Town of Leonardtown, MD
St. Marys County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
The Institutional/Office (I/O) District is created to permit the development of institutional-type uses primarily for functions of government, together with medical facilities, schools and accessory uses as may be necessary or normally compatible with institutional-type offices. It is intended to permit the establishment of such facilities in planned centers with carefully organized buildings, service areas, parking areas and landscaped open space. Facilities in Institutional/Office Districts will serve demonstrated public needs while minimizing impacts on surrounding neighborhoods.
No building or premises shall be erected, structurally altered, enlarged or maintained, nor shall any land be used, except for the following purposes:
A. 
Governmental offices and office buildings.
B. 
Public utility buildings and installations.
C. 
Religious institutions.
D. 
Schools and academies, both public and private.
E. 
Day-care and child-care facilities.
F. 
Libraries.
G. 
Accessory buildings and uses.
H. 
Medical offices (excluding drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers).
I. 
Safety organizations (rescue squad, Fire Department).
J. 
Adult day-care facilities.
A. 
The following uses of land and buildings within the I/O District shall be allowed only by special exception to this chapter, granted only by the Board of Zoning Appeals. Standards and procedures for special exceptions are contained in Article XVII.
B. 
The Board of Appeals' approval is limited to the establishment of the special exception use in a particular location, though the Board may require a concept plan in making its determination. The approval of the site plan for development is the responsibility of the Planning and Zoning Commission.
C. 
Once a special exception use is established, it may be expanded or enlarged through the site plan approval process. Board of Appeals approval is not required for additions to an established special exception use. However, Board approval is required if another or different special exception use is proposed for a site.
D. 
Special exception uses existing at the time of the establishment of this zoning district, and the concurrent rezoning of certain parcels of land to the Institutional/Office District, shall be considered special exception uses approved by the Town Board of Appeals.
E. 
Special exception uses are as follows:
(1) 
Nursing centers.
(2) 
Detention centers.
(3) 
Outside storage areas and impound lots.
(4) 
Community colleges and institutions of higher learning.
(5) 
Hospitals.
(6) 
Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers.
(7) 
Communications towers (see § 155-48).
[Amended 8-9-2004 by Ord. No. 118]
A. 
Minimum lot area. All uses, structures and buildings permitted in the I-O District shall be located on a lot having a minimum area of 10,000 square feet.
B. 
Front yard. A minimum front yard of 70 feet shall be established from the street right-of-way line for I-O uses.
C. 
Rear and side yards. A minimum rear and side yard of 20 feet shall be maintained between any structure, use, parking area or driveway and the side lot of adjacent properties. When the I-O side or rear yard adjoins a residential district, the minimum side or rear yard, as applicable, shall be 50 feet.
D. 
Landscape.
(1) 
The front yard shall be maintained as landscaped open space and shall not be used for any building, structure, use or parking area except for access roads, driveways and permissible identification signs. Such side yards shall consist of a minimum landscaped buffer area as determined by the Planning and Zoning Commission.
(2) 
A minimum landscaped area, not less than 10% of the buildable lot, shall be provided. Such area can be used to meet the forest conservation requirement of the Forest Conservation Ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 80, Forest Conservation.
E. 
Buffering and screening. It is required that the buffering and screening be specifically addressed when the concept plan/site plan is submitted. Issues to be addressed:
(1) 
Buffering between parking lots and adjoining uses.
(2) 
Buffering between the institutional zone and residential zones and uses.
(3) 
Street trees.
F. 
Height. A maximum height of three stories and 45 feet shall be established for any building or structure in the I-O Zone. Principal structures may be erected to a height not exceeding 100 feet when the required side and rear yards are each increased by at least one foot for each additional foot of building height above the height restriction.
G. 
Location of parking. Parking facilities shall be located on the side and the rear yards of the property. No parking shall be permitted in the required front yard of the property. (This means all parking must be at least 70 feet from the street right-of-way.)