may be hereinafter established in the municipality's recycling regulations. The container for recyclable materials shall be clearly labeled and placed at the curb or such other designated area for each collection.
Every residential user placing solid waste, as herein defined, for collection from, on, or in connection with a residential property or residential unit, which property shall be within the boundaries of the City of Northfield, may have collection and removal provided for it by the City of Northfield, subject to the rules and regulations set forth within this article.
Disposal of trade waste, waste material, construction debris, hazardous waste, and any items of solid waste not acceptable for collection as specified within this article shall be the responsibility of the property owner or his agent, the construction contractor or the producer thereof, who shall have the construction debris and/or trade waste, waste material, and hazardous waste removed and disposed of at his expense by a solid waste collection contractor, and the City of Northfield shall not be responsible therefor.
The City of Northfield shall not be responsible to furnish collection vehicles or personnel to remove and dispose of solid waste of nonresidential users within the City of Northfield.
Containers shall be provided by the owner, tenant, lessee, or occupant of the premises. Refuse containers shall be maintained in a clean, safe and good condition. Any container that does not conform to the provisions of this article or that may have ragged or sharp edges or any other defect liable to hamper or injure the person collecting the contents thereof shall not be utilized. The City of Northfield shall have authority to refuse collection services for failure to comply herewith.
The containers shall be of galvanized or plastic composition, shall not exceed 40 gallons in capacity, shall be no heavier than 50 pounds when filled, shall have a lid or cover and shall have two sturdy handles. A maximum of five containers may be placed at the curb for collection.
Plastic bags not less than two mils thick nor larger than 40 gallons may be used if properly tied.
Substitute containers may be used in place of approved containers, such as another bag, which is water repellent and animal repellent, treated paper garbage and refuse bags or bags of similar nature. These bags shall not be less than two mils thick or larger than 40 gallons and shall be no heavier than 50 pounds when filled. All bags used shall be properly tied and secured so as to prevent escape of solid waste.
All garbage shall be thoroughly and completely drained of all liquids, wrapped securely in paper and placed in a receptacle as hereinbefore set forth.
All broken glass or any other dangerous materials shall be placed in a secure container to facilitate safe loading of broken glass or other dangerous material.
All ashes shall be placed in a container covered in such a manner as to prevent contents of the container from becoming wet due to rain or snow. Ashes shall be cold and free from any hot coals to prevent the possibility of fire, and the container with the ashes shall not exceed 50 pounds in weight.
Household furniture will be accepted. However, separate arrangements must be made by the individual owner with the City of Northfield for the purpose of removal of said items. Three items of bulky trash may be placed out for each collection. The City of Northfield reserves the right to refuse excessively bulky or heavy items.
No persons shall place on the curb or anywhere else for purposes of collection any explosive or highly flammable materials or hazardous waste, inclusive of, but not limited to, benzine, gasoline, petroleum, explosive powder, pool chemicals, nitrocellulose film, unbroken fluorescent tubes, or portable propane gas tanks.
Items such as refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners require a hazardous handling fee of $15 to be paid to the City of Northfield prior to collection and will be collected in accordance with a schedule as determined by the Department of Public Works for the City of Northfield.
The City of Northfield, through its Department of Public Works, reserves the right to refuse excessively bulky or heavy items and will not dispose of items such as motor engine blocks, automobile bodies or portions thereof, truck bodies or parts, and other such items not ordinarily collected in the ordinary course of trash collection. No refrigerators shall be placed for collection or disposal unless and until the door of the refrigerator and/or freezer has been completely removed from the hinges and the lock has been rendered inoperable.
Arrangement for disposal of trees and stumps shall be made by the owner, occupant or person in control of the premises, and trees and stumps shall not be collected by the City of Northfield.
Each container of solid waste shall be placed on level ground or a level surface by the property owner, tenant or other person placing garbage for collection, or from whose property such garbage is proposed to be collected, so that it does not easily upset.
If any container of garbage is upset or overturned other than by the City employees engaged in garbage or refuse collection, the property owner, tenant or other person placing the garbage for municipal collection shall promptly clean up such spill of garbage and restore it to a suitable container as defined hereinbefore.
All items referred to in this article for collection shall be placed at the curb where easily accessible by the municipality or for private disposal.
If any container of garbage is upset or overturned by a municipal employee other than as a result of improper preparation by the residential user, the municipal employee shall immediately collect such garbage and dispose of same in the collection vehicle.
If any City employee, in the course of his duties, observes noncompliance with any of the regulations of this article, he shall immediately notify the tenant or landowner of noncompliance and the reason for not making the collection. Such notice may be given personally or by written statement left on the premises. Each such instance of noncollection shall be reported to the Supervisor of the Department of Public Works by the person in charge of the particular truck not making the collection.
Paper, cardboard, wood or plywood kegs, barrels, baskets or drums shall not be utilized for the storage of garbage, refuse, ash or other solid waste, and containers of this type will be collected by the municipality and disposed of.
No person shall place in any receptacle any garbage, refuse or any other material which could be injurious to the collectors of the municipality.
