City of Crestwood, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 4443,[1] § 1, 11-26-2013]
This chapter shall be known and may be cited as "The Animal Control Code of the City of Crestwood, Missouri".
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also provided for the repeal of former Ch. 6, as amended.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
The purposes of this chapter include:
(1) 
Prevention of the introduction or transmission of rabies.
(2) 
Prevention of the introduction or transmission of other zoonotic diseases.
(3) 
Protection and enhancement of the health and safety of humans by regulating animals whose conduct could be harmful to humans.
(4) 
Prevention of mistreatment of animals and protection and enhancement of the health and safety of animals.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
For the purpose of this chapter, certain terms and words are hereby defined. Words used in the present tense include the future, the singular number includes the plural, and the plural the singular; reference to the male gender includes the female, and references to any person or animal without specifying gender include both male and female; the word "shall" is mandatory and directory wherever it is used in this chapter. Other words defined are:
AT LARGE
An animal who is deemed to be at large in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
BITE or BITTEN
A puncture, tear or abrasion of the skin inflicted by the teeth of an animal.
CAT
All members of the classification felis domesticus, male or female, four months of age or older.
CATTERY
Any place or tract of land, whether indoors or outdoors, whether enclosed or not, whether used for pleasure of profit, in which, at which or upon which four or more cats are kept, housed, bred, raised, fed, displayed, exhibited or sold. The owner of four or more cats, whether owned for pleasure or profit, breeding or exhibiting, shall be deemed to be the operator of a cattery.
CERTIFICATE
A certificate issued under the St. Louis County Animal Control Code at the time of the vaccination of a dog or cat, bearing thereon the signature of the veterinarian performing the vaccination, the registration number, the name, color, breed and sex of the dog or cat, the name and address of a person responsible for the dog or cat, the date of the vaccination, and the type of vaccine administered.
DANGEROUS ANIMAL
A dangerous animal is any animal that meets the definition of "dangerous animal" in the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
DOG
All members of the classification canis familiaris, male or female, four months of age or older.
EUTHANIZE
To put to death in a humane manner, taking into account the circumstances necessitating the euthanasia and need to protect the public health.
EXCESSIVE ANIMAL NOISE
Any animal noise causing a disturbance by barking, howling, meowing or other noisemaking.
EXPOSED TO RABIES
Any vaccinated or unvaccinated animal, which has been bitten, has been fighting with or has had contact with:
(1) 
An animal known to have rabies; or
(2) 
An animal which shows or has shown signs of rabies.
HEALTH DEPARTMENT, DIRECTOR or HEALTH DIRECTOR
The St. Louis County Department of Health or the Director of the St. Louis County Department of Health or his or her designee.
IMPOUND
To apprehend, seize, catch, trap, net, quarantine, tranquilize, or confine an animal in a humane manner.
INTACT ANIMAL
Any animal that has not been spayed or neutered.
KENNEL
Any place or tract of land, whether indoors or outdoors, whether enclosed or not, whether used for pleasure or profit, in which, at which or upon which four or more dogs are kept, housed, bred, raised, fed, displayed, exhibited or sold. The owner of four or more dogs, whether owned for pleasure or profit, breeding or exhibiting, shall be deemed the operator of a kennel.
KITTEN
All members of the classification felis domesticus, male or female, under the age of four months.
PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR AN ANIMAL or RESPONSIBLE PERSON
Any person, firm, association, partnership, or corporation which owns, harbors, shelters, keeps, controls, manages, possesses, or has a part interest in any dog, cat, animal, cattery or kennel in the City. The occupant of any premises on which a dog or cat or other animal remains for a period of seven days, or to which it customarily returns for a period of 10 days is presumed to be harboring, sheltering or keeping the aforementioned dog, cat or other animal within this definition. If a minor owns an animal subject to the provisions of this chapter, the head of the household of which such minor is a member shall be the person responsible for the animal under this chapter, whether or not such household head is himself a minor. If not a member of a household, such minor shall himself be the responsible person. There may be more than one person responsible for an animal.
PUPPY
All members of the classification canis familiaris, male or female, under four months of age.
VACCINATE
The injection by a veterinarian of a specified dose of anti-rabies vaccine into the body of an animal in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
VACCINATION REGISTRATION
The procedure of vaccinating for rabies and issuing an identification number and an appropriate certificate under the St. Louis County Animal Control Code. The words "vaccination" and "registration" shall be interchangeable.
