Township of Tobyhanna, PA
Monroe County
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A. 
Intent and interpretation. For the purpose of this chapter, all words used in the present tense include the future tense. All words in the plural number include the singular number, and all words in the singular number include the plural number, unless the natural construction of the word indicates otherwise. The word "shall" is mandatory and not discretionary. The word "used" includes "designated, intended or arranged to be used."
B. 
Specific words and phrases defined. Certain words and terms in this chapter are to be interpreted as follows:
ACADEMIC CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
An accredited medical school within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that operates or partners with an acute care hospital licensed within the commonwealth.
[Added 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 529]
ACCESSORY EQUIPMENT
Any equipment serving or being used in conjunction with a wireless telecommunications facility or wireless support structure. The term includes utility or transmission equipment, power supplies, generators, batteries, cables, equipment buildings, cabinets and storage sheds, shelters or similar structures.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE
A subordinate structure detached from but located on the same lot as the principal structure, the use of which is incidental and accessory to that of the principal structure. All attached structures are considered part of the principal building.
ACCESSORY USE
A use that is:
(1) 
Clearly incidental to and customarily found in connection with a principal building or use;
(2) 
Subordinate to and serves a principal building or a principal use;
(3) 
Subordinate in extent or purpose to the principal building or principal use served;
(4) 
Contributes to the comfort, convenience or necessity of occupants, business or industry in the principal building or principal use served; and
(5) 
Located on the same lot as the principal building or use served.
ALTERATION, STRUCTURAL
A change or rearrangement in the supporting members of a building or structure such as bearing walls, columns, beams or girders, and changing rooflines. The application of any exterior siding to an existing building for the purpose of beautifying and modernizing shall not be considered a structural alteration.
ANIMAL PEN/SHELTER
A structure intended to house animals, maintained solely for the enjoyment of a family residing on the same lot on which the pen/shelter is located.
ANTENNA
Any system of wires, rods, discs, panels, flat panels, dishes, whips, or other similar devices used for the transmission or reception of wireless signals. An antenna may include an omnidirectional antenna (rod), directional antenna (panel), parabolic antenna (disc) or any other wireless antenna. An antenna shall not include tower-based wireless communications facilities as defined below.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
APARTMENT BUILDING
Two or more dwelling units under one roof, each containing sleeping, living, kitchen and bath areas or facilities, with each dwelling unit being either occupied by the owner, rented to tenants on a nontransient basis (unlike a hotel, efficiency hotel or motel), or owned either in a cooperative (co-op) or condominium ownership arrangement.
[Amended 10-12-2004 by Ord. No. 453]
BASEMENT
A story partly underground but having at least 1/2 of its height above the average level of the adjoining ground. A basement shall be counted as a story for the purpose of the building height measurement if the vertical distance between the ceiling and the average level of the adjoining ground is more than six feet or if used for business or dwelling purposes. See "cellar."
BASE STATION
A station at a specified site authorized to communicate with mobile stations, generally consisting of radio transceivers, antennas, coaxial cables, power supplies and other associated electronics.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
BED-AND-BREAKFAST INN
A house or portion thereof where short-term lodging rooms and breakfasts are provided to overnight guests. The owner or operator of the inn shall live on the premises. See "boarding- or rooming house."
BITUMINOUS CONCRETE BATCH PLANT
An operation which combines asphalt or bituminous materials and aggregates and heat to manufacture a bituminous seal coat or bituminous concrete product.
BLOCK
The length on one side of a street between two street intersections.
BOARDING- OR ROOMING HOUSE
A dwelling having the capacity and intended for two or more persons to be sheltered and/or fed for profit in the home of the resident owner. See "bed-and-breakfast inn."
BOARD OF SUPERVISORS
The elected officials of Tobyhanna Township.
BUFFER STRIP
A strip of land at least 15 feet in width which may be part of the minimum setback distance with the exception that the buffer must be left in its natural state and may not be paved or used for parking. The buffer must be free of any principal or accessory building or required improvement other than screening. If no natural buffer exists, one may be installed, such as evergreens. See "screening" and "setback."
BUILDING
Any structure having a roof supported by columns, piers or walls, including commercial tents, lunch wagons, trailers, dining cars, camp cars or other structures on wheels, or having other supports. (See § 155-10B.)
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical dimension measured from the average elevation of the finished grade at the perimeter of the building to the highest point of the roof. At least 51% of the building area must meet the building height requirements of this chapter.
BUILDING LINE
A line formed by the intersection of a horizontal plane at average grade level and a vertical plane that coincides with the exterior surface of the building on any side. All yard requirements are measured to the building line.
BUILDING WALLS AND PORCHES
The walls of a building include the front wall nearest to and facing on the front street line on the lot on which said building has been or is to be erected, and the side and rear walls nearest to and facing on the side and rear lot lines, respectively.
BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY
A facility where fuel is stored in bulk for sale and/or distribution and/or redistribution to customers off site. A fuel storage facility storing more than 1,000 gallons of fuel for sale and/or distribution and/or redistribution to off-site customers shall be considered a bulk fuel storage facility. A bulk fuel storage facility shall also include a bulk fuel terminal. A motor vehicle service station, convenience store and/or gas station shall not be considered a bulk fuel storage facility.
[Added 9-8-2008 by Ord. No. 469]
BUSINESS
An enterprise, exchange of money, contract, occupation, trade or profession engaged in, either continuously or temporarily, for profit. The term "business" shall include the occupancy or use of a building or premises or any portion thereof for the transaction of a business or the rendering or receiving of professional or personal service.
CAMP, TRANSIENT
A business offering sanitary facilities and space for the pitching of tents or the transient parking of camping trailers. Such business shall not rent or sell tents or trailers or permit the parking or storage of occupied or unoccupied mobile homes, nor shall it include any eating facilities other than in an enclosed snack bar or lunch counter.
CANOPY
A structure other than an awning made of fabric, metal, or other material that is supported by columns or posts affixed to the ground and may also be connected to a building.
[Amended 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 548]
CARTWAY
The graded portion of a street or alley including the traveled way and shoulders.
CELLAR
A portion of a building partly or completely underground and having more than 1/2 of its interior height measured from floor to finished ceiling below the average finished grade of the ground adjoining the building. See "basement."
CEMETERY
A place for the disposal or burial of deceased pets or human beings, by cremation or in a grave, mausoleum, vault, columbarium or other receptacle, but the term does not include a private family cemetery.
CHURCHES AND SIMILAR PLACES OF WORSHIP
The use of land and structures for religious worship, education and related activities, including chapels, cathedrals, temples, synagogues and the like. Incidental and accessory uses to churches and similar places of worship may include a gymnasium, playground, parsonage for active clergy, monastery for active monastics and/or an athletic field.
