Town of Stratford, CT
Fairfield County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Council 6-13-2005 by Ord. No. 05-16.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also superseded former Ch. 55, Barbershops and Beauty Parlors, adopted 11-16-1987.

§ 55-1 Definitions.

For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BARBERING
Includes the following described practices when performed by a barber licensed in the State of Connecticut, upon the head, face, scalp or neck for cosmetic purposes only:
A. 
The cutting, trimming, or shaving of the hair.
B. 
Singeing, shampooing, dyeing, coloring or styling of the hair.
BARBERSHOP
Any establishment engaged in the practice of barbering for the public.
COSMETOLOGY
Includes the following described practices performed by a technician in the State of Connecticut upon the head, face, scalp, arms, hands, body, legs and feet for cosmetic purposes only.
A. 
Treating the scalp, face, neck and arms by massaging, cleansing, exercising, stimulating or manipulating, with the hands, mechanical appliances, or water.
B. 
Application of cosmetics, preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, creams, powders, oils, clays, sprays, or any product pertaining to the skin.
C. 
Manicuring fingernails of the hand and for cosmetic purposes only.
D. 
Pedicures involving trimming, filing and painting the healthy toenails of the feet, excluding cutting nail beds, corns, calluses, or other medical treatment involving the foot or ankle.
DIRECTOR OF HEALTH
The Director of Health of the Town of Stratford or his/her duly authorized representative.
HAIRDRESSING
Includes the following described practices performed by a licensed hairdresser/cosmetician in the State of Connecticut upon the head, face, scalp, arms, hands, body, legs and feet for cosmetic purposes only.
A. 
The cutting, trimming, or shaving of the hair.
B. 
Dressing, arranging, curling, waving, weaving, cutting, singeing, relaxing/straightening, bleaching and coloring hair.
HAIRDRESSING OR COSMETOLOGY SHOP
Any establishment engaged in the practice of hairdressing, cosmetology, or barbering for the public.
MOBILE WORK STATION
A modular space which can be used for multiple purposes through the use of mobile equipment.
NAIL TECHNICIAN
A person, who for compensation, cuts, shapes, polishes or enhances the appearance of the nails of the hands and feet, including, but not limited to, the application and removal of sculptured or artificial nails.
OPERATOR
Any person, including, but not limited to, a licensed hairdresser/cosmetician or barber, or unlicensed person who is performing tasks allowed under the scope of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
OTHER SERVICES
The following described practices can be performed by an unlicensed individual under the supervision of a licensed hairdresser/cosmetician in the State of Connecticut:
A. 
Manicuring nails of the hands and feet.
B. 
Performing facials.
C. 
Shampooing of the hair.
D. 
Eyebrow arching.
E. 
Braiding hair.
F. 
Waxing.
SHAMPOO STATION
Consists of a shampoo sink (used for no other purpose) and a shampoo chair.
WORKING AREA
A separate room with more than one work station, or a private room set aside to serve one customer at a time.
WORK STATION
A chair, countertop and floor space set aside for the purpose of serving a customer, including floor space for the operator to stand while serving the customer.

§ 55-2 Review of plans and specifications; pre-operation inspections.

A. 
No barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop having a permanent location shall be relocated, constructed, remodeled or extensively altered, nor shall a structure be converted to use as a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop, except in accordance with plans and specifications approved by the Stratford Health Department.
B. 
Properly prepared plans drawn to a scale of not less than 1/4 inch: 1 foot, and specifications for such construction, remodeling or alteration shall be submitted to the Director of Health, or authorized agent, for review and approval before relocation, construction, remodeling, alteration, or conversion is begun. The plans and specifications shall indicate the proposed layout, arrangement and construction materials of work areas and the type and model of proposed fixed equipment, flooring material, and facilities. The Director of Health shall approve the plans and specifications if they meet the requirements of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.
C. 
Prior to the barbershop, hairdressing, and/or cosmetology shop's opening, the Director of Health, or authorized agent, shall conduct a pre-operational inspection to determine compliance with the approved plans and specifications and with the requirements of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.

§ 55-3 Permits required; fees; expiration; transferability; inspections.

