Township of Caln, PA
Chester County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
All subdivision and land development plans approved by the Board of Commissioners must comply, when constructed, with the following improvement standards. The standards outlined herein shall be considered minimum requirements for the promotion of the public health, safety and general welfare.
A. 
Physical improvements to the property being developed shall be provided, constructed and installed as shown on the final plan, in accordance with the requirements of the Township. An improvements agreement shall be signed and submitted by the developer for approval of the Board of Commissioners prior to final plan approval.
B. 
All required improvements shall be constructed at the expense of the developer as shown on the recorded plan in a manner approved by the Board of Commissioners.
C. 
Supervision of the installation of the improvements required by this article shall in all cases be the responsibility of the Township or of the appropriate state regulatory agency.
A. 
Sufficient concrete monument locations must be shown on the final plan to define the exact location of all streets and to enable the reestablishment of all street lines. In general, they shall be set on the street line on one side of the street at the beginning and ending of all curves and at those points on the curve at the street intersections necessary to establish the actual intersection. Sufficient concrete monument locations describing the perimeter of the tract shall be established by the Township Engineer and/or the Planning Commission at the time of approval of the preliminary plan and shall be placed by the applicant.
B. 
Markers shall be set at locations shown on the final plan as follows:
(1) 
At all points where lot lines intersect curves, either front or rear.
(2) 
At all angles in property lines of lots.
(3) 
At all other lot corners.
C. 
Monuments shall be of concrete or stone with a minimum of six inches by six inches by 30 inches or as approved by the Township Engineer. Concrete monuments shall be permanently marked on top; stone monuments shall be marked on top with a proper inscription. Markers shall consist of iron pipes or steel bars at least 30 inches long, and not less than 3/4 inch in diameter.
D. 
Monuments and markers shall be placed so that the scored or marked point shall coincide exactly with the intersection of lines to be marked and shall be set so that the top of the monument or marker is level with the surface on the surrounding ground.
E. 
Monumented points shall include such points as POC (point of commencement), PC (point of curvature), PT (point of tangency), or PI (point of intersection). Every monument set by a licensed surveyor shall be of a substantial size and shall be made of durable materials and shall include an element that makes it possible to detect the monument by means of some device for finding ferrous or magnetic objects. All monuments set by a licensed surveyor shall bear their registration number on a metallic cap or identifier to aid with subsequent identification. All monuments shall be shown on the plat or plan with the appropriate cross-reference.
[Added 1-9-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-4]
F. 
All of the above-referenced monuments shall have associated with them a State Plan Coordinate (SPC) as based on the Pennsylvania South Zone, 1983 Datum. These values shall be collected via such methods as Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) observations along with CORS site observations for "post processing." The SPC shall be indicated on all plats, plans or in digital files.
[Added 1-9-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-4]
G. 
Digital file submission in AutoCAD.dwg/dxf or ARCView.shp is required.
[Added 1-9-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-4]
A. 
Streets shall be finished, graded to the full width of the right-of-way, surfaced and improved to the grades and dimensions shown on the plans, profiles and cross sections submitted by the developer and approved by the Board of Commissioners.
B. 
Roadways shall be graded for not less than eight feet beyond the edge of the proposed paving on each side. This grading width shall be increased as necessary where sidewalks, guide rails, shoulder swales, and/or planting strips are to be provided. Shoulders shall be graded with a slope not less than 3/4 inch per foot. Beyond the limits of this grading, banks shall be sloped to prevent erosion, but in no event shall said slope exceed three horizontal to one vertical, with the tops of slope in cuts rounded to the satisfaction of the Township Engineer. Maximum slopes of banks measured perpendicular to the center line of the street shall be 3:1 in fill areas and 3:1 in cut areas.
[Amended 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01]
C. 
Prior to placing the street surface, adequate subsurface drainage for the streets and all subsurface utilities as acceptable to the Board of Commissioners shall be provided or installed by the developer. Public utilities are required to be placed underground in compliance with the Public Utility Commission Law of 1970, I.D. 99, dated July 8, 1970, or as may be subsequently amended.
D. 
Whenever standards for required street improvements are not specified by the Board of Commissioners, the applicable standard requirements of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation's Guidelines for Design of Local Roads and Streets (Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Publication No. 70) shall govern, and all work shall be performed in the manner prescribed in the standard specifications for road construction of said department for the type of construction under consideration.
E. 
Street name signs, as well as other appropriate street signs, shall be provided. Their design shall be approved by the Board of Commissioners.
F. 
Streets shall be plotted to conform to land forms to reduce excessive cuts and fills.
G. 
Under no circumstance shall a retaining wall be located within a right-of-way.
[Added 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01]
A. 
The minimum grade on all streets or driveways shall be 1%.
B. 
Center-line grades shall not exceed 7% on all streets. Private driveways shall comply with Chapter 74, Driveways, of the Township Code.
