Unless the context otherwise requires, the meanings of terms used in this article shall be as follows:
- BOD (denoting "biochemical oxygen demand")
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20º C., expressed in milligrams per liter.
- CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD)
- The measure of the organic matter present in the sewage as determined by the dichromate reflux method and expressed in milligrams per liter (ppm).
- CHLORINE DEMAND
- The amount of chlorine, expressed in milligrams per liter or parts per million by weight, which will complete the normal reactions with all chemicals and materials in the sewage leaving an excess of 0.1 milligram per liter (0.1 parts per million by weight) after 30 minutes' contact time at room temperature of approximately 70º F.
- FLOATABLE OIL
- Oil, fat or grease in a physical state which will separate by gravity from wastewater through treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable oil if it is properly pretreated in such a manner that the discharged wastewater does not interfere with the wastewater facilities.
- GREASE or FATS
- Any material which is extractable from an acidified sample of a waste by hexane or other designated solvent.
- HEAVY METALS
- The electronegative metals with a density greater than five grams per cubic centimeter, including but not limited to lead, chromium, mercury, nickel and zinc, plus the nonmetallic element arsenic.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- JOINT MEETING
- The municipalities of the City of East Orange, the Township of Hillside, the Town of Irvington, the Township of Maplewood, the Township of Millburn, the City of Newark, the Borough of Roselle Park, the Village of South Orange, the City of Summit, the Township of Union and the Town of West Orange, organized in Joint Meeting pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:63-68 et seq., under the terms of a contract dated June 1, 1926, as supplemented, in the matter of an outlet sewer and treatment plant for said municipalities and, when the context requires, shall mean the Executive Director or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.
- JOINT SEWER
- Includes the joint outlet or trunk sewer constructed by the several municipalities under a contract dated March 15, 1901; the supplementary joint trunk sewer and sewage disposal plant constructed under a contract between the member municipalities dated June 1, 1926, and contract dated March 9, 1931; or any trunk sewer theretofore or thereafter constructed and maintained by the Joint Meeting.
- MAJOR INDUSTRY
- An industrial user of municipal or Joint Meeting wastewater facilities that has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per workday or has in its waste toxic substances injurious to the treatment process or sewer system, or is found by USEPA, NJDEP, Joint Meeting or a municipality to have a significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on municipal or Joint Meeting wastewater facilities or upon the quality of effluent from these wastewater facilities, or has a detrimental effect upon human health or welfare.
- The State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection or successor agency.
- NONSTATIONARY SOURCE
- Any mobile vehicle, piece of equipment or appurtenance thereof that is utilized in the discharge of waste or wastewater to any sewer or natural outlet. The term includes but is not limited to tank trucks and dump trucks as well as associated equipment and appurtenances. Fixed, permanent or semipermanent equipment is excluded from the category of nonstationary source and is regulated elsewhere in this Part 3.
- National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.
- Any individual, firm, company, partnership, society, association, corporation (public or private) or group, including heirs, executors, administrators and assigns.
- PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS
- That portion of the total extractable grease or fats which is not retained on an activated alumina absorption column after elutriating with hexane.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- Treatment given to waste by other than residential users prior to its direct or indirect discharge to municipal or Joint Meeting wastewater facilities to remove illegal and/or undesirable waste constituents or to reduce the strength of waste prior to discharge to publicly owned wastewater facilities.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which stormwater, surface water and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such groundwater, surface water and stormwater as may be present.
- SEWAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average twenty-four-hour concentration of flows during normal operation.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
- The United States Environmental Protection Agency or successor agency.
Connections of building sewers shall, wherever possible, be made to local sewers and not to Joint Meeting main lines or trunk sewers. No municipality or person shall make any direct connection with the joint sewer or alter or repair any connection with the joint sewer without having first obtained a written permit from the Joint Meeting and from the City of East Orange.
Each permit to connect with the joint sewer, if and when issued, will require that the applicant for such permit agree that it or he will carefully make the connection with the joint sewer in the manner prescribed by the rules and regulations of the Joint Meeting; that it or he will indemnify and save harmless the Joint Meeting from all accidents and damages caused by any negligence in protecting his work or any imperfect or inadequate work done by virtue of such permit; that it or he will faithfully comply with the ordinances of the municipality and that it or he will replace and restore the sidewalk, pavement or street surface over any opening it or he may have made, the work to be subject to the inspection and approval of the Joint Meeting and the municipality.
Connections with the joint sewer shall be made only by a plumber licensed in the municipality where the connection is to be made or by some other person duly authorized by the Joint Meeting. Connections shall be made with suitable materials approved by the Joint Meeting. All work included in the construction of connections with the joint sewer or relating thereto shall be done to the satisfaction of the Joint Meeting, and the person or persons doing said work shall accept as final all decisions of the Joint Meeting as to the fitness of all materials furnished or work done and shall immediately replace all work rejected.
Connections shall be such as to provide flexibility and watertight joints. A manhole shall be provided if required. Connections shall include a cast-iron hub, set and sealed in the main sewer. No connections shall be covered until inspected by the Joint Meeting. No top connections will be permitted.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
Stormwater and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers or to a natural outlet approved by the City of East Orange, but under no circumstances into sanitary sewers. Unpolluted industrial cooling water or process water may be discharged, by approval of the City of East Orange, to a storm sewer or natural outlet, but under no circumstances into sanitary sewers.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following-described waters or wastes to sanitary sewers:
Wastes that may create a fire or explosion hazard in the sewer or wastewater facility, such as gasoline, fuel oil, cleaning solvents, etc.
Wastes that may impair or cause to be impaired the hydraulic capacity of the sewerage system, such as ashes, sand, metal, precipitates, etc.