A. 
No person shall maintain or operate any barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop without having a valid permit issued by the Director of Health. Only a person who complies with the requirements of this chapter shall be entitled to receive or retain such a permit.
B. 
Every applicant for a permit to operate a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall pay an annual permit fee as determined by the Stratford Health Director and approved by the Town Council.
C. 
No permit shall be issued or renewed until a completed application has been submitted, the permit fee has been paid and the applicant's barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop meets the requirements set forth in this chapter and all other applicable state and local regulations.
D. 
Permits shall be valid until the expiration date indicated on the permit unless suspended or revoked by the Director of Health, or until such time as the facility changes owners, or closes.
E. 
Permits shall not be transferable from person to person or from location to location.
F. 
The Director of Health, or his/her agent, after proper identification, shall be permitted to enter, during normal operating hours, any portion of any barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop for the purpose of making inspections to determine compliance with this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut.

§ 55-4 Annual inspections; additional inspections.

At least once a year, the Director of Health, or authorized agent, shall inspect each barbershop, hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop and shall make as many additional inspections as are necessary for the enforcement of this chapter and the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut. Any shop offering pedicures as a service will be inspected a minimum of twice a year.

§ 55-5 Permit suspension and revocation; hearings; appeals.

A. 
Failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter and applicable state regulations shall be grounds for revocation or suspension of any permit issued under the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
In the event that the Director of Health finds unsanitary conditions in the operation of a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop, or if a violation or set of violations appears on more than one consecutive inspection report, the Director of Health may immediately issue an order to correct to the permit holder, or person in charge, citing such conditions, specifying the corrective action to be taken and time frame within which action shall be taken. If correction is not made in the allotted time, the permit may be revoked or suspended.
C. 
The Director of Health may suspend, without warning, prior notice or hearing, any permit to operate a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop:
(1) 
If the operation constitutes an imminent hazard to public health; or
(2) 
If the owner, operator or person in charge has interfered with the performance of the Director of Health's duties.
D. 
An imminent health hazard shall include, but is not limited to, any one of the following:
(1) 
An ongoing outbreak of an infectious, pathogenic or toxic agent capable of being transmitted to consumers; or
(2) 
The absence of an approved sanitizer or evidence that sanitizer is not being used properly to thoroughly clean implements and equipment after each client.
(3) 
The absence of potable water, supplied under pressure, in a quantity which, in the opinion of the Director of Health, is capable of meeting the needs of the facility; or
(4) 
A sewage backup into the facility.
E. 
Suspension shall be effective immediately upon documentation of imminent public health hazard and/or interference with the Director of Health's duties per Subsections C and D or this section. A written order to cease and desist to the permit holder of the facility from the Director of Health will follow within 24 hours. When a permit is suspended, all cosmetology operations shall cease immediately and shall not resume until written approval to resume has been issued by the Director of Health. The Director of Health shall remove a suspended permit from the premises.
F. 
When a permit is suspended, the holder of a permit, or the person in charge, shall be notified in writing of the suspension, and an opportunity for a hearing will be provided if a written request for hearing is filed with the Director of Health by the holder of the permit within 72 hours. The Director of Health may end the suspension at any time by giving written notice to the permit holder if reasons for suspension no longer exist.
G. 
The permit holder who is aggrieved by such action of the Director of Health may, within 72 hours after the making of such decision, appeal to the Commissioner who shall thereupon immediately notify the authority from whose order the appeal was taken and examine the merits of such suspension and may vacate, modify, or affirm such suspension.

§ 55-6 Permit revocation or refusal to renew.

The Director of Health, after providing opportunity for hearing, may revoke or refuse to renew the permit of any person for serious or repeated violations of any of the provisions of this chapter, or for interference with the Director of Health in the performance of official duties or for cases where the permit to operate has been obtained through nondisclosure, misrepresentation or intentional misstatement of a material fact.

§ 55-7 Permit reinstatement.

A. 
Suspension. Whenever a license has been suspended, the holder of the suspended license may request a hearing with the Health Director for permit reinstatement. Following receipt of a written request, including a statement signed by the applicant that, in his opinion, the conditions causing the suspension have been corrected, the Director of Health shall make a reinspection. If the Director of Health determines that the applicant has complied with the requirements of this chapter and the State Public Health Code, the permit shall be reinstated and returned to the permit holder.
B. 
Revocation/nonrenewal. After a period of 60 days from the date of revocation or refusal to renew, a written application may be made for the issuance of a new permit. This application will be treated as a new application. All appropriate procedures and inspections will be required, including a plan review.

§ 55-8 Hearings.

The Director of Health shall conduct the hearings provided for in this chapter at a designated place and time. The Director of Health shall make a final finding based upon the complete hearing record, and shall sustain, modify or rescind any notice or order considered in the hearing. The Director of Health shall furnish a written report of the hearing decision to the permit holder within 10 calendar days of the hearing date.

