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Township of Muhlenberg, PA
Berks County
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A. 
For the purpose of this chapter, certain terms and words are defined within § 310-10. The following guidelines should be applied when interpreting the definitions:
(1) 
Words used in the present tense shall include the future tense.
(2) 
Words in the singular shall include the plural, and words in the plural shall include the singular.
(3) 
Words in the masculine shall include the feminine and the neuter.
(4) 
The word "shall" or "must" is mandatory.
(5) 
The word "may" is permissive and the word "will" is directory.
(6) 
The word "person" includes "individual," "corporation," "partnership," "organization," "association," "trust," or other similar entities.
(7) 
The words "used for" include "designed for," "arranged for," "intended for," "maintained for," or "occupied for."
(8) 
The word "building" shall be construed as if followed by the phrase "or part thereof."
B. 
Any word or term not defined herein shall be used with a meaning of standard usage.
Terms or words used in this chapter, unless otherwise expressly stated, shall be construed as defined below. When terms, phrases or words are not defined, they shall have their ordinarily accepted meanings or such as the context may imply.
ABUT
The state of being side by side, next to or adjoining one another.
ACCESS DRIVE
An improved cartway or paved service road designed to provide vehicular access between the public road and the off-street parking area for the designated use.
ACCESS POINT
A clearly defined point of ingress and egress for vehicles at the street line.
ACCESSORY BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
A building subordinate to the principal building on a lot and used for purposes customarily incidental to those of the principal use.
ACCESSORY USE
A subordinate use of a portion of a lot which is customarily incidental to the main or principal use of land or of a building on a lot.
ACRE
Forty-three thousand, five hundred sixty square feet.
ACT
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, as amended.[1]
ACT 247
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, as amended.
ADJACENT
The state of being side by side, next to or adjoining one another.
ADT (AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC)
The average number of vehicles that pass over a given point per day.
AGENT
Any person other than the applicant or developer who, acting for the applicant or developer, submits subdivision or land development plans to Muhlenberg Township for the purpose of obtaining approval.
ALLUVIAL SOILS
Soils which have been formed in alluvium and deposited by past stream or flooding conditions.
ALLUVIUM
Soil material such as sand, silt or clay that has been deposited on land by past stream or flooding conditions.
ALTERATION
Any change or rearrangement in the structural parts or in the existing facilities of a building or structure or any enlargement thereof, whether by extension on any side or by an increase in height, or the moving of such building from one location or position to another.
ANNEXATION
The act of adding, joining or uniting one lot or parcel of land to another lot or parcel of land in order to create out of the said two lots or parcels of land a larger lot or parcel of land intended for separate use, building development, or transfer of ownership.
APPLICANT
A landowner or developer, as hereinafter defined, who has filed an application for development, including his heirs, successors and assigns.
APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Every application, whether preliminary or final, required to be filed and approved prior to start of construction or development, including but not limited to an application for a building permit, for the approval of a subdivision or plan, or for the approval of a development plan.
APPOINTING AUTHORITY
The Muhlenberg Township Board of Commissioners.
ARCHITECT
An architect registered by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
BERM
An earth mound with a uniform side slope covered with grass, shrubbery or ground cover and which is designed and intended to obstruct views, create landscape interest, impound water and/or to establish final grade.
BLOCK
A tract of land or a lot or group of lots bounded by streets, public parks, railroad rights-of-way, watercourses or bodies of water, boundary lines of the Township, or by any combination of the above.
BOARD
The Board of Commissioners of the Muhlenberg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
The Board of Commissioners of the Muhlenberg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
BUFFER YARD
A continuous strip of land which is clear of all buildings and paved areas and is adequately landscaped in accordance with the Muhlenberg Township Code.
BUILDING
A structure enclosed within exterior walls or fire walls, built, erected and framed of component structural parts, and designed for the enclosure and support of individuals, animals or property of any kind.
BUILDING AREA
The total area taken on a horizontal plane at the main grade level of all primary and accessory buildings on a lot, excluding unroofed porches, paved terraces, steps, eaves and gutters, but including all enclosed extensions.
BUILDING COVERAGE
The percentage of a lot covered by principal and accessory buildings.
BUILDING ENVELOPE
The area of a lot that has no building or construction restrictions, such as building setback requirements, rights-of-way, easements, floodplains, wetlands, steep slopes, or similar restrictions, as defined in this chapter.
BUILDING FRONTAGE
The front of a building, considering the location of the main entrance and the public street providing access. For corner lots, the building frontage shall be established along both streets to which the building has frontage or access.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the finished grade of the building to the highest point of the roof.
BUILDING LENGTH
The measurement of a building in one general direction.
BUILDING SETBACK
The minimum distance a building or structure must be set back from the ultimate street right-of-way line (where it exists) or from the street legal right-of-way line (where the ultimate right-of-way does not exist) of the street immediately adjacent thereto.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
The line within a property establishing the minimum required distance between any building or structure, or portions thereof, to be erected or altered and a street right-of-way (except the right-of-way of a service street). The distance shall be measured at right angles from the street right-of-way line which abuts the property, and the building setback line shall be parallel to said right-of-way line.
CALIPER or CALIPER AT BREAST HEIGHT
The diameter of a tree trunk, as measured 54 inches from the ground surface.
CARBONATE GEOLOGY OVERLAY DISTRICT
A conservation overlay of land and water which is generally underlain by geological features with limestone and dolomite characteristics, as defined under § 355-35 of Chapter 355, Zoning, of the Code.
CARTWAY
The portion of a street right-of-way, whether paved or unpaved, designed for vehicular use.
CENTER LINE (STREET)
A line measured midway between and parallel to the street right-of-way line, or as otherwise defined on plans and deeds of record.
CERTIFICATE OF USE AND OCCUPANCY
A statement, based on an inspection, signed by the Zoning Officer, setting forth that a building, structure, sign and/or land complies with this chapter, or that a building, structure, sign and/or land may be lawfully employed for specific uses, or both.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
An area of unobstructed vision at a street intersection defined by a line of sight between points at center lines, as defined by the Muhlenberg Township Code.
