[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Suffern as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCESSchedule A Schedule B
Flood damage prevention — See Ch. 141.
Quarrying and blasting — See Ch. 209.
Site plan regulations — See Ch. 228.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 239.
Zoning — See Ch. 266.
Zoning and planning application fees — See Ch. 267.
Article I Stormwater Management and Erosion and Sediment Control
Article II Illicit Discharge and Connection to Storm Drainage
[Adopted 6-6-2005 by L.L. No. 4-2005]
It is hereby determined that:
Land development activities and associated increases in site impervious cover often alter the hydrologic response of local watersheds and increase stormwater runoff rates and volumes, flooding, stream channel erosion, or sediment transport and deposition.
This stormwater runoff contributes to increased quantities of waterborne pollutants, including siltation of aquatic habitat for fish and other desirable species.
Clearing and grading during construction tends to increase soil erosion and add to the loss of native vegetation necessary for terrestrial and aquatic habitat.
Improper design and construction of stormwater management practices can increase the velocity of stormwater runoff thereby increasing stream bank erosion and sedimentation.
Impervious surfaces allow less water to percolate into the soil, thereby decreasing groundwater recharge and stream base flow.
Substantial economic losses can result from these adverse impacts on the waters of the municipality.
Stormwater runoff, soil erosion and nonpoint source pollution can be controlled and minimized through the regulation of stormwater runoff from land development activities.
The regulation of stormwater runoff discharges from land development activities in order to control and minimize increases in stormwater runoff rates and volumes, soil erosion, stream channel erosion, and nonpoint source pollution associated with stormwater runoff is in the public interest and will minimize threats to public health and safety.
Regulation of land development activities by means of performance standards governing stormwater management and site design will produce development compatible with the natural functions of a particular site or an entire watershed and thereby mitigate the adverse effects of erosion and sedimentation from development.
The purpose of this article is to establish minimum stormwater management requirements and controls to protect and safeguard the general health, safety, and welfare of the public residing within the Village of Suffern and to address the findings of fact in § 233-1 hereof. This article seeks to meet those purposes by achieving the following objectives:
Meet the requirements of minimum measures 4 and 5 of the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Municipal Separate Stormwater Sewer Systems (MS4s), Permit No. GP-02-02 or as amended or revised;
Require land development activities to conform to the substantive requirements of the NYSDEC SPDES General Permit for Construction Activities GP-02-01 or as amended or revised;
Minimize increases in stormwater runoff from land development activities in order to reduce flooding, siltation, increases in stream temperature, and streambank erosion and maintain the integrity of stream channels;
Minimize increases in pollution caused by stormwater runoff from land development activities which would otherwise degrade local water quality;
Minimize the total annual volume of stormwater runoff which flows from any specific site during and following development to the maximum extent practicable: and
Reduce stormwater runoff rates and volumes, soil erosion and nonpoint source pollution, wherever possible, through stormwater management practices and to ensure that these management practices are properly maintained and eliminate threats to public safety.
In accordance with Article 10 of the Municipal Home Rule Law of the State of New York, the Board of Trustees of Suffern has the authority to enact local laws and amend local laws for the purpose of promoting the health, safety or general welfare of the Village of Suffern and for the protection and enhancement of its physical environment. The Board of Trustees of Suffern may include in any such local law provisions for the appointment of any municipal officer, employees, or independent contractor to effectuate, administer and enforce such local law.
This article shall be applicable to all land development activities as defined in this article, § 233-6.
The Stormwater Management Officer shall accept and review (or delegate review of) all stormwater pollution prevention plans and forward such plans to the applicable municipal board. The Stormwater Management Officer shall review the plans, and may, where authorized to do so, engage the services of a registered professional engineer to review the plans, specifications and related documents with the cost paid from an escrow account established pursuant to § 267-3 of the Village Code, or, at the Stormwater Management Officer's discretion, accept the certification of a licensed professional that the plans conform to the requirements of this article.
All land development activities subject to review and approval by the applicable board of the Village of Suffern under subdivision, site plan, and/or special permit regulations shall be reviewed subject to the standards contained in this article.
All land development activities not subject to review as stated in Subsection C shall be required to submit a stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) (when required under the NYSDEC General SPEDES Permit) of the Stormwater Management Officer who shall accept the SWPPP if it complies with the requirements of this article.
The following activities may be exempt from review under this article unless the Board of Trustees on recommendation from the Stormwater Management Officer rescinds the exemption.
Agricultural activity as defined in this article.
Silvicultural activity except that landing areas and log haul roads are subject to this article.
Routine maintenance activities that disturb less than five acres and are performed to maintain the original line and grade, hydraulic capacity or original purpose of a facility.
Repairs to any stormwater management practice or facility deemed necessary by the Stormwater Management Officer.
Any part of a subdivision if a plat for the subdivision has been approved and a building permit issued by the Village of Suffern on or before the effective date of this article.
Land development activities for which a building permit has been approved on or before the effective date of this article.
Installation of fence, sign, telephone, and electric poles and other kinds of posts or poles.
Emergency activity necessary to protect life, property or natural resources.
Activities of an individual engaging in home gardening by growing flowers, vegetables and other plants primarily for use by that person and his or her family.
Landscaping and horticultural activities in connection with an existing structure.
The terms used in this article or in documents prepared or reviewed under this article shall have the meanings as set forth in this section.
- AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY
- The activity of an active farm, including grazing and watering livestock, irrigating crops, harvesting crops, using land for growing agricultural products, and cutting timber for sale, but shall not include the operation of a dude ranch or similar operation, or the construction of new structures associated with agricultural activities.
- A property owner or agent of a property owner who has filed an application for a land development activity.
- Any structure, either temporary or permanent, having walls and a roof, designed for the shelter of any person, animal, or property, and occupying more than 100 square feet of area.
- A natural or artificial watercourse with a definite bed and banks that conducts continuously or periodically flowing water.
- Any activity that removes the vegetative surface cover (or removes impervious surfaces exposing soils that are not immediately recovered with impervious surfaces).
- The deliberate appropriation of property by its owner for general public use.
- The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
- DESIGN MANUAL
- The New York State Stormwater Management Design Manual, most recent version including applicable updates, which serves as the official guide for stormwater management principles, methods and practices.
- A person who undertakes land development activities.
- EROSION CONTROL MANUAL
- The most recent version of the New York Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control manual, commonly known as the "Blue Book."
- Excavation or fill of material, including the resulting conditions thereof.
- IMPERVIOUS COVER
- Those surfaces, improvements and structures that cannot effectively infiltrate rainfall, snow melt and water (e.g., building rooftops, pavement, sidewalks, driveways, etc).
- INDUSTRIAL STORMWATER PERMIT
- A state pollutant discharge elimination system permit issued to a commercial industry or group of industries, which regulates the pollutant levels associated with industrial stormwater discharges or specifies on-site pollution control strategies.
- The process of percolating stormwater into the subsoil.
- JURISDICTIONAL WETLAND
- An area that is inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, commonly known as "hydrophytic vegetation."
- LAND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY
- Construction activity including clearing, grading, excavating, soil disturbance or placement of fill that results in land disturbance of equal to or greater than one acre, or activities disturbing less than one acre of total land area that is part of a larger common plan of development or sale, even though multiple separate and distinct land development activities may take place at different times on different schedules.
- The legal or beneficial owner of land, including those holding the right to purchase or lease the land, or any other person holding proprietary rights in the land.
- MAINTENANCE AGREEMENT
- A legally recorded document that acts as a property deed restriction, and which provides for long-term maintenance of stormwater management practices.
- NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION
- Pollution from any source other than from any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyances, and shall include, but not be limited to, pollutants from agricultural, silvicultural, mining, construction, subsurface disposal and urban runoff sources.
- Clearing a parcel of land in distinct pieces or parts, with the stabilization of each piece completed before the clearing of the next.
- POLLUTANT OF CONCERN
- Sediment or a water quality measurement that addresses sediment (such as total suspended solids, turbidity or siltation) and any other pollutant that has been identified as a cause of impairment of any water body that will receive a discharge from the land development activity.
- Land development activity.
- The replenishment of underground water reserves.
- SEDIMENT CONTROL
- Measures that prevent eroded sediment from leaving the site.
- SENSITIVE AREAS
- Cold-water fisheries, shellfish beds, swimming beaches, groundwater recharge areas, water supply reservoirs, and habitats for threatened, endangered or special concern species.
- SPDES GENERAL PERMIT FOR CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES GP-02-01
- A permit under the New York State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) issued to developers of construction activities to regulate disturbance of one or more acres of land, latest issue.
- SPDES GENERAL PERMIT FOR STORMWATER DISCHARGES FROM MUNICIPAL SEPARATE STORMWATER SEWER SYSTEMS GP-02-02
- A permit under the New York State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES) issued to municipalities to regulate discharges from municipal separate storm sewers for compliance with EPA-established water quality standards and/or to specify stormwater control standards, latest issue.
- The use of practices that prevent exposed soil from eroding.
- STOP-WORK ORDER
- An order issued which requires that all construction activity on a site be stopped.
- Rainwater, surface runoff, snowmelt and drainage.
- STORMWATER HOTSPOT
- A land use or activity that generates higher concentrations of hydrocarbons, trace metals or toxicants than are found in typical stormwater runoff, based on monitoring studies.
- STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
- The use of structural or nonstructural practices that are designed to reduce stormwater runoff and mitigate its adverse impacts on property, natural resources and the environment.
- STORMWATER MANAGEMENT FACILITY
- One or a series of stormwater management practices installed, stabilized and operating for the purpose of controlling stormwater runoff.
- STORMWATER MANAGEMENT OFFICER
- The Director of the Department of Public Works or officer designated by him to accept and review (or delegate review) stormwater pollution prevention plans, forward the plans to the applicable municipal board and inspect stormwater management practices.
- STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (SMPS)
- Measures, either structural or nonstructural, that are determined to be the most effective, practical means of preventing flood damage and preventing or reducing point source or nonpoint source pollution inputs to stormwater runoff and water bodies.
- STORMWATER POLLUTION PREVENTION PLAN (SWPPP)
- A plan for controlling stormwater runoff and pollutants from a site during and after construction activities.
- STORMWATER RUNOFF
- Flow on the surface of the ground, resulting from precipitation.
- SURFACE WATERS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
- Lakes, bays, sounds, ponds, impounding reservoirs, springs, wells, rivers, streams, creeks, estuaries, marshes, inlets, canals, the Atlantic Ocean within the territorial seas of the State of New York and all other bodies of surface water, natural or artificial, inland or coastal, fresh or salt, public or private (except those private waters that do not combine or effect a junction with natural surface or underground waters), which are wholly or partially within or bordering the state or within its jurisdiction. Storm sewers and waste treatment systems, including treatment ponds or lagoons, which also meet the criteria of this definition, are not waters of the state. This exclusion applies only to man-made bodies of water, which neither were originally created in waters of the state (such as a disposal area in wetlands) nor resulted from impoundment of waters of the state.
