Town of Bel Air, MD
Harford County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Town Commissioners of the Town of Bel Air 2–5-2015 by Ord. No. 769-15.[1] Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 145.
Fire prevention — See Ch. 204.
Sewers — See Ch. 397.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed former Ch. 353, Plumbing and Gas Fitting Standards, adopted 2-17-2009 by Ord. No. 717-09.
For the purpose of establishing rules and regulations for the proper design, acceptable installation and adequate maintenance of plumbing and fuel-operated systems within the Town of Bel Air, permits and the fixing of penalties and fees, the Town of Bel Air hereby adopts the 2015 International Plumbing Code, the International Fuel Gas Code, 2015 Edition, published by the International Code Council and the American Gas Association and the 2015 International Residential Code, saving and excepting such portions as are deleted, modified or amended by this chapter, and the same are hereby adopted and made part of this chapter with the same force and effect as though set forth in full herein. A copy of the Plumbing Code and supplements thereto are on file with the Town of Bel Air and open for public use, examination and inspection.
The purpose of this chapter is to provide practical plumbing and gas fitting requirements to safeguard persons and gas fitting conditions in the Town of Bel Air.
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to and govern plumbing and gas fitting work performed in the Town of Bel Air and are designed to safeguard persons and property in the Town of Bel Air.
A. 
Definitions. As used in this Code, the term "authority having jurisdiction" means the Town of Bel Air Director of Public Works.
B. 
The following sections are changes or additions to certain sections of the 2015 International Plumbing Code.
(1) 
Subsection 101.1, Title, is hereby amended by substituting the words "Town of Bel Air" for the words "name of jurisdiction."
(2) 
Subsection 103.1, General, is hereby amended by deleting "The Department of Plumbing Inspection is hereby created and the executive official in charge thereof 'the Director of Public Works'."
(3) 
Subsection 106.3, Application for permit, is hereby amended by adding "who shall meet with the requirements of § 202-5 of the Harford County Plumbing Code" after the word "agent" in the sixth line.
(4) 
Subsection 106.3.1, Construction documents, is hereby amended by adding "All plans shall be prepared in accordance with § 202-7 of the Harford County Plumbing Code" in the fourth line after "for a permit."
(5) 
New Subsection 106.3.4 is added as follows:
106.3.4 Emergency work. When work of an emergency nature, other than sewage disposal work, must be performed to rectify a condition that is potentially unsanitary or hazardous to life, health or property, the master plumber, master natural gas fitter, water pump contractor or on-site contractor, as the case may be, may undertake such work prior to the issuance of a permit, but he or she shall notify the authority having jurisdiction over the emergency and shall obtain a permit for such work within 48 hours of the commencement of the work.
(6) 
Subsection 106.5.3, Expiration, is hereby amended by deleting "180" in the fourth line and inserting, in lieu thereof, "365."
(7) 
Subsection 106.5.3, Expiration, is hereby amended by deleting "one-half the amount required for a new permit for such work" starting in the ninth line and inserting, in lieu thereof, "in accordance with Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended."
(8) 
Subsection 106.6.1 is deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
106.6.1 Fee schedule. The fees for all plumbing work, including permit fees, plan review, inspections and reinspections, shall be charged in accordance with Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended.
(9) 
Subsection 106.6.2 and 106.6.3 are deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
106.6.2 Refunding of fees. Fees shall be refunded in accordance with Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended.
(10) 
Subsection 108.4, Violation penalties, is hereby amended by deleting "[specify offense], punishable by a fine of not more than [amount] dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding [number of days], or both such fine and imprisonment" in the seventh line and inserting, in lieu thereof, and replacing with "misdemeanor, punishable as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of the Bel Air Town Code."
(11) 
Subsection 108.5, Stop work orders, is hereby amended by deleting "[amount] dollars or more than [amount]" in the 14th line and inserting, in lieu thereof, and replacing with "misdemeanor, punishable as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of the Bel Air Town Code."
(12) 
Subsection 109.1, Application for appeal, is hereby amended by adding "created under Chapter 82 of the Harford County Plumbing Code" after "Board of Appeals" in the third and fourth lines.