[Added 11-10-2008 by Ord. No. 473]
CLUSTER COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
A form of planned commercial retail entertainment and dining development located in the Planned Commercial Retail Entertainment Dining District where the buildings, structures, improvements and facilities are located closely together to increase open space and common recreation and entertainment space within a planned commercial retail entertainment and dining development.
[Added 2-20-2018 by Ord. No. 542]
CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT
A form of planned residential development where the principal buildings are single-family dwellings, grouped relatively closely together in order to increase the amount of open space held in common, and the lots, if any, are smaller in size than prescribed for the district in which they are located but conform to the overall density requirements for the zoning district in which they are located.
CO-LOCATION
The placement or installation of new wireless communications facilities on previously approved and constructed wireless support structures, including self-supporting or guyed monopoles and towers, electrical transmission towers, water towers or any other structure not classified as a wireless support structure that can support the placement or installation of wireless telecommunications facilities if approved by the Township. The term includes the placement, replacement or modification of previously approved accessory equipment.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
COMMERCIAL CAMP
A business such as a summer camp or sports camp offering tent, cabin or similar seasonal nonpermanent accommodations, eating facilities, sanitary facilities and recreational and/or educational facilities, open to the public at large or any segment of the public on other than a transient basis.
COMMERCIAL RESORTS
A business combining lodging, eating and recreational facilities as a single enterprise and offered to the public.
COMMERCIAL STABLE
A business involving the receipt of compensation for the hire, sale, boarding, riding or showing of horses, mules and ponies.
COMMERCIAL SURFACE MINING
A business for the removal of minerals, earth, sand, gravel, topsoil, peat and stone from a property for utilization on any other property for profit.
COMMISSION
The Tobyhanna Township Planning Commission.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water or a combination thereof within a development designed and intended for the use and enjoyment of residents of such development, not including streets, parking areas, private yard space of lots, and areas set aside for public utilities. Common open space shall be substantially free of structures but may contain such improvements as approved on the final plan, primarily for the recreational use by residents. See "open space."[1]
CONCRETE BATCH PLANT
An operation which combines materials to produce concrete products.
CONSTRUCTION
The erection, reconstruction, renovation, repair, extension, expansion, alteration or relocation of a building or structure, including the placement of manufactured homes.
CONSUMER FIREWORKS
Any combustible or explosive composition or any substance or combination of substances intended to produce visible and/or audible effects by combustion and which is suitable for use by the public that complies with the construction, performance, composition and labeling requirements promulgated by the Consumer Products Safety Commission in 16 CFR[2] (relating to commercial practices) or any successor regulation and which complies with the provisions for "consumer fireworks" as defined in the American Pyrotechnics Association ("APA") Standard 87-1, including but not limited to Sections *3.1 and *3.5, or any successor standard. The term does not include devices such as "ground and handheld sparkling devices" as defined in APA Standard 87-1, Section *3.1.1, "novelties" as defined in APA Standard 87-1, Section *3.2. or "toy caps" as defined in APA Standard 87-1, Section *3.3.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
CONVENIENCE MART
Any retail establishment offering for sale prepackaged food products, household items, self-service gasoline or other goods commonly associated with the same and having a gross floor area of less than 5,000 square feet.
COUNTY
The County of Monroe, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
CRAWL SPACE
An enclosed portion of a building or an open pier area not exceeding six feet in height from floor to ceiling, located below the first occupied floor of a building and not used for business or dwelling purposes. A crawl space shall not be counted as a story for the purpose of building height measurement.
CRUSHER PLANT
An operation which, through machinery, accepts commercially mined products and crushes them to various sizes for the purpose of resale or use by the operator.
DAY-CARE CENTER
A facility which cares for seven or more children or elderly persons for periods of less than 24 hours per day at any hours of any day of the year. See "family day-care home."
DECK
A platform in excess of four feet by five feet or 20 square feet in area at a front, side or rear door and attached to the structure. It should not be construed to include an unattached accessory structure, such as a swimming pool deck.
DENSITY, AVERAGE
When referring to planned residential development, the total number of dwelling units, proposed or existing, divided by the total area (expressed in acres) of the development.
DENSITY, GROSS
When referring to residential districts, the maximum number of dwelling units per acre of land.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner or agent thereof, or tenant or equitable owner under an agreement of sale having the permission of the landowner, who makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, the placement of manufactured homes, streets and other paving, utilities, filling, grading, excavation, mining, dredging or drilling operations and the subdivision of land.
DEVELOPMENT SALES OFFICE
Any structure erected within the confines of a subdivision for use by the owner or developer of the subdivision as an office on a short-term basis for the promotion of sales of real estate exclusively within the confines of the subdivision, with ultimate use of the structure to conform to, and receive Township approval as, a permitted use, special exception or conditional use in the district in which the structure is located.
DISPLAY FIREWORKS
Defined as more fully set forth in 27 CFR 555.11 (meaning of terms), which is incorporated herein by reference which meets the types of display fireworks devices set forth in the APA Standard 87-1, Section *4.1 which comply with requirements for display fireworks set forth in AP Standard 87-1.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA SYSTEMS (DAS)
Network of spatially separated antenna sites connected to a common source that provides wireless service within a geographic area or structure.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
DISTRIBUTION CENTER
An establishment engaged in the receipt, storage and distribution of goods, products, cargo and materials, including transshipment by boat, rail, air or motor vehicle. Breakdown of large orders from a single source into smaller orders and consolidation of several orders into one large one for distribution to several recipients and vice versa are often part of the function of a distribution center. The functions of distribution centers and warehouses often overlap, but retail sales, manufacturing and assembly, or product processing, are not considered part of the distribution process.
[Added 6-15-1998 by Ord. No. 397]
DWELLING UNIT
A building or portion thereof providing complete housekeeping facilities for one family or a group of unrelated persons using such facilities in common. See "family" and "granny unit."
DWELLING UNIT, MULTIFAMILY
A residential building containing more than one dwelling unit.
DWELLING UNIT, SINGLE-FAMILY
A residential building containing not more than one dwelling unit.
EFFICIENCY HOTEL
A facility operating transient lodging accommodations on a daily rate for more than six rooms to the general public. Efficiency hotels have cooking facilities in the individual rooms or suites. See "hotel" and "motel."
EMERGENCY
A condition that 1) constitutes a clear and immediate danger to the health, welfare, or safety of the public, or 2) has caused or is likely to cause facilities in the rights-of-way to be unusable and result in loss of the services provided.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
ENCROACHMENT
Construction of any building within the boundaries of any street, setback, watercourse or public or reserved ground shown or laid out on any official map, Township approved plot plan or set forth in this chapter.
