Village of Pleasant Prairie, WI
Kenosha County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
General. The type, location and arrangement of public streets in any proposed land division or development shall generally conform to the type, location and arrangement of public streets shown on the Kenosha County Jurisdictional Highway System Plan, the neighborhood sketch plan, or any other Comprehensive Plan component of the Village of Pleasant Prairie. When such plans have not been completed or are insufficiently detailed or are outdated, decisions regarding the type, location and arrangement of public streets shall take into account the following factors, among others: the type, location, arrangement and connectivity of existing and proposed streets; the topography; natural features, such as streams, wetlands, floodplains and woodlands; the proposed use of the land to be served by such streets; the needs of adjoining areas; municipal services' efficiency for snow plowing and garbage; accessibility for police, fire and rescue vehicles/personnel; and traffic safety. Public streets shall be located and arranged so as to provide each proposed buildable lot with the required frontage on a public street.
[Amended 5-7-2007 by Ord. No. 07-20]
B. 
Arterial streets. Arterial streets shall be arranged to provide ready access to centers of employment, governmental activity, shopping and recreation and to arterial streets with which they connect, both within and outside the Village. Arterial streets shall be appropriately related to existing and proposed collector streets. Insofar as practicable, they shall be continuous and in alignment with existing or planned streets with which they are to connect in linear fashion.
C. 
Collector streets. Collector streets shall be arranged to collect traffic from residential areas and to convey such traffic smoothly and efficiently to existing and proposed arterial streets. Collector streets shall be appropriately related to the existing or future mass transportation system, to special traffic generators, such as schools, churches and shopping centers, to concentrations of population and to the arterial and collector streets with which they connect.
D. 
Minor streets. Minor streets shall be arranged to serve residential areas and other areas of dispersed development. The arrangement of minor streets shall conform to the topography, discourage use by through traffic, permit the design of efficient sanitary sewerage system facilities, water system facilities and storm sewer and drainage system facilities and require the minimum street area necessary to provide safe and convenient access to abutting properties.
E. 
Extension to boundary. Public streets shall generally extend to the boundary lines of the parcel or tract being divided, unless the topography or other physical conditions prevent such extension, or unless such extension is not necessary or desirable for the appropriate layout of the particular land division or for the appropriate development of adjacent parcels or tracts.
F. 
Arterial street protection. Whenever an existing or proposed arterial street is located adjacent to or within a proposed land division, adequate protection of residential lots, limitation of access and separation of through traffic from local traffic shall be provided. Permanent screening or landscape plantings in a restricted nonaccess area along any property line adjacent to an arterial street shall be required.
G. 
Stream and lake shores. A minimum of 60 feet of public access to the low-water mark of navigable streams or lakes shall be provided on all plats and certified survey maps at intervals of not more than 1/2 mile, as required by § 236.16(3), Wis. Stats.
H. 
Nonaccess areas. The Village shall be granted control, under conditions approved by the Village Board, of all nonaccess areas as required by Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code provided on any plat or certified survey map.
I. 
Off-street parking, loading and service areas. Off-street parking, loading and service areas shall be provided in park and recreational, institutional, commercial and industrial areas as required by Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code unless specifically waived by the Village Board.
J. 
Street names. Street names shall be assigned or approved by the Village. Such names shall not duplicate or be confusingly similar to the names of existing streets in the Village, and numerical street names shall be utilized whenever possible.
[Amended 5-7-2007 by Ord. No. 07-20]
Whenever a proposed land division or development contains or is adjacent to a limited access highway or railroad, the design shall be in accordance with the requirements of this section.
A. 
Planting strip. When a proposed development abuts, or when lots within a proposed land division abut the right-of-way of an existing or proposed limited-access highway or railroad, a planting strip at least 35 feet in depth shall be provided adjacent to the highway and 50 feet in depth adjacent to a railroad. This strip shall be a part of the platted lots, and the following restriction language or similar shall appear on the face of the plat or map with respect to such strip: "This strip is reserved for the construction of a berm and planting of trees and shrubs, and the building of structures hereon is prohibited." Only the Village Board has the authority to release the easement requirement of a planting strip.
B. 
Parallel streets. Commercial and industrial properties adjacent to an existing or proposed limited access highway or railroad shall be provided with access to a street located approximately parallel to and at a suitable distance from such highway or railroad right-of-way, not less than 150 feet, or as identified in Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code, to permit the appropriate use of the land between such street and the highway or railroad.
C. 
Intersection of parallel streets. A street which is parallel to an existing or proposed limited access highway or railroad shall not intersect a street that crosses such highway or railroad within a distance of 250 feet from such highway or railroad right-of-way. In determining the distance of such an intersection from the highway or railroad right-of-way, due consideration shall be given to the minimum distance required for the desirable approach gradients.