COMMERCIAL USE
A use or activity that includes, but is not limited to, retail sales, businesses, offices, personal services, banks, financial institutions, restaurants, communications, recreation, and other similar commercial uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle utilized for a business or trade activity of any kind, including construction, excavating, earthmoving equipment, or similar equipment, regardless of the use, excluding any Class I and II motor vehicle which is properly licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water, or a combination of land and water, within a development, designed and intended for use or enjoyment of all residents of the development in which it is located. Common open spaces shall not include: land areas within street rights-of-way; required open areas between buildings or between buildings and street rights-of-way, driveways and parking areas; and other areas that may be specified within this chapter. No dwelling unit, accessory building or parking area may be located within common open spaces.
COMMON PARKING AREA
A parking facility other than those provided within the lot lines of a lot on which one single-family detached dwelling, one single-family semidetached dwelling, or one townhouse is located.
COMPLETION
The act of bringing to a condition of physical completeness and readiness for use and occupancy.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The Muhlenberg Township Comprehensive Plan, or any part thereof, last updated and adopted by the Muhlenberg Township Board of Commissioners on October 20, 2003.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use by which the Board of Commissioners may grant permission to an applicant within a particular zoning district for the occupancy or use of land or water for a specific purpose, as specified within this Part 1 of this chapter of the Code.
CONSERVATION OVERLAY DISTRICTS
Overlay provisions established to consider conservation management, environmental resource protection, natural resources, and open space preservation. These provisions are intended to supplement and enhance the existing underlying zoning district regulations for certain land areas and water features, including floodplains, wetlands and hydric soils, steep slopes, woodlands, and carbonate geological formations.
CONSERVATION USE
The preservation and utilization of land and surface water as wildlife habitats, forests, farmland, meadows, wetlands, lakes, streams, rivers and other similar uses or features that involve no site improvements other than those required for education, recreation or municipal uses.
CONSISTENCY
An agreement or correspondence between matters being compared which denotes a reasonable, rational, similar connection or relationship.
CONSTRUCTION
The placement of materials and equipment in a defined area to be assembled, built, applied and/or demolished in a temporary or permanent manner, as approved by the designated officials of Muhlenberg Township.
CONSTRUCTION SITE
The total necessary land area required for all buildings or uses within a unified development before a zoning permit may be issued.
CONVERSION
To change or adapt land or structures to a different use, occupancy or purpose.
COUNTY
The County of Berks, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
COUNTY PLANNING COMMISSION
The Berks County Planning Commission.
COURT
A portion of a lot unoccupied above grade but partially or wholly surrounded by the walls of a structure or buildings.
CROSSWALK
A defined area within a public or private street right-of-way for pedestrian use, extending from one side of the street or block to the other side of the street or block.
CURBLINE
The edge of the cartway.
DEDICATION
The deliberate appropriation of land by its owner for general public use.
DEED
A written document whereby an estate in real property is described, conveyed and recorded.
DEED RESTRICTION
Clause included in a deed which restricts, controls or limits the general use of a parcel of land.
DENSITY
The number of residential dwelling units per acre or lot area.
DEPRESSION
A low place or elevation of any size surrounded by higher ground on all sides and having no natural outlet for surface drainage.
DESIGNATED OPEN SPACE
The area designated as "common open space" within a residential development, containing open areas for recreational uses and natural resource conservation.
DETENTION BASIN
A structure designated to retard or delay surface water runoff for a period of time sufficient to cause the deposition of sediment and to reduce the velocity and volume of surface water flows leaving a site, thus preventing flooding or erosion.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner, equitable owner, or tenant with the permission of the landowner, for whom subdivision or land development plans are being or have been made.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved land, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, the installation of utilities, filling, grading, paving, excavation, mining, dredging or drilling operations.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
A proposal for the development of land, prepared in accordance with the Muhlenberg Township Code, including a plan for subdivision or land development, all covenants relating to use, location and bulk of buildings and other structures, intensity of use or density of development, streets, ways and parking facilities, common open space and public facilities. The phrase "provisions of the development plan" when used in this chapter shall mean the written and graphic materials referred to in this definition.
DISTRICT
A portion of Muhlenberg Township within which certain uniform regulations and requirements, or combinations thereof, apply under the provisions of this chapter.
DRAINAGE FACILITY
Any ditch, swale, culvert, gutter, pipe, pond, storm sewer, or other structure designed, intended and/or constructed for the purpose of diverting surface waters from or carrying surface waters off public or private streets, public rights-of-way, recreational areas, parking facilities, or any part of any subdivision, land development or contiguous land area.
DRIVEWAY
A privately owned and constructed access drive providing vehicular access between a public road or an approved private road into the lot or parcel having frontage on the road.
DWELLING
A building or structure or portion thereof arranged, intended, designed or used as the living quarters for one or more families living independently of each other. Such buildings as hospitals, hotels, boardinghouses, rooming or lodging houses, nursing homes, motels and institutional residences are not included in the definition of "dwelling." The following dwelling types are further defined as follows:
A. 
A building arranged, intended or designed to be occupied exclusively as a residence for one family and having no common wall with an adjacent building.
B. 
A building arranged, intended or designed to be occupied exclusively as a residence for two families, one family living on each side of a vertical common wall.
C. 
A building arranged, designed or intended for occupancy of two families, living independent of each other in separate dwelling units that are separated by horizontal floors as opposed to vertical walls.
D. 
A building arranged, designed and intended to be occupied exclusively as a residence for three or more families. Individual dwelling units may share up to three party walls with other units and either have a common outside access areas or have individual outside access areas. Types of such buildings shall include townhouses, apartments and/or condominiums.
E. 
