[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Town of Plainville 1-23-2019. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Whereas, Massachusetts voters approved the regulation of the use and distribution of marijuana not medically prescribed on November 8, 2016 pursuant to Chapter 344 of the Acts of 2016, as amended by Chapter 55 of the Acts of 2017, an Act to Ensure Safe Access to Marijuana; and
Whereas, the prevention of the illegal sale and use of marijuana, particularly involving youth is a public health priority; and
Whereas, the state regulation at 935 CMR 500.000 allows for lawful local oversight and regulation, including local fee requirements; and
Whereas, Chapter 55 Acts of 2017 specifically allows municipalities to "adopt ordinances and by-laws that impose reasonable safeguards on the operation of marijuana establishments" specifically related to "the time, place, and manner of marijuana establishment operations and of any business dealing with marijuana accessories," provided that such restrictions "are not unreasonably impracticable and are not in conflict" with the state statute or regulations regulating to marijuana sales.
Whereas, local oversight and inspection of adult-use marijuana establishments is within the legal authority of local boards of health to protect public health, safety and welfare; and
Whereas, local oversight and inspection of marijuana establishments is within the legal authority of local boards of health to protect public health, safety and welfare; and
Whereas the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court had held that" . . . [t]he right to engage in business must yield to the paramount right of government to protect public health by any rational means." [Druzik et al v. Board of Health of Haverhill, 324 Mass. 129 (1949)]
Unless otherwise indicated, terms used throughout this regulation shall be defined as they are in 935 CMR 500.000 and in General Law, Chapter 94, § 1.
In addition, for the purposes of this regulation, the following words shall have the following meanings:
- ADULT-ONLY RETAIL TOBACCO STORE
- An establishment that is not required to possess a retail food permit whose primary purpose is to sell or offer for sale but not for resale, tobacco products and tobacco paraphernalia, and in which the entry of persons under the minimum legal sales age is prohibited at all times, and maintains a valid permit for the retail sale of tobacco products as required to be issued by the Plainville Board of Health.
- BOARD OF HEALTH
- Town of Plainville Board of Health and its designated Board of Health agents.
- BOARD OF HEALTH AGENT
- The Health Agent and any Town employee designated by the Board of Health, which will include Board of Health and/or Board of Health staff, and may include law enforcement officers, fire officials and code enforcement officials.
- BUSINESS AGENT
- An individual who has been designated by the owner or operator of any marijuana establishment to be the manager or otherwise in charge of said establishment.
- EDIBLE MARIJUANA PRODUCTS
- A marijuana product that is to be consumed by humans by eating or drinking.
- (1) All parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, not excepted below and whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; and resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin including tetrahydrocannabinol as defined in Section 1 of Chapter 94C of the General Laws.
- (2) "Marijuana" shall not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil, or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture or preparation of the mature stalks, fiber, oil, or cake made from the seeds of the plant or the sterilized seed of the plant that is incapable of germination; hemp; or the weight of any other ingredient combined with marijuana to prepare topical or oral administrations, food, drink or other products.
- MARIJUANA ACCESSORIES
- Equipment, products, devices or materials of any kind that are intended or designed for use in ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing marijuana into the human body.
- MARIJUANA ESTABLISHMENT
- A marijuana cultivator, marijuana testing facility, marijuana product manufacturer, or any other type of marijuana-related business licensed by the Cannabis Control Commission pursuant to 935 CMR 500.050 as a marijuana cultivator, craft marijuana cooperative, marijuana product manufacturer, independent marijuana testing laboratory, storefront marijuana retailer, delivery-only marijuana retailer, marijuana primary social consumption establishment, marijuana mixed-use social consumption establishment, marijuana research facility, marijuana transporter and marijuana micro-business.
- MARIJUANA PRODUCTS
- Products that have been manufactured and contain marijuana or an extract from marijuana, including concentrated forms of marijuana and products composed of marijuana and other ingredients that are intended for use or consumption, including edible products, beverages, topical products, ointments, oils and tinctures.
- MINIMUM LEGAL SALES AGE
- The age an individual must be before that individual can be sold a marijuana product in the municipality.
- NONRESIDENTIAL ROLL-YOUR-OWN (RYO) MACHINE
- A mechanical device made available for use (including to an individual who produces rolled marijuana products solely for the individual's own personal consumption or use) that can make rolled marijuana products. RYO machines located in private homes used for solely personal consumption are not nonresidential RYO machines.
- OPERATING PERMIT HOLDER
- Any person engaged in the cultivation, sale, distribution or delivery of marijuana who applies for and receives an operation permit, or any person who is required to apply for an operation permit pursuant to these regulations, or his or her business agent.