D. 
Minor streets. The location of minor streets adjacent and parallel to existing or proposed arterial streets or railroad rights-of-way shall be avoided in residential areas.
A. 
Minimum width. The minimum width of all proposed public street rights-of-way and roadways shall be as specified in applicable Comprehensive Plan components, such as neighborhood sketch plans or the Kenosha County Jurisdictional Highway System Plan, or as specified in Chapter 405, Public Improvement Projects, whichever is greater.
B. 
Cross sections. Public street cross sections shall be in accordance with the minimum requirements of Chapter 405, Public Improvement Projects. Cross sections for freeways, expressway, boulevards, and parkways shall be based upon detailed engineering studies. (See Chapter 405 for illustrations of typical urban street cross sections, which are incorporated by reference.)
C. 
Culs-de-sac. Cul-de-sac streets that are designed to have one end permanently closed shall not exceed 800 feet in length. (The length of a cul-de-sac street shall be measured along its center lines, from the center line of the intersecting street to the end of the cul-de-sac right-of-way.) (See Chapter 405 for an illustration of a typical urban cul-de-sac with center island design.)
D. 
Temporary termination. The temporary termination of a public street that is intended to be extended at a later date shall be accomplished by constructing a temporary cul-de-sac as outlined below:
[Amended 3-3-2008 by Ord. No. 08-16]
(1) 
The divider/developer shall dedicate the required public right-of-way areas to the Village for the future public streets within a development. For temporary, dead-ended streets, the divider/developer shall also dedicate a temporary public street, access and maintenance easement to the Village and construct the temporary street cul-de-sac. Land for the temporary cul-de-sac shall come from within the development property or by acquiring an off-site easement from an adjacent property owner.
(2) 
Temporary public street areas shall be constructed to meet the Village specifications for a typical urban cross-section profile as illustrated in Chapter 405, with following exceptions:
(a) 
Temporary cul-de-sac rights-of-way may be reduced to 100 feet in diameter;
(b) 
Temporary culs-de-sac shall not have a cul-de-sac planting island;
(c) 
Temporary culs-de-sac shall not have curb and gutter installed along the cul-de-sac bulb; and
(d) 
Temporary culs-de-sac shall not have street trees installed along the cul-de-sac bulb.
(3) 
Temporary culs-de-sac shall comply with the required public improvement paving schedule, unless the Village Administrator allows for the temporary cul(s)-de-sac to remain gravel while the project is between construction stages of the development.
(4) 
Temporary cul-de-sac street improvements shall be removed and the required street improvements shall be installed by the adjacent off-site divider/developer/owner at the time of the future street extension.
(5) 
Temporary easement areas relating to the temporary cul-de-sacs shall be vacated by the Village Board when future off-site development completes its second phase of required public street improvements or the second stage of the next stage of the development is completed, inspected, accepted and dedicated to the Village.
(6) 
The owner/developer shall be responsible for the Village's costs to install street signs that indicate that the dead-ended street is temporary and that the street is intended to be extended in the future to serve additional vacant lands.
E. 
Street grades.
(1) 
Maximum. Unless necessitated by exceptional topography, and subject to approval of the Village Board, the vertical center-line grade of any public street or public way shall not exceed the following:
(a) 
Arterial streets: 5%.
(b) 
Collector streets: 7%.
(c) 
Minor streets and alleys: 10%.
(d) 
Pedestrianways: 10% unless steps or stairs of acceptable design are provided.
(e) 
In no case shall the grade of any street exceed 10%.
(2) 
Minimum. In no case shall the vertical center-line grade of any public street or public way be less than 4/10 of 1%.
(3) 
Relationship to grading. Within the limits established by Subsection E(1) above, street grades shall be established so as to avoid unnecessary grading.
F. 
Centering of pavement. All residential public street roadways shall be centered within the street right-of-way.
G. 
Radius of curves.
(1) 
Deflection of center line. Whenever a street center line deflects by more than 2°, it shall follow a circular curve having a radius of not less than the following:
(a) 
Arterial streets and highways: 500 feet.
(b) 
Collector streets: 300 feet.
(c) 
Minor streets: 150 feet.
(2) 
Tangent between reverse curves. A tangent of at least 100 feet in length shall be provided between reverse circular curves on all streets.
(3) 
Culs-de-sac. Cud-de-sac turnarounds shall be connected to the approach street by reverse circular curves having a radius of not less than 30 feet.
H. 
Center-line profile.
