Town of Stratford, CT
Fairfield County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Council of the Town of Stratford 11-9-1992.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Transport of hazardous waste — See Ch. 118.
Litter — See Ch. 133.
Newspapers — See Ch. 140.
Recycling — See Ch. 165.
Weeds — See Ch. 214.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed former Ch. 108, Garbage, Rubbish and Refuse, adopted 8-10-1973.

§ 182-1 Purpose.

This is a chapter regulating the accumulation, collection, storage, removal and disposal of solid waste, and providing for a system of refuse collection and disposal and the administration thereof, for the protection of the public health, safety and welfare. It is consequently found and declared that:
A. 
The Town is authorized by law to regulate the disposition of solid waste generated within its boundaries and to license solid waste collectors;
B. 
The Town is also authorized by Connecticut General Statutes Section 22a-220a to designate the area where solid waste generated within its boundaries shall be disposed;
C. 
The Town has executed an agreement with the Connecticut Resource Recovery Authority requiring it to cause all acceptable solid waste generated within its boundaries to be delivered to the Bridgeport Resource Recovery System;
D. 
The public health, safety and welfare of the Town will be best served by requiring the delivery of acceptable solid waste to a transfer station for processing by the Bridgeport Resource Recovery System into products which have an economic value or to Bridgeport Resco for incineration; and
E. 
The enactment of this chapter is in furtherance of the Town of Stratford's approved regional Solid Waste Management Plan.

§ 182-2 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACCEPTABLE SOLID WASTE
Unwanted or discarded materials of the kind normally collected or disposed of, or caused to be collected or disposed of, by or on behalf of a municipality through private or municipal collection, and commercial, governmental and light industrial waste for which a municipality is required by state law to make provisions for the safe and sanitary disposal thereof, but not including in any case special handling waste or bulky solid waste.
BRIDGEPORT RESOURCE RECOVERY SYSTEM
The solid waste disposal and energy recovery and steam and electric facility ("facility") designed, constructed, operated and maintained by an affiliate of Signal Resco, Inc. ("Resco"), pursuant to an agreement with the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority ("CRRA") located in Bridgeport, together with the transfer station and the CRRA landfill or landfills provided by or designated by the CRRA.
BULKY SOLID WASTE
Solid waste comprised of land clearing debris and waste resulting directly from demolition and construction activities which can be disposed of in a landfill holding a permit issued by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection under Section 22a-209-1 and following of its regulations or any successor provisions.
DIRECTOR OF HEALTH
The Director of Health, Town of Stratford, or the person named by the Director to perform the duties of Director in his absence, in the enforcing of the duties of this chapter.
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS
The Director of Public Works, Town of Stratford, or the person named by the Director to perform the duties of Director in his absence, in the enforcing of the duties of this chapter.
HAZARDOUS WASTE
Pathological, biological, cesspool or other human wastes, human and animal remains, radioactive, toxic and other hazardous wastes which, according to federal, state or local rules or regulations from time to time in effect, require special handling in their collection, treatment or disposal, including those regulated under 42 U.S.C. § 6921-6925 and regulations thereunder adopted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, 90 Stat. 2806, 42 U.S.C. § 6901, such as cleaning fluids, crankcase oils, cutting oils, paints, acids, caustics, poisons, drugs, fine powdery earth used to filter cleaning fluid and refuse of similar nature.
PERSON
Any individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, public utility or organization of any kind, but excluding the Town, its officers, boards, agencies or departments.
RECYCLING COMMITTEE
The Committee established pursuant to Chapter 165 of the Code of the Town of Stratford.
SPECIAL HANDLING WASTE
Hazardous waste; dirt, concrete and other nonburnable construction material and demolition debris; large items of machinery and equipment, such as motor vehicles and major components thereof, agricultural equipment, trailers and marine vessels; and any other item of waste exceeding six feet in any one of its dimensions or being in whole or in part of a solid mass, the solid mass portion of which has dimensions such that a sphere with a diameter of eight inches could be contained within such solid mass portion, including, in the context of deliveries to the facility, bulky solid waste, explosives, chapter materials, oil, sludges, highly flammable substances, hazardous chemicals, tires and other materials the acceptance of which, in the judgment of Resco, reasonably exercised, is likely to cause damage to or adversely affect the operation of the system, constitute a threat to health or safety or violate or cause the violation of any applicable federal, state or local law, regulation or judicial or administrative decision or order.
TOWN
The Town of Stratford, Connecticut, or its agencies.

§ 182-3 Source separation of material.

