Village of Belgium, WI
Ozaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
No obstructions, such as structures, parking, or vegetation, shall be permitted in any district between the heights of 2 1/2 feet and 10 feet above the plane through the mean curb grades (see Appendix A, Illustration No. 1)[1] within the triangular space formed by any two existing or proposed intersecting street or alley right-of-way lines and a line joining points on such lines located a minimum of 15 feet from their intersection. (See Appendix A, Illustration No. 2.)
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix A is included at the end of this chapter.
B. 
In the case of arterial streets intersecting with other intersecting streets or railways, the corner cutoff distances establishing the vision triangle clearance space shall be increased to 50 feet. (See Appendix A, Illustration No. 2.)
On every lot on which a business, trade, or industrial use is hereafter established, space with access to a public street or alley shall be provided as specified below for the loading and unloading of vehicles off the public right-of-way.
A. 
Number of loading and unloading spaces required.
Gross Floor Area of Building
(square feet)
Number of Spaces
5,000 to 24,999
1
25,000 to 49,999
2
50,000 to 99,999
3
100,000 to 174,999
4
175,000 to 249,999
5
For each additional 75,000 square feet (or fraction thereof) of gross floor area, 1 additional loading and unloading space shall be provided.
B. 
Each loading and unloading space shall have access to a public dedicated street or alley.
C. 
The minimum area for each loading and unloading space, excluding the area needed to maneuver, shall be 250 square feet.
D. 
At no time shall any part of a truck or van be allowed to extend into the right-of-way of a public thoroughfare while the truck or van is being loaded or unloaded.
In all districts and in connection with every use, there shall be provided at the time any use is erected, enlarged, extended, or increased off-street parking stalls for all vehicles in accordance with the following:
A. 
Adequate access to a public street shall be provided for each parking space, and driveways shall be at least 10 feet wide for one- and two-family dwellings and a minimum of 24 feet at the property line, not including apron approach flare, for all other uses.
[Amended 3-15-1993 by Ord. No. 7-93]
B. 
The minimum dimensions of each parking space shall be nine feet by twenty feet, except for spaces provided for use by physically disabled persons.
[Amended 3-15-1993 by Ord. No. 7-93; 1-12-2004 by Ord. No. 7-3-04]
C. 
Parking spaces for use by physically disabled persons.
[Amended 3-15-1993 by Ord. No. 7-93]
(1) 
All open off-street parking areas shall provide parking spaces for use by motor vehicles which transport physically disabled persons in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities, as issued by the United States Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board.
(2) 
All parking spaces provided for use by physically disabled persons shall be marked by a sign which includes the international symbol for barrier-free environments and a statement informing the public that the parking space is reserved for use by physically disabled persons. Such sign shall comply with the requirements of §§ 346.50, 346.503 and 346.505, Wis. Stats.
D. 
Location of parking spaces is to be on the same lot as the principal use or not more than 400 feet from the principal use. No parking space or driveway, except in residential districts, shall be closer than 25 feet to a residential lot line or a street right-of-way opposite a residential district.
E. 
Surfacing.
(1) 
Except in the A-1 General Agricultural/Holding District, all off-street parking areas shall be surfaced with an asphaltic or portland cement pavement so as to provide a durable and dust-free surface and shall be so graded and drained as to dispose of all surface water. Any parking area for more than five vehicles shall have the aisles and spaces clearly marked.
[Amended 5-17-2018 by Ord. No. 4-18]
(2) 
Surfacing of parking areas shall be completed before occupancy is granted. The Plan Commission may, however, permit a delay in surfacing in the M-1 and M-2 Manufacturing Districts, provided that surfacing will be completed within three years following occupancy. When a delay is permitted, the Plan Commission may require appropriate sureties to guarantee that the surfacing will be completed on schedule.
F. 
Landscaping. All public off-street parking areas which serve five or more vehicles and are created or redesigned and rebuilt subsequent to the adoption of this chapter shall be provided with accessory landscaped areas totaling not less than 5% of the surfaced area. The minimum size of each landscaped area shall be 100 square feet. Location of landscaped areas, plant materials, protection afforded the plantings, including curbing, and provision for maintenance shall be subject to approval by the Plan Commission. All plans for proposed parking areas shall include a topographic survey and grading plan which shows existing and proposed grades and location of improvements. The preservation of existing trees, shrubs, and other natural vegetation in the parking area may be included in the calculation of required minimum landscaped area. Parking areas for five or more vehicles which adjoin residential districts shall be visually screened with a solid wall, fence, or evergreen planting of equivalent visual density, or other effective means, built and maintained to a minimum height of six feet.