(13) 
Subsections 109.2 through 109.7 are deleted.
(14) 
Section 202, General definitions, is hereby amended by deleting the definition of "plumbing" and inserting the following in lieu thereof:
PLUMBING. The practice, materials and fixtures used in the installation, maintenance, extension, alteration and removal of all piping, plumbing fixtures, plumbing appliances, and plumbing appurtenances in connection with any of the following: sanitary drainage, storm facilities, venting systems, public or private water supply systems, within or adjacent to any building structure or conveyance; also the practice and materials used in the installation, maintenance, extension, alteration or removal of stormwater, refrigeration and air-conditioning drainage, liquid waste or sewage, and water supply, of any premises to their connection with the water supply system or to an acceptable disposal facility. "Plumbing" also means the practice and materials in the installation, repair, service and replacement of gas piping, gas utilization equipment, and associated accessories.
Except for the initial connection to a potable water supply downstream of the backflow preventer and the final connection that discharges indirectly into a public or private disposal system, the following are excluded from the definition: all piping, equipment or material used exclusively for environmental control, for incorporation of liquids or gases into any product or process for use in the manufacturing or storage of any product, including product development, or for the installation, alteration, repair or removal of automatic sprinkler systems installed for fire protection only or their related appurtenances or standpipes connected to automatic sprinkler systems or overhead or underground fire lines beginning at a point where water is used exclusively for fire protection.
(15) 
Section 202, General definitions, is amended by adding the definition of "Plumbing Board" between the terms "plumbing appurtenance" and "plumbing fixture":
PLUMBING BOARD. The Harford County Plumbing Board as defined in § 16-7 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended.
(16) 
Subsection 301.3, Connections to drainage system, is hereby amended by adding the following to the end of the sixth line: "The drainage system of any building in which plumbing fixtures are installed shall be connected to a public sewer system if the public sewer system is within 10 feet of any property line of the premises, or other reasonable distance as determined by the authority having jurisdiction."
(17) 
Subsection 301.4, Connections to water supply, is hereby amended by adding the following to the end of the fifth line: "The water distribution system of any building in which plumbing fixtures are installed shall be connected to a public water supply system if the public water supply system is within 10 feet of any property line of the premises, or other reasonable distance as determined by the authority having jurisdiction."
(18) 
New Subsection 404.2 is added as follows:
404.2 Maryland Accessibility Code. Plumbing fixtures, materials and clearances for those fixtures shall be accessible to individuals with disabilities as specified in the Maryland Accessibility Code, COMAR 05.02.02 et seq.
(19) 
New Subsection 405.3.6 is added as follows:
405.3.6. Faucet installations. Fiberglass or plastic tub and shower enclosures cannot be installed with faucets back-to-back unless approved by the authority having jurisdiction.
(20) 
Subsection 504.6, Requirements for discharge piping, is hereby amended by deleting item 5 and inserting in lieu thereof, "discharge to a waste receptor or to the outdoors."
(21) 
Subsection 504.7, Required pan, is hereby amended by adding the words, "clothes washing machine" after the word "heater" in the first line.
(22) 
New Subsection 603.3 is added as follows:
603.3 Water meters. Each dwelling unit which meets the definition of a "dwelling, carriage court" contained in § 267-4 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended, shall be provided with a private, individual water meter.
(23) 
Subsection 604.8 is deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
604.8 Water-pressure-reducing valve or regulator. When connected to a public water supply system, an approved pressure-reducing valve shall be installed in the building water service pipe near its point of entrance to the building. Pressure to the building water distribution piping shall be limited to a maximum pressure of 80 P.S.I. under no-flow conditions. The water distribution piping shall be relieved of excessive pressure due to thermal expansion by one of the following methods:
1.
Air chambers when equipped with an accessible means restoring the air.
2.
Approved mechanical devices. Pressure at any fixture shall be limited to no more than 80 P.S.I. under no-flow conditions.
Exceptions: Where the water service pipe supplies water directly to:
1.
A water pressure booster system; or
2.
An elevated water gravity tank; or
3.
Pumps provided in connection with a hydro pneumatic or elevated gravity water supply tank system.