- Any individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind, including but not limited to an owner, operator, manager, proprietor or person in charge of any establishment, business, cultivation property or retail store.
- SELF-SERVICE DISPLAYS
- Any display from which customers may select marijuana or a marijuana-infused product without assistance from an establishment.
- VENDING MACHINE
- Any automated or mechanical self-service device, which upon insertion of money, tokens or any other form of payment, dispenses or makes marijuana products.
No person shall sell marijuana or marijuana products, or permit marijuana or marijuana products, as defined herein, to be sold to an individual under the minimum legal sales age; or give marijuana or marijuana products, as defined herein, to an individual under the minimum legal sales age. The minimum legal sales age in Plainville is 21.
Each person selling or distributing marijuana or marijuana products, as defined herein, shall verify the age of the purchaser by means of a valid government-issued photographic containing the bearer's date of birth that the purchaser is 21 years of age or older.
All retail sales of marijuana products shall be face-to-face between the seller and the buyer and occur at the permitted location unless and until delivery of adult-use marijuana products is authorized and licensed under state regulation and then, in strict compliance with all applicable rules and regulations as well as the age limitation set forth herein.
No person shall sell marijuana accessory or permit marijuana accessory, as defined therein, to be sold to a person under the minimum legal sales age: or give marijuana products, as defined herein, to a person under the minimum legal sales age. The minimum legal sales age in the Town of Plainville is 21.
No person shall gift marijuana or marijuana products to a consumer contingent upon the sale of any other product.
No person shall accept or redeem, offer to accept or redeem, or cause or hire any person to accept or redeem or offer to accept or redeem any coupon that provides any marijuana product without charge.
No person under the minimum legal sales age shall be permitted to enter an establishment with a marijuana operating permit except those individuals in possession of a registration card demonstrating that the individual is a registered qualifying patient with the Medical Use of Marijuana Program if the establishment is co-located with a medical marijuana treatment center.
A retail marijuana establishment shall sell primarily marijuana and marijuana accessories. The sale of other products must be merely incidental. A retail marijuana establishment is prohibited from applying for or otherwise holding tobacco sales permit. A retail marijuana establishment is also prohibited from holding a liquor license or selling or distributing any alcoholic beverage in any form.
The sale or distribution of edible marijuana products in any form other than an original factory-wrapped package is prohibited, including the repackaging or dispensing of any edible marijuana product for retail sale.
All self-service displays of marijuana and marijuana products are prohibited.
All vending machines containing marijuana and marijuana products are prohibited.
An adult-only retail tobacco store and a marijuana operating permit holder may not offer for sale nonresidential roll-your-own machines.
Marijuana accessories, as defined herein, shall only be sold in marijuana establishments and adult-only tobacco stores as defined herein.
Any consumption or use of marijuana products, including the sampling of products, on the premises of a marijuana establishment or a retail marijuana establishment, is prohibited.
No person shall sell, cultivate, deliver or otherwise commercially distribute marijuana products, as defined herein, within the Town of Plainville without first obtaining a marijuana operating permit issued annually by the Plainville Board of Health. Only owners of establishments with a permanent, nonmobile location in Plainville are eligible to apply for an operating permit at the specified location in the Town of Plainville except:
All applicants shall certify that they are in compliance with all local and state laws, regulations (bylaws or ordinances) and be prepared to show proof if requested.
A marijuana delivery-only establishment, if authorized and licensed under state regulation, shall not be required to have a permanent, nonmobile location, but shall have an in-state permanent business office address and contact information available. Upon request, the establishment must share information about the current location and destination of its employees with the Plainville Board of Health.
As part of the marijuana operating permit application process, the applicant will be provided with the Plainville regulation. Each applicant is required to sign a statement declaring that the applicant has read said regulation and that the applicant is responsible for instructing all employees who will be responsible for marijuana sales regarding federal, state and local laws regarding the sale of marijuana and this regulation.
A marijuana establishment must submit a security plan for review to the Plainville Police Department detailing all security measures taken to ensure patient, consumer and community safety and eliminate unauthorized access to the premises. The marijuana establishment must supply the Plainville Board of Health with a letter from the Plainville Police Chief approving the security plan.
All marijuana establishment staff must be properly trained according to 935 CMR 500.000. Certifications must be submitted to the Plainville Board of Health prior to issuance of a permit.
A marijuana operating permit is expressly conditioned upon the issuance of a final license issued by the Cannabis Control Commission before operations commence. Failure to obtain said license or revocation of said license shall result in the immediate revocation of the marijuana operating permit.
A separate marijuana operating permit, displayed conspicuously, is required for each marijuana establishment, the fee for which shall be determined by the Plainville Board of Health annually.
A marijuana operating permit is nontransferable. A new owner of a marijuana establishment must apply for a new permit.