[Amended 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01]
C. 
Vertical curves shall be used in changes of grade exceeding 1%. To provide proper sight distances, the minimum length (in feet) of vertical curves shall be as follows: for arterials, 85 times the algebraic difference in grade; for collectors, 55 times the algebraic difference in grade; for local streets, 30 times the algebraic difference in grade.
D. 
The through street shall be approached by side streets in accordance with the following standards. Where the grade of the side street exceeds 6%, there shall be a leveling area with a minimum length of 75 feet (measured from the intersection of the center lines), within which no grade shall exceed a maximum of 4%.
E. 
No cul-de-sac, turnaround or temporary turnaround shall have a grade which exceeds 4%.
F. 
No private drive shall have a grade which exceeds 8% for a distance of 20 feet measured along its center line from the right-of-way of the intersecting street.
A. 
The minimum radius of the center line for horizontal curves on arterial streets shall be 600 feet; for collector streets, 300 feet; and for local streets, 150 feet. Proper superelevation shall be provided for curves on arterial streets.
B. 
There shall be a tangent of at least 100 feet between reverse curves for all streets.
C. 
Sight distance requirements. All proposed street intersections shall have sufficient horizontal sight distance to provide a safe and convenient point of ingress and egress. Horizontal sight distances shall be measured in each direction from a point 10 feet behind the cartway and 42 inches above the elevation of the street, as measured at the curbline of the proposed intersection, to a point 42 inches above the center line of the road surface. The minimum horizontal sight distances shall be based upon the functional classification, speed limit and grade of the intersecting street utilizing the latest standards that are specified under Title 67 of the Pennsylvania Code, Chapter 441, "Access to and Occupancy of Highways by Driveways and Local Roads."
[Amended 12-12-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-25]
A. 
No more than two streets shall intersect at the same point.
B. 
Right angle intersections shall be used whenever possible. The minimum angle of intersection of the street center lines shall not be less than 75º.
C. 
Street curb intersections shall be rounded by a tangential arc with a minimum radius of 20 feet for local streets and 30 feet for intersections, including collector or arterial streets.
D. 
Radius corners shall be provided on the property lines substantially concentric with the curb radius.
E. 
There shall be provided and maintained at all intersections clear sight triangles of 75 feet, measured along the center line from the point of intersections. These shall be indicated on all plans. No building or obstruction that would obscure the vision of a motorist shall be permitted in this area.
F. 
Intersections involving arterial with collector streets shall not be located less than 1,000 feet apart on the same side of the street measured from center line to center line, along the center line of the major street.
G. 
Two streets intersecting from opposite sides shall intersect at their center lines, or their center lines shall be offset at least 200 feet.
A. 
Minimum street rights-of-way and cartway widths for streets, whether public or private, depending upon classification, shall be as follows:
[Added 10-9-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-15]
(1) 
Alleys: right-of way, 24 feet; cartway, 22 feet.
(2) 
Marginal access street and marginal access street - residential: right-of-way, 40 feet; cartway, 28 feet.
(3) 
Marginal access street and marginal access street - industrial and commercial: right-of-way, 50 feet; cartway, 30 feet.
(4) 
Collector street - residential, single family, apartments and townhouses, commercial and industrial: right-of-way, 50 feet; cartway, 30 feet.
(5) 
[1]Major traffic street: right-of-way, 80 feet; cartway, PennDot standard.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection A(5), regarding street widths for boulevards, was repealed 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01. This ordinance also provided for the redesignation of former Subsection A(6) through (8) as Subsection A(5) through (7), respectively.
(6) 
Arterial highway: right-of-way, PennDot standard; cartway, PennDot standard.
(7) 
Cul-de-sac street: shall meet the minimum requirements specified in this § 137-39A for the classification of street involved. The bulb of the cul-de-sac street shall have the same minimum right-of-way and cartway width as the classified street requires.
B. 
Additional right-of-way and cartway widths may be required by the Board for the following purposes:
(1) 
To promote public safety and convenience.
(2) 
To provide parking space in commercial districts and in areas of high-density residential development.
C. 
Short extensions of existing streets with lesser right-of-way and/or cartway widths than prescribed above may be permitted; provided, however, that no section of the new right-of-way less than 40 feet in width shall be permitted.
D. 
When a development fronts on an existing road having a right-of-way of less than the minimum width required in this chapter, an ultimate right-of-way line shall be established. The distance of this ultimate right-of-way line from the center line of the existing right-of-way shall be 1/2 the width of the required minimum right-of-way.
[Amended 5-12-1992 by Ord. No. 1992-9]
The typical section of the road shall be prepared to meet the following minimum standards:
A. 
Crushed aggregate base course with a minimum thickness of six inches, as specified in the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specifications, Form 408, and its latest revision, shall be provided.
B. 