(24) 
Subsection 605.3 is deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
605.3. Water service pipe. Approved water service pipe to the point of the entrance of a building, including piping to the pressure-reducing valve, shall have a minimum pressure rating of 200 P.S.I., 73° F. Acceptable materials for a water service include brass pipe, copper tube or copper pipe, cast iron water pipe, polyethylene plastic tubing and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride service pipe. Copper tube or copper pipe, when used underground, may not be less than Type L. All threaded ferrous pipe and fitting shall be galvanized or cement lines and, when used underground in corrosive soil or filled ground, shall be coal tar enamel coated, or the equivalent, and threaded joints shall be coated and wrapped when installed.
(25) 
New Subsection 605.3.2 is added as follows:
605.3.2 Backflow prevention on commercial properties. For a commercial property with multiple tenants, the water service for each tenant space shall be separate and shall have a testable backflow preventer installed.
(26) 
Subsection 605.4 is deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
605.4 Water distribution pipe. Water distribution pipe shall be of brass pipe, copper tube or copper pipe, galvanized steel pipe, polyethylene and chlorinated polyvinyl plastic when approved for hot or cold use. Copper tube or copper pipe, when used underground, may not be less than Type L and, when used above ground, may not be less than Type M.
(27) 
Subsection 1002.4.1.4 is deleted.
(28) 
Subsection 1003.3.1, Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices required, is amended by adding, prior to the word "A" in the second line, "except in special cases as determined by the authority having jurisdiction."
(29) 
Subsection 1003.3.1, Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices required, is hereby amended by inserting the following sentence after "to be discharged" in the 14th line: "upon request by the authority having jurisdiction or the Harford County Health Department, the owner of the establishment shall provide a copy of a pumping contract or pumping receipts for the interceptor. The minimum size of a grease interceptor shall be 1,000 gallons. The grease interceptor shall be located outside of the building unless otherwise determined by the authority having jurisdiction. The discharge from a commercial dishwasher shall not pass through a grease interceptor unless approved by the authority having jurisdiction."
(30) 
Subsection 1003.3.1, Grease interceptors and automatic grease removal devices required, is hereby amended by inserting the following sentence at the end of the subsection: "Where installed inside building, a grease interceptor shall be located in a separate room which has outside access."
(31) 
New subsection 1101.10 is added as follows:
1101.10. Parking and fuel island storm drainage. On parking lots, fuel islands or parking garages where oil waste product is subject to mixing with rain water, ice and melting snow, drains for the runoff shall not be connected to the sanitary sewer. Any stormwater runoff shall be drained separately to the storm sewer.
C. 
The following sections are changes or additions to certain sections of the 2015 International Fuel Gas Code.
(1) 
Subsection 101.1, Title, is hereby amended by substituting the words "Town of Bel Air" for the words "[name of jurisdiction]."
(2) 
Subsection 101.3, Appendices, is hereby deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
101.3 Appendices. The provisions of Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C and Appendix D are hereby adopted as part of this code.
(3) 
Subsection 103.1, General, is hereby amended by deleting "The Department of Inspection is hereby created and the executive official in charge thereof" starting in the first line and inserting, in lieu thereof, "The Director of the Department of Public Works."
(4) 
Subsections 103.2 through 103.4 are hereby deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
103.2 Deputy. The Code Official shall have the authority to designate an employee of the Department of Public Works as a Deputy Code Official, for the purposes of enforcing the code.
(5) 
Subsection 104.2, Applicants and permits, is amended by adding "and rules and regulations adopted in accordance with Section 807 of the Harford County Charter" after the words "of this code" in the sixth line.
(6) 
Subsections 106.1.1 through 106.1.2 are deleted.
(7) 
Subsection 106.3.1, Construction documents, is amended by deleting "by a registered design professional when required by state law" and replacing with "in accordance with § 202-7 of the Harford County Plumbing Code."
(8) 
Subsection 106.3.3 is added as follows:
106.3.3 Applicants. Only an individual holding a certificate of registration in accordance with § 202-5 of the Harford County Plumbing Code shall be eligible to make application for a permit to do work governed by this code.
