[1967 Code § 81-1]
As used in this section:
- Shall mean and include one or more street or streets, public thoroughfares, roads, highways, lanes and alleys, or any part thereof.
[1967 Code § 81-2]
No street which has heretofore or which may hereafter be dedicated to public use shall hereafter be constructed or reconstructed unless a permit shall have been previously obtained from the Township Committee authorizing such construction or reconstruction.
[1967 Code § 81-3]
Before any such street is constructed or reconstructed, the owner or developer shall make application in writing for a permit, specifying the nature and location of the proposed construction or improvement which is to be made; and if the street is to be improved, shall furnish the Township Committee with a letter or other satisfactory evidence showing that the subdivision fronting on the street has been approved by the Planning Board, or shall furnish the Township Committee evidence that the property fronting the street conforms with the Zoning Ordinance or shall furnish the Township Committee evidence that a variance has been approved by the Board of Adjustment.
[1967 Code § 81-4]
The specifications governing all construction shall be the standard specifications for general construction work heretofore adopted by the Township Committee by resolution, which specifications may be amended or changed by the Township Committee in like manner or as herein provided.
[1967 Code § 81-5]
Based on suitable surveys, plans shall be prepared by a responsible engineer, licensed under the laws of the State of New Jersey as such, and three copies of the plans and the application shall be submitted to the Township Engineer for approval before any work is started.
Before the detailed plans of the road construction are prepared in their final form, the Township Committee will go over them and advise as to their acceptability or as to such changes, if any, that should be made in order to make them conform to the requirements of this section.
The plans submitted shall consist of a title sheet 24 inches by 36 inches overall, the longest dimension shall be left to right, the left hand border shall be two inches and the top, bottom and right hand side borders shall be 1/2 inch. The title sheet shall bear the name of the road, the property owner, etc., neatly arranged in the center of the sheet. This sheet may also be used for small construction details.
The other sheets of the plan shall have the same overall dimensions as those of the title sheet, with the proper title, subtitle and scale in the lower right hand corner.
The detail sheets for road construction shall show the plan and profile of the proposed roadway, cross sections and details of manholes, inlets, small culverts and other minor structures required.
The scale for plan and horizontal scale for profile shall be one inch in 50 feet, and for vertical scale of profile shall be one inch to five feet. The profile shall be shown directly under the plan, and if the space on the sheet permits, two sections of plan and profile may be shown on the same sheet.
The plan of the road shall show the center line of construction, right-of-way lines, stations of beginning and end of curves, curve data, 100-foot station points, equations of stationing, streams, roads and railroads on or near the right-of-way; poles, trees, buildings and other obstructions within the right-of-way, houses and buildings within 200 feet of the right-of-way, except in closely built-up sections; property division lines and names of owners; portions of pavements to be used in place of the proposed work and guard rails, retaining walls, ditch protections, subdrains and other special features that can be anticipated. When possible, these special features shall be tabulated on the sheet on which they occur on the plan, and their location indicated in the table.
The plan shall be plotted with stationing from left to right. A north point shall be shown on each sheet, preferably in the upper right hand corner and, if possible, with north at the top of the sheet.
The profile of the roads shall show the existing surface as a dash line. The finished grade line shall be indicated by a solid line representing the elevation of the finished pavement on the centerline of the proposed construction; a notation indicating that the grade line represents the surface of the finished pavement; length and location of vertical curves; percentage of gradient; datum line; and surface elevations and grade elevations at station ordinates and at changes of gradients.
The surface line shall be indicated by a series of straight broken lines. The surface line shall represent the profile of the ground on the center line of the proposed roadway.
When requested by the Township Engineer, cross sections shall be taken at not less than fifty-foot intervals. The cross sections shall be plotted to a scale of one inch to five feet, from the bottom of the sheet upwards and so as not to interfere unduly with one another. Either the lower side or the right hand end of the sheet may be used as the bottom in the plotting.
The cross sections shall show the ground surface extended beyond the slope intersections, the proposed roadway surface side slopes, ditches and any additional information desired. The ground surface shall be shown in a broken line and the new construction in solid lines. Each cross section shall be marked with its station location, grade line elevation and cross sectional area, in square feet of cut or fill.
Details of manholes, inlets, small culverts, guardrails and other minor structures shall be shown to a scale sufficient to show clearly all details involved. These details may be shown on the title sheet if space is available. Otherwise they shall be plotted on an additional sheet immediately following the plan and profile sheets. Storm drainage systems and appurtenances shall be designed for twenty-five year storm frequency with a minimum time of concentration of six minutes.