No trash or garbage shall be deposited upon any public street or any other public place except at the curb for collection by the municipality in accordance herewith.
Receptacles by nonresidential users must meet the minimum requirements as set forth herein. However, said receptacles can be larger in size so long as they are covered to prevent any refuse from being scattered about by wind or other elements, are rodentproof, are cleaned and sanitized as required, and are conveniently located on the premises for storage of refuse and are maintained in such a manner as to prevent creation of a nuisance or menace to the public health. Nonresidential users shall arrange to have refuse removed daily unless suitable facilities are provided for the storage of solid waste until its removal.
The owner, tenant, occupant or operator of every residential and/or commercial establishment shall provide a proper and sufficient number of authorized containers as herein defined for the storage of solid waste between collections. It shall be the duty of said owner, tenant, occupant or operator of every residential and/or commercial establishment to maintain such containers in good repair in a clean and satisfactory condition, and to store solid waste properly therein.
Municipal employees shall not be required to make garbage or trash collection from the premises of any residential user whereon a dog is permitted to run loose.
No person or persons shall prevent or interfere with any agent, servant, or employee of the City or any authorized contractor or collector of garbage, trash, or refuse, or his employees engaged in the discharge of their duties, in the sweeping or cleaning of any street or removal therefrom of sweepings, ashes, garbage, rubbish, paper, refuse or other waste materials or in the collection of garbage, trash, waste, ashes, rubbish or similar material.
Collection from residential users shall be in accordance with a schedule announced by the Department of Public Works within the City of Northfield. This schedule may be from time to time amended upon notice to Council and publication.
For collection pursuant to a schedule announced by the Department of Public Works within the City of Northfield, all approved containers must be placed at the curb where easily accessible. No containers shall be set out prior to 5:00 p.m. on the day prior to collection or later than 7:00 a.m. on the day of collection. No occupant shall allow or permit any empty receptacle to remain along any street, curb, sidewalk or alley more than 12 hours after the contents have been collected.
When a regular collection day falls on a legal holiday, containers shall not be set out until the next regularly scheduled collection unless special announcement of collection is made by the City.
Collection shall be done in a quiet and orderly manner in compliance with all applicable statutes and noise ordinances within the City of Northfield.
All solid waste collection contractors shall comply with the ordinances of the City and rules and regulations and orders of the Department of Public Works, as well as all applicable state, county, and federal laws and regulations.
All vehicles of solid waste collection contractors shall be of a closed type and of such construction and loaded in such a fashion that no part of the contents shall fall, leak or spill therefrom.
All materials set or placed for collection by residential users shall be set or placed as near as possible upon or along the curb and shall not be set or placed in any gutter, road or on any walk, sidewalk or public thoroughfare so as to interfere with public travel.
City collectors of solid waste are prohibited from entering upon any unaccepted lands, streets, service area, driveway or alleys or any privately owned buildings or portion of any such buildings for the purpose of removing refuse materials to the curb, and if solid waste of residential users is not placed in accordance with this article, the City of Northfield will not accept the waste for collection.
When it shall appear to be more efficient for collection by the municipality, the municipality, on written request of or permission by the owner, may authorize City collectors to enter upon and collect garbage and refuse placed at the curb or sideline of such unaccepted streets, lanes, alleys, driveways, service areas or other thoroughfare area as it may designate, subject to such conditions as they may impose. Such collection service shall not, however, be construed to be an acceptance of any such unaccepted thoroughfare or area.
No scavenger or other person shall break into, untie, overturn, spill, scatter, root through, pull apart or scavenge or otherwise unbundle any container, bundle or package of paper, solid waste or bulk item that has been placed out for collection, nor shall any person remove anything from any authorized container of garbage, trash or other items set out for collection.
No person shall sweep, throw, deposit or dump litter or any other type of waste, which includes grass, yard clippings and the like, in or on any property whether owned by that person, or in a public place or pond, lake or stream or other body of water within the City of Northfield.
No person, including persons owning or occupying said property, shall sweep into or deposit in a gutter, road, right-of-way or other public place within the City of Northfield the accumulation of litter from a building or lot or from a public or private sidewalk or driveway. Persons owning or occupying property shall keep the sidewalk in front of their premises free of litter by keeping said property broom clean on a daily basis so as to keep it clear of debris, paper and other forms of litter and maintain a neat appearance to the sidewalk, including removal of weeds within pavers and sidewalk areas.
It shall be unlawful to distribute, discard, dump, leave or in any manner whatsoever place any solid waste materials, refuse, trash, paper, garbage, bulk items, hazardous waste, ashes, medical waste, construction debris, recyclable material, junk, tires, vehicle or vehicle parts, appliances, furniture or any other matter or substance in or upon any public or private property; any vacant lot; or in or upon any portion of a street, road, bike path, sidewalk, alley or public right-of-way.
Any solid waste placed for collection by a residential user not in accordance with this article will be refused by the City of Northfield, and it shall be the responsibility of the residential user to remove said solid waste from the curbline and have it properly containerized, packaged or secured for purposes of collection on the next scheduled date or the residential user shall have same disposed of privately by a solid waste collection contractor.