Township of Washington, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Township of Washington as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Sanitary standards in mobile home parks — See Ch. 121.
Sewer connections — See Ch. 155, Art. I.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 175.
[Adopted 3-27-1990 by Ord. No. 1-90 (Ch. BH-XV of the Revised General Ordinances); amended in its entirety 3-22-2016 by Ord. No. 1-2016]
A. 
The regulations promulgated by the State Commissioner of the Department of Environmental Protection pursuant to the Realty Improvement Sewerage and Facilities Act (1954) and subsequent amendments thereto[1] and known as "Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (2012)," and subsequent amendments thereto, which provide standards for the proper location, design, construction, installation, alteration, operation and maintenance of individual subsurface sewage disposal systems are hereby adopted and are of full force and effect in the Township of Washington, except for the regulations and higher standards prescribed by this chapter.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 58:11-23 et seq.
B. 
Reference to the Realty Improvement Sewerage and Facilities Act, P.L. 1954, c. 199, and Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (2012) shall include subsequent amendments thereto.
C. 
Three copies of said Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems (2012) have been placed on file in the office of the Secretary of this Board of Health upon the introduction of this chapter and will remain in said office for the use and examination of the public.
A. 
License required. No person shall engage in the business of installing individual or any other type of sewage disposal systems in the Township unless he has demonstrated a thorough knowledge of the law applicable to installation of individual sewage disposal systems.
B. 
Examination. The Board of Health or its authorized agent shall conduct examinations designed to test the knowledge and ability of an applicant for a license as a certified builder and installer of individual sewage disposal systems in accordance with the code. Examinations shall be held at least once yearly. No person shall be admitted to the examination for a license as a certified individual sewage disposal system installer unless he/she has met the requirements as set forth on the application and has shown proof of being at least 18 years of age, is a citizen of the United States and has had at least two years' experience in the business of installing individual sewage disposal systems or the equivalent thereof. There shall be an examination fee of $25 to be paid by the applicant upon submission of the septic installer's examination application.
C. 
Issuance of license. The Board of Health shall issue an appropriate license to each applicant who has successfully passed the examination for a license to build and install individual sewage disposal systems in the Township, and such license shall not be transferable. Current licenses held in other municipalities or a National Environmental Health Association CIOWTS advanced certification may be accepted in lieu of taking the examination. A current copy of the contractor's home improvement contractor's license issued by the State of New Jersey is required at the time of license application.
D. 
Renewal of license. All licenses to build and install individual sewage disposal systems in the Township shall expire on April 15 each year and shall be renewed for the ensuing year prior to any work being done during that year. A current copy of the contractor's home improvement contractor's license issued by the State of New Jersey is required at the time of renewal.
E. 
Revocation of license. The license held by a certified installer of individual sewage disposal systems in the Township may be suspended or revoked by the Board of Health or by the Board's authorized agent if the holder of such license is shown to be incompetent in his work or if it is proven that the license was obtained through fraudulent means or misrepresentation.
F. 
License fee. A fee of $100 shall be paid annually by each certified installer of individual sewage disposal systems for a license to operate in the Township.
If any license, permit or certificate required by this chapter is denied by the Board of Health, a hearing shall be held thereon before the Board within 15 days after request is made by the applicant. Upon such hearing, the Board of Health shall affirm, alter or rescind its previous determination and take action accordingly within 15 days thereafter.
The Board of Health may order all further work in and about any individual sewage disposal system which is being erected or installed in violation of the code to be stopped forthwith, except such work as shall be necessary to remedy the violation, and thereafter the work continued without any violation of any of the provisions of the code, and after issuance of such order and the service of a copy upon the person connected with or working in and about the erection or installation of the disposal system or any part thereof, no further work shall be done except as aforesaid.
The following fees and charges shall be established:
A. 
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to locate and construct an individual sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $200. For the filing of a redesign, the fee shall be $200. For the filing of a revision, the fee shall be $50.
B. 
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to alter an existing individual sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $50. For the filing of a revision, the fee shall be $50.
C. 
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to repair an existing sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $25. For the issuance of a permit to repair an existing sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $25. The permit shall be valid for one year from the date of issuance, but may be renewed upon the payment of an annual fee of $25. No permit may be renewed more than four times.
D. 
For the issuance of a license or permit to locate and construct an individual sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $300. The permit shall be valid for one year from the date of issuance, but may be renewed upon the payment of an annual fee of $50. No permit may be renewed more than four times.
E. 
