City of St. Francis, WI
Milwaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of St. Francis as Ch. 24 of the 1981 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Any person aggrieved by an administrative determination of the Common Council or a board, commission, committee, agency, official or employee of the City or an agent acting on its behalf may have such determination reviewed as provided in this chapter. The remedies under this chapter shall not be exclusive, but an election to proceed hereunder shall be an election of remedies.
The following determinations are reviewable under this chapter:
A. 
The grant or denial, in whole or in part, after application, of an initial permit, license, right, privilege or authority, except an alcohol beverage license.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
B. 
The suspension, revocation or nonrenewal of an existing permit, license, right, privilege or authority, except as provided in § 4-3D.
C. 
The denial of a grant of money or other thing of value under a statute or ordinance prescribing conditions of eligibility for such grant.
D. 
The imposition of a penalty or sanction upon any person except a municipal employee or officer, other than by a court.
E. 
The suspension or removal of a City official or employee except as provided in § 4-3B and G.
The following determinations are not reviewable under this chapter:
A. 
A legislative enactment. A legislative enactment is an ordinance, resolution or adopted motion of the Common Council.
B. 
Any action subject to administrative or judicial review procedures under state statutes or other provisions of this Code.
C. 
The denial of a tort or contract claim for money required to be filed with the City under § 62.25, Wis. Stats.
D. 
The grant, denial, suspension or revocation of an alcohol beverage license under § 125.12(1), Wis. Stats.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
E. 
Judgments and orders of a court.
F. 
Determinations made during municipal labor negotiations.
G. 
Determinations subject to grievance, arbitration or other procedures provided in collective bargaining agreements.
"Municipal authority" includes the Common Council, commission, committee, agency, official, employee or agent of the City making a determination under § 4-1 and every person, committee or agency of the City authorized to make an independent review under § 4-8B.
A person aggrieved includes any individual, partnership, corporation, association, public or private organization, and any official, department, board, commission or agency of the City whose rights, duties or privileges are adversely affected by a determination of a municipal authority. A department, board, commission, agency, official or employee of the City who is aggrieved may not initiate review under this chapter of a determination of any other department, board, commission, agency, official or employee of the City but may respond or intervene in a review proceeding under this chapter initiated by another.
If a determination subject to this chapter is made orally or, if in writing, does not state the reasons therefor, the municipal authority making such determination shall, upon written request of any person aggrieved by such determination made within 10 days of notice of such determination, reduce the determination and the reasons therefor to writing and mail or deliver such determination and reasons to the person making the request. The determination shall be dated and shall advise such person of his right to have such determination reviewed, shall advise that such review may be taken within 30 days and shall name the office or person to which or to whom a request for review shall be addressed.
Any person aggrieved may have a written or oral determination reviewed by written request mailed or delivered to the municipal authority which made such determination within 30 days of notice to such person of such determination. The request for review shall state the grounds upon which the person aggrieved contends that the determination should be modified or reversed. A request for review shall be made to the official, employee, agent, agency, committee, board, commission or body who or which made the determination, but failure to make such request to the proper party shall not preclude the person aggrieved from review unless such failure has caused prejudice to the municipal authority.
A. 
From initial determination. If a request for review is made under § 4-7, the determination to be reviewed shall be termed an initial determination.
B. 
Who shall make review. A review under this section may be made by the official, employee, agent, agency, committee, board, commission or body who or which made the initial determination. However, an independent review of such determination by another person, committee or agency of the City appointed by the Mayor, without confirmation, may be provided if practicable.
C. 
When to make review. The municipal authority shall review the initial determination within 30 days of receipt of a request for review. The time for review may be extended by agreement with the person aggrieved.
D. 
Right to present evidence and argument. The person aggrieved may file with his request for review or within the time agreed with the municipal authority written evidence and argument in support of his position with respect to the initial determination.
E. 
Decision on review. The municipal authority may affirm, reverse or modify the initial determination and shall mail or deliver to the person aggrieved a copy of the municipal authority's decision on review, which shall state the reasons for such decision. The decision shall advise the person aggrieved of his right to appeal the decision, shall advise that the appeal may be taken within 30 days and shall name the office or person with which or with whom notice of appeal shall be filed.
A. 
From initial determination or decision on review.
(1) 
If the person aggrieved had a hearing substantially in compliance with § 4-10 when the initial determination was made, he may elect to follow §§ 4-6 through 4-8 but is not entitled to a further hearing under § 4-10 unless granted by the municipal authority. He may, however, seek judicial review under § 4-12.
(2) 
If the person aggrieved did not have a hearing substantially in compliance with § 4-10 when the initial determination was made, he shall follow §§ 4-6 through 4-8 and may appeal under this section (§ 4-9) from the decision made under § 4-8.
B. 
Time within which appeal may be taken under this section. Appeal from a decision on review under § 4-8 may be taken within 30 days of notice of such decision.
C. 
How appeal may be taken. An appeal under this section may be taken by filing with or mailing to the office or person designated in the municipal authority's decision on review written notice appeal.
A. 
Time of hearing. The City shall provide the appellant a hearing on an appeal under § 4-9 within 30 days of receipt of the notice of appeal and shall serve the appellant with notice of such hearing by mail or personal service at least 10 days before such hearing. The office or person with which or with whom a notice of appeal is filed shall immediately notify the City Attorney, who shall forthwith advise the Mayor of such appeal.
B. 
Conduct of hearing. At the hearing, the appellant and the municipal authority may be represented by counsel and may present evidence and call and examine witnesses and cross-examine witnesses of the other party. Such witnesses shall be sworn by the person conducting the hearing. The Mayor shall appoint, without confirmation, an impartial decision-maker, who may be an official, committee, board or commission of the City or the Common Council who or which did not participate in making or reviewing the initial determination, who shall make the decision on administrative appeal and who may issue subpoenas. The hearing may, however, be conducted by an impartial person, committee, board or commission designated by the Mayor to conduct the hearing and report to the decision-maker.
C. 
Record of hearing. The person conducting the hearing or a person employed for the purpose of making a record of the hearing shall take notes of the testimony and shall mark and preserve all exhibits. The person conducting the hearing may, and upon request of the appellant shall, cause the proceedings to be taken by a stenographer or by a recording device, the expense thereof to be paid by the City.
D. 
Hearing on initial determination. Where substantial existing rights are affected by an initial determination, the municipal authority making such determination shall, when practicable, give any person directly affected an opportunity to be heard in accordance with this section before making such determination.
A. 
Within 20 days of completion of the hearing conducted under § 4-10 and the filing of briefs, if any, the decision-maker shall mail or deliver to the appellant his or its written determination, stating the reasons therefor. Such determination shall be a final determination.
B. 
A determination following a hearing substantially meeting the requirements of § 4-10, or a decision on review under § 4-8 following such hearing, shall be a final determination, judicial review of which may be obtained under § 4-12.
A. 
Any party to a proceeding resulting in a final determination may seek review thereof by writ of certiorari within 30 days of receipt of the final determination.
B. 
The record of the proceedings shall be transcribed at the expense of the person seeking review. A transcript shall be supplied to anyone requesting the same at his expense. If the person seeking review establishes impecuniousness to the satisfaction of the reviewing court, the court may order the proceedings transcribed at the expense of the City and the person seeking review shall be furnished a free copy of the transcript. By stipulation, the court may order a synopsis of the proceedings in lieu of a transcript. The court may otherwise limit the requirement for a transcript.