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Borough of Fort Lee, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
A. 
"Oil-burning equipment" shall mean and consist of burners, storage tanks (internal and external), piping, wiring, pumps, blowers and all equipment and accessories connected thereto.
B. 
"Oil burner" shall mean any device designed and arranged for the purpose of burning or preparing to burn fuel oil as specified in § 216-38C and having a tank or tanks with a total capacity of more than seven gallons connected thereto.
C. 
"Fuel oil" shall mean any topped or distilled oil having a flash point of not less than 100º F. closed cup. The Pensky Martana Closed Cup Tester shall be authoritative and shall be conducted in accordance with methods of tests as adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials.
A. 
Before any oil-burning equipment is installed, a permit shall be obtained from the Fire Prevention Bureau. Application for such permit shall include a sketch showing plan and elevation of the proposed installation, showing tanks, piping and burner in their proper relation to lower floor, furnace and other pertinent objects. Specification must be in accordance with this Article VI. With the above application there shall be submitted, if required, a manufacturer's illustrated catalog and specification of the proposed equipment. Such application may be made by the owner of the property in which the installation is proposed to be made or by his duly authorized agent.
B. 
The fee for a permit for the installation of any oil-burning equipment, whether in new construction or in the replacement of another heating device, shall be as stated in the following schedule:
Size of Tanks
Fee
100 to 550 gallons
$5
Each additional 500 gallons
$2
Replacement of fuel oil tank connected to an oil burner
$12.50
No oil burner shall be installed which has not been tested and approved by the National Board of Fire Underwriters or other nationally recognized testing laboratories.
A. 
Underground and overground tanks shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of the National Board of Fire Underwriters as detailed below and shall bear their label of approval.
B. 
Tanks shall be constructed of galvanized steel, open hearth steel or wrought iron of a minimum gauge (U.S. Standard), depending upon the capacity as given in the following tables; for liquids heavier than 35º A.P.O., tanks may be of concrete.
UNDERGROUND AND ENCLOSED TANKS
Capacity
(gallons)
Gauge
Minimum
Thickness of Materials
(lbs. per sq. ft.)
1 to 285
16 gauge
2.50
286 to 560
14 gauge
3.125
561 to 1,100
12 gauge
4.375
1,101 to 4,000
7 gauge
4.375
4,001 to 12,000 1/4 inch
10.00
1,201 to 20,000 5/16 inch
12.50
20,001 to 30,000 3/8 inch
15.00
INSIDE UNENCLOSED TANKS
Capacity
(gallons)
Gauge
7 to 180
181 to 275
14 gauge
16 gauge
C. 
All joints shall be riveted and caulked, brazed, welded or made tight by some equally satisfactory process. Tanks shall be tight and sufficiently strong to bear without injury the most severe strains to which they may be subjected in practice. Shells of tanks shall be properly reinforced where connections shall be made through the top of the tank above the liquid level, except in tanks having a capacity of 275 gallons and less, where one connection not larger than one-inch iron pipe size may be made in the bottom of the tank. Unclosed inside storage or gravity tanks of 275 gallons capacity and less may be provided with an additional one-inch opening from the bottom of the tank for an approved key stem gate valve to aid in cleaning the tanks.
D. 
Tanks for systems under pressure shall be designed for six times the maximum working pressure and be tested and proven tight at twice the maximum working pressure; maximum working pressure shall not exceed 50 pounds per square inch. Tanks shall be provided with a reliable pressure gauge and automatic relief valve piped to discharge outside of the buildings.
E. 
Underground tanks shall be thoroughly coated on the outside with asphaltum or other suitable rust-resisting material.
F. 
Inside and above ground tanks and auxiliary tanks shall be coated with a good quality rust-resisting paint.
A. 
Outside tanks.
(1) 
Tanks shall be buried with tops not less than two feet below the surface of the ground and below the level of any piping to which the tanks may be connected except that in lieu of the two-foot cover, tanks may be buried under 12 inches of earth and a cover of reinforced concrete at least six inches in thickness, which shall extend at least one foot beyond the outline of the tank in all directions; concrete slabs to be set on firm, well-tamped earth foundation. Tanks shall be securely anchored or weighted in place to prevent floating where any substantial danger of floor conditions exist in the opinion of the Fire Inspector. Tanks shall be placed upon a solid base to be approved by the Fire Inspector.