- A permanent or intermittent stream or other body of water, either natural or man-made, which gathers or carries surface water.
- A channel that directs surface runoff to a watercourse or to the public storm drain.
Stormwater pollution prevention plan requirement. No application for approval of a land development activity shall be reviewed until the appropriate board has received a stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) prepared in accordance with the specifications in this article.
Contents of stormwater pollution prevention plans.
All SWPPPs shall provide the following background information and erosion and sediment controls:
Background information about the scope of the project, including location, type and size of project;
Site map/construction drawing(s) for the project, at a scale no less than one inch equals 100 feet, including a general location map. At a minimum, the site map should show the total site area; all improvements; areas of disturbance; areas that will not be disturbed; existing vegetation; on-site and adjacent off-site surface water(s); wetlands and drainage patterns that could be affected by the construction activity; existing and final slopes; locations of off-site material, waste, borrow or equipment storage areas; and location(s) of the stormwater discharges(s);
Description of the soil(s) present at the site;
Construction phasing plans describing the intended sequence of construction activities, including clearing and grubbing, excavation and grading, utility and infrastructure installation and any other activity at the site that results in soil disturbance. Consistent with the New York Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control (Erosion Control Manual) not more than five acres shall be disturbed at any one time unless pursuant to an approved SWPPP;
Description of the pollution prevention measures that will be used to control litter, construction chemicals and construction debris from becoming a pollutant source in stormwater runoff;
Description of construction and waste materials expected to be stored on-site with updates as appropriate, and a description of controls to reduce pollutants from these materials, including storage practices to minimize exposure of the materials to stormwater, and spill prevention and response;
Temporary and permanent structural and vegetative measures to be used for soil stabilization, runoff control and sediment control for each stage of the project from initial land clearing and grubbing to project close-out;
A site map/construction drawing(s) specifying the location(s), size(s) and length(s) of each erosion and sediment control practice;
Dimensions, material specifications and installation details for all erosion and sediment control practices, including the siting and sizing of any temporary sediment basins;
Temporary practices that will be converted to permanent control measures;
Implementation schedule for staging temporary erosion and sediment control practices, including the timing of initial placement and duration that each practice should remain in place;
Maintenance schedule to ensure continuous and effective operation of the erosion and sediment control practice;
Name(s) of the receiving water(s);
Delineation of SWPPP implementation responsibilities for each part of the site;
Description of structural practices designed to divert flows from exposed soils, store flows, or otherwise limit runoff and the discharge of pollutants from exposed areas of the site to the degree attainable; and
Any existing data that describes the stormwater runoff at the site.
Land development activities as defined in § 233-6 of this article and meeting Condition A, B or C below shall also include water quantity and water quality controls (postconstruction stormwater runoff controls) as set forth in Subsection B(3) below as applicable:
Condition A: stormwater runoff from land development activities discharging a pollutant of concern to either an impaired water identified on the Department's 303(d) list of impaired waters or a total maximum daily load (TMDL) designated watershed for which pollutants in stormwater have been identified as a source of the impairment (2005 includes only Greenwood Lake).
Condition B: stormwater runoff from land development activities disturbing five or more acres.
Condition C: stormwater runoff from land development activity disturbing between one and five acres of land during the course of the project, exclusive of the construction of single-family residences and construction activities at agricultural properties.
SWPPP requirements for Conditions A, B and C:
Description of each postconstruction stormwater management practice.
Site map/construction drawing(s) showing the specific location(s) and size(s) of each postconstruction stormwater management practice.
Hydrologic and hydraulic analysis for all structural components of the stormwater management system for the applicable design storms.
Comparison of postdevelopment stormwater runoff conditions with predevelopment conditions.
Dimensions, material specifications and installation details for each postconstruction stormwater management practice.
Maintenance schedule to ensure continuous and effective operation of each postconstruction stormwater management practice.
Maintenance easements to ensure access to all stormwater management practices at the site for the purpose of inspection and repair. Easements shall be recorded on the plan and shall remain in effect with transfer of title to the property.
Plan certification. The SWPPP shall be prepared by a landscape architect, certified professional or professional engineer and must be signed by the professional preparing the plan, who shall certify that the design of all stormwater management practices meet the requirements in this article.
Other environmental permits. The applicant shall assure that all other applicable environmental permits have been or will be acquired for the land development activity prior to approval of the final stormwater design plan.
Each contractor and subcontractor who will be involved in soil disturbance and/or stormwater management practice installation identified in the SWPPP shall sign and date a copy of the following certification statement before undertaking any land development activity: "I certify under penalty of law that I understand and agree to comply with the terms and conditions of the Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan. I also understand that it is unlawful for any person to cause or contribute to a violation of water quality standards."
The certification must include the name and title of the person providing the signature; address and telephone number of the contracting firm; the address (or other identifying description) of the site; and the date the certification is made.
The certification statement(s) shall become part of the SWPPP for the land development activity.
A copy of the SWPPP shall be retained at the site of the land development activity during construction from the date of initiation of construction activities to the date of final stabilization.