G. 
Curbs or barriers shall be installed at least four feet from a property line so as to prevent parked vehicles from extending over any lot line.
H. 
The following guide specifies the minimum number of parking spaces required. In the case of structures or uses not specified herein, the number of spaces specified for a similar use shall apply. In developments involving the establishment or addition of two or more uses on one lot or parcel, the cumulative number of spaces required for each use shall determine the total number of spaces required.
[Amended 3-15-1993 by Ord. No. 7-93]
Use
Minimum Parking Required
Single-family dwellings
Attached or detached two-car garage of at least 20 feet by 22 feet
Two-family dwellings
Attached or detached garage of at least 440 square feet for each dwelling unit
Housing for the elderly
1 space for each dwelling unit
Multifamily dwellings
2 spaces per unit plus 1 additional space for every 4 units
Motels and hotels
1 space for each guest room plus 1 space for each 3 employees
Rooming and boarding houses, fraternity and sorority houses, dormitories and rectories
1 space per bed
Retirement homes, orphanages, convents and monasteries
1 space per 2,000 feet of principal floor area
Hospitals, sanatoriums, institutions, and rest and nursing homes
1 space for each 5 beds plus 1 space for each 3 employees
Medical and dental clinics
5 spaces for each doctor
Churches, theaters, auditoriums, community centers, vocational and night schools, and other places of public assembly
1 space for each 5 seats
Colleges and secondary and elementary schools
1 space for each 2 employees plus 1 space for each 10 students of 16 years of age or more
Restaurants, bars, places of entertainment, lodges and clubs, repair shops, and retail and service stores
1 space for each 150 square feet of floor area and 1 space for each 2 employees
Manufacturing and processing plants (including meat and food processing), laboratories and warehouses
1 space for each 2 employees
Financial institutions and business, government and professional offices
1 space for each 300 square feet of floor area and 1 space for each 2 employees
Funeral homes
20 spaces for each viewing room
Bowling alleys
5 spaces for each alley
Automobile repair garages and service garages
1 space for each regular employee plus 1 space for each 250 square feet of floor area used for repair work
Motor vehicles sales (new and used)
1 space for each 500 square feet of floor area used plus 1 space for each 300 square feet of outdoor display area for each motor vehicle to be displayed (this requirement does not include service garages, see above)
Gasoline filling stations
2 spaces for each grease rack or similar facility plus 1 space for each attendant
All driveways installed, altered, changed, replaced, or extended after the effective date of this chapter shall meet the following requirements:
A. 
Islands between driveway openings shall be provided with a minimum of six feet between all driveways and three feet at all lot lines. The Plan Commission may modify this requirement where lots are so narrow as to require a shared driveway between adjacent properties.
B. 
Openings for vehicular ingress and egress shall not exceed 30 feet at the street right-of-way and 35 feet at the curbline (or roadway).
C. 
Vehicular entrances and exits to drive-in theaters, banks, restaurants, motels, funeral homes, vehicular sales, service stations, or washing and repair stations or garages shall be located not less than 200 feet from any pedestrian entrance or exit to a school, college, university, church, hospital, park, playground, library, public emergency shelter, or other place of public assembly.
D. 
Vehicular parking. In all zoning districts of the Village, except the A-1 General Agricultural District, parking of any vehicles, including snowmobiles and recreational vehicles, is prohibited in the street yard of a lot, except upon an approved driveway or parking lot.
[Amended 10-13-2003 by Ord. No. 21-03]
E. 
Surfacing. Except in the A-1 General Agricultural/Holding District, all driveways shall be surfaced with an asphaltic or portland cement pavement so as to provide a durable and dust-free surface and shall be graded and drained as to dispose of all surface water. Surfacing of driveways shall be completed within three years following occupancy.
[Amended 5-17-2018 by Ord. No. 4-18]
A. 
No direct private access shall be permitted to the existing or proposed rights-of-way of expressways, nor to any controlled access arterial street without permission of the highway agency that has access control jurisdiction.
B. 