(9) 
Subsection 106.5.3, Expiration, is amended by deleting "180 days" in the fourth line and replacing with "365 days."
(10) 
Subsection 106.5.3, Expiration, is amended by deleting "one-half the amount required for a new permit" in the eighth line and replacing with "in accordance with Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended."
(11) 
Subsection 106.6.1, Work commencing before permit issuance, is amended by deleting "100 percent of the usual permit fee in addition to the required" in the fourth line and replacing with "the fees prescribed in Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended."
(12) 
Subsection 106.6.2, Fee schedule, is amended by deleting "the following section schedule. [jurisdiction to insert appropriate schedule]" and replacing with "as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of the Bel Air Town Code."
(13) 
Subsection 106.6.3, Fee refunds, is deleted and the following is inserted in lieu thereof:
106.6.3 Fee refunds. All refunds of permit fees shall be in accordance with Chapter 157 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended.
(14) 
Subsection 108.4, Violation penalties, is amended by deleting "[specify offense]" in sixth line, "[amount]" in seventh line and "[number of days]" in the eighth line and replacing with "misdemeanor, punishable as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of the Bel Air Town Code."
(15) 
Subsection 108.5, Stop work orders, is amended by deleting "liable for fine of not less than [amount] dollars or more than [amount] dollars" in the 13th line and replacing with "misdemeanor, punishable as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of the Bel Air Town Code."
(16) 
Subsection 109.1, Application for appeal, is hereby amended by adding "created under Chapter 82 of the Harford County Code" after "Board of Appeals" in the third and fourth lines.
(17) 
Subsections 109.2 through 109.7 are deleted.
(18) 
Section 202 (IFGC), General definitions, is amended by deleting the definition of "code official" and replacing with the following in lieu thereof:
CODE OFFICIAL. The Director of Public Works for the Town of Bel Air or his/her designee.
(19) 
Section 202 (IFGC), General definitions, is amended by adding the following definition of "Department of Inspection" between the terms "demand" and "design flood elevation":
DEPARTMENT OF INSPECTION. The Harford County Department of Inspections, Licenses and Permits.
(20) 
Section 202 (IFGC), General definition, is amended by adding the definition of "Plumbing Board" between the terms "plumbing appurtenance" and "plumbing fixture":
PLUMBING BOARD. The Harford County Plumbing Board as defined in § 16-7 of the Harford County Plumbing Code, as amended.
All persons performing plumbing or gas fitting services in the Town of Bel Air shall be registered with the Harford County Division of Plumbing Services and certified in accordance with § 202-4, Certificate of registration, of the Harford County Plumbing Code.
The following sections of the Harford County Plumbing Code are adopted by reference and shall apply to plumbing and gas fitting services in the Town of Bel Air: § 202-5, Permit applicants, § 202-6, Change of registered contractors, § 202-7, Plans and specification, and § 202-8, Inspection of plumbing, gas fitting and sewage disposal systems.
Sewer, water and gas piping shall not be connected or installed through a property other than the property to be served except as provided herein. Plumbing or gas piping connections which cannot be made except by the crossing of nonserviced property may, with the permission of the Town of Bel Air, be carried through a right-of-way or easement across nonserviced property, provided that:
A. 
All privileges of such right-of-way or easement are obtained by the property owner desiring service, without any cost or liability to the Town of Bel Air; and
B. 
Such easement or right-of-way shall meet all applicable regulatory requirements of the authority having jurisdiction; and
C. 
Such easement or right-of-way shall be granted and conveyed by plat and/or formal deed recorded in the land records of Harford County.
A. 
Plumbing shall be designed and adjusted to use the minimum quantity of water consistent with proper performance and cleaning and in conformity with the water conservation requirements established in the Maryland State Plumbing Code.
B. 
Executive authority. The Board of Town Commissioners may institute measures to adopt plans to increase the water supply of the Town of Bel Air and decrease consumption, such as, but not limited to, requiring the use of fixtures as stated herein and requiring a limited use of potable water for purposes other than for human consumption and use.
Any person, firm or corporation who or which individually, collectively or through others shall construct, erect, alter or repair any plumbing, gas fitting or sewage disposal work in violation of any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a penalty as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of this Code.