A. 
The Recycling Committee shall establish the necessary rules and regulations to comply with the regulations issued pursuant to Section 22A-241 et seq. of the Connecticut General Statutes, An Act Mandating Recycling in Municipalities and Concerning Source Reduction Planning, as amended and/or supplemented. The following items may be required to be recycled: cardboard, glass food containers, metal food containers, newspapers, office paper, scrap metal, storage batteries, waste oil, yard waste, high-density polyethylene bottles or jars of any size or shape used to package food, household laundry products or crankcase oil (HDPE plastic container), polyethylene terephthalate containers of any size or shape used to package beverages (PET plastic food container), dry-cell batteries and scrap tires.
B. 
Preparation for collection.
(1) 
All items designated by the Recycling Committee for mandatory recycling shall be separated and kept apart from other solid waste by the property owner or his agent, packaged in the prescribed manner and prepared for collection according to Chapter 165 of the Code of the Town of Stratford and pursuant to regulations adopted by the Recycling Committee.
(2) 
Any solid waste left for collection which contains any items designated by the Recycling Committee for mandatory recycling shall be refused by any collector within the Town. Such material shall also be refused at the solid waste facility designated for disposal.
C. 
No person, firm or corporation other than the owner, lessee or any occupant of a residential dwelling or commercial establishment, or any employee of the Town or any contractor employed by the Town for the removal of items to be recycled, or any party authorized by the Director of Public Works pursuant to Chapter 165 of the Code of the Town of Stratford, shall pick up, remove, destroy or interfere with the mandatory recyclable items, or any part thereof.

§ 182-4 Solid waste disposal facility.

A. 
The Bridgeport Resource Recovery System is hereby designated as the area where acceptable solid waste generated within the boundaries of the Town of Stratford by residential, business, commercial or other establishments shall be disposed. On and after the effective date of this chapter, each person collecting any acceptable solid waste generated within the boundaries of the Town shall deliver all such waste to the Resco waste-to-energy plant or to the transfer station located at Watson Boulevard unless they are incapable of accepting acceptable solid waste at the time of delivery, in which event such solid waste shall be delivered to the portion of the Bridgeport Resource Recovery System designated by the Director of Public Works. Resco, the transfer station or any alternate location designated by the Director of Public Works shall be the Town's solid waste disposal facility.
B. 
Acceptable solid waste, bulky solid waste and items designated for mandatory recycling shall be separately delivered to the solid waste disposal facility. No solid waste collected or produced outside the Town limits shall be disposed of or deposited at the designated solid waste disposal facility. Acceptance of a Town license by a private collector acknowledges the right of the city to inspect each delivered load.

§ 182-5 Collection requirements.

A. 
The owner of each premises where solid waste is created or generated shall provide, at a suitable place upon such premises, sufficient receptacles for receiving and holding such solid waste during the intervals between collections. Solid waste shall be stored in watertight, tightly covered cans, containers, plastic bags or in a manner acceptable to the Director of Public Works. The standard unit of collection for household solid waste shall be twenty- and thirty-gallon containers. Each receptacle shall not weigh more than 75 pounds when full. Containers shall be maintained in good condition free of holes and fissures and shall be equipped with securely fitting covers.
(1) 
All cartons must be collapsed and tied in bundles weighing not more than 50 pounds. No dimension shall be in excess of three feet in length and not in excess of two feet in diameter.
(2) 
Tree trimmings and brush shall be tied in bundles of not over four feet in length, capable of being handled by one man. No loose material will be collected by the Town.
B. 
All refuse containers shall be maintained by the owners thereof and promptly replaced when no longer fit for use. Containers not conforming to the requirements set forth by this chapter and deemed a sanitary or accident hazard, as determined by the Director of Health or his duly authorized agents, may be confiscated by the Town and disposed of, without compensation to the owner.
C. 
The property owner or the person served shall have the refuse receptacles or containers placed as near to the curbline as is practicable before the hour of 7:00 a.m. on days on which collections will be made; provided, however, that refuse containers or receptacles may be so placed for collection on the evening preceding the date on which collections will be made in any residential area of the Town. Collection from households served shall not begin before 7:00 a.m. Collection schedules and methods of collection shall be as determined by the Director of Public Works, and appropriate notification of the same shall be given by the Director of Public Works to citizens of the Town.
D. 
Every agent, officer or employee of the Town engaged in the work of collection and removing refuse from private properties shall in no way interfere with, disturb, break, destroy, handle, take or use any article or substance or trespass upon any property of the householders, except insofar as the requirement of such collection shall warrant such handling, taking or using of the cans or receptacles containing ashes or noncombustible rubbish material. No employee of the Town shall remove or dispose of, for the employee's individual use or benefit, any of the contents of any can or receptacle used for the collection, removal or disposal of refuse.
E. 
It shall be unlawful for anyone, other than the tenants or occupants of the premises on which refuse containers are stored or the regularly authorized agents, employees or licensees of the Town, to disturb any refuse containers or to remove their covers or any of the contents thereof or to cause such refuse containers or their contents to be strewn or scattered on the lawns, sidewalks or streets.