Issuance of a marijuana operating permit shall be conditioned on an applicant's consent to unannounced, periodic inspection of his/her marijuana establishment, including any business conducted off-site, to ensure compliance with this regulation.
A marijuana operating permit will not be renewed if the permit holder has failed to pay all fines issued and the time to appeal the fines has expired and/or the permit holder has not satisfied any outstanding permit suspensions.
A marijuana operating permit may be subject to nonrenewal if the establishment has sold a marijuana product to a person under the minimum legal sales age two times within the previous permit year and the time to appeal has expired. The permit holder may request a hearing pursuant to this regulation prior to nonrenewal.
All marijuana operating permits expire annually on December 31. No permit renewal will be denied based on the requirements of this subsection except any permit holder who has failed to renew his or her permit within 30 days of expiration will be treated as a first-time permit applicant.
The Plainville Board of Health may require the distribution of additional educational materials in marijuana establishments as a condition of issuance of marijuana operating permit.
The manufacture of all edible marijuana products and food products containing marijuana shall be conducted in a state-licensed marijuana manufacturing facility and in accordance with all applicable state regulations. Marijuana establishments and agents shall comply with 105 CMR 500.000, Good Manufacturing Practices for Food, and 105 CMR 590.000, Minimum Sanitation Standards for Food Establishments, relative to edible marijuana products.
Incorporation of 935 CMR 500.00. Marijuana establishments and agents shall comply with 935 CMR 500.000.
All cultivation, processing, manufacturing, delivery, sale and use of marijuana shall be conducted in compliance with all laws, ordinances, regulations or policies applicable to similar activities. This shall include, but not be limited to compliance with food service permit requirements, secondhand smoke regulations, electronic cigarette regulations, nuisance laws and all requirements associated with zoning and other local permitting.
In no instance shall a marijuana operating permit be issued to any establishment within 500 feet of the grounds of or within a public or private elementary school, middle school, secondary school, preparatory school, licensed day-care center, or any other facility in which children commonly congregate in an organized ongoing formal basis; or property owned by and operated as part of the campus of any private or public institution of higher learning; or a public library; or a playground or park. (Note: This does not include undeveloped conservation land.) The 500-foot distance shall be measured in a straight line from the nearest point of the property line in question to the nearest property line of the proposed marijuana establishment.
The cultivation, processing, manufacturing, delivery, sale and use of marijuana shall not exempt any person or entity from complying with all state and local laws, ordinances, bylaws, regulations and policies. Violation of any other such law shall constitute a violation of this regulation and be subject to the fines and penalties described herein. Nothing in this regulation gives any immunity under federal law or poses an obstacle to federal enforcement of federal law.
Authority to inspect marijuana establishments for compliance and to enforce this regulation shall be held by the Plainville Board of Health, its designees and the Plainville Police Department.
Any person may register a complaint under this regulation to initiate an investigation and enforcement with the Plainville Board of Health and its designees. Unscheduled compliance inspections shall be conducted at a minimum of two inspections annually.
It shall be the responsibility of the marijuana operating permit holder and/or business agent to ensure compliance with all applicable sections of this regulation. Any marijuana establishment found to be in violation of the provisions of these regulations may receive a written warning citation, a fine, a marijuana operating permit suspension, a marijuana operating permit revocation.
Any permit holder or any person or entity charged with violation of any provision of this regulation shall receive a notice of violation from the Plainville Board of Health or its designated agent. Unless waived by the permit holder, the Board of Health shall conduct a hearing to determine the facts of the violation, the appropriate corrective actions, the terms of suspension, if any, and/or issue a permit revocation order.
Prior to issuing any suspension or revocation, the Board of Health shall provide notice of the intent to suspend or revoke a permit, which notice shall contain the reasons therefor and establish a time and date for a hearing, which date shall be no earlier than seven days after the date of said notice. The permit holder shall have an opportunity to be heard at such hearing and shall be notified of the Board of Health's decision and the reasons therefor in writing. After a hearing, the Plainville Board of Health may suspend or revoke the permit if the Board of Health finds that a violation of this regulation occurred.
Whoever violated any provisions of this regulation may be penalized by the noncriminal method of disposition as provided in MGL c. 40 § 21D.
Each day any violation exists shall be deemed to be a separate offense.
A variance from this regulation may be requested in writing to the Plainville Board of Health. A variance may be granted by the Plainville Board of Health after a hearing at which time the applicant establishes the following:
The Board of Health may impose any conditions, safeguards and other limitations on a variance when it deems it appropriate to protect the public health and safety or the environment.
If any provision of this regulation is declared invalid or unenforceable, the provisions shall not be affected thereby but shall continue in full force and effect.
This regulation shall take effect immediately upon passage by the Board of Health.