VETERINARIAN
Unless otherwise specifically indicated, veterinarian means any person holding a valid current veterinarian license issued by the State of Missouri or any other state.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
The enforcement of this chapter shall be the responsibility of the Director of Public Services or his/her designee, the Health Director or his/her designee where provided, and the Chief of Police and police officers, but only police officers can affect a physical arrest.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Any person violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction by the City prosecutor, be subject to all penalties provided for violation of City ordinances. Nothing herein shall be interpreted or construed to prohibit the Health Director's or his/her designee's enforcement of these provisions where provided.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
No household may keep more than three dogs or three cats or any combination thereof, unless otherwise provided for by this Code.
(1) 
Rabies vaccination requirements. Every dog, cat, puppy and kitten shall be vaccinated against rabies and registered as provided in the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
(2) 
Identification tags. Every dog, cat, puppy, and kitten must have an identification tag containing, at a minimum, one phone number and a physical address (not a post office box). The identification tag shall be attached to the animal's collar or harness and worn at all times when the animal is outside the residence of the responsible person.
(3) 
Kennel, cattery, animal rescue licenses and sportsman's permits. No person shall maintain a kennel or cattery within the City without a license therefore. Applications for said license shall be submitted to the Director of Public Services or his/her designee who will be responsible for an investigation of the applicant's proposed activities, the facilities available, and the potential for negative neighborhood impact. The Director of Public Services or his/her designee will grant licenses to approved applicants for the period of one calendar year upon payment of an annual fee.
a. 
Noncommercial kennels or catteries shall pay an annual fee of $10. The number of dogs or cats to be kept in any noncommercial kennel or cattery shall not exceed five. License applications may be denied by the Director of Public Services or his/her designee if historical records indicate a failure of the applicant to provide adequate and/or humane facilities, if animals or premises are deemed to be a nuisance, or the applicant has failed to comply with other provisions of this Code in the past one year or until the number of animals is reduced naturally through attrition to three. After which time the licensee shall maintain no more than three animals. Noncommercial kennel or cattery licenses shall only be allowed under the following circumstances:
1. 
An applicant moves to the City of Crestwood from a jurisdiction that allows more than three animals per residence, or
2. 
An applicant has a relative or family member take up residence and brings existing animals which increase the number to greater than three, or
3. 
An applicant has an immediate family member which has become infirmed and in need of placement of existing animals whose addition increases the number to greater than three.
b. 
Commercial kennels or catteries shall pay an annual fee of $50. Applicants for commercial permits must also meet all the requirements of the Zoning Code of the City of Crestwood. The total number of animals to be kept in any such kennel or cattery shall not exceed 15. Licenses will be granted only to individuals who have USDA or ACFA approval and only for the breeding of purebreds.
The holder of either a noncommercial or commercial kennel or cattery permit may keep one litter intact until the animals reach six months of age; one animal from the litter may be retained until it reaches 12 months of age. At no time may the holder of either permit retain more than six animals over six months of age nor more than five animals over one year of age. Animals must be vaccinated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
c. 
Rescue organization affiliates shall pay an annual license fee of $150. Licenses will be granted only to individuals who are active members of an established domestic animal rescue organization, have USDA or ACFA approval, and who meet the standards for kennel or cattery licenses except that the animals need not be purebreds. The total number of animals shall be limited to eight per household. Up to three personal pets may be maintained at the same location and must be registered with the City on an annual basis, but such animals must figure into the total of only eight animals per household. The Director of Public Services or his/her designee may waive the limitations set forth in this subsection if the rescue organization affiliate maintains its facility not within a household.
d. 
Sportsman's permits may be issued upon application to and approval from the Director of Public Services or his/her designee. Owners of purebred animals may obtain a permit for a fee of $10 to keep up to five animals in a residential area provided:
1. 
Such animals are registered with a national registry (AKC, UKC or field dog);
2. 
Adequate facilities are provided; and
3. 
Other provisions of this chapter are complied with, and no animal or premise is deemed to be a nuisance.
(b) 
The facilities maintained by license and permit holders under this section shall be inspected at any reasonable time, one time each year, or more often as may be necessary to ensure compliance with this Code. Licenses may be revoked or suspended by the Director of Public Services or his/her designee for failure of licensee to provide adequate and/or humane facilities, or if animals or premises are deemed to be a nuisance.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Dogs, cats, and other animals shall be impounded in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
All non-rabid dogs and cats and other animals captured or impounded shall be held, treated, and/or released in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Any dog or cat or other animal showing signs of rabies shall be treated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Any person having information or knowledge of any animal showing signs of rabies or having been exposed to rabies or having bitten a human shall report such information to the Health Director in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
Any dog, cat, puppy, kitten or other animal which has bitten a human shall be treated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
(b) 
Any dog, cat, puppy, kitten, or other animal that has been exposed to or is suspected of being exposed to rabies shall be treated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Quarantine orders shall be issued in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code. All persons responsible for an animal shall comply with the requirements of the quarantine order as it applies to that animal.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
It shall be unlawful for any person to conceal an animal or interfere with the Health Director or his/her designee, the Director of Public Services or his/her designee, or police officers in the performance of their legal duties as provided in this chapter.