§ 55-9 Service of notices or orders.

A notice or order provided for in this chapter is properly served when it is delivered to the permit holder, or person in charge, or when it is sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the last known address of the holder of the permit. A completed and signed inspection report shall constitute a written notice.

§ 55-10 Equipment and facilities.

A. 
Water supply. An adequate supply of hot (minimum 105° F.) and cold running water, at proper temperatures, from a municipal or approved private source shall be provided for service for customers, cleanliness of employees and for washing floors, walls, ceiling and equipment. All sinks in the establishment must have hot and cold running water at all times.
B. 
Hot water at any faucet shall not exceed 110° F.
C. 
Equipment. Equipment used in the establishment must be commercial grade and designed for such purpose. Home-made equipment or equipment not designed for such purpose is prohibited.
D. 
Waste disposal. Wastewater from all plumbing fixtures shall be discharged into municipal sewers; otherwise, suitable facilities shall be installed for the absorption of the wastes by the soil in subsurface sewage disposal systems in accordance with provisions of the Public Health Code of the State of Connecticut and the Stratford Health Department.
E. 
Plumbing fixtures.
(1) 
Plumbing fixtures shall be of impervious material and of a type that is easily cleanable. They shall be free from cracks and from parts that are not readily accessible for cleaning. They shall be of a type that does not constitute a hazard to a public water supply through back siphonage, or cross-connection.
(2) 
All plumbing installation and fixtures shall conform to applicable building and plumbing codes.
(3) 
Shampoo sinks shall be used for barbering, hairdressing and cosmetology work only.
(4) 
A utility sink shall be provided for proper cleaning of surfaces, equipment, and the mixing of chemicals.
(5) 
At least one hand-wash facility shall be located in each private treatment room and in each work area in order to provide for proper hand washing before each customer for the customer and the technician. Hand-wash signs shall be posted at all hand sinks designating sinks as such.
(6) 
A mop sink must be provided for cleaning the facility.
F. 
Floors. Floors shall be nonporous and of such construction as to be easily cleaned. Floors where hair cutting, styling, tinting, shampooing, or nails, including feet, or where chemicals for bleaching hair are used, shall have hard and washable surfaces. Floors shall be kept clean and in good repair.
G. 
Lighting. Lighting fixtures shall be in sufficient number and properly placed so as to provide adequate illumination.
H. 
Ventilation. The shop shall be properly and adequately ventilated so as to remove excess heat and odors. Salon ventilation shall comply with state and local building codes and ordinances.
I. 
Cabinets. Cabinets shall be provided for storage of chemicals, clean linen, towels, blankets and gowns. They shall have tight-fitting doors that shall be kept closed to protect the linen, towels, blankets and gowns from dust and dirt or other contamination.
J. 
Receptacle for used towels and gowns. A covered receptacle, which can be readily emptied and cleansed, shall be provided and maintained in a sanitary manner. Chemically soiled towels and linens shall be stored in fire-retardant containers.
K. 
Refuse.
(1) 
Refuse containers inside the establishment shall consist of an adequate number of covered garbage containers for hair droppings, paper and other waste material. The refuse containers shall be emptied daily and maintained in a sanitary manner.
(2) 
Refuse containers stored outside the establishment shall consist of an adequate number of approved garbage receptacles that have tight-fitting lids which are kept closed at all times. The garbage receptacle area and property must be maintained in a clean manner and free of litter at all times.
L. 
Toilet facilities.
(1) 
Adequate toilet facilities with hand-wash sinks must be provided for customers and employees. Such facilities and washbasins shall be kept clean and in working order.
(2) 
Mechanical ventilation or an operational window is required.
(3) 
The bathroom facility shall provide a hand sink with hot and cold running water, a sanitary soap dispenser, toilet paper, and single-use paper towels for customers and employees.
(4) 
The use of common soap for more than one person is prohibited.
(5) 
A covered refuse receptacle shall be provided in the ladies' room and/or unisex bathroom.
(6) 
The door to the toilet room must be self-closing.
M. 
Work stations.
(1) 
Chemicals and nonchemicals not stored in the original container must be labeled at all stations.
(2) 
A container of Barbicide sanitizer shall be located at all hair, nail and pedicure stations for brushes and implements to be stored.
N. 
Barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop in residence.
(1) 
A barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop located in a residence must be confined to a separate room, separated with ceiling-high partitions and provided with a door to be closed at all times.
(2) 
The area within a home operated as a barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop must be equipped with the facilities and instruments required in all such establishments and in conformance with all sections of this chapter.
(3) 
The bathroom must be in the same location in the house as the hair and nail salon.