ESSENTIAL SERVICES
The erection, construction, alteration or maintenance, by public utilities or municipal or other governmental agencies, of underground or overhead gas, electrical, steam or water transmission or distribution systems, collection, communication, supply or disposal systems and their essential buildings, excluding communications towers and communications antennas, as defined herein.
[Added 3-9-1998 by Ord. No. 394]
FAMILY
One or more persons, related by blood, adoption or marriage, living and cooking together as a single housekeeping unit, or a number of persons living and cooking together as a single housekeeping unit though not related by blood, adoption or marriage.
[Amended 6-21-1999 by Ord. No. 411]
FAMILY DAY-CARE HOME
A private residence where six or fewer children or elderly persons receive care or supervision for periods of less than 18 hours per day at any hours between 6:00 a.m. and 12:00 midnight. See "day-care center."
FARM
A parcel of land in one ownership that is used primarily for the commercial, soil-dependent cultivation of agricultural crop production and/or for the raising of livestock. The term "one ownership" shall include an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association or two or more persons having a joint or common interest in the land. A riding stable or tree farm may be included in a farm.
FCC
Federal Communications Commission.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
FENCE OR WALL
Any artificially constructed barrier of any material or combination of materials erected to enclose or screen areas of land or to be used as a means of protection or confinement; also, a structure which permanently or temporarily prohibits or inhibits unrestricted travel between properties or portions of properties or between the street or public right-of-way and a property.
FIREWORKS
Any composition or device for the purpose of producing a visible or an audible effect for entertainment purposes by combustion, deflagration or detonation that meets the definition of 1.4G fireworks as set forth in the 2003 International Fire Code including, but not limited to, those compositions or devices defined in APA Standard 87-1.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
FISHING CLUBS OR CAMPS
A stream or body of water and adjacent area on any bank thereof, owned or leased by a person or group of persons duly formed as a club, used principally for fishing, open only to members and guests and involving no buildings other than those for lodging, eating and sanitary facilities for members and guests.
FLEA MARKET
A building or open area in which stalls or sales areas are set aside, and rented or otherwise provided, and which are intended for use by various unrelated individuals to sell articles that are either homemade, homegrown, handcrafted, old, obsolete, or antique, and may include the selling of new or used goods at retail by businesses or individuals who are generally engaged in retail trade. Rummage sales and garage sale are not considered to be flea markets.
[Added 3-10-2008 by Ord. No. 462]
FLOOD
The temporary condition of inundation of normally dry land areas by the naturally or artificially induced flow or overflow of waters within the Township.
FLOOD AREA
A one-hundred-year floodplain or flood-prone area, including all waters within the Township, except storm sewers, underground water, farm ponds and other privately owned ponds of less than five acres in area.
FLOODPLAIN OR FLOOD HAZARD AREA
A relatively flat or low land area which is subject to partial or complete inundation from an adjoining or nearby stream, river or watercourse; and/or any area subject to the usual and rapid accumulation of surface waters from any source.
FLOODPROOFING
Any combination of structural and nonstructural additions, changes or adjustments to structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to real estate or improved real property, water and sanitary facilities, structures and their contents.
FLOODWAY
The designation area of floodplain required to carry and discharge floodwaters of a given magnitude. For the purposes of this chapter, the floodway shall be capable of accommodating a flood of the one-hundred-year magnitude.
FRONTAGE
The length of the property line of any one parcel serving as a public right-of-way line. In the case of corner lots, the shorter of the two street lines shall be considered as the frontage.
GAMBLING ESTABLISHMENTS
Gaming Establishments include all facilities in which forms of gaming are conducted as authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania including, without limitation, gaming authorized by: (i) the Pennsylvania Racehorse Development and Gaming Act, P.L. 572, No. 71, 4 Pa. C.S.A, § 1101, et seq., as amended from time to time (the "Racehorse Development and Gaming Act"); and (ii) the Racehorse Industry Reform Act, P.L. 435, No. 135, 4 P.S. § 325.101, et seq., as amended from time to time (the "Racehorse Reform Act"). Notwithstanding the foregoing, for purposes of this Ordinance, the term "Gaming Establishments" shall not include or encompass facilities or establishments at which small games of chance are played or facilities participating in any lottery authorized by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
[Added 3-9-1998 by Ord. No. 396; amended 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
GAMING HOTEL
A facility comprising one or more buildings on a single tract of land under common ownership containing not fewer than 250 guest rooms each of which shall: (i) contain at least 350 square feet of habitable space measured to the center of perimeter walls, including bathroom, sleeping, and closet space but excluding hallways and balconies; (ii) contain a private bathroom facility; (iiii) be available and used regularly for the temporary overnight lodging of guests in a facility containing a gaming area licensed pursuant to the Racehorse Development and Gaming Act; and (iv) be situate in and be part of a Gaming Resort.
[Added 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
GAMING RESORT
One or more parcels contiguous of land the development plan for which contains a Gaming Establishment, a Gaming Hotel, and a combination of residential and non-residential uses including one or more of the following principal or accessory uses in addition to the Gaming Establishment use:
[Added 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
(1) 
Residential uses of all types including, without limitation, single family detached dwellings, multi-family dwellings, single family attached dwellings, apartments, and condominiums which may be owned individually, in fractional ownership, and/or in time share ownership;
(2) 
Commercial indoor recreation and entertainment facilities;
(3) 
Commercial outdoor recreation and amusement facilities including, without limitation, equestrian, hiking, and cross-country skiing;
(4) 
Golf courses and accessory structures and uses (such as a clubhouse, driving range, and equipment shop);
(5) 
Hotels, gaming hotels, motels, efficiency hotels, motor lodges, motor courts, and condotels;
(6) 
Convention, conference, and meeting centers;
(7) 
Restaurants, bars, lounges, and nightclubs;
(8) 
Retail stores;
(9) 
Personal service shops and offices;
(10) 
Business and professional offices;
(11) 
Indoor theaters;
(12) 
Bus terminals;
(13) 
Garages and parking structures;
(14) 
Service stations;
(15) 
Food markets;
(16) 
Liquor stores;
(17) 
Day care centers;
(18) 
Dry cleaning and laundry uses;
(19) 
Pharmacies;
(20) 
Barber and beauty shops and salons;
(21) 
Agricultural, greenhouses, and nurseries;
(22) 
Car washes;
(23) 
Heliports;
(24) 
Communication towers;
(25) 
Public safety facilities (such as fire, police, emergency medical services and/or other security and public safety services);
(26) 
Water towers;
(27) 
Water and sewage treatment plants;
(28) 
Tram (gondola format) and/or monorail stations and towers and shuttle bus terminals and stations; and/or
(29) 
Accessory uses.