Three copies of the plan shall be filed with the Township Engineer.
The approval of any plan shall in nowise be construed as an acceptance of any street, nor shall any such approval in any way obligate the Township to maintain or exercise jurisdiction over such street.
Upon approval, one copy of the plans and application will be returned to the applicant and two copies of the plans and application will be retained by the Township, one for use by the Township Engineer and one for the permanent file.
[1967 Code 81-6; Ord. No. § 26-82]
The pavement of all intersections shall be flared as recommended by the Township Engineer.
When requested by the Township Engineer, the owner or developer shall furnish an accurate sketch to scale, showing one foot or two-foot contours for the intersection.
On all dead-end streets or culs-de-sac, a circle shall be provided according to the standards authorized by the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment as part of a site plan or subdivision approval, or which shall have a right-of-way radius of not less than 50 feet and a paved circle with a radius of 40 feet.
Where a road is not immediately completed for its entire length, a temporary turnaround shall be constructed according to the standards authorized by the Planning Board or Board of Adjustment as part of a site plan or subdivision approval, or which shall have a radius of 40 feet, surfaced with four inches of quarry processed stone top dressed with a layer of 1/2 inch clean stone properly grated in its entire area.
[1967 Code § 81-7]
All materials and appurtenances, unless otherwise specified herein or in the standard specifications for general construction work shall comply with the requirements set forth in the current New Jersey State Highway specifications.
Delivery slips for all materials used in constructing the road and appurtenances thereto shall be turned over to the Township Engineer for tabulation and inspection.
When in the opinion of the Township Engineer materials are in need of testing, the materials shall be tested by any approved testing laboratory at the expense of the developer or contractor.
The minimum size of catch basins or inlets permitted shall be that sufficient to permit a man to enter them for the purpose of cleaning, and shall permit the use of cleaning rods four feet in length.
[1967 Code § 81-8]
Sanitary sewer, drainage, structures, water, gas and electrical mains and service lines must all be installed prior to construction of roadway pavements. Trenches that have been opened for such purposes shall have been back-filled and thoroughly compacted.
Poles, light standards, etc., shall be set behind the curb with their outside face one foot from the rear of the curb.
All services, such as water, gas, telephone and electricity, when in conduit, etc., shall be stubbed in at each lot to a point behind the curb line before the curbs and pavements are built, unless otherwise required by the utility company.
All gas mains, water mains, sewers, conduits, etc. shall be laid sufficiently in advance of work on the pavement to allow for proper settlement of trenches. The backfill in these trenches shall be tamped in a manner satisfactory to the Township Engineer.
[1967 Code § 81-9]
All construction or reconstruction of driveway entrances shall be under the direction of the Township Engineer or Director of Public Works. These entrances shall be constructed in a manner that will not interfere with the drainage ditches along the public road. Curb openings for driveways shall be a minimum of 16 feet in width.
No pipes shall be placed on any Township pavement in the gutter at driveways. The driveway at the gutter lines shall be dipped to permit proper drainage and paved with bituminous concrete type "A" or "T" on a suitable foundation as directed by the Township Engineer or Director of Public Works.
Where driveways slope downhill from the curbline into a lot, the grade of such drive shall rise to the height of the street center line before the downward slope begins.
The filling of gutters along any Township road by dirt, fill earth or other materials, except as provided herein, is hereby prohibited.
It shall be unlawful for any person or persons, firm or corporation to construct or reconstruct any driveway entrance without having first obtained a permit from the Township.
[1967 Code § 81-10; Ord. No. 26-82]
All dedicated roadways within the Township which have not been accepted by the Township Committee and which are to be constructed or reconstructed and which are classified as light traffic streets or not as thoroughfares may be constructed or reconstructed as follows:
All roads classified or designated as thoroughfares shall be at least 50 feet in width between right-of-way lines, shall have a pavement 30 feet in width with curbs and shall reserve 10 feet on each side for sidewalk or for other purposes.
Roads shall be graded for the full width between property lines even though the pavement is a lesser width.
[1967 Code § 81-11]
The work shall be inspected throughout the course of construction by the Township Engineer or his representative, and the cost of the inspection shall be paid for by the owner of the property.
[1967 Code § 81-12]
Street name signs shall be supplied and erected by the developer or contractor at his expense immediately upon completion of construction of each new street. The style, support and location of street name signs shall be first approved by the Township Committee.