The Health Director or his/her designee and police officers shall have the right of entry onto any lots or lands for the purpose of collecting any dog, cat, or other animal, which is subject to impoundment pursuant to this chapter. The Health Director or his/her designee and police officers shall also have the right of entry to any lots or lands within any quarantined area during the period of such quarantine for the purpose of examining or obtaining any dog, cat, or other animal.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Cruelty to animals shall be regulated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Dangerous animals shall be regulated and treated in accordance with the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
No animal shall be at large as defined and regulated in the St. Louis County Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013; Ord. No. 4564, § 1, 6-9-2015; amended 6-12-2018 by Ord. No. 4873]
(a) 
It is unlawful to keep, maintain or allow to remain upon one lot, tract or parcel of ground within the City any sheep, goats, hogs, cows, horses, mink, rabbits, ducks, geese, pigeons, chickens, turkeys, bees (including honeybees) or other domestic animals or fowl, except as provided in this section.
(b) 
Any person wishing to keep any of the above domestic animals in the City may file with the Director of Public Services or his/her designee a written application for a permit, stating the location and facilities to be provided, the size of the premises of the applicant, the number of each to be kept, and the purposes of keeping. If the Director of Public Services or his/her designee approves the same, he/she may grant such a permit. Each permit is good for a period of one year from the date thereof unless sooner revoked after hearing. With the exception of honeybees and chickens, the number of animals to be allowed under the permit shall not exceed three. The number of chickens allowed under the permit shall not exceed nine. Honeybees will be limited to the number approved by the Director of Public Services or his/her designee at the time of issuance of the permit. The facilities maintained by the permittee shall be inspected at any reasonable time, one time each year, or more often as may be necessary to ensure compliance with this section. Permits may be revoked or suspended for failure of the permittee to provide adequate and/or humane facilities, or if animals or premises are deemed to be a nuisance. For any permit application to keep chicken and/or honeybees at a property, the Director or his/her designee shall contact all of the property owners adjacent to the applicant's property. Should any adjacent property owner notify the Director of his/her objection to the issuance of a permit, the permit shall be denied. Should an applicant apply for additional chicken(s) at a later date, the Director or his/her designee shall again contact all of the property owners that are adjacent to the property. Should any adjacent property owner notify the Director of his/her objection to the additional chickens, the number of chickens will not be increased. In the event that a permit for chickens is denied due to objection of an adjacent property owner, the applicant may appeal the denial to the Public Works Board within 15 days of the denial. The Public Works Board shall conduct a hearing, after providing notice to the neighboring property owners. The Public Works Board may authorize the issuance of a permit if it determines that the chicken(s) will not unreasonably disturb the neighboring property owners or create a nuisance.
(c) 
Pot-bellied pigs or other domesticated swine are expressly prohibited within the City of Crestwood.
(d) 
Nothing herein shall prohibit the keeping of the usual domestic animals and fowl, such as the usual children's pets, provided they are not deemed to be a nuisance.
(e) 
All domestic animals, fowl and bees, while on the premises of their owner, shall be under the immediate control of their owner or custodian or shall be securely restrained or enclosed in a suitable outbuilding or enclosure.
(f) 
Any building or enclosure contemplated by this section must be kept in a clean and sanitary condition so that no offensive odors escape therefrom. Any building or enclosure must be cleaned at least every 24 hours, so that no offensive odor or unsightly condition exists. Any manure or other waste from the chickens shall be collected and properly removed from the premises or tilled into the soil on the premises promptly and regularly to prevent the spreading of offensive smells or diseases. The presence of numerous flies or the presence of fly larvae in the vicinity of any such premises, enclosures, or structures shall be evidence of a lack of sanitary maintenance of the premises and shall constitute a public nuisance. Any obnoxious odor or allergen arising from any condition existing within the enclosure or within any structure used or intended to be used for the housing of chickens shall be evidence of a lack of sanitary maintenance of the premises and shall constitute a public nuisance.
(g) 
Any person having physical control/possession of any animal is responsible for disposing of any fecal matter deposited by that animal. This includes, but is not limited to, the owner's private property, someone else's private property, vacant property, streets, sidewalks, parking lots, common ground areas, and all public park areas.
(h) 
The owner of the premises and the tenant and custodian must promptly comply with orders of the City and/or St. Louis County Department of Health in respect to any unsanitary conditions found to exist.
(i) 
Deceased chickens must be disposed of either through burial or incineration in accordance with state and county regulations.