GARAGE, PRIVATE
An enclosed building accessory to a residence which provides for storage of motor vehicles and in which no occupation, business or service is conducted for profit.
GARAGE, PUBLIC
An enclosed building designed and used for the storage, care or repair of automotive vehicles operated as a business enterprise with a service charge or fee being paid to the owner or operator for the parking or storage of privately owned vehicles.
GRADE, FINISHED
The completed surfaces of yards, walks, parking areas and roads, brought to grades as shown on approved plans.
GRAIN-PROCESSING AND -MILLING OPERATIONS
A light manufacturing use that is carried on within an enclosed building for the milling and processing of grain, except for off-street parking and loading facilities and incidental storage. Such use may include a grain processing mill with accessory structures such as grain storage elevators, loadout tower, office, warehouse, distribution and other related facilities which are incidental to the operation of the processing and milling operations, provided that:
[Added 12-18-1995 by Ord. No. 379]
(1) 
Such use must abut and primarily receive products from a railroad siding;
(2) 
The minimum lot size shall be 20 acres, of which at least 10 acres shall be within Tobyhanna Township; and
(3) 
There shall be no structures in excess of 40 feet in height within 1,000 feet from the ultimate right-of-way of an interstate or state highway.
GRANNY UNIT
A permit-required unit within a dwelling, containing separate kitchen and plumbing facilities, occupied by anyone of direct lineage to a member of the family of the owner of the dwelling. Granny units do not change the character of a single dwelling unit and may not be rented to the public. See "family" and "dwelling unit, single-family."
GREENHOUSES, PRIVATE
A structure accessory to a residence for the purpose of raising plants and flowers for the enjoyment of the residents only.
GROSS FLOOR AREA
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of every floor of a building, measured from the outside face of exterior walls or from the center line of party or common walls separating two dwelling units.
GUARD SHACK
A building or structure located within a planned community, together with any associated gates and related equipment, which is designed, occupied and operated for the purpose of controlling vehicular access to and from the planned community and public roads.
[Added 10-12-2004 by Ord. No. 448]
HABITABLE FLOOR AREA
That portion of the gross floor area within a building having a distance between floor and ceiling of at least seven feet for residential structures and at least 7 1/2 feet for nonresidential structures, and not including garage or accessory building space.
HEALTH CARE MEDICAL MARIJUANA ORGANIZATION
A vertically integrated health system [a health delivery system licensed under the Act of July 19, 1979 (P.L. 130, No. 48), known as the "Health Care Facilities Act," in which the complete spectrum of care, including primary and specialty care, hospitalization and pharmaceutical care, is provided within a single organization] approved by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Health to dispense medical marijuana or grow and process medical marijuana, or both, in accordance with research under the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act of 2016, P.L. 84.[3]
[Added 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 529]
HEIGHT OF A TOWER-BASED WCF
The vertical distance measured from the ground level, including any base pad, to the highest point on a tower-based WCF, including antennas mounted on the tower and any other appurtenances.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
HOME OCCUPATION
The use or occupation of a portion of a dwelling unit or accessory structure as an office, studio or work room for purposes of income or profit by one or more persons residing in the dwelling unit. The use is accessory and secondary and does not alter the exterior of the property or affect the residential character of the neighborhood by the introduction of noise, fumes, obnoxious odors or other nuisance associated with such home occupation. The home occupation shall not involve the employment of more than the equivalent of one full-time person (48 hours per week) not residing in the dwelling unit or the use of any yard space or outside activity. No home occupation shall occupy more than 25% or more than 400 square feet of gross floor area of the dwelling unit, whichever is greater, or more than 600 square feet of gross floor area in an accessory structure. Lawn mower repair, small engine repair and automobile repair are not included in this definition.
HOME PROFESSIONAL OFFICE
The office of a member of a recognized profession when conducted on residential property; such occupations shall include but not be limited to those of doctors, lawyers, architects, engineers, artists, real estate agents, insurance salesmen, barbers, beauticians, financial planners and other recognized professional persons.
HOMESTEAD LOT
A tract of land where:
[Added 8-17-1998 by Ord. No. 400]
(1) 
The tract is presently owned by the same individual or individuals who have continuously owned the tract since before the year 1977, which represents the first year zoning was implemented in Tobyhanna Township;
(2) 
If said tract is owned by more than one individual, each owner is related to the other in any of the following ways:
(a) 
As spouses.
(b) 
As brothers or sisters (by blood or adoption).
(c) 
As mothers or fathers (by blood or adoption).
(d) 
As sons or daughters (by blood or adoption).
(e) 
As grandparents or grandchildren (by blood or adoption); and
(3) 
At least one of said owners, and/or any person related to said owner in any category set forth in Subsection (2)(b) through (e) of this definition, have individually or in combination continuously dwelled upon said tract in at least one home, as said person's or persons' primary residence, from before the year 1977 through the present.
HOSPITAL, ANIMAL
An institution specializing in giving clinical temporary and emergency services of an inpatient or outpatient medical or surgical nature to animal patients or injured animals and which is licensed by state law to provide facilities and services for animal surgery, obstetrics or general medical practice.
HOSPITAL, REGULAR
An institution, including a health care medical marijuana organization, specializing in giving clinical temporary and emergency services of an inpatient or outpatient medical or surgical nature to human patients or injured persons and which is licensed by state law to provide facilities and services, obstetrics or general medical practice.
[Amended 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 529]
HOTEL
A facility offering transient lodging accommodations on a daily rate for more than six rooms to the general public. There are no cooking facilities in any individual room or suite of rooms, except in rooms occupied by the owner or manager. This definition does not include efficiency hotels, motels, tourist cabins and tourist or trailer camps. See "efficiency hotel" and "motel."
HUNTING CLUBS AND CAMPS
Lands owned by a person or group of persons duly formed as a club, used principally for hunting, open only to members and guests and involving no building other than those for lodging, eating and sanitary facilities for members and guests.
IDENTIFIED FLOODPLAIN AREA
The floodplain area specifically identified in this chapter as being inundated by the one-hundred-year flood; includes areas identified as Floodway (FW), Flood-Fringe (FF) and General Floodplain (FA).
INDOOR/OUTDOOR COMMERCIAL RECREATIONAL USE
Indoor and outdoor theaters, nightclubs, art galleries, bowling alleys, skating rinks, billiard parlors, swimming pools, miniature golf courses, miniature racecourses, shooting ranges and other facilities of a similar character. A conditional use permit shall be required for such uses.
JUNKYARD
A parcel of land on which waste material such as inoperative vehicles and other machinery are collected, stored, salvaged, sold or exchanged. An automobile wrecking yard is included in this definition. A conditional use permit shall be required for such uses.