Pavement shall consist of a minimum of 4 1/2 inches of Superpave PG 64-22 twenty-five-millimeter binder course and 1 1/2 inches of Superpave PG 64-22 wearing course of 9.5 millimeters, or the latest material specification as approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT). All construction and materials shall conform to the requirements of PennDOT's Publication 408 and its latest revisions.
[Amended 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01]
C. 
The paving specifications mentioned above are the minimum requirements. An alternate cross section of the road can be offered for consideration based upon a complete design analysis performed in accordance with Pennsylvania Department of Transportation's Pavement Design Analysis procedures. The alternate design will be subject to review and approval by the Township Engineer.
D. 
Where soil conditions warrant, the Board may direct the placing of geotextile fabric and granular material as subbase, along with provisions of subgrade drains. Depth and quality of subbase shall be as directed by the Township Engineer.
E. 
Soil subgrade shall be mechanically compacted in layers not to exceed eight inches in thickness and shall be compacted to a minimum of 95% of the maximum dry-weight density of the soil.
F. 
Subgrade and stone base shall be proof rolled and shall be subject to the approval of the Township Engineer.
G. 
The crown of a road shall be provided at a slope of 1/4 inch to one foot.
H. 
Curbing shall be provided on all minor, collector and marginal access streets and as required by the Board on major traffic streets. Curbs shall be equivalent to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation plain cement concrete curb. Where no curb is provided, there shall be a minimum of six feet of stabilized shoulder provided.
I. 
Sidewalks shall generally be required for residential and commercial areas, but the Board may waive the sidewalk requirement for low-density residential areas. Sidewalk paving shall not be less than four feet wide. The Board may require wider pavements in high-density areas and in commercial areas. The location of sidewalks relative to planting strips shall be at the discretion of the Board.
J. 
Cuts and fills shall be made at a minimum slope of three feet horizontal to one foot vertical. Where curbing or retaining walls are used to control slopes, a detailed plan showing details of the construction shall be submitted to the Township Engineer for his review and approval.
The typical section of any common parking area within a land development shall be prepared to meet the following minimum standards:
A. 
Crushed aggregate base course with a minimum thickness of six inches, as specified in the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specifications, Form 408, and its latest revisions.
B. 
Pavement shall consist of a minimum of 1 1/2 inches of binder course and one inch of wearing surface. Material shall be equal or superior to the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specifications for bituminous surface course ID-2A and shall be applied in accordance with the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specifications, Form 408, and its latest revisions.
C. 
The minimum grade in all parking areas shall be 1%.
A. 
Curbing shall be provided on all minor, collector and marginal access streets and as required by the Board on major traffic streets. Where no curb is provided, there shall be a stabilized shoulder provided with a minimum width of six feet.
B. 
Curbs shall be provided on all new streets and parking compounds located within a land development, unless § 137-43C is shown to apply.
C. 
In areas where curb is not used, satisfactory provision must be made to avoid erosion.
D. 
All curbs shall conform to specifications for Class A concrete, as specified by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, with a minimum compressive strength of 3,000 pounds per square inch after 28 days.
E. 
Curbs shall be constructed to the dimensions shown in the Appendix.[1] Curbing shall be required along the street and along the perimeter of the parking lot for any use other than single-family and two-family semidetached and detached dwelling units.
[Amended 6-14-1994 by Ord. No. 1994-3]
[1]
Editor's Note: Road construction details are included at the end of this chapter.
F. 
Curbing shall be constructed in ten-foot lengths. A premolded expansion material having a minimum thickness of 1/4 inch shall be placed between sections of curved curb and at intervals of not more than 120 feet. Intermediate joints between ten-foot sections shall be formed of two layers of single-ply bituminous paper.
G. 
The depressed curb at driveways shall be no higher than 1 1/2 inches above the street surface. The length of this depressed curb shall not exceed 35 feet without a safety island. This safety island shall not be less than 15 feet in length. Pipes or grates or other constructions shall not be placed in the gutter to form a driveway ramp.
H. 
Excavations shall be made to the required depth, and the material upon which the curb is to be constructed shall be compacted to a firm, even surface. Where the subgrade is soft and spongy, a layer of crushed stone not less than four inches thick shall be placed under the curb.
A. 
Sidewalks shall be required on both sides of new streets in subdivisions or land developments with an average lot area of 30,000 square feet or less. Sidewalks will be required on only one side of the street in subdivisions or land developments if there are residential or commercial lots on only one side of the street.
B. 
Sidewalks shall be required in any subdivision or land development where it is desirable, in the opinion of the Board of Commissioners, to continue sidewalks that are existing in adjacent developments, or to provide access to community facilities (schools, shopping areas, recreation areas, etc.) or to ensure safety of pedestrians in unusual or peculiar conditions with respect to prospective traffic.
C. 
Sidewalks shall be provided along all new streets and parking compounds located in land developments unless it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Board of Commissioners that pedestrian traffic does not follow or mix with vehicular traffic, in which case, both sidewalks and curbs may not be required.