§ 55-11 Maintenance and operation.

A. 
License.
(1) 
The Health Department license must be posted at the entrance of the establishment.
(2) 
The establishment must keep a copy of full- and part-time hairdresser's licenses at the front desk at all times for inspection by the Health Department.
B. 
General cleanliness.
(1) 
Work stations must be kept clean of filing dust, nail clipping, and hair.
(2) 
Cloth towels must be clean and sanitized after each customer at nail stations.
(3) 
Paper towels must be disposed of after each customer at nail stations.
(4) 
The permittee of every barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop shall keep it in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.
(5) 
No hair droppings or nail clippings shall be allowed to accumulate on floors. Hair droppings and nail clippings shall be removed frequently and as soon as possible, in such a manner as not to cause objectionable conditions.
(6) 
Sleeping quarters shall not be located in any part of the establishment.
C. 
Walls, ceiling and fixtures.
(1) 
Ceilings shall be kept in good repair, and cracks in walls shall be repaired. Baseboards shall have coved molding so as to prevent the harboring and breeding of insects.
(2) 
Cabinets, shelves, furniture, shampoo bowls and fixtures shall be kept clean, free of dust, dirt and hair droppings, and in good repair. Arms, seats and rests of chairs shall be wiped of hair droppings after serving each customer.
D. 
Sanitary services.
(1) 
A towel shall not be used for more than one person without being properly laundered before each use.
(2) 
A sanitary paper strip or clean towel shall be placed completely around the neck of each customer before an apron or any other protective device is fastened around the neck.
(3) 
Clean towels shall be delivered in a closed container and kept in a clean, closed cabinet or closet. A commercial linen service shall be used for laundering if not done on the premises.
(4) 
An approved sanitizing agent shall be used when washing towels and linens on the premises.
E. 
Sanitation of equipment and implements.
(1) 
All equipment and implements coming in contact with a client must be washed with a detergent (soap) product and then sanitized with Barbicide disinfectant after each customer. Per the manufacturer's label, the contact time of Barbicide must be a minimum of 10 minutes on implements or equipment. Contact time less than 10 minutes does not qualify as sanitizing. The Barbicide solution must be made to the correct concentration, one part Barbicide to 16 parts water, in accordance with the manufacturer's label.
(2) 
The pedicure bowl grate must be removed by the technician after each customer, and the grate and the interior piping must be cleaned and sanitized with Barbicide after each use. The establishment must have the proper tool to remove the grate
(3) 
Hair brushes, combs and all other implements used on a customer shall be kept clean and sanitary at all times and shall undergo thorough cleansing and sanitizing after serving each customer, or otherwise single-service disposable implements shall be used.
(4) 
Cleaned and sanitized implements shall be stored in sanitary-covered containers that shall contain a disinfectant, or cleaned and sanitized implements may be stored properly covered in a clean drawer.
(5) 
After handling a customer affected with an eruption or whose skin is broken out or is inflamed or contains pus, the instruments shall be effectively cleaned, washed with soap or a detergent and water, then rinsed with an approved disinfectant or sanitizing process.
(6) 
Shaker-top containers must be provided for dispensing lotions and powders.
(7) 
Single-service towels, papers, emery boards, orange sticks, buffing blocks, waxing sticks, cosmetic sponges, and other material shall be disposed of in the proper receptacle immediately after use on one customer and shall not be used again.
(8) 
All disposable materials that come into contact with blood and/or body fluids shall be disposed of in sealable plastic bags prior to placing in the waste receptacle.
(9) 
All articles that come into direct contact with the customer's skin, nails, or hair that cannot be effectively cleaned and sanitized shall be disposed of in a covered waste receptacle immediately after use.
(10) 
Exception. Orange-sticks, emery boards, buffing squares, cosmetic sponges and disposable nail bits may be kept for the original customer if kept in a covered container labeled with the customer's name.
F. 
Shaving brushes, mugs, finger bowls, and credo blades. The use of shaving brushes, shaving mugs and credo blades is prohibited. The use of finger bowls for manicuring purposes is allowed, but the finger bowl must be properly cleaned and sanitized after each customer. Disposable, single-use finger bowls may be used.
G. 
Alum and other astringents. Alum or other material used to stop the flow of blood shall be applied in powdered or liquid form only.
H. 
Neck dusters, powder puffs, makeup brushes and sponges. The use of brush neck dusters, powder puffs, makeup brushes and sponges is prohibited unless they are single-use disposable implements that are disposed of after one-time use.
I. 
Foods and beverages. Foods and beverages shall not be prepared, stored or sold in the permitted premises, except with a valid food permit from the Stratford Health Department. Coffee and tea may be prepared and kept for the convenience of employees and patrons, but no charge is to be made to patrons who are served.
J. 
Animals, pets or live birds. No animals, pets or live birds shall be kept in any barbershop or hairdressing and/or cosmetology shop. This prohibition does not apply to trained guide dogs (or dogs in training) for the disabled, sightless or hearing impaired.