For the filing of an application and plans for a permit to alter or expand an existing realty improvement serviced by an on-site sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $50. For the filing of a revision, the fee shall be $25. For the issuance of a permit to alter or expand an existing individual sewage disposal system, the fee shall be $50. The permit shall be valid for one year from the date of issuance, but may be renewed upon the payment of an annual fee of $50. No permit may be renewed more than four times.
F. 
For each reinspection of an individual sewage disposal system or part thereof caused by the failure of the permittee/contractor to locate and construct or alter the same in accordance with the terms of the permit issued or the terms of the aforesaid code, the fee shall be $100.
G. 
For the observation of a test of soil characteristics by a representative of the Board of Health, for purposes of meeting the requirements of an application for subdivision approval or the purpose of filing an application for an individual sewage system permit, the applicant must file an application with the Board of Health. Said application shall be on file at the Board of Health office prior to the request for the viewing of each test. A valid New Jersey one-call underground utilities mark-out number is required for each site.
H. 
For soil tests performed in conjunction with a sewage disposal system, the fees shall be $50 per lot (two logs, no testing) for alterations to existing systems and $200 per lot (two logs, one split soil sample) for new construction. When additional tests are performed, additional fees of $25 per soil log and $100 per soil class rating analysis split sample shall be required.
I. 
The fee for reviewing the feasibility of installing a septic system within a subdivision for Planning Board approval shall be $50 per proposed lot.
The Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems is hereby amended, in part, to read as follows:
A. 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-4.3 is amended to change certain of the minimum distances provided therein as follows:
Component
Water-course (feet)
Disposal field or trench
100
B. 
Requirements for soil profile pits and borings.
(1) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-5.2(b) is hereby revised to read as follows: "A minimum of two profile pits are required for each disposal field."
(2) 
The provisions set forth in N.J.A.C. 7:9A-5.2(c)(3) are not applicable.
(3) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-5.2(d) is hereby revised to read as follows: "When a seepage pit(s) is proposed, as allowed in N.J.A.C. 7:9A-7.6, a minimum of one profile pit shall be performed for each seepage pit. Profile pits shall be located no further than 15 feet from the proposed seepage pit."
C. 
General design and construction requirements.
(1) 
The construction of the disposal system must be performed after the dwelling has been substantially constructed. Special permission may be given by the Health Officer or authorized agent to grant a waiver from this requirement if appropriate.
(2) 
The design engineer must stake and certify the bed location when the field is located within 20 feet of a neighboring property line. Grading associated with the installation of a septic system cannot encroach within five feet of a neighboring property line.
(3) 
All excavation inspections require a valid underground utility mark-out number.
(4) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-7.5 is hereby revised to read as follows: "A greywater system may be approved by the administrative authority, provided that all of the requirements of these standards are satisfied and provided that an acceptable means for disposal of the black water from the building served is indicated in the system design. When the black water from the building serviced by a greywater system is to be disposed of into a separate subsurface sewage disposal system, the black water system shall meet all the requirements of this chapter, and the volume of sanitary sewage used in the design of both the greywater system and black water system shall be a minimum of 75% of the volume of sanitary sewage determined as prescribed in N.J.A.C. 7:9A-7.4."
(5) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-7.6 is hereby revised to read as follows: "Each system approved by the administrative authority pursuant to this chapter shall consist of a septic tank which discharges effluent through a gravity flow, gravity dosing, or pressure dosing network to a disposal field as hereafter described. Seepage pits shall not be approved for new installations. Installation of seepage pits may be approved as an alteration for an existing system subject to the requirements of N.J.A.C. 7:9A-3.3."
D. 
Pretreatment units.
(1) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.2(c) is hereby revised to read as follows: "Garbage grinder units are prohibited from use in those homes served by an individual sewage disposal system."
(2) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.2(h) is hereby revised to read as follows: "Metal septic tanks are prohibited. The use of septic tanks constructed of materials other than concrete is prohibited except as approved by the administrative authority."
(3) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.2(i) is hereby revised to add a new item, 5, to read as follows:
"5. All new tanks shall have two compartments and meet the requirements of 7:9A-8.2(d)".