D. 
Sidewalks shall be located within the street right-of-way one foot from the right-of-way line. Generally, a grass planting strip should be provided between the curb and sidewalk.
E. 
All sidewalks shall conform to specifications for Class A concrete, as specified by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, with a minimum compressive strength of 3,000 pounds per square inch after 28 days.
F. 
Sidewalks shall be constructed to the dimensions shown in the Appendix. Sidewalks shall be a minimum of four feet wide, except along collector and arterial streets and adjacent to shopping centers, schools, recreation areas and other community facilities, where they shall be a minimum of five feet wide.
G. 
Where a sidewalk abuts the curb and a building, wall or other permanent structure, a premolded expansion joint 1/4 inch in thickness shall be placed between the curb and the sidewalk for the full length of such permanent structure. Sidewalks shall be constructed in separate slabs 30 feet in length except for closures. The slabs shall be separated by a transverse premolded expansion joint 1/4 inch in thickness. The slabs between expansion joints shall be divided into blocks five feet in length by scoring transversely.
H. 
Sidewalks shall have a minimum thickness of four inches where used solely for pedestrian traffic and a minimum thickness of six inches at all driveways. Welded wire fabric (66-1010) shall be provided in all sidewalk construction at driveways.
I. 
Excavations shall be made to the required depth, and a layer of crushed stone or cinders not less than four inches thick shall be placed and thoroughly compacted prior to laying the sidewalk.
J. 
All sidewalks shall be constructed in accordance with the Americans with Disability Act ("ADA") Standards for Accessible Design, as may be amended from time to time, and all applicable regulations and policies adopted by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation to implement the same.
[Added 6-30-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-01]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 137-44, Stormwater drainage, erosion and sedimentation control, as amended, was repealed 12-19-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-10.
[Added 3-29-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-5; 12-19-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-10]
A. 
Riparian Buffer Zone (RBZ). Areas immediately adjacent to the Township's wetlands and watercourses where the drainage area to the watercourses exceeds 75 acres shall be defined as the "Riparian Buffer Zone," and such zone shall be shown on all subdivision and land development plans, both preliminary and final. The RBZ shall include three subzones, identified as "Zone 1," "Zone 2" and "Zone 3," extending landward from the top of the streambank as identified in this subsection, to which the following regulations shall apply:
(1) 
Zone 1, a fifteen-foot setback zone, measured from the top of the bank of the water body, where no disturbance of vegetation and soil except for restoration shall occur, in order to shade the stream with natural vegetation, to provide a source of numerous other organic inputs to the aquatic system, to anchor the streambank and floodplain area and to consume and otherwise remove nitrogen, sediment and other substances which can adversely affect stream systems.
(2) 
Zone 2, managed buffer zone, extending outward from Zone 1 a distance equal to 35 feet or to the one-hundred-year floodplain boundary, whichever is larger, where disturbance of natural vegetative cover shall be limited to selective logging and other activities which minimally disrupt existing tree cover and soil mantle, in order to maximize filtering and overall physical removal of particulate-form pollutants from runoff-generated upgradient and to promote subsurface vegetative uptake of nitrogen and other nonparticulate elements from stormwater generated upgradient.
(3) 
Zone 3, a fifty-foot zone extending outward from Zone 2; Zone 3 is defined in those cases where upslope areas adjacent to the RBZ are being disturbed during the land development process and where direct discharge of stormwater would otherwise occur; Zone 3 must include level spreading devices as necessary to ensure that any directly discharged stormwater flows are properly distributed as sheet flow and channelization and point source discharges are avoided.
(4) 
Riparian buffers shall be interconnected whenever possible so as to increase the overall benefit of these corridors.
(5) 
An RBZ adjacent to "high quality waters" and "exceptional value waters" designated under the PADEP Chapter 93 Rules and Regulations shall be subject to the provisions of the PADEP "Special Protection Waters Implementation Handbook" and its amendments.
[Added 3-29-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-5]
A. 
Facilities not accepted for dedication by Caln Township.
(1) 
It is the intent of this section that, with respect to stormwater management facilities on a project site as shown on the final plan that are not proposed for dedication to Caln Township, or which the Township will not accept for dedication for public maintenance, such facilities shall become the permanent responsibility of the individual property owners, homeowners' association, condominium association or other entity on whose property such stormwater management facilities are located.
(2) 
When stormwater management facilities are proposed to be conveyed to, owned and maintained by a homeowners' association, condominium association or similar entity, as a condition of the Township's approval of the final plan, the developer, in its capacity of the declarant, shall execute and record a declaration of covenants, restrictions and easements, which shall be recorded with the final plan, setting forth such maintenance responsibilities of the declarant and its successors and assigns. The declaration shall be acceptable in form and content to the Township Solicitor and, where applicable, shall comply in all respects with the Pennsylvania Uniform Planned Community Act.[1] In such a case, the declaration shall grant to the Township all rights accorded by § 705 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code[2] relating to the maintenance of stormwater management facilities should the private entity fail to adequately maintain them.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 68 Pa.C.S.A. § 5101 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10705.