All land development activities shall be subject to the following performance and design criteria:
Technical standards. For the purpose of this article, the following documents shall serve as the official guides and specifications for stormwater management. Stormwater management practices that are designed and constructed in accordance with these technical documents shall be presumed to meet the standards imposed by this article:
The New York State Stormwater Management Design Manual (New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, most current version or its successor, hereafter referred to as the "Design Manual").
New York Standards and Specifications for Erosion and Sediment Control, (Empire State Chapter of the Soil and Water Conservation Society, 2004, most current version or its successor, hereafter referred to as the "Erosion Control Manual").
Water quality standards. Any land development activity shall not cause an increase in turbidity that will result in substantial visible contrast to natural conditions in surface waters of the State of New York.
Maintenance during construction.
The applicant or developer of the land development activity shall at all times properly operate and maintain all facilities and systems of treatment and control (and related appurtenances) which are installed or used by the applicant or developer to achieve compliance with the conditions of this article. Sediment shall be removed from sediment traps or sediment ponds whenever their design capacity has been reduced by 50%.
The applicant or developer or his or her representative shall be on site at all times when construction or grading activity takes place and shall inspect and document the effectiveness of all erosion and sediment control practices. Inspection reports shall be completed every seven days and within 24 hours of any storm event producing 0.5 inch of precipitation or more. The reports shall be delivered to the Stormwater Management Officer weekly and also copied to the site logbook.
Maintenance easement(s). Prior to the issuance of any approval that has a stormwater management facility as one of the requirements, the applicant or developer must execute a maintenance easement agreement that shall be binding on all subsequent landowners served by the stormwater management facility. The easement shall provide for access to the facility at reasonable times for periodic inspection by the Village of Suffern to ensure that the facility is maintained in proper working condition to meet design standards and any other provisions established by this article. The grantor in the office of the County Clerk shall record the easement after approval by the counsel for the Village of Suffern.
Maintenance after construction. The owner or operator of permanent stormwater management practices installed in accordance with this article shall operate and maintain the stormwater management practices to achieve the goals of this article. Proper operation and maintenance also includes as a minimum, the following:
A preventive/corrective maintenance program for all critical facilities and systems of treatment and control (or related appurtenances), which are installed or used, by the owner or operator to achieve the goals of this article.
Written procedures for operation and maintenance and training new maintenance personnel.
Maintenance agreements. The Village of Suffern shall review and approve a formal maintenance agreement for stormwater management facilities binding on all subsequent landowners and recorded in the office of the County Clerk as a deed restriction on the property prior to final plan approval. The maintenance agreement shall be consistent with the terms and conditions of Schedule B of this article entitled "Sample Stormwater Control Facility Maintenance Agreement." The Village of Suffern, in lieu of a maintenance agreement, at its sole discretion, may accept dedication of any existing or future stormwater management facility, provided such facility meets all the requirements of this article and includes adequate and perpetual access and sufficient area, by easement or otherwise, for inspection and regular maintenance. The Village of Suffern may, at its discretion, establish drainage districts to pay for all future maintenance costs.
Severability. If the provisions of any article, section, subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this article shall be judged invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such order of judgment shall not affect or invalidate the remainder of any article, section, subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this article.
Effective date. This article shall be effective upon filing with the office of the Secretary of State.
In addition to other requirements for approval of a subdivision, the following requirements shall apply:
For preliminary subdivision plat: A stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) consistent with the requirements of §§ 233-1 through 233-10 of this article shall be required for preliminary subdivision plat approval. The SWPPP shall meet the performance and design criteria and standards in §§ 233-6 through 233-10 of this article. The approved preliminary subdivision plat shall be consistent with the provisions of this article.
For final subdivision plat approval; Stormwater pollution prevention plan: A stormwater pollution prevention plan consistent with the requirements of §§ 233-1 through 233-10 of this article and with the terms of preliminary plan approval shall be required for final subdivision plat approval. The SWPPP shall meet the performance and design criteria and standards in §§ 233-6 through 233-10 of this article. The approved final subdivision plat shall be consistent with the provisions of this article.
In addition to other requirements for approval of a site plan, the following requirements shall apply:
For site plan approval: A stormwater pollution prevention plan consistent with the requirements of §§ 233-1 through 233-10 of this article shall be required for site plan approval. The SWPPP shall meet the performance and design criteria and standards in §§ 233-6 through 233-10 of this article. The approved site plan shall be consistent with the provisions of this article.
The Erosion and Sediment Control Law of the Village of Suffern is hereby adopted in general conformance with the New York State Model Erosion and Sediment Control Ordinance, March 2003 as described by the provisions of this article.
Erosion and sediment control inspection.
The Village of Suffern Stormwater Management Officer may require such inspections as necessary to determine compliance with this article and may either approve that portion of the work completed or notify the applicant wherein the work fails to comply with the requirements of this article and the stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) as approved. To obtain inspections, the applicant shall notify the Village of Suffern enforcement official or his designee at least 48 hours before any of the following as required by the Stormwater Management Officer (for each phase of construction, if applicable):
Start of construction.
Installation of sediment and erosion control measures.
Completion of site clearing.
Completion of rough grading.
Completion of final grading.
Close of the construction season.
Completion of final landscaping.
Successful establishment of landscaping in public areas.
If any violations are found, the applicant and developer shall be notified in writing of the nature of the violation and take required corrective actions. No further work shall be conducted except for site stabilization until any violations are corrected and all work previously completed has received approval by the Stormwater Management Officer.