(4) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.2(j)(3) is hereby revised to read as follows: "A septic solids retainer or septic effluent filter shall be installed and maintained in conjunction with all new septic tanks prior to the effluent distribution network and in accordance with all manufacturer's specifications. Septic solids retainers and septic effluent filters shall be certified by, and bear the mark of, NSF International (NSF) under NSF Standard 46. Filters must be a minimum of six inches in diameter (or equivalent area) measured at the inlet to the filter. Additionally, the Department recommends that system designers provide a means in the design to prevent flow of solids, scum and floatables out of the tank when the filter is removed for maintenance through a means of a solids retainer or gas deflector on the effluent filter housing. Outlet connections of an existing tank or each compartment thereof and connections between new tank compartments or tanks installed in series shall be provided with a tee not less than six inches in diameter or a durable baffle equivalent in size. They shall be permanently fastened in place with the bottom opening extending below the liquid level by a distance equal to 25% to 40% of the total liquid depth. Outlet baffles or tees shall be provided with a gas deflection device adequately designed to prevent gases generated in the septic tank from rising through the outlet baffle or tee. The gas deflection device shall be constructed of, or coated with, materials which are resistant to corrosion by sulfuric acid and shall be securely fastened to the tee or the side of the tank. Figure 12 of Appendix A illustrates several acceptable gas deflection devices. Where two compartment tanks are utilized the first chamber outlet pipe will be supplied with a gas deflection device, and the second chamber outlet pipe will be supplied with a minimum six-inch effluent filter.
(5) 
N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.2(l)(3) is hereby revised to read as follows: "An inspection port extending to finished grade shall be provided over each tank or compartment inlet and outlet which is not directly below a manhole except for those outlets where a septic solids retainer is used. Inspection ports shall extend to finished grade, shall be constructed of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and shall have a locked or bolted cap."
(6) 
The location of the septic tank and/or pump tank may not be within 10 feet of any encroachment (including, but not limited to, driveways). Special permission may be granted if the applicant agrees to construct a permanent barrier between the tank(s) and the encroachment, and the engineer's plan specifies this requirement.
(7) 
An electrical permit is required for all pump installations.
E. 
Advanced Wastewater Pretreatment Components. N.J.A.C. 7:9A-8.3(c)(1) is hereby revised to read as follows: "Any system that includes an advanced pretreatment device must be installed by a currently certified National Environmental Health Association CIOWTS advanced license holder. The authorized installer shall be physically present at all times of the installation and inspection of an advanced wastewater pretreatment device and septic system.
F. 
Effluent distribution networks.
(1) 
The provisions of N.J.A.C. 7:9A-9.3(b)(2) are hereby deleted.
(2) 
Any connecting pipe that traverses under a driveway must be sleeved with Schedule 80 pipe or equivalent (as approved by the Health Officer or authorized agent).
G. 
Disposal fields.
(1) 
The location of the tanks, disposal field or trenches may not be within 10 feet of any encroachment (including, but not limited to, driveways and trees). Special permission may be granted if the applicant agrees to construct a permanent barrier between the septic component(s) and the encroachment, and the engineer's plan specifies this requirement.
(2) 
The header pipes out of the distribution box, prior to even lateral separation distance must be constructed of solid PVC pipe.
H. 
When compliance with the Shimel criteria is required by the Washington Township Engineer, the following setback distances must be maintained:
(1) 
If the footing drain is in the seasonally high-water table, as demonstrated by mottling, seepage or standing water, it is to be considered a watercourse, and the following distances will be enforced:
(a) 
Septic and pump tanks to drain: 25 feet.
(b) 
Disposal field or trenches to drain: 100 feet.
(2) 
If the footing drain is above the seasonally high-water table and/or the invert elevation is higher than the bottom of the disposal field or trenches, the following distances are required:
(a) 
Septic and pump tanks to drain: 12.5 feet.
(b) 
Disposal field or trenches to drain: 50 feet.
A. 
For new construction/expansion design, one permeability test is required in each soil profile pit within the zone of disposal when a soil replacement design is proposed. For conventional systems, tests must also be performed in the zone of treatment in each soil profile pit.
B. 
In the case of a slowly rising water table, the SCRA, percolation test and tube permeameter test may be used as long as the soils are not saturated at the time of sampling/testing. If the water table rises into the percolation or tube permeameter tests, they must be abandoned and a pit bail test performed.
For new construction/expansion and alterations of septic system installations, the engineer must provide the following certifications prior to the issuance of the certificate of compliance:
A. 
A sample of suitable fill must be taken from a stockpile on site for SCRA compliance with N.J.A.C. 7:9A-10.1(f)4 and 7:9A-10.1(f)5 prior to installation.
B. 
The engineer must certify that the suitable fill was installed per N.J.A.C. 7:9A-10.4(f)3.
C. 
If applicable, the engineer must certify the float settings and alarm of the pump tank.
D. 
The engineer or land surveyor must perform an as-built drawing locating all components of the septic system in relation to a permanent structure on the property.
E. 
Provide a tank tightness test for any new tanks used in the installation process.
F. 
Must certify that the septic system was installed per the approved plan and meets the standards of N.J.A.C. 7:9a.
G. 
Must provide a percolation test of suitable fill used in the disposal field that meets the requirements of N.J.A.C. 7:9A-6.1A.