[Adopted 10-21-1985 as Ch. 65, Art. II, of the 1985 Code]
Sidewalks in the Town of Cheektowaga, outside of the corporate limits of the Villages of Sloan and Depew, shall be a one course sidewalk and shall hereafter be constructed as follows.
Cement shall meet the requirements of the standard specifications of the American Society for Testing Materials (serial designation C9-26).
Fine aggregate shall consist of natural sand or screenings from hard, tough, crushed rock, gravel or slag, and must be clean and well graded. All fine aggregate shall pass a one-fourth-inch screen, and 95% shall be retained on a one-hundred-mesh screen.
Coarse aggregate may be pebbles, broken stone or blast furnace slag, and must be clean, hard, durable and uncoated. All coarse aggregate shall pass a one-inch screen, and 95% shall be retained on a one-fourth-inch screen.
Proportions of mix. Proportions are to consist of one part Portland cement, two parts sand or stone screenings, three parts crushed stone or pebbles, and 61/4 gallons of water (maximum) per sack of cement. This mix is a 1:2:3 mix and is to be determined by volume, that is, one cubic foot of cement (one bag), two cubic feet of sand and three cubic feet of gravel.
Water to be used shall be clean enough to drink.
Forms shall be of lumber two inches thick, or steel forms of equal strength. Flexible strips may be used on curves. They shall be rigidly held to line and grade by stakes or braces.
Division of plates shall be of one-eighth-inch steel as wide as the depth of the slab and as long as the width of the walk.
Subbase. The subbase shall be thoroughly rammed, and all soft spots removed and replaced by some hard material. When a fill exceeding one foot in thickness is required, it shall be thoroughly compacted by flooding and tamping in layers not exceeding six inches. The top of all fills shall extend at least 12 inches beyond the sidewalk. A subbase of cinders or gravel must be placed and compacted to a minimum depth of four inches if the Town Engineer deems it necessary.
Thickness. The walk shall not be less than four inches thick. Across driveways it shall be increased to six inches thick.
Concrete shall be mixed until each particle of fine aggregate is coated with cement and each particle, of coarse aggregate is coated with mortar, and shall be mixed not less than one minute.
Placing and finishing. Concrete shall be placed immediately after mixing. It shall be tamped and struck off with a template and shall be floated with a wood float until the surface has a true contour. Care shall be taken to not bring to the surface an excess of water and fine sand by over finishing.
Jointing. The walk shall be cut into separate rectangular slabs not greater than six feet on any one side. The surface edges of each slab shall be rounded to a one-fourth-inch radius. Markings shall be exactly at cuts between slabs.
Finish. Finish shall be brush finish.
Protection. When completed, the sidewalk shall be kept moist and protected from traffic and the elements for at least three days. The forms shall be removed with great care, and upon their removal, earth shall be banked against the edges of the walk.
The walk must have a pitch of 1/4 inch per foot.
The minimum width of any walk shall be four feet, or such other width as the Town Board may determine for a particular location or locations.
Temperature. No concrete is to be laid when the temperature is lower than 45° F.
Heaving. Where trees are growing and are likely to cause drainage to a proposed sidewalk from upheaval, sidewalks shall be reinforced with steel if the Town Engineer deems it necessary.
No person shall construct, reconstruct, repair or grade a sidewalk or any street, avenue or alley until he shall have obtained a written permit to do so from the Town Clerk, which permit shall determine and specify the slope, grade, width and location of the walk.
[Amended 5-19-2008 by L.L. No. 5-2008]
The owner or occupant of any premises adjoining any street where a sidewalk has been laid shall maintain and keep the sidewalk on such street in good repair and free and clear of snow, ice, dirt and any other material, obstruction or substance. The owner and the occupant shall be jointly and severally responsible for compliance with the provisions hereof. Said responsibility shall include liability for injuries that result from failure to maintain, repair and keep said sidewalk in a safe condition for usage, or to remove, snow, ice or other obstructions therefrom.
[Added 4-6-2015 by L.L. No. 2-2015]
The provisions of § 210-14 of this article shall be enforced by the officers of the Cheektowaga Police Department and the Code Enforcement Officers of the Town of Cheektowaga.
[Amended 6-15-2015 by L.L. No. 5-2015]
Any violation by any person, firm or corporation of any provision of this chapter shall be deemed an offense punishable by a fine not less than $25 nor more than $250 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 15 days, or both, for the conviction of the first offense; for conviction of a second offense, punishable by a fine not less than $50 nor more than $500 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 15 days, or both; for conviction of a third and subsequent offense, punishable by a fine not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed 15 days, or both.
The declaration of any portion of this article by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid shall not invalidate the entire article but only that part thereof so declared to be invalid, and the remainder of said article shall remain in full force and effect.
This article shall take effect 10 days after publication thereof in the official paper of the town, and the posting conspicuously in at least three public places in the town of a copy thereof.