(3) 
When any individual lot in a subdivision or land development contains or is proposed to contain individual on-lot stormwater management facilities, the subdivision and/or land development plan shall contain a note in a form and content satisfactory to the Township Solicitor designating the responsibility for construction and/or maintenance of the on-lot facilities and, in the event that the responsible person or entity fails to do so, granting to the Township the right, but not the duty, to enter upon the premises to repair or restore said facilities, to charge and assess the costs thereof to the owner and to enforce said charges and assessments by lien upon the property. In addition, the deed for each lot shall contain a covenant binding on the grantee and all successors in interest in and to the lot designating the responsibility for construction and/or maintenance of the on-lot facilities. No on-lot stormwater facilities approved as part of the final plan shall be removed or altered in any manner by the owner without the expressed written approval of the Board of Commissioners. The deed restriction shall read substantially, as follows:
  "UNDER AND SUBJECT, nevertheless, to the following conditions and restrictions: Prior to the construction of a dwelling or any other earthmoving activities, grantee shall construct the permanent stormwater management facilities as shown on the stormwater management plan filed with the final plan, prepared by ____________, a professional engineer licensed in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, dated ____________ and last revised ______________, and approved by the Caln Township Board of Commissioners; thereafter, the grantee, his/her/their heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns (the "owner"), at his/her/their sole cost and expense, shall maintain, repair, restore and replace, as necessary, said stormwater management facilities on the lot in accordance with said final plan, so that the facilities shall at all times continue to operate and function in the same manner and capacity as they were designed. No on-lot stormwater facilities approved as part of the final plan shall be removed or altered in any manner by the owner without the expressed prior written approval of the Caln Township Board of Commissioners. In the event of the failure of the owner to comply with these conditions and restrictions, Caln Township shall have the right, but not the obligation, to cause said stormwater management facilities to be maintained, repaired, restored or replaced, as necessary, and the costs thereof shall be assessed to the owner; said assessment shall also be a charge and may be filed as a lien upon the property herein, which shall remain of record until paid in full. Caln Township, before it may exercise this right, shall notify the owner, by certified mail or overnight delivery service with positive tracking, of its intention to take the aforenoted action (the "notice"). The notice shall set forth in what manner the owner has neglected the maintenance, repair, replacement and/or restoration of the stormwater management facilities and, if the owner fails to correct or repair the deficiencies designated in the notice from Caln Township within the time specified in the notice, then, in such event, Caln Township shall exercise this right. In addition to filing a lien against the property, Caln Township shall have the right to pursue any other remedies, at law or in equity, against the owner."
(4) 
Required maintenance shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(a) 
Liming and fertilizing vegetated channels and other areas according to Township specifications.
(b) 
Reestablishment of vegetation by seeding and mulching or sodding of scoured area or areas where vegetation has not been successfully established.
(c) 
Mowing, as necessary, to maintain adequate strands of grass and to control weeds. Chemical weed control may be used when state regulations are met.
(d) 
Removal of silt from all permanent structures which trap silt or sediment in order to keep the material from building up in the grass waterways and impeding their capacity.
(e) 
Replacement of pipes and structures, if deemed necessary by the Township.
(f) 
Removal of silt from all permanent drainage structures in order to maintain the design storage volumes.
(g) 
Regular inspection by Township codes officers of the areas in question to assure proper maintenance and care. Upon presentation of proper credentials, such duly authorized Township codes officers may enter at reasonable times upon any such property to ascertain compliance with this section.
B. 
Maintenance of existing facilities. Stormwater management facilities existing on the effective date of this section on individual lots which have not been accepted by the Township or for which maintenance responsibility has not been assumed by a private entity such as a homeowners' association shall be maintained by the individual property owners. Such maintenance shall include at a minimum those items set forth in this § 137-44, Subsection A(4). If the Township determines at any time that any permanent stormwater management facility has been eliminated, altered, blocked through the erection of structures or the deposit of materials or is being inadequately maintained, the Township shall notify the property owner of the corrective measures which are required and provide for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed 60 days, within which the property owner shall take such corrective action. If the property owner does not take the required corrective action, the Township may either perform the work or contract for the performance of the work and bill the property owner for the cost of the work, plus a penalty of 10% of the cost of the work. If such bill is not paid by the property owner within 30 days, the Township may file a municipal claim against the property upon which the work was performed in accordance with applicable laws.
C. 