[1967 Code § 81-13]
Before final approval, two copies of the road plan and profile showing all utilities actually built shall be furnished to the Township Committee.
Before final approval, affidavits shall be made by the developer certifying that all costs incurred in the construction of the road have been paid.
Before final approval, all drainage structures shall be cleaned of silt or other accumulation.
[1967 Code § 81-14]
All streets hereafter constructed or reconstructed may be accepted by the Township Committee by formal resolution, but in no event will there be final acceptance until the expiration of one year from the date of final approval or completion of construction, whichever occurs later.
[1967 Code § 81-15]
There shall be filed with the Township Clerk a performance guaranty sufficient in amount to cover the cost of the road construction as estimated by the Township Engineer and assuring the installation of such road in accordance with the provisions of this section on or before an agreed upon date. Such performance guaranty may be in the form of a performance bond which shall be issued by a bonding or surety company approved by the Township Committee; a certified check, returnable after full completion; or any other type of surety approved by the Township Committee. After final approval, the performance guaranty shall be replaced with a maintenance guaranty in an amount sufficient to insure full maintenance of the road until final acceptance by the Township Committee. When streets are being constructed as subdivision or site plan improvements and are covered by the subdivision or site plan performance and maintenance guaranties, then no additional guaranty shall be required under this section.
[1967 Code § 81-16]
The foregoing requirements shall be considered as the minimum requirements for street improvements for the Township.
[1967 Code § 81-17]
[1967 Code § 84-1; Ord. No. 350-2015]
It shall be unlawful for any person to tunnel under or to make any opening or excavation in any street or other public place in the Township, other than a County road over which the County of Morris has exclusive jurisdiction, without having obtained a permit as is herein required or without complying with the provisions of this section or in violation of or variance from the terms of any such permit. No permit shall be issued to open any Township road for five years after the road was paved.
[1967 Code § 84-2; Ord. No. 12-81]
Applications for such permits shall be made to the Township Clerk and shall describe the location of the intended opening, excavation or tunnel, the size thereof, the purpose therefor and the person doing the actual excavation work and the name of the person for whom or which the work is being done and shall contain an agreement that the applicant will comply with all ordinances and laws relating to the work to be done.
Any person desiring a permit for the opening of a street or tunneling therein shall make application to the Township Clerk setting forth the following information:
Name and address of applicant.
Name of the street where the opening is to be made and the street number, if any, of the abutting property.
The Township Tax Map index, block and lot number of the property for the benefit of which the opening is to be made.
Nature of the surface in which the opening is to be made.
Character and purpose of the work proposed.
Time when the work is to be commenced and completed.
Plan showing the exact location and dimension of all openings.
The name and address of the workmen or contractor who is to perform the work, if different from the applicant.
A statement that the applicant agrees to replace, at his own cost and expense, in accordance with Township specifications and details, the opening to the same state and condition as it was at the time of the commencement of the work and further agrees to comply with all other regulations and laws relative to the work.
An agreement to indemnify and hold harmless the Township from all loss, damage, claim or expense, including expenses incurred in the defense of any litigation arising out of injury to any person or property resulting from any work done by the applicant under the permit.
Such other information as the Township Clerk may consider pertinent.
Registration number from the underground location service [Supersnooper (800) 272-1000], indicating that they have been properly notified and will locate underground facilities in the area of the proposed opening or tunneling operation.
[1967 Code § 84-3; Ord. No. 12-81; Ord. No. 40-88; Ord. No. 92-01 § 1]
The fee for a road opening permit shall be set by the Township Committee by resolution.
[1967 Code § 84-4; Ord. No. 12-81; Ord. No. 40-88; Ord. No. 5-89]
Before issuance of any such permit, the applicant or contractor proposing to do the actual excavating work shall file with the Township Clerk a cash bond in the amount of $100 per square yard of disturbed area. This cash bond shall serve as both a performance bond to guarantee completion of the work and also as a maintenance bond for a period of 12 months to guarantee that the excavated area does not settle or otherwise deteriorate. If the responsible person does not complete the excavation and restore the surface in accordance with requirements of this section or if the responsible person does not restore the surface and make any necessary repairs resulting from the settling or any other deterioration within a reasonable time after receipt of notice of settling from the Township then the Township may perform the necessary work itself and deduct the cost of such work from the posted bond. At the end of 12 months the Director of Public Works shall inspect the area of the excavation to determine whether it has been restored in compliance with the requirements of this section. The Director of Public Works shall then submit a written report to the Township Committee recommending that the bond be returned in whole or part or in the alternative that the Township should perform additional repairs and charge the cost of those repairs against the bond. The Township Committee shall then act upon recommendation of the Director of Public Works and return any unused portion of the bond to the responsible person.