Stormwater management practice inspections and as-built plans. The Village of Suffern Stormwater Management Officer, or his designee, will conduct inspections of stormwater management practices (SMPs). All applicants are required to submit as-built plans for any stormwater management practices located on-site after final construction is completed. The plan must show the final design specifications for all stormwater management facilities and must be certified by a professional engineer.
Inspection of stormwater facilities after project completion. Inspection programs shall be established on a reasonable basis, including but not limited to, routine inspections; random inspections; inspections based upon complaints or other notice of possible violations; inspection of drainage basins or areas identified as higher than typical sources of sediment or other contaminants or pollutants; inspections based on possible impacts to highly sensitive or valuable community water resources; inspections of businesses or industries of a type associated with higher than usual discharges of contaminants or pollutants or with discharges of a type which are more likely than the typical discharge to cause violations of state or federal water or sediment quality standards or the SPDES stormwater permit; and joint inspections with other agencies inspecting under environmental or safety laws. Inspections may include, but are not limited to, reviewing maintenance and repair records; sampling discharges, surface water, groundwater, and material or water in drainage control facilities; and evaluating the condition of drainage control facilities and other stormwater management practices.
Submission of reports. The Village of Suffern Stormwater Management Officer may require monitoring and reporting from entities subject to this article as are necessary to determine compliance with this article.
Right-of-entry for inspection. When any new stormwater management facility is installed on private property or when any new connection is made between private property and the public stormwater system, the landowner shall grant to the Village of Suffern the right to enter the property at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner for the purpose of inspection as specified in Subsection A(3).
Construction completion guarantee. In order to ensure the full and faithful completion of all land development activities related to compliance with all conditions set forth by the Village of Suffern in its approval of the stormwater pollution prevention plan, the Village of Suffern will require the applicant or developer to provide, prior to construction, a performance bond, in an amount acceptable to the Stormwater Management Officer in a form acceptable to the Village Attorney which guarantees satisfactory completion of the project and names the Village of Suffern as the beneficiary. The performance guarantee shall remain in force until the surety is released from liability by the Village of Suffern, provided that such period shall not be less than one year from the date of final acceptance or such other certification that the facility(ies) have been constructed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications and that a one-year inspection has been conducted and the facilities have been found to be acceptable to the Village of Suffern.
Maintenance guarantee. Where stormwater management and erosion and sediment control facilities are to be operated and maintained by the developer or by a corporation that owns or manages a commercial or industrial facility, the developer, prior to construction, may be required to provide the Village of Suffern with an irrevocable letter of credit from an approved financial institution or surety to ensure proper operation and maintenance of all stormwater management and erosion control facilities, both during and after construction, and until the facilities are removed from operation. If the developer or landowner fails to properly operate and maintain stormwater management and erosion and sediment control facilities, the Village of Suffern may draw upon the account to cover the costs of proper operation and maintenance, including engineering and inspection costs.
Recordkeeping. The Village of Suffern may require entities subject to this article to maintain records demonstrating compliance with this article.
Enforcement and penalties.
Notice of violation. When the Village of Suffern determines that a land development activity is not being carried out in accordance with the requirements of this article, it may issue a written notice of violation to the landowner. The notice of violation shall contain:
The name and address of the landowner, developer or applicant.
The address, when available, or a description of the building, structure or land upon which the violation is occurring.
A statement specifying the nature of the violation.
A description of the remedial measures necessary to bring the land development activity into compliance with this article and a time schedule for the completion of such remedial action.
A statement of the penalty or penalties that shall or may be assessed against the person to whom the notice of violation is directed.
A statement that the determination of violation may be appealed to the municipality by filing a written notice of appeal within 15 days of service of notice of violation.
Stop-work orders. The Village of Suffern may issue a stop-work order for violations of this article. Persons receiving a stop-work order shall be required to halt all land development activities, except those activities that address the violations leading to the stop-work order. The stop-work order shall be in effect until the Village of Suffern confirms that the land development activity is in compliance and the violation has been satisfactorily addressed. Failure to address a stop-work order in a timely manner may result in civil, criminal, or monetary penalties in accordance with the enforcement measures authorized in this article.
Violations. Any land development activity that is commenced or is conducted contrary to this article, may be restrained by injunction or otherwise abated in a manner provided by law.
Penalties. In addition to or as an alternative to any penalty provided herein or by law, any person who violates the provisions of this article shall be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine not exceeding $5,000 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed six months, or both for conviction of a first offense; for conviction of a second offense, both of which were committed within a period of five years, punishable by a fine not less than $350 nor more than $700 or imprisonment for a period not to exceed six months, or both. However, for the purposes of conferring jurisdiction upon courts and judicial officers generally, violations of this article shall be deemed misdemeanors and for such purpose only all provisions of law relating to misdemeanors shall apply to such violations. Each week's continued violation shall constitute a separate additional violation.
Withholding of certificate of occupancy. If any building or land development activity is installed or conducted in violation of this article, the Stormwater Management Officer may prevent the occupancy of said building or land.
Restoration of lands. Any violator may be required to restore land to its undisturbed condition. In the event that restoration is not undertaken within a reasonable time after notice, the Village of Suffern may take necessary corrective action, the cost of which shall become a lien upon the property until paid.
The Village of Suffern may require any person undertaking land development activities regulated by this article to pay reasonable costs at prevailing rates for review of SWPPPs, inspections, or SMP maintenance performed by the Village of Suffern or performed by a third party for the Village of Suffern.