Alteration or removal of stormwater management facilities. No person shall modify, remove, fill, landscape or alter stormwater management facilities which may have been installed on a property unless a stormwater management plan revision has been submitted to and approved by the Board of Commissioners, with the advice of the Township Engineer, which authorizes such modification, removal, filling, landscaping or alteration. No person shall place any structure, fill, landscaping or vegetation within a stormwater management facility or within a drainage easement which has the effect of or to any degree limits or alters the functioning of the facility or easement in accordance with its design and intended function.
[1]
Editor's Note: Former § 137-45, Erosion and sediment control, was repealed 12-19-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-10.
A. 
In all cases wherein trunk line sanitary sewer facilities are available, the developer shall be required to install sanitary sewers and connect the same to such trunk line sewer, irrespective of the size of the lots included on said plot plan.
B. 
If no such existing sanitary sewer facilities are available but will become available within a reasonable time, sanitary sewers necessary to serve the entire development, together with all necessary laterals extending from the main sewer to the street right-of-way, shall be installed and capped. In such event, the developer may install on-site disposal units, provided that they are so located as to permit easy and the least expensive connection to the sewer when it becomes usable.
C. 
Design of sanitary sewers shall be in accordance with specifications provided by and be subject to the review of the Caln Township Municipal Authority in order to ensure compliance with the standards employed for the Township sewer system.
D. 
Design of sanitary sewer systems shall also be subject to the review and approval of such county or commonwealth regulatory authorities as have jurisdiction in such matters. Evidence of such review and approval shall be presented with the final plan.
[Amended 3-31-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-3]
A. 
Purpose. The regulations established in this section have been adopted to require that:
(1) 
All buildings which require fire suppression system shall be serviced by both a domestic water service line and a fire suppression service line.
(2) 
In each case where water is to be supplied to a subdivision or land development by means of a public water supply system, such system meets minimum standards controlling water storage and production capabilities for domestic and fire use for the protection of the health, safety and welfare of all Township residents affected.
B. 
Fire suppression systems. All buildings which require a fire suppression system shall be serviced with both a domestic water service line and a fire suppression service line from the public water service main to the building in question. The fire suppression service line shall be designed in accordance with the Township Building Code, Fire Code and the latest edition of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Code and shall be metered in accordance with the requirements of the water service provider. All fire suppression service lines shall be approved by the water service provider supplying the water prior to land development approval.
C. 
Public water supply system. If the applicant for subdivision or land development approval proposes that the subdivision or land development be served by public water, the applicant shall:
(1) 
File with the preliminary subdivision application or, when no preliminary plan is filed, the final plan application, a report from the public water company proposing to provide public water which describes the volume of flow, static pressure and residual pressure at the fire hydrant nearest to the proposed subdivision.
(2) 
Based upon the foregoing information, submit a hydraulic study which demonstrates what volume of water and pressures are to be provided at the most critical points within the subdivision. Critical points shall be determined by the developer's engineer, following consultation with the public water company, determined on the basis of the intensity of development and all other applicable engineering criteria.
D. 
Review procedure for proposed public water supply system.
(1) 
The submissions required by Subsection C of this § 137-47 shall be reviewed by the Township Engineer in conjunction with the subdivision or land development application, who shall make a recommendation to the Board of Commissioners with respect to the applicant's compliance with the requirements of this section and the adequacy of the public water supply system. The Board expressly reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to require the applicant, at the applicant's cost and expense, to provide an independent engineering study and report verifying the adequacy of the proposed public system to supply adequate public water for purposes described in Subsection A of this § 137-47 to the proposed subdivision or land development.
(2) 
Submission by the applicant of the required report, hydraulic study and plan shall be considered essential, and no subdivision or land development application, whether preliminary or final, shall be accepted for review or granted approval without such submission. Modifications required by the Township Engineer to any proposed water distribution system or required as a result of an independent engineering study shall, if based upon reasonable engineering or design criteria, be a condition of any subdivision or land development approval.
E. 
Hydrants.
(1) 
Hydrants shall be located in a manner to provide complete accessibility and to minimize the possibility of damage from motor vehicles or injury to pedestrians. Hydrants shall be no less than 15 inches and no more than 30 inches from the finished grade to the fire department connection invert, and shall be equipped with a five-inch Storz locking coupling and two two-and-one-half-inch NST couplings. The five-inch Storz locking coupling shall face the street. The hydrant barrel shall be set so that no portion of the pumper or hose nozzle cap will be less than 24 inches from the gutter face of the curb. When set in lawn space between the curb and the sidewalk, if any, or between the curb and the lot line, no portion of the hydrant or nozzle cap shall be within six inches of the sidewalk.
(2) 
Fire hydrant distribution/locations shall be in accordance with the International Fire Code, adopted by Chapter 83 of the Caln Code, and all of its appendixes.
F. 
Connections for use by Fire Department.
(1) 
All water connections for use by the Fire Department shall be at least 25 feet from the building. Each connection shall be a five-inch Storz locking coupling located no less than 25 inches and no more than 35 inches from the finished grade to the bottom of the elbow. A thirty-degree elbow facing down and towards the street shall be required.