(1) 
Vertical curves. Whenever there is a change in street center-line profile of more than 1%, a vertical curve shall be provided. Vertical curve requirements shall be in accordance with Wisconsin Department of Transportation requirements. Minimum vertical curve lengths shall provide a sight distance of not less than 300 feet, measured from an eye level of four feet high, with a clear view of an obstacle not over two feet high.
(2) 
Crowns. Unless otherwise approved, public residential streets shall have a center-line crown. Offset crowns or continuous cross-slopes will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
I. 
Roadway elevations/floodplains. Elevations of public street roadways passing through floodplain areas shall be designed in the following manner:
(1) 
Arterial streets and collector streets shall be designed so that they will not be overtopped by the fifty-year recurrence interval flood.
(2) 
Minor streets shall be designed so that they will not be overtopped by the ten-year recurrence interval flood.
J. 
Bridges and culverts. In addition to meeting other applicable requirements, all new and replacement bridges and culverts over navigable waterways, including pedestrian and other minor bridges, shall be designed to accommodate the one-hundred-year recurrence interval flood event, as established in the applicable federal flood insurance study, SEWRPC report or Village stormwater management plan, without raising the peak stage by more than 0.01 foot. Larger permissible flood stage increases may be allowed by the Village Board where topographic and land use conditions can accommodate the increased flood stage without additional flood damage, provided that flood easements have been secured from all property owners affected by such excess stage increases or other appropriate measures have been taken to protect the Village from possible liability. Such bridges and culverts shall be so designed and constructed as to facilitate the passage of ice flows and other debris. All new and replacement bridges shall be constructed in accordance with all applicable statutes and state and federal rules and regulations, and plans shall be submitted to the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to assure compliance therewith.
K. 
Half streets. Where an existing dedicated or platted half street is adjacent to the tract or parcel being divided, the other half of the street shall be dedicated and improved at the cost of the divider. The platting of new half streets shall not be permitted.
L. 
Alleys. Alleys shall not be allowed in residential subdivisions or large lot subdivisions.
A. 
Right angle. Streets shall intersect one another at angles as close to 90° as topography and other limiting factors of good engineering design permit.
B. 
Maximum number of streets. The maximum number of streets converging at one intersection shall be two.
C. 
Arterial streets. The number of intersections on arterial streets shall be held to a minimum. Location of intersections shall be pursuant to § 420-45 of Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance.
D. 
Property line curves. Property lines at street intersections shall be rounded and shall follow a circular curve with a minimum radius of 15 feet. Radii of 20 feet are desirable. Radii at intersections of minor or collector streets with arterial streets shall be determined on a case-by-case basis, with a radius of 20 feet being the minimum. Radii at driveway intersections of minor or collector streets for commercial or industrial access shall be at a radius of 40 feet being the minimum.
E. 
Continuation of minor streets. If the center lines of minor streets approaching an arterial or collector street from opposite sides would be within 250 feet on one another, measured along the center line of the arterial or collector street, then the location of one or both of such streets shall be adjusted so that a single intersection is formed.
A. 
General requirements. The widths, lengths and shapes of blocks shall be suited to the planned use of the land, zoning requirements, need for convenient access, control and safety of street traffic and the limitations and opportunities of topography.
B. 
Length. The length of blocks in residential areas shall not generally be less than 600 feet nor more than 1,500 feet unless otherwise dictated by exceptional topography or other limiting factors of good engineering design.
C. 
Width. Blocks shall generally be wide enough to provide for two tiers of lots of appropriate depth except where an alternative configuration is required to separate residential development from through traffic or a railroad or where good urban planning design provides other acceptable alternatives. The width of lots or parcels which are proposed to be developed for commercial or industrial purposes shall be adequate to provide for off-street service and parking required by the contemplated use and to satisfy the applicable zoning restrictions for such use.
D. 
Pedestrianways. Pedestrianways/bicycle paths of not less than 10 feet or sidewalks of not less than five feet in width may be required near the center of and entirely across any block over 900 feet in length where deemed essential by the Village Board to provide adequate pedestrian circulation or access to schools, parks, churches, transportation facilities or similar places used by the public. Sidewalks of not less than 10 feet in width may be required near shopping centers or other commercial uses.
E. 
Utility easements. Utility easements for electric power, gas, telephone and other communications facilities shall be located along rear lot lines and along side lot lines at mid-block locations, whenever practicable.
A. 
General. The size, shape and orientation of lots shall be appropriate for the location of the land division and for the type of development and use contemplated. The lots shall generally be designed to provide aesthetically pleasing building sites and a proper architectural setting for the buildings contemplated.
B. 