KENNEL
An establishment licensed to operate a facility housing dogs, cats or other household pets and where grooming, breeding, boarding, training or selling of animals is conducted as a business.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
[Amended 6-8-2009 by Ord. No. 481]
(1) 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(a) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure; or
(b) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of, streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
(2) 
A subdivision of land.
(3) 
Development in accordance with Section 503(1.1) of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, 53 P.S. § 10503(1.1).
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
LOADING SPACE
A space, accessible from a street or way, in a building or on a lot, for the temporary use of vehicles while loading or unloading people, merchandise or materials. Required off-street loading space is not to be included as off-street parking space in computation of required off-street parking space. See § 155-55M, Off-street loading.
LOT
A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law and to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
LOT AREA
The total horizontal area of land enclosed by the boundary lines of the lot and expressed in terms of square feet or acres. Any portion of a lot included in a public right-of-way shall not be included in calculating lot area.
LOT, CORNER
A lot bounded on two or more sides by a public or private road or street right-of-way.
LOT COVERAGE
That percentage of the lot area covered by a building or buildings, including all area circumscribed by all building lines.
LOT DEPTH
The mean distance from the street line of the lot to its opposite rear line, measured in the general direction of the side lines of the lot.
LOT FRONTAGE
The horizontal distance measured along the full length of a street line abutting the lot line. In the case of corner lots, the shorter of the two street lines shall be considered as the frontage.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The line of a street on which a lot fronts or abuts. In the case of corner lots, the shorter of the two street lines shall be considered as the front lot line.
LOT LINE, REAR
The lot line not intersecting a front lot line that is most distant from and most closely parallel to the front lot line. A lot bounded by only three lot lines will not have a rear lot line. The rear setback is measured from the rear point of the lot.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line, including a lot line of an offset portion of a lot.
LOT WIDTH
The distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to its depth along the front setback line, except for pie-shaped lots in which case the average distance of the front and rear setback lines shall be used.
LUMBERING
The cutting of trees for commercial purposes.
MANUFACTURED/MOBILE HOME
A transportable single-family dwelling intended for permanent occupancy, office or place of assembly, contained in one or more sections, built on a permanent chassis, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used with or without a permanent foundation. The term includes park trailers, travel trailers and recreational and other similar vehicles which are placed on a site for more than 180 consecutive days.
MANUFACTURED/MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel of land under single or multiple ownership which has been planned and improved for the placement of two or more manufactured/mobile homes for nontransient use.
(1) 
Facilities involving processes carried on entirely within a fully enclosed building and includes:
(a) 
Processing of food.
(b) 
Grain storage, distribution, processing and milling operations.
(c) 
Fabrication, processing, assembly, repair, testing, packing and/or storage of products made from previously prepared materials, products, components and parts such as cloth, plastic, food, paper, glass, leather, stones and electric components.
(d) 
Research and engineering testing laboratories.
(e) 
Textile and clothing manufacturing.
(f) 
Furniture and other wood products production.
(2) 
Light manufacturing shall not include:
(a) 
Basic industrial processing as defined by industry.
(b) 
Processing of raw materials except for the milling and processing of grain.
(c) 
Slaughterhouses or the production of fish or meat products, sauerkraut, vinegar or the like.
(d) 
Rendering of fats and oils.
MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY
A person, including a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust or other entity, or any combination thereof, which holds a permit issued by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to dispense medical marijuana. The term does not include a health care medical marijuana organization.
[Added 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 529]
MEDICAL MARIJUANA GROWER/PROCESSOR
A person, including a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, trust or other entity, or any combination thereof, which holds a permit issued by the Department of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to grow and process medical marijuana. The term does not include a health care medical marijuana organization.
[Added 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 529]
MINI-MART
See "convenience mart."
MODEL HOUSE
Any structure erected for use as a display to promote the sale of similar residential structures, which may be utilized on a short-term basis as an office, with ultimate use of the structure to conform to a permitted use in the district in which the structure is located. Such use requires a special exception permit.
MODIFICATION or MODIFY
The improvement, upgrade or expansion of existing wireless telecommunications facilities or base stations on an existing wireless support structure or the improvement, upgrade or expansion of the wireless telecommunications facilities located within an existing equipment compound, if the improvement, upgrade, expansion or replacement does not substantially change the physical dimensions of the wireless support structure.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
MONOPOLE
A WCF or site which consists of a single pole structure, designed and erected on the ground or on top of a structure, to support communications antennas and connecting appurtenances.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
MOTEL
A building or group of detached or connected buildings designed or used primarily for providing sleeping accommodations for automobile travelers and having parking spaces in proximity to the rooms. See "hotel" and "efficiency hotel."
MOTOR VEHICLE SERVICE STATION
A place for the sale of automotive petroleum products, parts and accessories, plus the servicing of motor vehicles.
MUNICIPAL USES
Buildings or land used for local government offices, garages, storage, parks, playgrounds or other governmental uses which are deemed necessary and appropriate by the Board of Supervisors.
NET ACRE, MOBILE HOME PARKS
The total area of the proposed development less the total area of the required buffer strip.
NFPA 1124
The National Fire Protection Association Standard 1124, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation and Storage of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles, 2006 edition, or any subsequent edition.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
NONCONFORMING LOT
A lot with an area or dimension which was lawful prior to the adoption or amendment of this chapter, but which fails to conform to the requirements of the zoning district in which it is located by reasons of such adoption or amendment.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE OR BUILDING
A structure or part of a structure manifestly not designed to comply with the applicable use or extent of use provisions in a zoning ordinance or amendment heretofore or hereafter enacted, where such structure lawfully existed prior to the enactment of such ordinance or amendment or prior to the application of such ordinance or amendment to its location by reason of annexation. Such nonconforming structures include but are not limited to nonconforming signs.
NONCONFORMING USE
A use, whether of land or of a structure, which does not comply with the applicable use provisions in the zoning ordinance or amendment heretofore or hereafter enacted, where such use was lawfully in existence prior to the enactment of such ordinance or amendment, or prior to the application of such ordinance or amendment to its location by reason of annexation.
NON-TOWER WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (NON-TOWER WCF)
All non-tower wireless communications facilities, including, but not limited to, antennas and accessory equipment. Non-tower WCF shall not include support structures for antennas or any accessory equipment that is mounted to the ground or at ground level.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
NOVELTIES
Articles of trade having amusement value and whose appeal is often transitory, and which is limited to those items for sale described in AP Standard 87-1, Section *3.2.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
NURSING HOME, REST HOME OR CONVALESCENT HOME
A home for aged, chronically ill or convalescing persons, where such persons are housed or lodged and furnished with board and nursing care for compensation.
OCCUPANCY
Any use of or activity upon a particular premises.