A building arranged, designed and intended to be occupied exclusively as a residence for one family, which is one of a group of three or more such buildings placed side by side and separated by unpierced vertical common walls, each dwelling having at least one separate entrance from the outside.
F. 
A building on a single lot arranged, designed and intended to be occupied as a residence for three or more families and in which the dwelling units may be separated horizontally and/or vertically.
G. 
Real estate, portions of which are designated for separate ownership and the remainder of which is designated for common open space solely for the owners of those portions, as established under the applicable laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
H. 
A transportable, single-family dwelling constructed in accordance with the specifications of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, intended for permanent occupancy, contained in one unit or in two or more units designed to be joined into one integral unit capable of again being separated for repeated towing, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used without a permanent foundation.
I. 
Any structure designed primarily for residential occupancy which is wholly or in substantial part made, fabricated, formed or assembled in manufacturing facilities for installation or assembly and installation on the building site. Housing units defined as "mobile homes" are excluded from this definition.
DWELLING UNIT
A building or portion thereof providing one or more rooms arranged for the use of one or more individuals living together as a single housekeeping unit and having no cooking or sanitary facilities in common with any other unit.
EASEMENT
A defined parcel area of land or right-of-way which is granted or conveyed for the limited use of land for public, quasi-public or private purposes.
ELECTRIC SUBSTATION
An assemblage of equipment for purposes other than generation or utilization, through which electric energy in bulk is passed for the purpose of switching or modifying its characteristics to meet the need of the general public.
ELEVATION
The horizontal alignment of a surface above mean sea level as it exists in predevelopment conditions or as it is proposed in post-development conditions.
A. 
The elevation of the street as measured at the midpoint of the street.
B. 
The elevation of the top of the curb as measured at the street line.
C. 
The elevation of the level of living space as typically measured at the main entrance of the building, unless the living space is divided as a bi-level or split-level, in which case the first-floor elevation shall be established at the lower elevation of living space.
D. 
The elevation of the garage floor as measured at the center of the garage door.
EMPLOYEES
The total number of workers (including both part-time and full-time) present on a parcel of land at any given time, other than temporary or occasional construction workers.
ENGINEER
A professional engineer, licensed as such in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT
A detailed written report that provides discussion of significant environmental impacts and provides reasonable alternatives which would avoid or minimize adverse impacts or enhance the quality of the human environment.
EROSION
The removal of soil, rock or surface particles by the action of water, wind, ice or other agents.
EXCAVATION
Any act by which earth, sand, gravel or rock is dug into, cut, quarried or moved.
FARM
An area of land, including all buildings, accessory buildings, farm buildings and one single-family detached principal dwelling, all used for agriculture and where the primary source of income is derived from the property.
FARM ANIMALS
The raising and ownership of chickens, turkey, sheep, goats, hogs, pigs, cattle, horses, and other similar animals which are common to a farm in accordance with Chapter 123, Animals, of the Muhlenberg Township Code.
FARM BUILDING
A barn, silo or any building used for the storage of agricultural equipment or farm produce or housing livestock or poultry. The term "farm building" shall not include dwellings.
FENCE
A man-made barrier placed or arranged as a line of demarcation between lots or to enclose a lot or portion thereof. The term "fence" shall be deemed to include a wall.
FIRE LANE
A defined lane that is cleared of obstacles and vegetation at all times so as to allow ingress and egress for fire, police and ambulance vehicles during an emergency or other catastrophic event.
FLOODPLAIN OVERLAY DISTRICT
A conservation overlay of land and water as specified by the Muhlenberg Township Code, which has been defined within the Flood Insurance Study, as prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, which principally include areas located along the major creeks and waterways of Muhlenberg Township. The following subdefinitions and categories shall apply to the Floodplain Overlay District:
A. 
A relatively flat or lowland area adjoining a river, stream or watercourse, which is subject to partial or complete inundation of water. Also, an area subject to unusual and rapid accumulation of water or runoff of surface waters from any source.
B. 
Those portions of land within the Floodplain Overlay District that are subject to the inundation of the one-hundred-year flood, where a detailed study has not been performed and the one-hundred-year floodplain boundary has been approximated by the most recent Flood Insurance Study.
C. 
A flood that, on the average, is likely to occur once every 100 years or has a one-percent chance of occurring each year, although the flood may occur in any year.
D. 
That portion of the Floodplain Overlay District that is required to carry and discharge the waters of the one-hundred-year flood without increasing the water surface elevation at any point more than one foot above existing conditions, as determined in the Flood Insurance Study of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
E. 
That portion of the Floodplain Overlay District that is subject to inundation by the one-hundred-year flood lying beyond the floodway in areas where detailed study data and profiles are made available by the Flood Insurance Study.
F. 
The flood that has been selected to serve as the basis upon which the floodplain management provisions of this chapter have been prepared. The regulatory flood shall also be known as the "one-hundred-year flood."
G. 
That portion of the Floodplain Overlay District subject to inundation by the one-hundred-year flood, involving shallow water depths or unpredictable floodpaths.
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
A computer-based system that links the geographic location of map features to text information or databases.
GEOMETRIC DESIGN
The dimensions of a facility and the relationships of its features such as alignment, profile, grades, widths, sight distances, clearances, and slopes.
GHOST LAKES
Transient surface bodies of water formed in depressions after heavy rainfall events.
GLARE
A sensation of brightness within a visual field which may cause annoyance, discomfort, loss of vision and/or the ability to focus.
GOVERNING BODY
The Board of Commissioners of the Muhlenberg Township, Berks County.
GRADE
The inclination of a street, surface area, site improvement or structure, where the grade is generally expressed by measuring the vertical rise or fall as a percentage of the horizontal distance.
GREENWAY
A linear corridor of open space including natural features such as waterways, stream valleys, ridgelines and scenic vistas, or along man-made features such as railroad beds or abandoned canals, which provides areas for wildlife habitats and recreational uses.
HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average elevation of the ground or finished grade to the highest point of a building or structure.