(2) 
A Knox box shall be required to be located on all commercial, industrial and institutional buildings. It shall be located on the front of the building no further than 10 feet from the front entrance, and the bottom of the box shall be no higher than five feet from finished grade.
(3) 
All hydrant and other required connections shall be subject to the review and approval of the Township's Fire Marshal or his/her designee.
G. 
Approvals conditioned upon adequacy of public water supply. No subdivision or land development application proposing a public water supply system shall be granted preliminary or final approval unless the applicant demonstrates by a fair preponderance of the credible evidence full compliance with the provisions of this § 137-47.
A. 
Streetlights shall be provided with the construction of all new streets when required. A plan for streetlights, approved by the utility company, shall be provided by the developer to the Planning Commission for review and the Board of Commissioners for approval upon submission of final subdivision or land development plans.
B. 
As a minimum, streetlights shall be provided at:
(1) 
All street intersections.
(2) 
Changes in grade in excess of 5%.
(3) 
All other locations considered hazardous by the Township Engineer.
C. 
The minimum light source for streetlighting shall produce 4,000 lumens.
D. 
Style and type of fixture shall be subject to the approval of the Board.
E. 
For each dwelling unit, a dusk-to-dawn light shall be provided in the front yard, outside the right-of-way but within five feet from the right-of-way line. The lights shall be energy-efficient and meet the illuminating Engineering Society's (IES's) latest illumination standards for residential uses. The IES standard in effect at the time of final plan approval shall apply. The details of this item shall be finalized prior to final plan approval.
[Added 1-14-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-01]
A. 
All ground surfaces in the development that are neither paved nor covered with some other solid material shall be protected with vegetative growth that is capable of preventing soil erosion and the emanation of dust during dry weather.
B. 
A planting plan which conforms to the requirements of this chapter and to the Caln Township Zoning Ordinance[1] shall be required for all major land developments. The planting plan shall show the location, size and type of all trees, shrubs, vegetative screens and ground covers proposed to be installed in said land development.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 155, Zoning.
A. 
No portions of tree masses or trees with a caliper of four inches or greater shall be cleared unless clearly necessary for effectuation of the proposed subdivision or development. Developers shall make all reasonable efforts to harmonize their plans with the preservation of existing trees.
B. 
Where required by this chapter or Chapter 155, shade trees shall be planted with a minimum caliper of three inches at forty-foot intervals, or as otherwise specified by the Township Engineer.
[Amended 6-10-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-7]
C. 
Unless otherwise specified by the Township Engineer, shade trees shall be provided and placed outside of the right-of-way line on the lot, within 1 0 feet of the right-of-way line and outside of the clear-sight triangle, measured along the center line of intersecting streets to a point 75 feet from the center of the intersection.
[Amended 6-10-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-7]
D. 
Shade trees shall be planted during the spring, summer or fall seasons, but in no case shall they be planted during severe weather and soil conditions which would jeopardize or prohibit long-term growth of the tree, as determined by the Township Engineer with the recommendation of a licensed landscape architect. Shade trees shall include the species recommended by Chapter 155 of this Code or otherwise approved by the Township Engineer.
[Added 6-10-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-7]
At least two off-street parking spaces with access to a public street shall be provided for each proposed dwelling unit. Where such access is to other than a residential service street, adequate turnaround space shall be provided on the lot.
All other utility lines, including but not limited to electric, gas, streetlight supply and telephone, shall be placed underground. Installation of all utilities shall be in strict accordance with the engineering standards and specifications of the Township, municipal authority or other public utility concerned.
Street name signs shall be put at all intersections and shall be visible from both directions when approaching an intersection. Generally, the sign shall be parallel to the street that it is identifying. The sign shall be of rustproof material or shall be adequately protected against corrosion and shall be of a type and size with mounting and supports as specified by the Board. Where required by the Board, the developer shall provide and install standard traffic control signs, including but not limited to stop signs, yield signs, no-parking signs and speed limit signs.
[Added 9-29-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-13]
The owner and/or developer of any building or structure required to have a truss emblem on the building or at the entrance to a residential subdivision, condominium or apartment complex under Chapter 85 of the Caln Code shall include on the preliminary land development plan the design and location for the truss emblem. The Township Fire Marshal must approve the design and location for the truss emblem prior to preliminary land development approval.
[Amended 1-9-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-2]
A. 
Upon the completion of all site improvements required by the final plan approval, as specified in the Caln Township Code and the conditions of such approval, the applicant or developer (if a successor in interest to the applicant) shall supply Caln Township with a complete set of plans for the entire tract showing all lot lines as deeded and all surface and subsurface improvements as actually constructed. The as-built plans shall be prepared at the same scale as the approved final plan.
B. 