OFF-STREET PARKING
An off-street parking space available for the parking of a motor vehicle and which in this chapter is to be a minimum of 10 feet wide and 20 feet long, exclusive of passageways and driveways appurtenant thereto and giving access thereto.
OFF TRACK WAGERING
Gaming authorized at a non-primary location pursuant to the provisions of the Racehorse Reform Act.
[Added 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
OFF TRACK WAGERING FACILITY
A facility licensed pursuant to the provisions of the Racehorse Reform Act for the purpose of Off Track Wagering. An Off Track Wagering Facility shall conform to all of the requirements of the Racehorse Reform Act, including the provision of food and beverage services.
[Added 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
ONE-HUNDRED-YEAR FLOOD
A flood that, on the average, is likely to occur once every 100 years (i.e, that has a one-percent chance of occurring each year, although the flood may occur in any year).
OPEN SPACE
An area that is intended to provide light and air, and is designed for environmental, scenic, recreational, resource protection, amenity and/or buffer purposes. Open space shall not be deemed to include driveways, parking lots or other surfaces designed or intended for vehicular travel. For open space pertaining to a PRD, see "common open space."
PARK AND RIDE
A parking facility in proximity to a bus, train or other mass transit station or stop.
PERMIT, BUILDING
A certificate issued by the appropriate officer of the Township for the construction, reconstruction or alteration of a building upon approval of the submitted application and plan, indicating compliance with this chapter and all other requirements for the district in which it is located or is to be located.
PERMIT, CERTIFICATE OF USE AND OCCUPANCY
A certificate issued by the appropriate officer of the Township upon completion of the construction of a new building, or prior to commencement of a more restrictive use of a building, which certifies that all requirements of this chapter or such adjustment therefrom which has been granted by the Zoning Hearing Board or Board of Supervisors have been met and that the purpose for which a building or land is to be used is in conformance with the uses permitted within this chapter and all other applicable regulations for the zone in which it is located or is to be located.
PERMIT, CONDITIONAL USE
A certificate issued by the appropriate officer of the Township for the conditional use which states that the requirements governing conditional uses in the chapter and all other applicable requirements have been complied with as authorized and approved by the Board of Supervisors.
PERMIT, SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A certificate issued by the appropriate officer of the Township for the use of a special exception which states that the requirements governing special exception uses in the chapter and all other applicable requirements have been complied with as authorized and certified by the Zoning Hearing Board.
PERSON
An individual, partnership, public or private association or corporation, firm, trust, estate, municipality, governmental unit, public utility or any other legal entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
PLANNED COMMERCIAL RETAIL ENTERTAINMENT AND DINING DEVELOPMENT (PCRED DEVELOPMENT)
A use consisting of cluster commercial development regulated as a permitted use on a parcel or parcels of land, individually or separately owned but nevertheless subject to a common scheme of development, located in the Planned Commercial Retail Entertainment Dining District comprised of uses that are permitted by right in the Planned Commercial Retail Entertainment Dining District under § 155-16.1 of the Zoning Ordinance, and where such uses rely upon, among other things, common infrastructure and common access. An applicant for a PCRED development shall submit a master plan to the Board of Supervisors with a land development plan that shall correspond in lot size, bulk, type of buildings, use, density, intensity, lot coverage or open space to regulations established in the Planned Commercial Retail Entertainment Dining District, except as otherwise waived by the Board of Supervisors.
[Added 2-20-2018 by Ord. No. 542]
PLANNED COMMERCIAL RETAIL ENTERTAINMENT AND DINING DEVELOPMENT MASTER PARKING PLAN (MASTER PARKING PLAN)
A comprehensive off-street parking, loading and unloading plan submitted as a permitted accessory use providing for off-street parking, loading and unloading consistent with the criteria set forth at § 155-16.1D hereof.
[Added 2-20-2018 by Ord. No. 542]
PLANNED COMMERCIAL RETAIL ENTERTAINMENT AND DINING DEVELOPMENT MASTER SIGNAGE PLAN (MASTER SIGNAGE PLAN)
A comprehensive advertising sign plan submitted as a permitted accessory use intended to enhance the common scheme and architecture of the development comprising identification of users/tenants, uses, and directional signs consistent with the criteria set forth at § 155-16.1E(2) hereof.
[Added 2-20-2018 by Ord. No. 542]
PLANNED COMMUNITY
Real estate with respect to which a person, by virtue of ownership of an interest in any portion of the real estate, is or may become obligated by covenant, easement or agreement imposed on the owner's interest to pay any amount for real property taxes, insurance, maintenance, repair, improvement, management, administration or regulation of any part of the real estate other than the portion or interest owned solely by the person. The term excludes a cooperative and condominium, but a condominium or cooperative may be part of a planned community. For purposes of this definition, "ownership" includes holding a leasehold interest of more than 20 years, including renewal options, in the real estate.
[Added 10-12-2004 by Ord. No. 448]
PLANNED COMMUNITY COMMON AREAS
Any real estate within a planned community which is owned by a property owners' association of said planned community or leased to the property owners association of said planned community. This term does not include the residential units or lots designated for separate ownership or occupancy by a person or entity other than the property owners' association of a planned community.
[Added 10-12-2004 by Ord. No. 448]
PLANNED RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
An area of land, controlled by a landowner, to be developed as a single entity for a number of dwelling units, or a combination of residential and nonresidential uses, the development plan for which may not correspond in lot size, bulk, type of dwelling or use, density, or intensity, lot coverage and required open space to the regulations established in any one district created, from time to time, under the provisions of this chapter.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of Tobyhanna Township.
PLAT OR PLAT PLAN
A map or plan of a subdivision or land development, whether preliminary or final.
PRD
An abbreviation for "planned residential development."
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
A building in which is conducted the main or principal use of the lot on which said building is situated. All attached structures shall be considered a party of the principal building.
PRINCIPAL PERMITTED USE
Primary use as specified for each district together with any use customarily incidental to the primary use or building and located on the same lot with such principal use or building.
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice by the governing body or planning agency, intended to inform and obtain public comment, prior to taking action in accordance with the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[4]
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice given not more than 30 days and not less than seven days in advance of any public hearing required by this chapter. Such notice shall be published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing.
PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY LINE
The line where the property meets the public right-of-way for a street or other public way, provided that this definition shall not include unimproved alleys, easements or other similar uses.
PUBLIC UTILITY TRANSMISSION TOWER
A structure, owned and operated by a public utility electric company regulated by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, designed and used to support overhead electricity transmission lines.
[Added 3-9-1998 by Ord. No. 394]
PUBLIC WAY
Any street, highway, road, path or right-of-way, whether privately or publicly owned, which is designed or used for vehicular or pedestrian traffic either by public right or custom, or by invitation to the public of two or more common owners, including unimproved alleys and easements.