HIGH WATER TABLE SOILS
Surface soils which are within three feet of the seasonable high-water table.
HIGHWAY ACCESS POINT
A place of ingress/egress from or access to a street or highway created by a driveway or another street or highway. Measurement between them shall be from the center line of one such point to the center line of another such point.
HIGHWAY FRONTAGE
The lot dimensions measured along the right-of-way line of any one street or highway abutting a lot.
HYDRIC SOIL
A soil that is saturated, flooded or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper part. Hydric soils are identified within the Comprehensive Plan.
IMPERVIOUS COVERAGE
The percentage of lot area covered by any and all impervious materials, such as buildings, paved parking areas, paved walks, terraces and similar surfaces which do not normally absorb rainfall.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACES
Those surfaces that do not absorb water, such as buildings, parking areas, driveways, roads, sidewalks, and any areas in concrete, asphalt or packed stone, shall be considered as impervious surfaces, as well as other areas determined by the Muhlenberg Township Engineer to be impervious.
IMPROVEMENT
Any type of structure, paved area and/or physical changes to the land, including but not limited to grading, paving, stormwater management facilities, sidewalks, street signs, traffic control devices, monuments, utilities, water supply facilities and sewage disposal facilities.
IMPROVEMENT SETBACK
The minimum distance an improvement must be set back from a street right-of-way and/or property line.
IMPROVEMENTS AGREEMENT
An agreement (in a form and manner acceptable to Muhlenberg Township) requiring the applicant or developer to install the improvements required by Part 1 of this chapter of the Code and any improvements or amenities which appear on the approved subdivision or land development plan.
INDUSTRIAL USE
A use or activity that includes, but is not limited to, assembling, manufacturing, distributing, processing, storing or warehousing of products and materials, and other similar industrial uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
INSTITUTIONAL USE
A use or activity that includes, but is not limited to, educational uses, hospitals, medical centers, health-care uses, churches, religious uses, assisted-living-care facilities, convalescent homes, nursing homes, and other similar institutional uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
JURISDICTIONAL DETERMINATION (JD)
A site survey performed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to officially determine whether or not a defined parcel of land is subject to wetlands regulations.
LAND DEVELOPMENT
Any of the following activities:
A. 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(1) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure; or
(2) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of or for the purpose of streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
B. 
A subdivision of land.
C. 
Development in accordance with the Muhlenberg Township Code and the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[2]
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition). A lessee under a written lease who has written authorization of the legal owner shall be deemed to be a "landowner" for the purpose of this chapter.
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT
A landscape architect registered by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
LOADING SPACE
A defined space located within a lot or parcel of land which has accessibility to a public street for temporary use of commercial vehicles while loading or unloading merchandise and materials to the principal use and building contained on the lot or parcel of land.
LOT
A tract or parcel of land, regardless of size, held in single or joint ownership, not necessarily a lot or lots shown on a duly recorded map, which is occupied or capable of being occupied by buildings, structures and accessory buildings, including such open spaces as are arranged, designed or required. The term "lot" shall also mean parcel, plot, site or any similar term.
A. 
A lot situated at and abutting the intersection of two streets having an interior angle of intersection not greater than 135 degrees. The front yard and lot width requirements shall apply to each street to which the corner lot has frontage.
B. 
A lot other than a corner lot, the sides of which do not abut a street.
C. 
Lots that have frontage on two public streets while restricting vehicular access solely from the public street which would front along the commonly identified rear of the lot.
D. 
An interior lot having frontage on two public streets which are parallel to one another and divided by the lot.
E. 
An irregularly shaped lot characterized by an elongated extension from a street to the principal part of the lot. The flag or keyhole shape of the lot is normally intended to provide for access to an otherwise landlocked interior parcel.
LOT AREA (GROSS)
The space contained within the lot lines, including land area within all existing and future/ultimate street rights-of-way; areas delineated as wetlands; areas identified as common open space; and land area within all utility, municipal and stormwater easements.
LOT AREA (NET)
The space contained within the lot lines, excluding any and all land areas as follows: areas within existing or designated ultimate street rights-of-way; areas delineated as wetlands; areas identified as common open space; and areas within easements dedicated for utility, municipal or stormwater purposes. The net lot area for all proposed lots shall be no smaller than the minimum lot size for the zoning district in which the lot is located.
LOT COVERAGE
The percentage of a lot covered by all impervious surfaces.
LOT DEPTH
The mean average horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines.
LOT FRONTAGE
That portion of a lot which fronts on a single street.
LOT LINE
The property line forming the front, rear or side boundary of a lot.
A. 
The line separating a lot from a street. The front lot line is also the street line.
B. 
The lot line which is opposite the front lot line. The rear line of any triangularly or irregularly shaped lot shall be established such that it will be at least 10 feet long.
C. 
Any lot line other than a front or rear lot line.
D. 
A lot line separating the lot from a street or alley.
LOT OF RECORD
A lot or parcel recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds of Berks County, Pennsylvania.
LOT WIDTH
The width of a lot measured at the street line and at the street line, the legal right-of-way line and the ultimate right-of-way line (where it exists) of the street immediately adjacent thereto, unless otherwise permitted as an exception under § 355-94 of the Zoning chapter.
MAINTENANCE GUARANTEE
A form of security which may be required of a developer by Muhlenberg Township in order to assure stability of improvements within a subdivision or land development over a given period of time, as prescribed by Part 1 of this chapter of the Code.
MARKER
A metal pipe or pin of at least three-fourths-inch diameter and at least 30 inches in length, utilized to mark or identify certain property corners or boundary limits.
MEAN SEA LEVEL
The average height of the sea for all stages of the tide, utilizing the most current National Geodetic Vertical Datum.
MEDIATION
A voluntary negotiating process in which parties in a dispute mutually select a neutral mediator to assist them in jointly exploring and settling their differences, culminating in a written agreement which the parties themselves create and consider acceptable.