The applicant or developer (if a successor in interest to the applicant) shall submit the as-built plan to Caln Township for review and consideration prior to the acceptance of any municipal improvements within the development. The as-built plan shall contain the following information:
(1) 
Street cartway and right-of-way, including the width, horizontal curves, vertical curves, curb radius, transitions for the cartway and curb, and center line road grades;
(2) 
Sidewalk and handicapped ramps, including the location, width and alignment;
(3) 
Driveways and curb cuts, including the locations and widths;
(4) 
Curbs, including elevations along all transitions involving horizontal curves and intersections;
(5) 
Street monuments with elevations;
(6) 
Public utilities, including gas, electric, cable and telephone;
(7) 
Stormwater management facilities, including all detention basins, retention basins, infiltration trenches, pipes, catch basins, manholes, outlet structures, emergency spillways, berms and all other structures, with locations, elevations, dimensions, widths, lengths, slopes, inverts, volume and material;
(8) 
Erosion and sedimentation control facilities, including location, type and specifications for permanent facilities;
(9) 
Sanitary sewer facilities, including treatment facilities, pump stations, collection and conveyance facilities, manholes, clean-outs and laterals, with locations, dimensions, widths, lengths, slopes, inverts and material;
(10) 
Water supply facilities, including treatment facilities, booster pump stations, mains, valves, fire hydrants, service lines, and connections, with locations, dimensions, widths, lengths, slopes, inverts and material;
(11) 
Streetlights, including location, type, size and intensity;
(12) 
Street and traffic control signs, including location, type and size;
(13) 
Street addresses for each lot or building;
(14) 
Landscaping and planting materials, including location, diameter and size;
(15) 
Easements and rights-of-way, including location, width, description and purpose;
(16) 
Tract boundaries and lot lines, including locations and descriptions;
(17) 
Any additional information required by the Caln Township Engineer.
C. 
The Caln Township Engineer shall review the as-built plans to determine if they are complete and acceptable. Upon determining if the as-built plans are acceptable, the applicant or developer shall provide Caln Township with the following:
(1) 
One Mylar of the complete set of as-built plans;
(2) 
Three copies of the complete set of as-built plans; and
(3) 
One electronic copy of the complete set of as-built plans, digitally formatted on a program acceptable to the Caln Township Engineer.
A. 
When the developer has completed all the required improvements and has submitted the as-built plan in accordance with § 137-54, he shall notify the Board of Commissioners, in writing by certified or registered mail, and shall also send a copy of the letter to the Township Engineer. The Board of Commissioners shall, within 10 days after receipt of such letter, authorize the Township Engineer to inspect the required improvements. The Township Engineer shall promptly file a report, in writing, with the Board of Commissioners and shall mail a copy of the report to the developer by certified or registered mail. The report shall be made and mailed within 30 days after receipt by the Township Engineer of the aforesaid authorization from the Board. The Township Commissioners shall then indicate approval or rejection of said improvements, either in whole or in part, and, if not approved, state reasons for the rejection. The Board of Commissioners shall immediately notify the developer, in writing by certified or registered mail, of its actions.
B. 
If the Board of Commissioners or the Township Engineer fails to comply with the time limitation provisions contained herein, all improvements will be deemed to have been approved, and the developer shall be released from all liability, pursuant to its performance guaranty bond, or other security agreement.
C. 
If any portion of said improvements is not approved or is rejected by the Board of Commissioners, the developer shall proceed to complete or correct the same, and, upon completion, the same procedure of notification outlined herein shall be followed.
D. 
Nothing herein, however, shall be construed as limitation of the developer's right to contest or question, by legal proceedings or otherwise, any determination of the Board of Commissioners.
E. 
In the event that any improvements which may be required have not been installed as provided in this chapter or in accordance with the approved final plan, the Board of Commissioners has the power to enforce any corporate bond or other security by appropriate legal and equitable remedies. If proceeds of such bond or other security are insufficient to pay the cost of installing or making repairs or corrections to all the improvements covered by said security, the Board of Commissioners may, at its option, install part of such improvements in all or part of the subdivision or land development and may institute appropriate legal or equitable action to recover the moneys necessary to complete the remainder of the improvements. All of the proceeds resulting from the security of any legal or equitable action brought against the developer shall be used solely for the installation of the improvements covered by such security, and not for any other purpose.
Every street, park or other improvement shown on a subdivision plan and which is recorded on the subdivision plan shall be deemed to be a private street, park or improvement until such time as the same has been offered for dedication to the Township and accepted by ordinance or resolution or by deed of dedication accepted by the Board.
[Amended 5-26-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-6]
The Board shall require that an eighteen-month guaranty, in the form of a bond, be provided from the date of acceptance of all public improvements to be dedicated to the Township. The bond shall be furnished under such conditions and form and with surety as shall be approved by the Board to guarantee the maintenance of all streets, storm drainage systems and sanitary sewers for a period of 18 months and shall be in an amount equal to 10% of the cost of such improvements.