REGULATORY FLOOD ELEVATION
The one-hundred-year-flood elevation plus a freeboard safety factor of 1 1/2 feet.
RESORT
A business combining lodging, eating and recreational facilities for lodgers and/or non-lodgers as a single enterprise offered to the public at large or any segment thereof. A resort shall include lodging for tourists in one or more buildings having a total of not fewer than 250 guest rooms, not including bed and breakfast establishments, campgrounds, recreational vehicle parks or mobile home parks. A resort may include residential uses of all types including, without limitation, single family detached dwellings, multi-family dwellings, single family attached dwellings, apartments, and condominiums which may be owned individually, in fractional ownership, and/or in time share ownership. Amenities may include conference centers, retail sales, spas, beauty salons, barber shops, restaurants, indoor and outdoor recreational facilities, health centers, day care centers, facilities for commercial special events, and employee living quarters.
[Added 12-27-2005 by Ord. No. 458]
RESTAURANT
Any establishment, however designated, at which food is sold for consumption on the premises. However, a snack bar or refreshment stand at a public, semipublic or community swimming pool, playground, playfield or park operated by the agency or group or an approved vendor operating at the recreational facilities and for the convenience of patrons of the facility shall not be deemed to be a restaurant.
RESTAURANT, FAST-FOOD
An establishment that offers quick food service, which is accomplished through a limited menu of items already prepared and held for service; or prepared, fried or griddled quickly; or heated in a device such as a microwave oven. Orders are not generally taken at the customer's table, and food is generally served in disposable wrapping or containers. The establishment may include a drive-up or drive-through facility or a facility which offers curb service.
RETAINING WALL
A solid or integrated vertical structure in excess of four feet in height designed for the separation or retention of varying ground levels.
RIDING STABLE
A facility for the boarding and exercising of horses and similar animals for profit.
(1) 
Generally, the method by which a view of one site from another adjacent site is shielded, concealed or hidden. Screening techniques include fences, walls, hedges, berms or other features.
(2) 
Specifically, a row of dense evergreen hedges or shrubbery planted at four feet on center in a single row or at eight feet on center in two staggered rows or a ten-foot swath of existing vegetation augmented as necessary. A screen shall not be less than three feet in height at planting or have a normal mature height of less than six feet. In the event that there is no existing vegetation and planting is impractical because of soil conditions or other peculiarities, a fence of between five feet and seven feet in height above the grade of the area to be shielded may be considered a screening. See "buffer strip."
SETBACK
The required minimum horizontal distance between the building line and the related front, side or rear property line, or right-of-way line, if nearer to the building line, which may include a buffer strip. See "buffer strip."
SEWAGE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
The person or persons charged with the administration and enforcement of Title 25 of the Pennsylvania Code.
SEWAGE SYSTEM, CENTRALIZED
A system designed and constructed to collect, convey, centrally treat and dispose of sewage from a specific service area.
SEWAGE SYSTEM, PUBLIC
A centralized sewer system developed and administered by a governmental agency or authority.
SIGN
See § 155-20 of this chapter for additional definitions.
SOUND LEVEL
The quantity in decibels measured by a sound-level meter satisfying the requirements of American National Standards Institute Specification for Sound-Level Meters S1.4-1971. Sound level is the frequency-weighted sound pressure level obtained with the standardized dynamic characteristic "fast" or "slow" and weighting A, B or C; unless indicated otherwise, the A-weighting is understood. The unit of any sound level is the decibel, having the unit symbol dB.
SOUND LEVEL, EQUIVALENT
The level of a constant sound which, over a given time interval and situation, has the same sound energy as a time-varying sound.
SPECIAL EVENT
Gathering of individuals generally lasting from a few hours to a few days designed to celebrate, honor, discuss, teach about, encourage, observe or influence human endeavors. A special event is but not limited to firework displays, carnivals, circus, bazaar, parades, fairs, or any assembly, gathering, activity or meeting. This does not include sidewalk sales where merchandise normally sold indoors is transferred from indoors to outdoors for sale. Yard sales, garage sales and similar activities are not regarded as special events.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 548]
SPECIAL EVENT, COMMERCIAL
An event or function held at a business located within the Township, such as grand openings, tent sales and sidewalk sales, limited to not more than four events per calendar year.
SPECIAL EVENT, GENERAL
An event or function which is held in the Township and of general interest to the community, such as bazaars, fairs, festivals and activities generally viewed as fund-raisers for the benefit of nonprofit organizations and volunteer activities, limited to not more than four events per organization per calendar year.
STEALTH TECHNOLOGY
Camouflaging methods applied to wireless communications towers, antennas and other facilities which render them more visually appealing or blend the proposed facility into the existing structure or visual backdrop in such a manner as to render it minimally visible to the casual observer. Such methods include, but are not limited to, architecturally screened roof-mounted antennas, building-mounted antennas painted to match the existing structure and facilities constructed to resemble trees, shrubs, light poles, and smart pole technology or the equivalent thereto.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
STORAGE BUILDING, NONRESIDENTIAL
A structure accessory to a nonresidential use for the purpose of holding goods, tools or other items incidental to the nonresidential use, offering such protection from the elements and keeping them from common view.
STORAGE BUILDING, RESIDENTIAL
A structure accessory to a residence for the purpose of holding household goods, tools or other personal items, offering such protection from the elements and keeping them from common view.
STORY
That part of a building between the surface of any floor and the next floor above it or, in the absence of a next floor, then the finished ceiling or roof above it. A basement shall be counted as a story if its ceiling is over six feet above the average level of the finished ground surface adjoining the exterior walls of such story, or if it is used for business or dwelling purposes. See "building height."
STREET
Includes any street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, freeway, parkway, lane, alley, viaduct and any other ways used or intended to be used by vehicular traffic or pedestrians, whether public or private. Streets are further classified by the functions they perform:
(1) 
Local access streets have the sole purpose of providing frontage for service and access to private lots. These streets carry only traffic having either destination or origin on the street itself. The elimination of through traffic and the geometric design of the street are means to promote safety and to create a desirable residential neighborhood.
(2) 
Minor local access streets are access streets that provide frontage for lots and may carry a small amount of residential through traffic collected only from tributary residential access streets.
(3) 
Major local access streets are streets that conduct and distribute traffic between other streets of lower order in the street hierarchy and higher-order streets or major activity centers. This is the highest order of street appropriate to a residential neighborhood, and residential frontage along it should be prohibited or severely restricted.
(4) 
Higher-order streets exist but do not belong within a residential area and should be excluded. These include:
(a) 
Arterials which are interregional roads conveying traffic between towns, boroughs and other urban centers. Efficient movement is the primary function of arterial roads; hence, private access and frontage should be controlled and limited to high-volume generators of vehicle trips.