[Adopted 6-6-2005 by L.L. No. 5-2005]
The purpose of this article is to provide for the health, safety, and general welfare of the citizens of the Village of Suffern through the regulation of nonstormwater discharges to the storm drainage system to the maximum extent practicable as required by federal and state law. This article establishes methods for controlling the introduction of pollutants into the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) in order to comply with requirements of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit process. The objectives of this article are to:
Regulate the contribution of pollutants to the municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) by stormwater discharges by any user.
Prohibit illicit connections and discharges to the municipal separate storm sewer system.
Establish legal authority to carry out all inspection, surveillance and monitoring procedures necessary to ensure compliance with this article.
For the purposes of this article, the following shall mean:
- AUTHORIZED ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
- Employees or designees of the director of the municipal agency designated to enforce this article.
- BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMPS)
- Schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, general good housekeeping practices, pollution prevention and educational practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants directly or indirectly to stormwater, receiving waters, or stormwater conveyance systems. BMPs also include treatment practices, operating procedures, and practices to control site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or water disposal, or drainage from raw materials storage.
- CLEAN WATER ACT
- The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.), and any subsequent amendments thereto.
- CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY
- Activities subject to NPDES construction permits. Currently these include construction projects resulting in land disturbance of five acres or more. Beginning in March 2003, NPDES Stormwater Phase II permits will be required for construction projects resulting in land disturbance of one acre or more. Such activities include but are not limited to clearing and grubbing, grading, excavating, and demolition.
- HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
- Any material, including any substance, waste, or combination thereof, which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly contribute to, a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, safety, property, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
- ILLEGAL DISCHARGE
- Any direct or indirect nonstormwater discharge to the storm drain system, except as exempted in § 233-22 of this article.
- ILLICIT CONNECTIONS
- Either of the following:
- A. Any drain or conveyance, whether on the surface or subsurface, which allows an illegal discharge to enter the storm drain system including but not limited to any conveyances which allow any nonstormwater discharge including sewage, process wastewater, and wash water to enter the storm drain system and any connections to the storm drain system from indoor drains and sinks, regardless of whether said drain or connection had been previously allowed, permitted, or approved by an authorized enforcement agency; or
- B. Any drain or conveyance connected from a commercial or industrial land use to the storm drain system which has not been documented in plans, maps, or equivalent records and approved by an authorized enforcement agency.
- INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY
- Activities subject to NPDES industrial permits as defined in 40 CFR Section 122.26(b)(14).
- NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM (NPDES) STORMWATER DISCHARGE PERMIT
- A permit issued by EPA [or by a state under authority delegated pursuant to 33 U.S.C. § 1342(b)] that authorizes the discharge of pollutants to waters of the United States, whether the permit is applicable on an individual, group, or general area-wide basis.
- NONSTORMWATER DISCHARGE
- Any discharge to the storm drain system that is not composed entirely of stormwater.
- Any individual, association, organization, partnership, firm, corporation or other entity recognized by law and acting as either the owner or as the owner's agent.
- Anything which causes or contributes to pollution. Pollutants may include, but are not limited to, paints, varnishes, and solvents; oil and other automotive fluids; nonhazardous liquid and solid wastes and yard wastes; refuse, rubbish, garbage, litter, or other discarded or abandoned objects, ordinances, and accumulations, so that same may cause or contribute to pollution; floatables; pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers; hazardous substances and wastes; sewage, fecal coliform and pathogens; dissolved and particulate metals; animal wastes; wastes and residues that result from constructing a building or structure; and noxious or offensive matter of any kind.
- Any building, lot, parcel of land, or portion of land, whether improved or unimproved, including adjacent sidewalks and parking strips.
- STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEM
- Publicly owned facilities by which stormwater is collected and/or conveyed, including but not limited to any roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, gutters, curbs, inlets, piped storm drains, pumping facilities, retention and detention basins, natural and human-made or altered drainage channels, reservoirs, and other drainage structures.
- Any surface flow, runoff, and drainage consisting entirely of water from any form of natural precipitation, and resulting from such precipitation.
- STORMWATER CONTROL OFFICER
- The Director of the Village of Suffern Department of Public Works.
- STORMWATER POLLUTION PREVENTION PLAN
- A document which describes the best management practices and activities to be implemented by a person or business to identify sources of pollution or contamination at a site and the actions to eliminate or reduce pollutant discharges to stormwater, stormwater conveyance systems, and/or receiving waters to the maximum extent practicable.
- Any water or other liquid, other than uncontaminated stormwater, discharged from a facility.
This article shall apply to all water entering the storm drain system generated on any developed and undeveloped lands unless explicitly exempted by an authorized enforcement agency.
The Stormwater Control Officer shall administer, implement, and enforce the provisions of this article. Any powers granted or duties imposed upon the authorized enforcement agency may be delegated in writing by the Stormwater Control Officer to persons or entities acting in the beneficial interest of or in the employ of the Village of Suffern.
The provisions of this article are hereby declared to be severable. If any provision, clause, sentence, or paragraph of this article or the application thereof to any person, establishment, or circumstances shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the other provisions or application of this article.
The standards set forth herein and promulgated pursuant to this article are minimum standards; therefore this article does not intend nor imply that compliance by any person will ensure that there will be no contamination, pollution, nor unauthorized discharge of pollutants.