(j) 
All enclosures, refuse containers, and all feed containers intended for the use of chickens shall be constructed, maintained, and kept in such a manner as to be completely rodentproof. The floors of every such enclosure shall be smooth and tight and maintained so as to prevent accumulation of filth or water or harboring of vermin thereunder. All such enclosures shall be located in a rear yard.
(k) 
All enclosures shall be sized and built to allow proper care and maintenance of the premises and the chickens. Enclosures built after June 1, 2018, shall comply with the following minimums and maximums:
Chickens
Nesting Boxes
Perch Space
(inches)
Coop Size
(square feet)
Run
(square feet)
0 - 5
2 - 6
40 - 150
20 - 50
50 - 150
6 - 9
3 - 6
72 - 150
36 - 50
100 - 150
(l) 
Enclosures built after June 1, 2018, shall conform to the building setbacks for detached accessory structures as noted in § 26-186.
(m) 
If the premises and enclosure(s) are not properly maintained as noted above, the permit shall be subject to termination or denial of renewal.
(n) 
The eggs produced by the chickens are not to be sold, and chickens are not to be raised for consumption.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
No person, except a duly constituted zoological garden or wildlife rehabilitation center, operated and conducted with the consent of the City, may keep or maintain any wild or undomesticated or inherently dangerous exotic mammal or reptile of any kind. The term "any wild or undomesticated or inherently dangerous exotic mammal or reptile" includes any animals or reptiles known as wild, such as non-human primates, raccoons, skunks, foxes, poisonous reptiles, any venomous snakes, constrictor snakes, lions, tigers, leopards, panthers, bears, jaguars, wildcats, wolves or any cross-breed thereof, and others of this general class and description.
(b) 
It shall be unlawful for any person to trap, hunt, shoot or attempt to shoot or molest in any manner any wild bird or wild fowl or to willfully molest, disturb or destroy the nests or eggs of any wild bird or wild fowl, or to keep any cat, or other fowl or animals in such a manner as to permit it to kill such birds or animals. However, if starlings, pigeons or house sparrows congregate in any particular locality within the City in such numbers as to constitute a nuisance or menace and which, in the opinion of the Director of Public Services or his/her designee or the Chief of Police or his/her designee, should be abated, such birds may be destroyed by licensed pest control practitioner.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
Every person responsible for a dog, cat, puppy, kitten or other animal shall keep it from creating a nuisance.
(b) 
A dog, cat, puppy, or kitten or any other animal creates a nuisance if it:
(1) 
Soils, defiles, or defecates on property other than the property of a person responsible for the animal unless such waste is immediately removed by a person responsible for the animal and deposited in a waste container or buried in the ground where the person responsible for the animal has permission or the right to bury it.
(2) 
Damages public property or property belonging to a person other than a person responsible for the animal.
(3) 
Causes unsanitary or dangerous conditions.
(4) 
Causes a disturbance by excessive barking, howling, meowing or other noisemaking.
(5) 
Chases vehicles, including bicycles.
(6) 
Molests, attacks, bites, or interferes with persons or other animals on public property or property not belonging to a person responsible for the animal.
(7) 
Impedes refuse collection, mail delivery or meter reading or other public service activities by annoying persons responsible for such activities.
(8) 
Tips, rummages through, or damages a refuse container.
(c) 
For purposes of enforcement of this chapter, the owner of or responsible person for a dog, cat, or other animal who creates a public nuisance as defined above, shall abate such public nuisance in accordance with the order of the Director of Public Services or his/her designee. The failure to abate the public nuisance shall be deemed to be in violation of the provisions of this chapter. The Director of Public Services or his/her designee shall inform the Health Director of any citations issued under subsection (b)(5) — (7).
(d) 
Nothing herein shall be interpreted or construed to prevent the Health Director from classifying as dangerous animals those animals who cause certain nuisances within a timeframe and from impounding those animals in accordance with the St. Louis Animal Control Code.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
(a) 
Chickens, chicks, ducks, ducklings. No person may sell, at retail, any live chicks, chickens, ducklings or ducks, in any quantity within the City limits of the City.
(b) 
Rabbits. No person may sell, at retail, any live rabbits in any quantity within the City limits of the City.
[Ord. No. 4443, § 1, 11-26-2013]
Any person or persons, jointly or severally aggrieved by any decision of the Director of Public Services or his/her designee, or any officer, department or board of the municipality may appeal in writing within 15 days after the issuance of such decision to the City Administrator. Within 30 days of the issuance of the City Administrator's decision on the appeal, any person or person who is aggrieved by the City Administrator's decision may present to the circuit court of the county a petition, duly verified, setting forth that such decision is illegal in whole or in part, specifying the grounds of the illegality in accordance with appropriate state statute.