(b) 
Expressways which are limited-access interregional arterial routes (superhighways). They are designated exclusively for unrestricted movement, have no private access and intersect only with selected arterial highways or major streets by means of interchanges engineered for free-flowing movement.
STREET LINE
That line determining the limit of the rights of the public or other private users.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land, including, among other things, stadiums, platforms, radio towers, sheds, storage bins, swimming pools and fences which are more than 50% solid.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided, however, that the subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
(1) 
Any increase in the height of a wireless support structure by more than 10%, or by the height of one additional antenna array with separation from the nearest existing antenna not to exceed 20 feet, whichever is greater, except that the mounting of the proposed wireless communications facility may exceed the size limits set forth herein if necessary to avoid interference with existing antennas; or
(2) 
Any further increase in the height of a wireless support structure which has already been extended by more than 10% of its originally approved height or by the height of one additional antenna array.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
SUPERVISORS
The Tobyhanna Township Board of Supervisors.
SWIMMING POOL, PRIVATE
Any reasonably permanent pool or open tank located or constructed as an accessory use to a residential structure and used or intended for the private use of the residents of the dwelling unit and their guests for swimming and bathing purposes.
[Amended 6-21-1995 by Ord. No. 411]
SWIMMING POOL, PUBLIC OR BATHING PLACE, PUBLIC
Any open or enclosed place, open to the public for amateur and professional swimming or recreational bathing, whether or not a fee is charged for admission or for the use thereof.
TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION BUILDING
A building erected on a lot for temporary use in conjunction with construction on that lot. Such building shall cease to be a temporary construction building three months after the construction is completed or after a period of nine months of construction inactivity on the project, whichever occurs first. A permit is required with an expiration date on it.
TEMPORARY STRUCTURE
A structure other than a permanent facility with fixed utility connections, which is in use or in place for a period of 20 consecutive calendar days or less and is dedicated to the storage and sale of consumer fireworks and related items; the term includes temporary retail sales stands, tents, canopies and membrane structures meeting the specifications of NFPA 1124. The term shall not include a facility that is not licensed to sell consumer fireworks under this article.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 547]
TOWER-BASED WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (TOWER-BASED WCF)
Any structure that is used for the purpose of supporting one or more antennas, including, but not limited to, self-supporting lattice towers, guy towers and monopoles, utility poles and light poles. DAS hub facilities are considered to be tower-based WCF.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
TOWNSHIP
Tobyhanna Township.
TRANSFERABLE DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS
The attaching of development rights to specified lands which are desired by the Township to be kept undeveloped, but permitting those rights to be transferred from those lands so that the development potential which they represent may occur on other lands where more intensive development is deemed to be appropriate.
TRANSIENT RESIDENTIAL USE
Use limited to hotel, motel, efficiency hotel, or bed-and-breakfast inn use as defined herein, and excluding any other residential or other use.
[Added 10-11-2005 by Ord. No. 457]
TRAVELED WAY
That part of the roadway provided for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders and auxiliary lands.
TRUCK TERMINAL
An area and building where trucks load and unload cargo and freight and where the cargo and freight may be broken down or aggregated into smaller or larger loads for transfer to other vehicles or modes of transportation. Truck terminals are basically transshipment facilities and often include the storage or parking of trucks awaiting cargo as well as facilities for servicing of trucks. Storage facilities, such as warehouses, incidental to the principal use may also be part of a truck terminal.
[Added 6-15-1998 by Ord. No. 397]
UTILITY
A public, private, municipal and/or governmental entity or agency which constructs, maintains and operates underground or overhead gas, electric, steam, water, sewage, telephone or cable transmission or distribution systems, including the attendant buildings, poles, wires, mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduits, cables, alarm boxes, call boxes, traffic signals, hydrants and other similar equipment and accessories reasonably necessary for the furnishing of adequate service by such utilities for the public health or general welfare. (Requires a special exception permit.)
WAREHOUSE
A building used primarily for the storage of goods and materials. Warehouses may be for long-term or short-term storage. Short-term storage facilities for a specific commercial establishment are called "distribution centers."
[Added 6-15-1998 by Ord. No. 397]
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, CENTRALIZED
A system designed and constructed to transmit and distribute water from a common source to all users in all portions of a proposed development or specified area.
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, PUBLIC
A supply system serving a portion of a municipality or municipalities developed and administered by a governmental agency or authority.
WATERS WITHIN THE TOWNSHIP
Any and all rivers, streams, creeks, impoundments, lakes, dammed water and all other bodies or channels of conveyance of surface or underground waters or parts thereof, whether natural or artificial, wholly or partly within or forming part of the boundary of this Township, provided that, for the purpose of this chapter, "waters within the Township" shall exclude farm ponds and other privately owned ponds of less than five acres in area.
WBCA
Pennsylvania Wireless Broadband Collocation Act (53 P.S. § 11702.1 et. seq.).
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
WIRELESS
Transmissions through the airwaves including, but not limited to, infrared line of sight, cellular, PCS, microwave, satellite, or radio signals.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY (WCF)
The set of equipment and network components, including antennas, transmitters, receivers, base stations, cabling and accessory equipment, used to provide wireless data and telecommunications services. The term shall not include the wireless support structure.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS FACILITY APPLICANT (WCF APPLICANT)
Any person that applies for a wireless communication facility building permit, zoning approval and/or permission to use the public right-of-way (ROW) or other Township-owned land or property.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
WIRELESS SUPPORT STRUCTURE
A freestanding structure, such as a tower-based wireless communications facility or any other support structure that could support the placement or installation of a wireless communications facility if approved by the Township.
[Added 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546]
YARD, FRONT
An open, unoccupied space on the same lot as the principal building, extending the full width of the lot and situated between the front lot line and the building line, the minimum depth of which shall be determined by the required front setback.
YARD, SIDE
An open, unoccupied space between the side line of the lot and the nearest side of a building and extending from the front yard to the rear yard or, in the absence of either of such yards, to the street or rear lot lines as the case may be, the minimum width of which shall be determined by the required side setback.
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Zoning Hearing Board of Tobyhanna Township.
ZONING OFFICER
The person or persons charged with the enforcement of this chapter.
[1]
Editor’s Note: The former definitions of "communications antenna," "communications equipment building" and "communications tower," all of which were added 3-9-1998 by Ord. No. 394, which immediately followed this definition, were repealed 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 16 CFR 1.1 et seq.
[3]
Editor’s Note: The former definition of "height of a communications tower," added 3-9-1998 by Ord. No. 394, which immediately followed this definition, was repealed 7-17-2018 by Ord. No. 546.
[4]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.