No direct public or private access shall be permitted to the existing or proposed rights-of-way of the following:
(1) 
Freeways, interstate highways, and their interchanges or turning lanes or to intersecting or interchanging streets within 1,500 feet of the most remote end of the taper of the turning lanes.
(2) 
Arterial streets intersecting another arterial street within 100 feet of the intersection of the right-of-way lines.
C. 
Access barriers, such as curbing, fencing, ditching, landscaping, or other topographic barriers, shall be erected to prevent unauthorized vehicular ingress or egress to the above-specified streets or highways.
D. 
Temporary access to the above rights-of-way may be granted by the Village Board after review and recommendation by the highway agencies having jurisdiction. Such access permit shall be temporary, revocable, and subject to any conditions required and shall be issued for a period not to exceed 12 months.
[Added 8-1-1994 by Ord. No. 26-94]
A. 
Purpose. The purpose of this section is to allow adjustments to the minimum number of parking spaces required to avoid constructing unneeded and excessive off-street parking facilities. Reducing the amount of excess off-street parking facilities is intended to provide for more cost-efficient site development, to eliminate constructing more impervious surface than necessary, to minimize stormwater runoff, to avoid construction of unnecessarily large stormwater management facilities, and to provide more landscape areas and open space on commercial and industrial sites. To achieve these purposes, the Plan Commission may reduce the minimum number of required off-street parking spaces in specific cases as described in this section.
B. 
Adjustments. In all business and manufacturing districts, the minimum number of required parking spaces may be adjusted by the Plan Commission on a case-by-case basis. The petitioner for such an adjustment shall show to the satisfaction of the Plan Commission that adequate parking will be provided for customers, clients, visitors, and employees. The following provisions and factors shall be used as a basis to adjust parking requirements:
[Amended 1-12-2004 by Ord. No. 3-04]
(1) 
Evidence that actual parking demands will be less than the requirements of this chapter. The petitioner shall submit written documentation and data to the satisfaction of the Plan Commission that the operation will require less parking than this chapter requires.
(2) 
Availability of shared parking. The petitioner shall submit written documentation to the satisfaction of the Plan Commission that off-site shared parking spaces are available to satisfy the parking demand. When a reduction of parking spaces attributable to shared parking is requested, the petitioner shall submit written verification that such parking is available and shall include copies of any contracts, joint lease agreements, purchase agreements, and other such documentation to show that such shared parking can be accomplished. The Village Attorney shall provide an opinion designating the method by which the required shared parking shall be provided. The off-site shared parking spaces shall be clearly posted for the joint use of employees and/or tenants or customers of each respective use sharing those spaces.
(3) 
Use of on-street parking for visitors. Available nearby on-street parking may be counted toward visitor parking needs. This may only be allowed when on-street parking is permitted in a specific location, and then only when such on-street parking spaces are within 250 feet of the entrance they are intended to serve.
(4) 
Use of alternative transportation. Upon demonstration to the Plan Commission that effective alternative transportation to the automobile will occur, the Plan Commission may reduce parking requirements. Alternative transportation may include, but is not limited to, bus transit, van pool operations, car pool/ride sharing, and bicycles. Parking management plans may include, but are not limited to, flexible working hours or shifts, preferential parking for car pools/van pools, transit/van pool fare subsidy, imposition of a charge for parking, and establishment of a transportation coordinator to implement car pool, van pool and transit programs. Proposals for adjustments of parking requirements under this section shall show how the alternative transportation modes will be implemented, the permanency of such modes, the extent of the program, the number of vehicles the mode will replace, and other pertinent information.
C. 
Space to be set aside for reduced parking. The site plan for the commercial or industrial use shall be designed to provide sufficient open space on the subject site to accommodate the additional parking spaces otherwise required by this chapter. Such open space shall be in addition to required yards, setbacks, driveways, private streets, and loading and service areas. Sufficient open space shall be provided which, if converted to parking spaces, would provide off-street parking to meet the full requirements of this chapter at the time of application.
D. 
Changes in occupancy or use. When the use of a building, structure, or land is changed to another use or occupancy that requires more parking spaces than required for the use existing immediately prior to such change, additional parking spaces shall be constructed for the new use or occupant in the amount necessary to conform to this chapter.
E. 
Changes in intensity of use. When the intensity of use of a building, structure or land is increased by an addition of employees, gross floor area, seating capacity, or other unit of measurement, additional parking spaces shall be constructed for such additions in the amount necessary to conform to this chapter.