MONUMENT
A stone or concrete monument, with a flat top of at least four inches in diameter or square, a flat bottom of at least six inches in diameter or square, and at least 30 inches in length, utilized to mark or identify certain property corners, boundary limits or rights-of-way. All stone monuments shall contain an indented cross or one-fourth-inch drill hole to signify the center of the mark. All concrete monuments shall contain a copper or brass dowel (plug) and shall have a distinctive feature on the top face to signify the center of the mark.
MUNICIPALITY
Muhlenberg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
MUNICIPAL AUTHORITY
The Muhlenberg Township Municipal Authority, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
MUNICIPAL USE
A use by Muhlenberg Township for public recreation area, park, swimming pool, golf course, spectator sports, municipal offices, police station, water and sewage facilities, utilities, road materials and equipment storage and similar governmental uses, auditorium or meeting rooms for civic group use.
OBSTRUCTION
Any wall, dam, wharf, embankment, levee, dike, pile, abutment, projection, excavation, channel rectification, culvert, building, structure, fence, stockpile, refuse, fill or other matter which may impede, retard or change the normal direction or path of air, water or any modes of transportation.
OCCUPANCY
The possession of any structure, building, land area or water body with the intent to remain for the purpose of residing, conducting business, or performing social, recreational, cultural, educational, municipal, governmental, institutional, religious, charitable, or similar uses.
A. 
Occupancy for a period in excess of 120 consecutive days within one calendar year.
B. 
Occupancy for a period less than 120 consecutive days within one calendar year.
OFFICIAL MAP
The Official Map, as adopted by the Board of Commissioners, showing the characteristics of streets, watercourses, public grounds and other topographic features.
OFFICIAL ZONING MAP
The Zoning Map of Muhlenberg Township.
OPEN SPACE
The unoccupied space, land area, or water body that is located on the same lot with the principal use or development which is open to the sky and not occupied by buildings, structures, sidewalks, off-street parking areas, access drives and/or other impervious areas.
ORDINANCE
The Muhlenberg Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance of 2004, or any provisions or amendments thereof, enacted by the Board of Commissioners.
PA
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
PARK
A tract of land, designed and utilized by the general public for active and/or passive recreational uses.
PARKING LOT
An off-street area designed solely for the parking of motor vehicles, including driveways, passageways and maneuvering space appurtenant thereto.
PARKING PERIMETER
The limit beyond the defined off-street parking area in which parking is not allowed or permitted.
PARKING SPACE
A reasonably level space available for the parking of one motor vehicle, not less than 10 feet wide and having an area of not less than 200 square feet exclusive of passageways or other means of circulation or access.
PAVED AREA
The percentage of lot area covered by any and all impervious materials, such as buildings, paved parking areas, paved walks, terraces and similar surfaces which do not normally absorb rainfall.
PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE
A form of security which may be required of a developer by Muhlenberg Township in order to assure that certain improvements within a subdivision or land development are sufficiently completed in accordance with the approved plan over a given period of time, as prescribed by this Part 1 of this chapter of the Code.
PERMIT
A document issued by the proper regulatory agency authorizing the applicant to undertaken certain activities as specified on the application or permit.
PERMITTED USE
A use permitted in a particular district to occupy or use land for a specific purpose in accordance with this chapter when such use is permitted by right.
PERSON
An individual, corporation, partnership, organization, incorporator's association, trust or other similar entity.
PLAN
A proposal for development, subdivision or land development, including all covenants, grants or easements and other conditions relating to use, location and bulk of buildings, density of development, common open space and public facilities, which complies with the Muhlenberg Township Code.
A. 
An informal plan, drawn to scale, indicating existing features of a tract and the general layout of the proposed subdivision or land development. The plan shall be presented for discussion purposes only and not for formal review or approval.
B. 
A tentative subdivision or land development plan (including all required supplementary data), accurately prepared and showing all lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, streets, utilities, municipal improvements and other features as required by this part of this chapter of the Code.
C. 
A complete subdivision or land development plan (including all required supplemental data), accurately prepared and showing all lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, streets, utilities, municipal improvements and other features required by this part of this chapter of the Code. All such final plans shall be prepared for the consideration of municipal approval and recordation as required by this part of this chapter of the Code.
D. 
A complete and accurately prepared plan, showing the transfer of certain land areas from one parcel of land to another parcel of land. All such annexation plans shall be prepared as final plans for the consideration of municipal approval and recordation as required by this part of this chapter of the Code.
E. 
A complete land development plan with minor improvements or impacts that is accurately prepared and showing all lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, streets, utilities, municipal improvements and other features required by this part of this chapter of the Code. All such minor land development plans shall be prepared as final plans for the consideration of municipal approval and recordation as required by this part of this chapter of the Code.
F. 
A complete subdivision plan containing three or fewer lots with minor improvements or impacts that is accurately prepared and showing all lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, streets, utilities, municipal improvements and other features required by this part of this chapter of the Code. All such minor subdivision plans shall be prepared as final plans for the consideration of municipal approval and recordation as required by this part of this chapter of the Code.
G. 
An accurate set of plans of the entire tract, subdivision or land development, showing all distinctive features and improvements as proposed to be constructed, including lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, street, curbs, sidewalks, pathways, monuments, markers, off-street parking areas, off-street loading areas, buildings, structures, signs, stormwater management facilities, sanitary sewage disposal facilities, water supply facilities, utilities, landscaping, common open space, and other significant features determined appropriate by the Muhlenberg Township Engineer and Zoning Officer. All such plans of record shall be prepared at the scale required by this part of this chapter of the Code and shall be recorded with the Berks County Recorder of Deeds.
H. 