§ 55-12 Hygiene of operators and customers.

A. 
No person known to be affected with any communicable disease in an infectious stage shall engage in barbering, hairdressing or cosmetology, and no person so affected shall be employed as a barber, hairdresser or cosmetician.
B. 
No person affected with any infectious disease shall be attended.
C. 
The hands of the operator shall be thoroughly washed with soap and warm water and dried on a single use paper towel before serving each customer and immediately after using the toilet, or after eating.
D. 
Customers must wash hands thoroughly with soap and warm water and dry with a single use towel before receiving manicure services from operators.
E. 
Operators shall not eat or drink while providing services to a customer.

§ 55-13 Smoking.

Establishments must adhere to Connecticut Statutes regarding smoking in public places.

§ 55-14 Attire of operators.

Operators shall wear, while attending any customer in a barbershop or hairdressing or cosmetology shop, clean and washable garments.

§ 55-15 Recommended sanitizers.

A. 
Barbicide sanitizer constitutes a satisfactory sanitization of implements. Manufacturer's specifications must be followed. No method is considered effective without prior thorough cleaning with detergent (soap, trisodium phosphate, etc.).
B. 
All other chemical methods of sanitizing must have prior approval in writing by the Director of Health.
C. 
Nonchemical methods of sanitizing must have prior approval in writing by the Director of Health. Equipment specifications shall accompany requests for approval.

§ 55-16 Technical standards.

The Director of Health shall have the authority to adopt technical standards and associated inspection procedures to assure proper sanitary maintenance and safe operation of barbershops, beauty salons, and nail salons. Such standards and inspection shall not contravene any of the provisions of this chapter or any state or municipal laws, ordinances or regulations and may be amended or revised as deemed necessary from time to time by the Director of Health. Failure of a barbershop, beauty salon, or nail salon operator to achieve and maintain minimum requirements of these technical standards shall constitute a violation of this chapter.

§ 55-17 Point system; demerits; change in control.

[Added 4-12-2010 by Ord. No. 10-07]
A. 
Every nail/hair salon shall maintain a rating score of 90 or higher and shall not have one or more five-demerit point items in violation, regardless of the rating score. The five-demerit point items include:
(1) 
Barbers/beauticians/establishment licensed.
(2) 
Approved sanitizer.
(3) 
Sanitizer adequate and accessible.
(4) 
Manicure/pedicure station properly sanitized.
(5) 
Reuse of single-use implements prohibited.
(6) 
Credo blades/shaving brushes prohibited.
(7) 
Personnel with infection restricted.
(8) 
Technician's hands washed/clean.
(9) 
Cross connection/back siphonage.
B. 
If the rating score is below 90 or if there are one or more five-demerit point violations at the time of inspection, the Director of Health, Registered Sanitarian, or authorized agent shall order the correction of the items in violation within 10 days. A hearing may also be held. After 10 days, the Director of Health, Registered Sanitarian, or authorized agent shall make a reinspection and determine the new rating score.
(1) 
Any licensed hair/nail salon that fails an inspection and requires a follow up or reinspection to ensure compliance shall be subject to a reinspection fee. A late charge will be assessed if the reinspection fee is not paid within 30 days. Reinspection fees must be paid before a new license is issued. The Stratford Health Director shall determine all fees.
(2) 
Any licensed hair/nail salon that fails a reinspection shall be subject to additional reinspection fees.
C. 
Upon a change of control of the ownership of an existing hair/nail salon, such business shall submit a plan review application that must be approved by the Health Department to obtain a new license under its name and pay the required fee and taxes. The Stratford Health Director shall determine all fees.