§ 182-6 Prohibited acts.

A. 
Containers required.
(1) 
No person shall place any solid waste in any street, alley or other public place, or upon any private property, whether owned by such person or not, within the Town except in proper containers, or otherwise properly prepared for collection, unless with express approval granted by the Director of Public Works. No person shall throw or deposit any solid waste in any stream, sewer or other body of water.
(2) 
Any uncontainerized accumulation of solid waste on any premises is hereby declared to be a nuisance and is prohibited. Failure to remove any accumulation of solid waste within five days after written notice to remove the same shall be deemed a violation of this chapter.
B. 
No person shall cast, place, sweep or deposit anywhere within the Town any solid waste in such a manner that it may be carried or deposited by the elements upon or in any street, sidewalk, alley or other public place or into any occupied premises.
C. 
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to place hazardous wastes or similarly dangerous substances, as determined by the Director of Public Works, into any refuse container or to transport any such substance to the solid waste disposal facility.
D. 
No person shall deposit any solid waste in any Town receptacle in a Town park which has been brought from any area outside said Town park. This provision shall not prohibit the disposal of garbage, rubbish or waste created by activities in said park, such as by the consumption of food.
E. 
The removal of wearing apparel, bedding or other refuse from homes or other places where highly infectious or contagious diseases have prevailed shall be performed under the supervision and direction of the Director of Health. Such refuse shall not be placed in containers for regular collection with the normal production.
F. 
No person shall trespass upon any land used by the Town for the dumping or transfer of refuse for the purpose of scavenging.
G. 
No person shall transport garbage, refuse or rubbish originating outside the Town to within the Town for purposes of disposal or transfer except with approval of the Director of Public Works.
H. 
The burning of acceptable solid waste or other waste is prohibited, except as approved by the Director of Public Works.

§ 182-7 License required to collect or transport solid waste.

A. 
Authority; license required.
(1) 
The Director of Health shall be the licensing and registration authority for all solid waste collectors, vehicles and refuse containers operating within the Town.
(2) 
It shall be unlawful for any person to collect or remove solid waste in the Town or to transport the same upon or through any street or public place of the Town unless such person is an employee or agent of the Town assigned to such work, has been granted a license by the Director of Health to do so, is the employee of a person who has been so licensed or is the actual producer of such refuse within the Town or his employee, then and there engaged in transporting the same from the premises where produced to any area where public disposal is permitted.
B. 
It shall be unlawful for any employee of the actual producer of any solid waste to collect, remove or transport such waste for more than one actual producer thereof, or for such employee or any producer to combine or commingle within the Town the waste of more than one producer, or for any person to act as the employee of more than one producer for the purpose of collecting, removing or transporting such waste upon or through any street or public place of the Town unless such person has been granted a license by the Director of Health.
C. 
Each licensed solid waste collector shall obtain a separate registration for each vehicle he operates within the Town. Registrations shall not be transferable from vehicle to vehicle; provided, however, that the Director of Public Works may allow such temporary transfer of registrations in hardship situations, such as a temporary breakdown of an individually licensed vehicle.

§ 182-8 Vehicle requirements and delivery standards.

Any person permitted by this chapter to collect, remove or transport solid waste over the streets of the Town shall use containers or vehicles provided with tight covers and so constructed and operated as to prevent offensive odors escaping therefrom and refuse from being blown, dropped, spilled or leaked therefrom. Any solid waste collected by a collector shall be delivered to an approved facility on the same day as it is placed in the vehicle.

§ 182-9 License, registration and disposal fees.

A. 
The Director of Health shall establish and recommend license, registration and disposal fees for the privilege of engaging in the business of collecting or removing solid wastes in the Town, of transporting the same through the streets or public places of the Town and of disposing of or depositing the same at the Town's solid waste disposal facilities, which fees shall be approved by the Town Council.
B. 
Prior to the issuance of any license and the collection of any license, registration or use fees, the Director of Health shall determine that the proposed licensed operation will:
(1) 
Not create a nuisance.
(2) 
Not create or aggravate a traffic or health hazard.
(3) 
Result in efficient, prompt and cleanly collection service.
(4) 
Meet all state health and safety standards as to the construction of vehicles.
C. 
The Directors of Health and Public Works shall establish such rules and regulations as are appropriate for the administration of the provisions of this section.

§ 182-10 License applications and renewals.