Prohibition of illegal discharges. No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into the municipal storm drain system or watercourses any materials, including but not limited to pollutants or waters containing any pollutants that cause or contribute to a violation of applicable water quality standards, other than stormwater. The commencement, conduct or continuance of any illegal discharge to the storm drain system is prohibited except as described as follows:
The following discharges are exempt from discharge prohibitions established by this article: water line flushing or other potable water sources, landscape irrigation or lawn watering, diverted stream flows, rising groundwater, groundwater infiltration to storm drains, uncontaminated pumped groundwater, foundation or footing drains (not including active groundwater dewatering systems), crawl space pumps, air-conditioning condensation, springs, noncommercial washing of vehicles, natural riparian habitat of wetland flows, swimming pools (if dechlorinated, typically less than one PPM chlorine), fire-fighting activities, and any other water source not containing pollutants.
Discharges specified in writing by the authorized enforcement agency as being necessary to protect public health and safety.
Dye testing is an allowable discharge, but requires a verbal notification to the authorized enforcement agency prior to the time of the test.
The prohibition shall not apply to any nonstormwater discharge permitted under an NPDES permit, waiver, or waste discharge order issued to the discharger and administered under the authority of the Federal Environmental Protection Agency, provided that the discharger is in full compliance with all requirements of the permit, waiver, or order and other applicable laws and regulations, and provided that written approval has been grantee for any discharge to the storm drain system.
Prohibition of illicit connections.
The construction, use, maintenance or continued existence of illicit connections to the storm drain system is prohibited.
This prohibition expressly includes, without limitation, illicit connections made in the past, regardless of whether the connection was permissible under law or practices applicable or prevailing at the time of connection.
A person is considered to be in violation of this article if the person connects a line conveying sewage to the MS4, or allows such a connection to continue.
Suspension due to illicit discharges in emergency situations. The Stormwater Control Officer may, without prior notice, suspend MS4 discharge access to a person when such suspension is necessary to stop an actual or threatened discharge which presents or may present imminent and substantial danger to the environment, or to the health or welfare of persons, or to the MS4 or waters of the United States. If the violator fails to comply with a suspension order issued in an emergency, the authorized enforcement agency may take such steps as deemed necessary to prevent or minimize damage to the MS4 or waters of the United States, or to minimize danger to persons.
Suspension due to the detection of illicit discharge. Any person discharging to the MS4 in violation of this article may have his or her MS4 access terminated if such termination would abate or reduce an illicit discharge. The authorized enforcement agency will notify a violator of the proposed termination of its MS4 access. The violator may petition the authorized enforcement agency for a reconsideration and hearing.
A person commits an offense if the person reinstates MS4 access to premises terminated pursuant to this section, without the prior approval of the authorized enforcement agency.
Any person subject to an industrial or construction activity NPDES stormwater discharge permit shall comply with all provisions of such permit. Proof of compliance with said permit may be required in a form acceptable to the Stormwater Control Officer prior to the allowing of discharges to the MS4.
Applicability. This section applies to all facilities that have stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity, including construction activity.
Access to facilities.
The Stormwater Control Officer shall be permitted to enter and inspect facilities subject to regulation under this article as often as may be necessary to determine compliance with this article. If a discharger has security measures in force which require proper identification and clearance before entry into its premises, the discharger shall make the necessary arrangements to allow access to representatives of the authorized enforcement agency.
Facility operators shall allow the Stormwater Control Officer ready access to all parts of the premises for the purposes of inspection, sampling, examination and copying of records that must be kept under the conditions of an NPDES permit to discharge stormwater, and the performance of any additional duties as defined by state and federal law.
The Stormwater Control Officer shall have the right to set up on any permitted facility such devices as are necessary in the opinion of the authorized enforcement agency to conduct monitoring and/or sampling of the facility's stormwater discharge.
The Stormwater Control Officer has the right to require the discharger to install monitoring equipment as necessary. The facility's sampling and monitoring equipment shall be maintained at all times in a safe and proper operating condition by the discharger at its own expense. All devices used to measure stormwater flow and quality shall be calibrated to ensure their accuracy.
Any temporary or permanent obstruction to safe and easy access to the facility to be inspected and/or sampled shall be promptly removed by the operator at the written or oral request of the Stormwater Control Officer and shall not be replaced. The costs of clearing such access shall be borne by the operator.
Unreasonable delays in allowing the Stormwater Control Officer access to a permitted facility is a violation of a stormwater discharge permit and of this article. A person who is the operator of a facility with a NPDES permit to discharge stormwater associated with industrial activity commits an offense if the person denies the authorized enforcement agency reasonable access to the permitted facility for the purpose of conducting any activity authorized or required by this article.
If the Stormwater Control Officer has been refused access to any part of the premises from which stormwater is discharged, and he/she is able to demonstrate probable cause to believe that there may be a violation of this article, or that there is a need to inspect and/or sample as part of a routine inspection and sampling program designed to verify compliance with this article or any order issued hereunder, or to protect the overall public health, safety, and welfare of the community, then the authorized enforcement agency may seek issuance of a search warrant from any court of competent jurisdiction.