Side lot lines. Side lot lines shall generally be at right angles to straight street lines or radial to curved street lines on which the lots face. Lot lines shall follow municipal boundary lines rather than cross them.
C. 
Double and reverse frontage lots. Double frontage and reverse frontage lots shall generally be prohibited except where necessary to provide separation of residential or commercial development from through traffic or railroads or to overcome specific disadvantages of topography and orientation.
D. 
Public street frontage. Every buildable lot shall front on or abut a public street for a distance of at least 60 feet or such lesser distance as specifically allowed by Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code; provided, however, that not withstanding the foregoing language, nothing in this subsection shall require that a buildable lot have any public street frontage if and to the extent that the regulations of a planned development zoning district under Chapter 420 of the Village Code provide for development supported by an approved system of private roads.
[Amended 5-7-2007 by Ord. No. 07-20]
E. 
Area and dimensions. The area and dimensions of all lots shall satisfy all applicable requirements of Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code. Buildable lots that will not be served by public sanitary sewerage system facilities shall be of sufficient size to permit the use of an on-site soil absorption sewage disposal system designed in accordance with Ch. COMM 83, Wis. Adm. Code.
F. 
Depth. The depth of lots shall be a minimum of 125 feet. Excessive depth in relation to width shall be avoided, and a proportion of two to one shall be considered a desirable ratio of depth to width under normal conditions. The depth of lots proposed to be developed for park and recreational, institutional, commercial or industrial uses shall be adequate to provide for the off-street parking, loading and service areas required by the use contemplated.
G. 
Width. The width of lots shall satisfy the requirements of Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code. (See also Subsection E above.)
H. 
Corner lots. Corner lots shall have a width at least 20 feet greater than the minimum required width of interior lots to permit adequate building setbacks from side streets.
I. 
Shape. The shape of lots shall generally be rectangular, but lots located on curves or culs-de-sac shall be an exception. The creation of flag lots shall not be permitted.
J. 
Cul-de-sac lots. The street frontage of cul-de-sac lots shall satisfy the applicable regulations of Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code.
K. 
Water's edge. Lands lying between the mean line and the water's edge, and any otherwise unplattable lands which lie between a proposed land division and the water's edge, shall be included as part of lots, outlots or public dedications in any plat or certified survey map abutting a navigable lake or stream.
L. 
Principal buildings. No more than one principal building shall be permitted on a lot, except in an approved planned development or as specifically allowed by Chapter 420, Zoning Ordinance, of the Village Code.
M. 
Restrictions prohibiting development. Whenever a lot appearing on a final plat or certified survey map is not intended to be buildable, or is intended to be buildable only upon certain conditions, an express restriction to that effect, running with the land and enforceable by the Village, shall appear on the face of the plat or certified survey map.
N. 
Shoreland areas. All lots created by a plat or certified survey map shall be located a minimum of 75 feet from the ordinary high-water mark of a navigable waterway. Outlots shall be designated on the plat or certified survey map for open space, conservancy lands and shoreland jurisdictional areas.
O. 
Number of lots per access connection. Each residential subdivision or large lot subdivision should generally have roadway access or provide access onto an arterial, collector or minor street as outlined below:
(1) 
One to 20 lots require a minimum of one access point;
(2) 
Twenty-one to 80 lots require a minimum of two access points; and
(3) 
Eighty-one or more lots require a minimum of three access points.
Building setback lines appropriate to the location and type of development contemplated, which are more restrictive than the regulations of the zoning district in which the land division is located, may be required by the Village Board to provide aesthetically consistent site lines for structures and shall be shown on the final plat or certified survey map. Examples of the application of this provision might include requiring greater setbacks on cul-de-sac lots to achieve the necessary lot width at the setback line, requiring greater setbacks to conform to setbacks of existing adjacent development, or setting special yard requirements to protect natural resource elements.
[Amended 5-7-2007 by Ord. No. 07-20]
The Village Board shall require the dedication of easements to allow construction, operation, maintenance, repair and reconstruction of and access to sanitary sewerage system facilities and improvements, water system facilities and improvements and storm sewer and drainage system facilities and improvements which cannot conveniently be located in public streets, and private roads, and all electric power, gas, telephone, cable television or other utility or communications lines or other related facilities. Such easements shall be of adequate width and appropriate alignment to serve the intended purpose. They shall be located along rear lot lines, and along side lot lines or across lots where necessary or advisable. When a land division is traversed by a watercourse or drainageway, a drainageway, access and maintenance easement of adequate width and appropriate alignment to accommodate the maximum potential volume of flow shall generally be required, and parallel streets or parkways may be required in connection therewith.