An accurate set of plans of the entire tract, subdivision or land development, showing all distinctive features and improvements as actually constructed, including lot lines, easements, rights-of-way, street, curbs, sidewalks, pathways, monuments, markers, off-street parking areas, off-street loading areas, buildings, structures, signs, stormwater management facilities, sanitary sewage disposal facilities, water supply facilities, utilities, landscaping, common open space, and other significant features determined appropriate by the Muhlenberg Township Engineer and Zoning Officer. All such as-built plans shall be prepared at the same scale as the approved final plan and shall be recorded with the Berks County Recorder of Deeds.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The Muhlenberg Township Planning Commission, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
PRESERVATION or PROTECTION
When used in connection with natural and historic resources, shall include the means to conserve and safeguard these resources from wasteful or destructive use but shall not be interpreted to authorize the unreasonable restriction of forestry, mining or other lawful uses of natural resources.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
A building in which a principal use on a lot is carried on.
PRINCIPAL USE
The main or primary purpose for which any land, structure or building is designed, arranged or intended, and for which they may be occupied or maintained under the terms of this chapter. Only one principal use shall be permitted on a lot.
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice by Muhlenberg Township governing body or planning agency, intended to inform and obtain public comment prior to taking action in accordance with this Code and the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[3]
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum held pursuant to notice under the requirements of this Code, the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code and the "Pennsylvania Sunshine Law."[4]
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation within Muhlenberg Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
RECREATION AREA (ACTIVE)
Land area containing recreational facilities which may require visitors or participants to become involved in physical or energetic functions, primarily group functions. Active recreation areas may include, but are not limited to, basketball courts, baseball fields, football fields, soccer fields, tennis courts, playgrounds, tot lots, community centers, golf courses, hockey rinks, skateboard areas, swimming pools and volleyball courts.
RECREATION AREA (PASSIVE)
Land area containing recreation facilities which may require visitors or participants to become involved in quiet functions that do not require physical or energetic functions. Passive recreation areas may include, but are not limited to, common open space, trails for walking or bicycling, surface water for canoeing, rafting or fishing, pavilions, picnic areas, cultural centers, scenic vistas and amphitheaters.
RECREATION FACILITIES
Land, water, buildings, structures, apparatuses and/or equipment which are required to accommodate recreational uses.
RECREATIONAL USES
An active or passive recreational use designed to accommodate physical, leisure, sporting or relaxation activities on land or water. Recreational uses may include basketball, baseball, football, bicycling, walking, jogging, running, fishing, boating, hunting, hockey, skating, skateboarding, soccer, golfing, swimming, tennis, volleyball, racquetball, exercise/fitness, bowling, billiards, bird watching, picnicking, or any other similar recreational uses, as determined by the Zoning Officer.
RESIDENTIAL USE
A use within a permitted dwelling unit, designed and utilized as the living quarters for one or more families living independently of each other. Residential uses may be permitted within single-family detached units, single-family semidetached units, two-family attached units, mobile homes, apartment units and townhouse units, provided the type of dwelling unit is a permitted use within the zoning district in which it is located, and provided that the dwelling unit complies with the standards specified by this chapter.
RESUBDIVISION
Any change of lot lines as identified on a previously approved subdivision plan. Any change of lot lines, replattings or new division of land shall be considered as constituting a new subdivision of land.
RETENTION POND
A reservoir, formed from soil or other material, which is designed to detain a certain amount of surface water within a defined area, which may also be designed to permanently or temporarily accommodate stormwater runoff within over a period of time. Retention ponds may also receive and relinquish surface water but shall maintain a certain volume of water that may vary depending upon seasonal or climatic conditions.
REVIEW
The formal or informal evaluation of a subdivision plan or land development plan, including all supplemental plans, reports, profiles and drawings, by the designated persons, agencies, consultants, officials and/or staff members of Muhlenberg Township.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
The width or area of land which is dedicated or reserved to accommodate streets, utilities, stormwater management facilities, traffic control facilities, curbs, sidewalks, bicycle lanes, streetlights, and other public improvements.
A. 
The existing width or area of land which is currently owned and maintained by Muhlenberg Township, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and/or other public agency or authority.
B. 
The width or area of land which is determined necessary to reserve and/or dedicate in order to accommodate future public improvements.
SANITARY FACILITIES
The required plumbing fixtures within a dwelling unit, including a sink, toilet, bathtub or shower, which are functioning and compliant with the Muhlenberg Township Code.
SANITARY SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
A system designed to collect, convey, treat and dispose of sewage from users in compliance with local, county, state and federal regulations.
A. 
A sewage disposal system which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage or holds sewage from only one dwelling, principal use or lot.
B. 
A sewage disposal system which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage from more than one source by a system of pipes to a central treatment and disposal plant, generally serving a neighborhood area.
C. 
A sewage disposal system which collects, conveys, treats and disposes of sewage from more than one source by a system of pipes to a central treatment and disposal plant.
D. 
A special or unique use of land which because of its wastewater disposal needs may have the option to utilize on-lot sewage disposal methods or connect to a private, community, public or municipal treatment system. The selected method for wastewater collection, conveyance and treatment shall be consistent with the Muhlenberg Township Act 537 Plan.
SCREEN or SCREENING
An assemblage of permissible materials which are strategically arranged so as to effectively block or obstruct the views between adjacent or adjoining properties from ground level to a height of six feet above grade level, or as determined by the Zoning Officer.
SEDIMENT
Solid materials that are transported or moved from their site of origin by air or water.
SEPTIC TANK
A covered watertight monolithic concrete settling tank in which raw sewage is biochemically changed into solid, liquid and/or gaseous states to facilitate further treatment and final disposal.
SETBACK REQUIREMENTS
The setback requirements as established for any building or structure within the applicable zoning district for which it is located.
SHADE TREE
A deciduous tree which normally grows with a single trunk and has a canopy which screens and filters sunshine during specific seasons during the year.
SIGHT DISTANCE
The length of roadway visible to a driver of a standard passenger vehicle at any given point along the roadway when the view is unobstructed by traffic. Horizontal sight distance measurements shall be made in each direction from a point 10 feet from the edge of the cartway and 3.5 feet above the road surface to a point 3.5 feet above the center line of the road.