(2) 
Any tanks installed under the driveway shall be covered underground with the top of the tank not less than two feet below the surface of the ground or to which a cover of reinforced concrete at least six inches in thickness shall be provided and extend at least one foot beyond the outside of the excavation in all directions.
(3) 
Where a tank cannot be entirely buried, it shall be covered with earth to a depth of at least two feet, and sloped on all sides, slopes to be not less than 3 to 1. Such tanks shall be surrounded by a properly sealed concrete dike of at least six inches in thickness, the height of the dike to be as approved by the Fire Inspector. Such cases shall also be subject to such other requirements as may be deemed necessary by the Fire Inspector.
(4) 
If tanks cannot be set below the level of all piping to which it is connected, satisfactory arrangements shall be provided to prevent siphoning or gravity flow in case of accidents to piping.
(5) 
No storage tank shall be located under the sidewalk or elsewhere outside the property line, except by special permission from the Borough Council.
(6) 
Outside storage tanks above ground shall not be used or installed, except by special permission of the Fire Prevention Bureau as to location and capacity.
B. 
Inside underground tanks.
(1) 
When buried underneath a building, the tanks shall be buried with top of tanks not less than two feet below the level of the floor. The floor immediately above the tanks shall be reinforced concrete at least nine inches in thickness (for tanks of 1,500 gallons or less, four inches in thickness) or some other type of construction of equivalent strength and fire resistance, extending at least one foot beyond the outline of tanks in all directions, and provided with ample means of support independent of any tank. All provisions applying to outdoor underground tanks shall apply to inside underground tanks except as provided above.
(2) 
The gross capacity of tanks shall not exceed 5,000 gallons. For use of greater capacity, permission shall be obtained from the Fire Prevention Bureau.
C. 
Inside storage tanks.
(1) 
Tanks shall not be located above the lowest story cellar or basement of building.
(2) 
Tanks shall be located below the level of any piping to which they may be connected, or if this is impracticable, satisfactory arrangements shall be made to prevent siphoning or gravity flow in case of accident to the equipment or piping. Note: For small installations where pipe lines are one inch or less, provisions which will break the siphon at time of fire such as an air inlet held closed with fusible metal located at top of bend, may be acceptable. Weighted foob vales enlarged pipe section on discharge side of siphon, or air inlets at top bends controlled by pump pressure, are provisions which may be acceptable in any size piping, depending upon the elevation of the tank, and upon specific approval of the inspection department having jurisdiction.
(3) 
Steel tanks in units of not over 275 gallons capacity each, having aggregate capacity not in excess of 550 gallons, may be installed without enclosure.
(4) 
When two two-hundred-seventy-five-gallon tanks are installed in the basement, they may be connected with a three-way valve so as to permit gravity flow from but one tank at a time.
(5) 
Steel tanks except as permitted above shall be placed in an enclosure of dimensions six inches greater on all sides than the outside dimensions of the tank. The walls of the enclosure shall be constructed of reinforced concrete not less than eight inches in thickness or of masonry 12 inches in thickness. The walls shall be bonded to floor and carried to a height not less than one foot above the tank and the space between the tank and the walls and the roof of the enclosure shall be completely filled with sand or well-tamped earth. The enclosure shall be roofed over with reinforced concrete or equivalent construction not less than five inches in thickness.
(6) 
If located within a building, tanks shall not be within 10 feet, measured horizontally from the boiler.
All storage tanks shall have an open or automatically operated galvanized iron vent pipe of ample size to prevent abnormal pressures in case of fire or when filling. In no case shall this be less than one-and-one-fourth-inch iron pipe size. The lower end of the vent pipe shall extend through the top of the tank for a distance of not less than one inch. The vent pipe shall extend from the tank to a point outside the building three feet above the level of the highest reservoir from which the tank may be filled measured vertically or horizontally from any window or other building opening. Outer end of the vent pipe, unless automatically operated, shall be provided with a return bend or weatherproof hood.
The filling pipe shall in all cases terminate outside of the building and shall be as remote as possible from the doorways or other building openings.