Wastes that contain toxic wastes in toxic amounts as defined by USEPA regulations.
Wastes discharged at a flow rate that is excessive over a relatively short period of time, which cause or may cause an upset of the treatment process and a substantial loss of treatment efficiency, or which may exceed the hydraulic capacity of the sanitary sewer system.
Wastes that may create a hazard to people, create a hazard or cause damage to the wastewater facilities, endanger or interfere with the treatment process, create a hazard to receiving waters or result in a violation of effluent limitations or other conditions contained in any NPDES permit.
Radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the municipality or Joint Meeting in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.
Noxious or malodorous wastes capable of creating a public nuisance.
No person shall directly or indirectly discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following wastes to the wastewater facilities controlled by the municipality or Joint Meeting without prior written permission:
Wastes with a temperature in excess of 150º F. [65º C.].
Wastes containing more than 100 milligrams per liter of mineral oil or grease.
Wastes containing floatable oil.
Wastes containing heavy metals.
Wastes discharged at such a concentration or rate as to constitute a slug.
Wastes with pH outside the limits of 5.0 to 9.0.
Wastes containing toxic wastes in less than toxic amounts.
Permission to discharge the above wastes may be granted upon a determination by the Joint Meeting that the proposed discharge will not be detrimental to the wastewater facilities or the receiving waters; the burden of proof in such cases shall lie with the discharger.
Without having first obtained the signed, written permission of the Joint Meeting, no person shall directly or indirectly discharge or cause to be discharged any quantity of waste or wastewater to any public sewer or natural outlet from a nonstationary source, including, for example, but not limited to, the discharge of industrial waste from any tank truck. Each and every individual operator and/or owner of a nonstationary source that discharges in violation of this section shall be subject to the penalties prescribed.
All major industries shall provide a structure for the sampling of wastewater before the point of discharge to a sanitary sewer. The sampling structure shall be constructed and maintained by the major industry at its own expense and shall be kept safe and accessible at all times to the municipality or Joint Meeting. Sampling structure design shall be subject to the Joint Meeting's approval.
When required by the Joint Meeting, NJDEP and/or USEPA, a major industry shall install and maintain additional facilities at its own expense, including, for example, meters, sealed automatic monitoring systems or other appurtenances to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of wastes. Construction, installation and maintenance of such additional facilities shall be the responsibility of the major industry, which shall keep these facilities safe and accessible to the municipality and Joint Meeting at all times. Design and construction of such additional facilities shall be subject to the requirements of the governmental authority requiring them.
When required by the Joint Meeting, NJDEP or USEPA, minor industries shall be subject to the requirements of § 226-60.
When pretreatment standards are adopted by NJDEP or USEPA for any given class of industries, then any industry within that class shall conform to the NJDEP or USEPA timetable for adherence to pretreatment requirements as well as all other applicable requirements promulgated by the NJDEP or USEPA in accordance with the provisions of law. Additionally, such industries shall comply with such more stringent standards necessitated by local conditions as determined from time to time by the municipality or Joint Meeting.
As a precondition for the right to discharge waste in any form into the sewers and wastewater facilities of the municipality or the Joint Meeting, all industrial users shall provide immediate access to their facilities at any time during which there is a discharge to the wastewater facilities. Access shall also be provided for the purpose of checking the quality of the discharge, taking samples and making tests of the discharge or for the purpose of permitting the enforcement of this Part 3 and shall be made available to the municipality, Joint Meeting, NJDEP and USEPA. All users shall provide access to property and premises for inspection to determine if there are any violations of the terms or provisions of this Part 3.
As a precondition for the right to discharge waste in any form into the sewers and wastewater facilities of the municipality or the Joint Meeting, all persons subject to this Part 3 shall be required to provide information to the municipality, Joint Meeting, NJDEP or USEPA, as needed, to determine compliance with this Part 3. This information may include:
Wastewater discharge rate and volume over a specified time period.
Chemical analysis of wastewater.
Information on raw materials, processes and products affecting wastewater volume and quality.
Quantity and disposition of specified liquid, sludge, oil, solvent or other materials important to sewer use control.
A plot plan of sewers on the user's property showing sewer and pretreatment facility location.
Details of wastewater pretreatment facilities.
Details of systems designed to prevent and/or control the loss of spilled materials to the sanitary sewer (i.e., spill prevention plan).
Any other information required by the municipality or Joint Meeting.
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of wastewater to which reference is made in this Part 3 shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation, or other methods or procedure that may be acceptable to the governmental authority requiring the measurements, tests or analyses. Sampling method, location, time, duration and frequency shall be determined on an individual basis by the governmental authority requiring the sampling.
All users of the wastewater facilities shall comply with the requirements of the written rules and regulations of the City and Joint Meeting, which regulations shall become effective upon the filing of certified copies in the office of the City Clerk after the effective date of this Part 3.
It shall be unlawful to discharge any wastewater or other polluting material into any natural outlet within the municipality except where suitable treatment has been provided and where an NPDES permit has been obtained from the appropriate governmental authority where required.
No person shall maliciously, intentionally or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment that is part of the wastewater facilities of the City or Joint Meeting.
Violations of any of the provisions of this article or any permit issued under the authority of this article may result in the termination of the permit or termination of the authority to discharge to the public wastewater facilities.
Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall, upon conviction, be subject to a fine not to exceed $2,000, 90 days' imprisonment and/or 90 days of community service. Each and every day during which a violation of any provision of this article exists shall constitute a separate violation. Notwithstanding the aforesaid provisions, all violators shall be liable in a civil action for damages for any expense, loss or damage suffered by the City or Joint Meeting as a result of said violation or violations.