A. 
Applications for licenses, renewals of licenses and vehicle registration under this chapter shall be submitted in writing to the Director of Health. Each application shall contain the following information:
(1) 
The name and address of the applicant. If the applicant is a proprietorship firm or partnership, the names of all owners or partners shall be listed; if the applicant is a corporation, the names and titles of each of the officers shall be listed.
(2) 
The purpose for which the license is sought.
(3) 
The area within which the applicant wishes to collect or transport solid waste.
(4) 
The number, kind and capacity of the vehicles and other equipment to be used for such purposes, together with their license plate numbers.
B. 
Each application shall be accompanied by the deposit of the license and registration fee required by the provisions of this chapter. If the application complies with the provisions of this chapter, the Director of Health shall grant said license and, as a condition of granting the requested license and/or registration, may impose such other conditions as he may deem to be in the best interests of the public health and welfare. If a license is not issued, the fee shall be returned to the applicant.
C. 
No application for a license by a private collector shall be accepted unless accompanied by a statement acknowledging and authorizing Town inspection of any load delivered under this chapter.
D. 
The term for each such license shall be one year from its issuance.

§ 182-11 Vehicle and container identification.

A. 
Every license granted by the Director of Health under this chapter shall cover the following matters:
(1) 
The name and address of the person to whom the license is issued.
(2) 
The area within which the person to whom the license is issued may render collection services.
(3) 
The nature of the collection services which are authorized.
(4) 
The term for which the license is granted.
(5) 
A description, including the license plate numbers, of each vehicle to be registered under the license.
(6) 
Such other conditions as the Director of Health may establish.
B. 
The Director of Health shall issue to each licensed person one sticker for each registered vehicle covered by the application, each of which vehicles shall thereafter display such sticker as long as the license or registration is in force.

§ 182-12 Transferability of license.

No license granted by the Director of Health under this chapter or any interest therein, shall be given, sold, assigned, mortgaged or otherwise transferred without the prior written consent of the Director of Health.

§ 182-13 Revocation of license; violations and penalties.

A. 
Any license granted by the Director of Health under this chapter may be revoked by the Director of Health if the Director of Health finds and determines that the licensee has failed to comply with any of the terms of such license or of the chapter or rules and regulations duly promulgated hereunder, or fails to render satisfactory collection services. The provisions of this chapter shall be enforced by citation issued by the Director of Health or his duly authorized agent after a hearing as specified below. Before issuing any citation or notice of proposed suspension or revocation, as specified below, the Director of Health or his agent shall first issue a written warning providing notice of the specific violation in accordance with Section 7-148(c)(10)(A) of the Connecticut General Statutes.
B. 
Revocations and suspensions shall become effective only after a public hearing. The Director of Health shall send a written notice of proposed suspension or revocation to said collector, stating the reasons for such action. The Mayor or his designee(s) shall, within 15 days of the date of such written notice, hear and decide the matter. Such hearing shall be held in public session. The collector, the Director of Health and other persons invited by either of them or by the Mayor or his designee(s) may appear and present such testimony and evidence as they may wish. The Mayor or his designee(s) may revoke the license, suspend the license for a time certain, decline to revoke or suspend the license or make such other determination as may be appropriate in the circumstances.
[Amended 3-12-2007 by Ord. No. 06-23]
C. 
The decision of the Mayor or his designee(s) shall be final and binding upon the collector. No application for a license revoked under this chapter shall be accepted for a period of one year from the date of the Mayor's or his designee(s)' action.
[Amended 3-12-2007 by Ord. No. 06-23]
D. 
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Director of Public Works shall have power to refuse permission to a collector to use the designated solid waste disposal facility when, in his opinion, such collector has violated this chapter or any applicable rule or regulation.
E. 
The Directors of Health and Public Works shall have the authority to make such other reasonable rules and regulations concerning collection, transportation and disposal of refuse as they shall deem necessary, which shall take effect no less than three days after posting at the Department of Public Works Offices and at all designated solid waste disposal facilities.
F. 
Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed guilty of a violation and shall be fined in the amount of $100 per violation, unless the said violation is one for which a higher penalty is prescribed under the Connecticut General Statutes, in which case the higher penalty shall prevail. Said fine shall be in addition to any revocation of license as specified above. Additionally, each day such violation is committed or permitted to continue shall constitute a separate offense and shall be punished as such hereunder.

§ 182-14 Special transfer station permits.

A. 
Stratford residents undertaking do-it-yourself repairs or renovations to their principal residences located with the Town of Stratford may apply to the Director of Public Works for a special transfer station permit for acceptable waste resulting from such renovation or repairs.
B. 
Such special permits shall be issued by the Director of Public Works on proof satisfactory to such Director that:
(1) 
The project is a do-it-yourself project by a Town resident on his or her principal residence located within the Town of Stratford.
(2) 
The applicant has authorized the Town to verify these facts by on-site inspections at the discretion of the Director of Public Works.
C. 
Each such special permit shall be issued only to an applicant who displays a current, valid Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license showing that the applicant resides within the Town of Stratford.
D. 
Each such special permit shall display the property address which is the source of the material and the registration number of the vehicle to which it is issued, and it shall expire at 12:00 midnight on a date 30 days from its date of issue.
E. 
There shall be no charge for such special permits.