No glass gauges or any gauges, the breaking of which will permit oil to escape from the tank, shall be used. Test wells shall not be located within buildings and shall be closed tight with a metal cover or cap when not in use.
All pumps, whether manually or automatically operated, shall be of an approved type with check valves located as close to pumps as practicable and shall be rigidly fastened in place.
A. 
Standard full-weight wrought iron, steel or brass pipe with substantial fittings or approved brass or copper tubing with approved fittings shall be used and shall be carefully protected against mechanical injury in a manner satisfactory to authorities having jurisdiction. In all piping systems, proper allowance shall be made for expansion and contraction, jarring and vibration.
B. 
Brass or copper tubing, where permitted, shall have a wall thickness of not less than .049 inch for small sizes and correspondingly heavier where necessary.
C. 
Supply pipe shall be not less than 1/4 inch in diameter, iron pipe size, and when oil is pumped to burner, return pipes shall be at least the same size.
D. 
Pipe connections to tanks shall be suitably reinforced and proper allowance made for expansion and contraction, jarring and vibration.
E. 
Openings for pipes through masonry walls below the ground level shall be made oil-tight and securely packed with flexible material.
F. 
All connections shall be made perfectly tight with well fitted joints. Unions shall be used at burners to facilitate removal. All unions shall be of approved type, having conically fused ground joints.
G. 
Piping shall be run as directly as possible and in case of pumping systems, so laid that if practicable the pipes are pitched back towards the storage tanks without traps.
H. 
Systems under pressure shall be designed for six times the working pressure and installation, when completed, shall be tested and proven tight at twice the maximum working pressure.
A. 
Two readily accessible fusible valves shall be provided near each burner and also close to the auxiliary tank in the pipe line to burners.
B. 
Control valves shall be of approved type provided with stuffing box of liberal size. Valve shall be designed to close against the supply and to prevent withdrawal of steam by continued operation of the hand wheel. The use of packing affected by oil or heat is prohibited.
A. 
Automatically operated oil burners shall be equipped with an automatic device to shut off the burner in the event of undue pressure or low water in a steam boiler or overheating within a hot water boiler or warm air furnace. All steam boilers to be equipped with low water cut off.
B. 
Electrical wiring used in connection with oil-burning equipment shall be installed in accordance with the National Electric Code. Certificate is required.
C. 
No oil burner shall be installed in any boiler or heater until such boiler or heater has been inspected by the oil burner installer and found safe for such installation.
D. 
All boiler or furnace rooms shall be provided with adequate ventilation to assure continuous and complete combustion. In no case shall the area of ventilation be less than the free area of the chimney.
E. 
Previous to the installation of the burner, the ash door of the furnace shall be permanently removed or bottom ventilation otherwise provided to prevent the accumulation of vapors within the ash pit unless burner is of type which mechanically purges ash pit.
F. 
A printed copy of the rules and instructions of the manufacturer shall be conspicuously posted near the oil burner.
G. 
Dampers which may entirely close the chimney intake are prohibited. No damper area shall be greater than 80% of the internal cross section area of the uptake.
H. 
No oil burner shall be installed in any boiler or heater unless the boiler or heater is connected with a chimney having sufficient draft at all times to ensure the safe operation of the burner. All new chimneys shall have an approved flue lining.
I. 
An electric control switch or remote control switch shall be placed in hall or other room leading to door to cellar or basement stairway and install switch over burner. Such switch shall be in addition to a knife switch in the cellar at meter board.
A. 
Clearance from boilers and furnaces. The clear distance between a hot air furnace, hot-water or low-pressure steam boiler and combustible material, including plaster or combustible base, shall not be less than four feet at the top or front, and not less than three feet at the sides and rear, provided that when the appliance is encased in brick or has an incombustible protective covering, not less than 1 1/2 inches thick, such distance may be three feet at the top and two feet at the sides and rear.
B. 
Smoke pipes. The smoke pipe shall not pass through any combustible partition. The clear distance between a smoke pipe or metal breeching and combustible material or construction, including plaster on combustible base, shall not be less than 18 inches, provided that the clearance may be reduced to nine inches when the smoke pipe or breeching is protected with not less than one inch of asbestos or equivalent protection, or such combustible material or construction is protected by sheet metal or equivalent covering placed at least one inch from the surface to be protected and extending the full length of the smoke pipe and not less than 12 inches beyond it on both sides.