In addition, the applicant or the contractor proposing to do the actual excavating work shall file with the Township Clerk a certificate of insurance showing that the applicant or the contractor proposing to do the actual excavating work has general liability insurance with combined policy limits of $1,000,000.
The provisions of paragraph a of this subsection shall not apply to public utilities.
[1967 Code § 84-5; Ord. 9-21-70; Ord. No. 12-81]
It shall be unlawful to make any such excavation, opening or tunnel in any way contrary to or at variance with the terms of the permit therefor. Proper bracing shall be maintained to prevent the collapse of adjoining ground, and, in excavations, the excavation shall not have anywhere below the surface any portion which extends beyond the opening at the surface.
No injury shall be done to any pipes, cables or conduits in the making of such openings, excavations or tunnels, and notice shall be given to the persons maintaining any such pipes, cables or conduits (or to the Township Road Department or officer charged with the care thereof) which are or may be endangered or affected by the making of any such opening, excavation or tunnel before such pipes, cables or conduits shall be disturbed.
No unnecessary damage or injury shall be done to any tree or shrub or the roots thereof.
All openings, excavations or tunnels shall be guarded with adequate safety measures as may be necessary and with adequate warning devices. The safety measures and warning devices shall be placed in such a manner as to not unduly restrict traffic. Where the Police Department determines that such safety measures and warning devices are not adequate for the free movement of traffic during road construction and/or excavation, a Police Officer may be assigned to direct traffic in the area involved during working hours, and the cost thereof shall be charged by the Township to the contractor or other person obtaining the permit. The provisions of this subsection shall not affect or relieve the contractor or any other person from any other obligations imposed by the contract or by operation of law.
All refuse and material shall be removed within 48 hours.
All excavation shall be completely backfilled and compacted using bank run gravel, crushed stone or other approved material.
If tunneling operations are required, the tunnel shall be backfilled with rammed sand or sand and concrete mixed 10 to one, respectively.
If blasting is required in the course of any excavation, it shall be done in strict compliance with all applicable state laws and regulations and municipal ordinances.
Under normal, nonemergency situations, street paving, whether new or improved, will carry a minimum no-cut period of five years.
[1967 Code § 84-6]
If any sidewalk is blocked by any such work, a temporary sidewalk shall be constructed or provided which shall be safe for travel and convenient for users.
[1967 Code § 84-7; Ord. 9-21-70; Ord. No. 12-81]
Any person making any opening, excavation or tunnel shall restore the surface to its original condition if there is no pavement there. Refills shall be properly tamped down.
The applicant shall restore the pavement, either bituminous concrete or plain or reinforced concrete, to as good a condition as before the excavation was made. The material excavated, if suitable and dry, and if approved by the Township Engineer or his duly approved representative, can be used as backfill. If the excavated material is determined to be unsuitable for backfill, it shall be removed immediately from the area of the excavation and the trench shall then be backfilled with bank run sand and gravel or ungraded road stone, as directed by the Township Engineer or his representative. The material used for backfill shall be placed and tamped with suitable tamping equipment in maximum 12 inch lifts or as directed by the Township Engineer or his authorized agent.
The backfill material shall be placed in accordance with paragraph b above, to within 10 inches of the surface of the pavement, to within eight inches of the surface of a sidewalk and within four inches of the surface of a grassed area within a street right-of-way. Restoration shall be as follows:
Bituminous Concrete Pavement, Class A Roads. A base course of four inches compacted thickness consisting of quarry processed stone Type 5, Class A, shall be placed, tamped or rolled with suitable mechanical equipment to bring the subbase to within six inches of the finished pavement course. Next four inches of stabilized base, Binder Course Mix No. 2, compacted thickness, shall be placed and compacted with suitable mechanical equipment. The final surface course shall consist of two inches, compacted thickness, of FABC Surface Course, Mix No. 5.
Bituminous Concrete Pavement, Class B and C Roads. A base course of four inches, compacted thickness, consisting of quarry processed stone, Type 5, Class A, shall be placed, tamped or rolled with suitable mechanical equipment to bring the subbase to within four inches of the finished pavement course. There shall be constructed four inches, compacted thickness, of macadam stabilized base, Binder Course Mix No. 2 as a final surface course. This course shall be compacted by approved mechanical equipment as directed by the Township Engineer or his agent.