The Stormwater Control Officer will adopt requirements identifying best management practices for any activity, operation, or facility which may cause or contribute to pollution or contamination of stormwater, the storm drain system, or waters of the U.S. The owner or operator of a commercial or industrial establishment shall provide, at his or her own expense, reasonable protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials or other wastes into the municipal storm drain system or watercourses through the use of these structural and nonstructural BMPs. Further, any person responsible for a property or premises, which is, or may be, the source of an illicit discharge, may be required to implement, at said person's expense, additional structural and nonstructural BMPs to prevent the further discharge of pollutants to the municipal separate storm sewer system, Compliance with all terms and conditions of a valid NPDES permit authorizing the discharge of stormwater associated with industrial activity, to the extent practicable, shall be deemed compliance with the provisions of this section. These BMPs shall be part of a stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPP) as necessary for compliance with requirements of the NPDES permit.
Every person owning property through which a watercourse passes, or such person's lessee, shall keep and maintain that part of the watercourse within the property free of trash, debris, excessive vegetation, and other obstacles that would pollute, contaminate, or significantly retard the flow of water through the watercourse. In addition, the owner or lessee shall maintain existing privately owned structures within or adjacent to a watercourse, so that such structures will not become a hazard to the use, function, or physical integrity of the watercourse.
Notwithstanding other requirements of law, as soon as any person responsible for a facility or operation, or responsible for emergency response for a facility or operation has information of any known or suspected release of materials which are resulting or may result in illegal discharges or pollutants discharging into stormwater, the storm drain system, or water of the U.S., said person shall take all necessary steps to ensure the discovery, containment, and cleanup of such release. In the event of such a release of hazardous materials, said person shall immediately notify emergency response agencies of the occurrence via emergency dispatch services. In the event of a release of nonhazardous materials, said person shall notify the authorized enforcement agency in person or by phone or facsimile no later than the next business day. Notifications in person or by phone shall be confirmed by written notice addressed and mailed to the Stormwater Control Officer within three business days of the phone notice. If the discharge of prohibited materials emanates from a commercial or industrial establishment, the owner or operator of such establishment shall also retain an on-site written record of the discharge and the actions taken to prevent its recurrence. Such records shall be retained for at least three years.
Whenever the Stormwater Control Officer finds that a person has violated a prohibition or failed to meet a requirement of this article, the Stormwater Control Officer may order compliance by written notice of violation to the responsible person. Such notice may require without limitation:
The performance of monitoring, analyses, and reporting;
The elimination of illicit connections or discharges;
That violating discharges, practices, or operations shall cease and desist;
The abatement or remediation of stormwater pollution or contamination hazards and the restoration of any affected property; and
Payment of a fine to cover administrative and remediation costs; and
The implementation of source control or treatment BMPs.
If abatement of a violation and/or restoration of affected property is required, the notice shall set forth a deadline within which such remediation or restoration must be completed. Said notice shall further advise that, should the violator fail to remediate or restore within the established deadline, the work will be done by a designated governmental agency or a contractor and the expense thereof shall be charged to the violator.
Any person receiving a notice of violation may appeal the determination of the Stormwater Control Officer. The notice of appeal must be personally served on the Village Clerk within 14 days from the date of the notice of violation. Hearing on the appeal before the Board of Trustees or its designee shall take place within 15 days from the date of receipt of the notice of appeal.
If the violation has not been corrected pursuant to the requirements set forth in the notice of violation, or, in the event of an appeal, within 14 days of the decision of the Board of Trustees upholding the decision of the Stormwater Control Officer, then representatives of the authorized enforcement agency shall enter upon the subject private property and are authorized to take any and all measures necessary to abate the violation and/or restore the property. It shall be unlawful for any person, owner, agent or person in possession of any premises to refuse to allow the government agency or designated contractor to enter upon the premises for the purposes set forth above.
Within 30 days after abatement of the violation, the owner of the property will be notified of the cost of abatement, including administrative costs. The property owner may file a written protest objecting to the amount of the assessment by filing a detailed protest with the Village Clerk within 14 days. If the amount due is not paid within a timely manner as determined by the decision or by the expiration of the time in which to file an appeal, the charges shall become a special assessment against the property and shall constitute a lien on the property for the amount of the assessment and shall be levied on the next Village real property tax bill. Any person violating any of the provisions of this article shall become liable to the Village by reason of such violation. Interest at the rate of 18% per annum shall be assessed on the balance beginning on the 31st day following discovery of the violation.
It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any provision or fail to comply with any of the requirements of this article. If a person has violated or continues to violate the provisions of this article, the Board of Trustees may institute an action for a preliminary or permanent injunction restraining the person from activities which would create further violations or compelling the person to perform abatement or remediation of the violation.
In lieu of enforcement proceedings, penalties, and remedies authorized by this article, the authorized enforcement agency may impose upon a violator alternative compensatory actions, such as storm drain stenciling, attendance at compliance workshops, creek cleanup, etc.
In addition to the enforcement processes and penalties provided, any condition caused or permitted to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this article is a threat to public health, safety, and welfare, and is declared and deemed a nuisance, and may be summarily abated or restored at the violator's expense, and/or a civil action to abate, enjoin, or otherwise compel the cessation of such nuisance may be taken.
Any person who has violated or continues to violate this article shall be liable to criminal prosecution to the fullest extent of the law, and shall be subject to a criminal penalty of up to $500 per violation per day and/or imprisonment for a period of time not to exceed 30 days. The Stormwater Control Officer may recover all attorney's fees, court costs and other expenses associated with enforcement of this article, including sampling and monitoring expenses.
The remedies listed in this article are not exclusive of any other remedies available under any applicable federal, state or local law, and it is within the discretion of the Stormwater Control Officer to seek cumulative remedies.