SIGN
Any structure, building, wall or other outdoor surface, or any device or part thereof which displays or includes any letter, word, model, banner, flag, pennant, insignia, device or other representations utilized for announcement, direction, identification or advertisement. The word "sign" includes the word "billboard," but does not include the flag, pennant or insignia of any nation, state, city or other political unit, nor public traffic or directional signs.
SINGLE AND SEPARATE OWNERSHIP
The ownership of a lot by one or more persons, where the ownership is separate and distinct from that of any adjoining land areas.
SLOPE
Topographic conditions in which the percentage of vertical to horizontal relief is computed utilizing standard rise over run calculations and/or as defined by this part of this chapter of the Code.
SOIL SURVEY
A document issued by the United States Department of Agriculture identifying the locations of soil groups within certain areas and providing detailed information concerning the characteristics of the soil groups.
SOIL PERCOLATION TEST
A field test conducted to measure the absorption rate of water into the ground or soil at a given depth and location, where the results are utilized to determine the suitability for on-lot sewage disposal facilities, stormwater management facilities and/or other site improvements.
SOLICITOR
The legal consultant appointed by the Muhlenberg Township Board of Commissioners.
SOLID WASTE
Waste including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous materials.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A use by which the Zoning Hearing Board may grant permission to an applicant within a particular zoning district for the occupancy or use of land or water for a specific purpose as specified within this Part 1 of this chapter of the Code.
STATE
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and its designated agencies.
STEEP SLOPES
Areas of land in which the topographical conditions exceed a certain slope in predevelopment conditions. The following sloped categories are hereby defined as part of the Steep Slope Overlay District:
A. 
All land areas in which the topographical conditions have a range of slope between 10% and 20% in slope in predevelopment conditions, where the difference in vertical elevation ranges between five and 10 feet over a horizontal distance of 50 feet, as measured in any given direction
B. 
All land areas in which the topographical conditions have a range of slope between 20% and 30% in slope in predevelopment conditions, where the difference in vertical elevation ranges between 10 and 15 feet over a horizontal distance of 50 feet, as measured in any given direction.
C. 
All land areas in which the topographical conditions exceed a slope of 30% in slope in predevelopment conditions, where the difference in vertical elevation is 15 feet or more over a horizontal distance of 50 feet, as measured in any given direction.
STORMWATER
Drainage runoff from the surface of the land resulting from precipitation in the form of rain, snow, sleet, hail or ice.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
A program of controls and measures designed to regulate the quantity and quality of stormwater runoff from a defined area or development while promoting the protection and conservation of surface water, groundwater and groundwater recharge.
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT FACILITIES
Those controls and measures, including but not limited to berms, terraces, bridges, dams, storm sewers, basins, infiltration systems, swales, watercourses, and floodplains, used to implement stormwater management regulations.
STORY
That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it or, if there be no floor above it, then the space between any floor and the ceiling next above it. A basement, but not a cellar, shall be deemed to be a "story."
STREET
A public or private right-of-way, excluding driveways, intended as a means of vehicular and pedestrian travel, furnishing access to abutting properties. The word "street" includes thoroughfare, avenue, boulevard, court, drive, expressway, highway and similar terms. The functional classification of all existing streets has been defined in the Comprehensive Plan.
A. 
Routes providing for corridor movements that represent substantial statewide, interstate or regional travel and movements between major urban areas. Expressways contain the most heavily traveled routes (10,000 to 100,000 trips per day) and including multi-lane roadways. This system provides links between developed areas and adjacent towns and cities. The system is designed for relatively high speeds (50 to 65 mph) with a minimum of interference to through traffic. Expressways facilitate truck transport by providing optimum conditions. Mobility is the principal function, and accessibility should be limited to carefully planned interchanges to preserve the functional classification of expressways.
B. 
Routes providing for corridor movements that represent substantial statewide or regional travel and movements between major urban areas. Arterial routes contain heavily traveled routes (5,000 to 30,000 trips per day) including multi-lane roadways. This system provides links between developed areas and adjacent towns and cities. The system is designed for relatively high speeds (30 to 55 mph) with a minor interference to through traffic. Arterial routes facilitate truck transport by providing favorable conditions. Mobility is the major function, and accessibility should be limited to preserve the functional classification of arterial roads.
C. 
Routes that serve primarily regional or intracounty trips and represent those routes with shorter travel distances than arterial routes. Collector roads contain well-traveled roads (500 to 10,000 trips per day) leading to specific destinations or to expressways and arterial routes. The system is designed for moderate speeds (25 to 45 mph) with some interference with designed intersections to permit through traffic. Depending upon its structural integrity and design, collector routes can facilitate lightweight truck transport. Mobility is a significant function, and accessibility should be limited to street intersections and driveways in order to preserve the functional classification of collector roads.
D. 
Roads that primarily serve local trips and represents those routes with shorter travel distances than collector routes. Local roads contain low-volume to moderately-traveled roads (less than 500 trips per day) leading to collector and arterial routes. The system is designed for lower speeds (20 to 35 mph) with interference with a number of designed intersections. Local roads are typically designed to facilitate lightweight truck transport for local deliveries. Mobility is a minor function, and accessibility to street intersections, driveways and adjacent land areas is significant for local roads.
E. 
Roads that serve specific land uses which are parallel or adjacent to an expressway, arterial or major collector roads. Marginal access roads are typically designed to accommodate the use(s) they directly serve. Accessibility between selective points is an essential design element with control at the point of destination. Many marginal access roads are privately owned and maintained.
F. 
A minor street intersecting another street at one end and terminating in a vehicular turnaround at the other end.
G. 
A minor street used for circulation and access within a development involving multiresidential, commercial and/or industrial land uses.
H. 
A minor right-of-way providing secondary vehicular access to the side or rear of two or more properties.
STREET FRONTAGE
The lot dimension measured along the street line or right-of-way line of any one street or highway abutting a lot.