Concrete Sidewalks. A base course of ungraded roadstone four inches, compacted thickness, shall be placed and tamped with suitable mechanical equipment and thereon shall be constructed concrete sidewalk. The sidewalk shall be of 3,000 psi concrete, four inches in thickness, six inches thick at driveways and four feet wide, with clean construction joints at four foot intervals, or as directed by the Township Engineer.
Grassed Areas. Four inches of suitable topsoil shall be placed on the previously tamped backfill. The area shall be limed, fertilized and seeded.
All public utility companies shall, upon completion of the work pursuant to permit, and after restoration of road surface, submit and file with the Township Clerk, two copies of as-built plans showing the location, depth, size, etc. of the underground service.
[1967 Code § 84-8]
The Director of Public Works or his designee shall inspect or cause to be inspected all openings, excavations and tunnels being made in or under any public street or other public place in the Township to see to the enforcement of the provisions of this section. Notice shall be given to him at least 10 hours before the work of refilling any such opening, excavation or tunnel commences.
[1967 Code § 84-9]
Any permit issued pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be valid for a period not exceeding 30 days and all work contemplated shall be completed within that time except on application to the Township Committee for an extension.
[1967 Code § 84-10; Ord. 12-29-69]
[Ord. No. 36-84; 1967 Code § 27-1; Ord. No. 344-2014]
No person shall deposit, throw, spill or dump dirt, mud, gravel, sand, stone, cement, trees, stumps, brush, grass, leaves, wood, metal, iron, plastic, manure, fertilizer, ashes, coal, cinders, refuse, garbage or other material upon any street or sidewalk or portion thereof within the limits of the Township; nor shall any person throw, deposit, spill or dump the same upon any public or private land within the limits of the Township without the permission of the owner thereof; nor shall any person cause or permit the same to be done.
[Ord. No. 36-84; 1967 Code § 27-3; Ord. No. 344-2014]
No person shall obstruct the traveled portion of any street or sidewalk within the limits of the Township. Moreover, the owner of any property containing a fence, hedge, wall, gate, landscaping, shrub, bush, tree, boulders or other obstructions which encroach upon any sidewalk, street or right-of-way and which constitute a safety hazard in the opinion of the Chief of Police or his designee, or the Township Code Enforcement Officer, shall remove the same within 10 days after written notice signed by the Chief of Police or his designee.
[Ord. No. 27-84; 1967 Code § 27-5; Ord. No. 37-87; Ord. No. 344-2014]
Any person who violates any subsection of this section shall be liable to penalties set forth in Chapter 1, Section 1-5 of this Code. In addition, if a property owner fails to remove an obstruction within the time required under subsection 20-2.2 above, such obstruction may be removed by or under the direction of the Township Department of Public Works at the expense of the owner. The cost of such work shall be a lien upon the whole lot or premises on or in front of which such obstruction existed, and shall be certified to the Township Tax Collector, and collected in the same manner as the taxes next to be levied thereon.
[Ord. No. 126-03 § 1]
The owner, occupant or tenant of premises abutting or bordering on any street in the Township shall remove all snow and ice from the abutting sidewalks of such streets, or in the event of ice which may be so frozen as to make removal impracticable, shall cause the same to be thoroughly covered with sand, ashes, salt, sawdust or some other nonslippery or adhesive substance so as to make the same safely passable, within 12 hours of daylight after the same shall fall or be formed thereon. In addition to any other remedy provided by this section, any person who violates this section shall be subject to the penalty provided in Chapter 1, Section 1-5.
[Ord. No. 126-03 § 1]
In the event snow or ice shall not be removed from sidewalks as provided in this section, the same may be removed under the direction of the Public Works Manager or the Township Administrator. The cost of removal of any snow or ice by the Township shall be certified to the Township Committee. The Township Committee shall examine the certificate, and if found to be correct, the Committee shall cause the cost to be charged against the real estate abutting upon the sidewalk, and the amount charged shall become a lien and a tax on the real estate and shall be added to and be part of the taxes next to be levied and assessed thereon, and enforced and collected with interest in the same manner as other taxes.
[Ord. No. 126-03 § 1]
No person shall throw, place or deposit any snow or ice which has accumulated upon private property into or upon any public sidewalk, handicapped parking space, bicycle route or the paved portion of any public street in the Township or into or upon any area within the right-of-way lines of any street in such a way as to hinder the passage of persons, bicycles or obstruct vision.