A. 
The owner or lessee, or agent of either, or the architect, engineer or builder employed by him shall give reasonable notice to the Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector before covering tanks and piping and also when the work is completed.
B. 
Whenever the Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector shall have reason, because of the emanation of smoke or odor from any building or for any other reason whatever, to believe that any oil burner apparatus therein is not functioning properly, it shall be his duty to make or cause to be made by his duly authorized representative an inspection of the apparatus, and it shall be the duty of the person in possession of any premises, upon request, to admit the Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector or his representative into the building at any reasonable hour for the purpose of making such inspection.
(1) 
Whenever the Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector or his representative shall, upon such inspection, find any such apparatus to be functioning imperfectly, whether because of inadequate ventilation to assure continuous and complete combustion, broken, defective or ill-adjusted parts, or because of the use of a grade of fuel to which the apparatus is not adapted or adjusted, it shall be his duty to advise the owner or occupant of the building just what should be done by way of repair, renewal of parts or adjustment of parts, or otherwise, or changing the grade of the fuel, to make the apparatus function properly and at the same time notify such owner to do, within 48 hours thereafter, that which is so required to be done to ensure the safe and effective operation of the apparatus. This subsection shall apply to old or new installations.
(2) 
The refusal of the owner or occupant of any building to permit the Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector or his duly authorized representative to make an inspection of such building at a reasonable hour, or his refusal or neglect to obey any such order as shall be served as aforesaid, as a result of such inspection, shall constitute a violation of this section.
C. 
The Fire Prevention Bureau Inspector shall render a monthly report to the Fire Prevention Bureau, stating that he has inspected the oil burner application presented to him, and the approval or rejection of the installation.
A. 
Any person or corporation, either as owner, contractor, builder or architect, or any agent, trustee, director, officer or employee of any person or corporation, and any and all persons who shall violate or authorize a violation of or assist in the violation of any provision of this Article VI or fail to comply with any of its requirements shall for each and every violation be subject to the penalty as stated in Chapter 1, Article III, § 1-17.
B. 
An existing violation shall constitute a separate offense every 24 hours it is permitted to exist.
A. 
Place permit and inspection card at burner to be inspected.
B. 
No 50 gallon drums or more of kerosene shall be permitted within 10 feet from any building. All discharge valves shall be locked type and locked at all times.
C. 
Five gallons of kerosene are permitted in homes if stored in approved safety can.
D. 
All exposed tubing to be cemented or pipe encased.
E. 
All fees shall be paid to Secretary or duly authorized collector approved by Fire Prevention Bureau.
F. 
A fee of $0.25 will be charged for a copy of the Borough ordinance controlling oil burners.
G. 
Any electrical or mechanical fuel burning appliance shall require a permit and inspection.
H. 
To change or replace any oil burner or tank installation in any form, a permit and fee of $5 is required.
A. 
The fee for stand pipes, per riser computed on the basis of pipe width, as follows:
Pipe Width
Fee
Up to 2 1/2 inches
$30
Over 2 1/2 inches to 4 inches
$60
Over 4 inches to 6 inches
$100
Over 6 inches
$150
B. 
The fee for sprinkler systems shall be computed on the basis of the number of sprinkler heads as follows:
Number of Sprinkler Heads
Fee
1 to 25 heads
$25
26 to 75 heads
$50
76 to 100 heads
$75
101 or more heads
$150
Mutual fire alarm system
$25
Automatic fire alarm system
$100
C. 
The fees for other fire protection equipment:
Type of System
Fee
Dry chemical systems
$40 up to 30 pounds of agent, plus $0.50 for each additional pound
Carbon dioxide systems
$0.25 for each additional pound
Halon systems
$40 up to 10 pounds of agent, plus $1 for each additional pound
Foam systems
$25 per 100 gallons of foam; $25 minimum fee
D. 
The fee for a permit to install a fuel oil tank in connection with residential buildings shall be:
Number of Families
Fee
1 through 3 families
$15
4 through 60 families
$25
61 through 160 families
$50 additional
In excess of 161 families
$100 additional