STREET LINE
The dividing line between a lot and the outside boundary of a public street, road or highway right-of-way legally open or officially mapped by a municipality or higher governmental authority, between a lot and the outside boundary of a street shown on a recorded subdivision or land development plan, or between a lot and a private street or road over which the owners or tenants of one or more lots held in single and separate ownership have a right-of-way.
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land.
A. 
A structure to be utilized for a specific purpose for more than one year, provided the structure complies with the provisions of the Code.
B. 
A structure to be utilized for a specific purpose for less than one year, provided the structure complies with the provisions of the Code..
SUBDIVIDER
Any landowner, whether an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, estate, trust, or any other group or combination acting as a unit, or an agent of said landowner authorized by the applicant, who undertakes the subdivision or development of land in accordance with the provisions of the Muhlenberg Township Code.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development. The subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted.
SUBDIVISION AND LAND DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE
The Muhlenberg Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance of 2004, as amended and codified.
SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT
Any repair, addition, reconstruction, rehabilitation, or other improvement to a structure where the cost of such improvement equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the structure before the improvements occurred.
SURVEYOR
An individual registered with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as authorized to measure the boundaries of tracts of land, establish locations, and perform the requirements of a survey.
TOWNSHIP
Muhlenberg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania.
USE
The specific purpose for which land, a sign, structure or building is designed, arranged or intended, or for which it may be occupied or maintained, or any activity, occupation, business or operation which may be carried on thereon or therein. The term "permitted use" or its equivalent shall not be deemed to include any nonconforming use.
A. 
A permitted use conducted on a lot for more than one year, provided the permanent use complies with all provisions of the Code.
B. 
A permitted use conducted on a lot during certain defined segments of the year, provided the seasonal use complies with all provisions of the Code.
C. 
A permitted use conducted on a lot for less than a one-year period of time, provided the temporary use complies with all provisions of the Code
UTILITY
A service, facility, apparatus or use which provides electric, telephone, cable, sewer, water, natural gas, and similar utility services to customers within a defined service area, grid, neighborhood region or municipality.
A. 
A utility which is owned, operated or maintained by a public utility provider, municipality, municipal authority, homeowners' association, or private agency for the purposes of providing sanitary sewage disposal, water supply, energy, telephone, or other utility services within a defined service area.
B. 
A utility which is owned, operated or maintained by a private or independent utility provider for the purposes of providing sanitary sewage disposal, water supply, energy, telephone, or other utility services within a defined service area.
C. 
A utility which is owned, operated or maintained by a public utility provider for the purposes of providing sanitary sewage disposal, water supply, energy, telephone, or other utility services within a defined service area.
VARIANCE
Relief granted by the Zoning Hearing Board from the terms and conditions of this chapter where literal enforcement would create unnecessary hardship and when granting of the relief would not be contrary to the public interest.
VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle utilized for any lawful use which is properly licensed and inspected in accordance with all local, state and federal laws.
WASTE
A material whose original purpose has been completed and which is directed to a disposal or processing facility or is otherwise disposed. The term "waste" shall also include and apply to waste considered as either hazardous, contaminated, toxic, residual, municipal or recyclable, as defined by the Muhlenberg Township Code, PADEP and/or the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM
A system designed to transmit water from the source to users, in compliance with the requirements of the appropriate state agencies and the Township.
A. 
A water supply system which transmits water from a source on the lot to one dwelling, principal use or lot.
B. 
A temporary water supply system which transmits from a common source to more than one dwelling, principal use and/or lot within a single neighborhood. A community water supply system may be permitted on a temporary basis for developments which are to be permanently serviced by a public water supply system.
C. 
A system of water collection, storage, transmission and delivery which is to service a community but not confined to a neighborhood.
D. 
A special or unique use of land which, because of its water supply needs, may have the option to utilize on-lot water supply methods or connect to a private, community, public or municipal water supply system. The selected method for water supply shall be consistent with the Muhlenberg Township Act 537 Plan.
WATERCOURSE
A permanent or intermittent stream, river, brook, run, channel, swale, pond, lake or other body of surface water carrying or holding water, whether natural or artificial.
WATERSHED
The total land area where water drains into a particular watercourse.
WETLANDS
Those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas. The major characteristics of wetlands include vegetation, soil and hydrology.
WOODLANDS
An area of land in which one or more contiguous acres are mostly occupied or covered by mature trees (six inches in caliper). The area of the woodlands shall be measured from the dripline of the outer trees.
WOODLAND EXTRACTION
The clear-cutting or removal of mature trees, as measured six inches or more in caliper, to provide area for improvements on an individual lot or parcel of land as the mature trees exist in predevelopment conditions.
YARD
An open space on the same lot with a structure (or a group of structures) which lies between the structure (or a group of structures) and a lot line and which is unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward except as herein permitted.
A. 
A yard extending the full width of the lot between a structure and the front lot line. On lots abutting more than one public street other than an alley, the front yard requirement shall apply for each public street.
B. 
A yard extending the full width of the lot between a structure and a rear lot line.
C. 
A yard extending from the front yard to the rear yard between a structure and the nearest side lot line.
ZONING
Division of all of the land of an entire political subdivision into districts having different regulations pertaining to use of land; height, area, bulk and use of buildings; yard requirements; and in some states, density of population. Zoning is affected by local ordinance under the police power of the state granted by specific legislation generally termed an "enabling act."
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Muhlenberg Township Zoning Hearing Board, as established by the Board of Commissioners to hear matters in accordance with this chapter.
ZONING MAP
The Muhlenberg Township Zoning Map.
ZONING OFFICER
The agent or official designated by the governing body to administer and enforce this chapter.
ZONING ORDINANCE
The Muhlenberg Township Zoning Ordinance, as amended and codified. (See Chapter 355, Zoning, of the Code.)
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[3]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[4]
Editor's Note: See the Sunshine Act, 65 Pa.C.S.A. § 701 et seq.