[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Council of the Township of Livingston 11-5-1979 as §§ 9-45 to 9-56 of the 1979 Revised General Ordinances. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Council hereby deems it necessary for the safety, health and general welfare of the inhabitants of the Township that certain coin-operated dry-cleaning machines and establishments in the Township be regulated, licensed and restricted, as hereinafter set forth, in order to prevent injury and damage to persons and property in the Township and to eliminate conditions dangerous to the safety, health and general welfare of the inhabitants of the Township.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- COIN-OPERATED DRY CLEANING
- The cleaning of textiles, fabrics, garments or other articles by the use of any solvent other than water in a coin-operated dry-cleaning machine designed to be used by the general public.
- COIN-OPERATED DRY-CLEANING MACHINE
- The machinery and equipment in which coin-operated dry cleaning shall be conducted upon the insertion of a coin, slug or token in any slot or receptacle attached to said machine or connected therewith.
- Any place maintained for use of and by the general public for the dry cleaning of clothing, apparel or other fabrics or household articles by or in coin-operated machines.
No person shall establish, maintain, conduct or operate a coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment in any premises in the Township without obtaining a license therefor.
The application for a license shall be filed with the Township Clerk, in duplicate, on forms to be supplied by the Clerk, and, except in the case of an application for the renewal of an existing license, shall be accompanied by five copies of a sketch, drawn to scale, showing:
The application shall state:
Name and address of the applicant.
Name and address of the owner of the premises, if other than the applicant.
Number and type of machines to be installed and maintained in the licensed premises.
Manner in which such machines are to be installed.
Name of the manufacturer of said machines.
Such other information as may be required in such application.
The copy of such application and sketch shall be forwarded immediately to the Manager.
The Manager shall thereupon cause all necessary investigations to be made of the premises described in the application for the purpose of determining whether the provisions of this chapter and all other applicable laws, ordinances and regulations are fully complied with.
If, after such investigations, the Manager is satisfied that the premises in question conform to the provisions of this chapter and other applicable laws, ordinances and regulations, he shall so certify to the Township Clerk who shall thereupon issue a license authorizing the applicant to establish, maintain, conduct or operate a coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment at the premises, and with the number of machines, as designated and specified in the application, for and during the period of such license.
Before such license shall be issued, the applicant shall pay a license fee of $10 for each coin-operated dry-cleaning machine installed or to be installed in the licensed premises.
All coin-operated dry-cleaning establishments shall have an attendant on the licensed premises at all times when the premises are open for business or public use.
No coin-operated dry-cleaning machine shall be used by the general public except under continuous direct supervision of an employee or the owner of the coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment who has previously been examined and certified in writing by the Fire Chief as competent to handle such machines.
Operation by minors prohibited. No coin-operated dry-cleaning licensee shall permit or allow such machines to be used by any person who is less than 18 years of age. A suitable sign indicating such age restriction must be prominently posted and maintained on the premises.
Door-locking devices. All coin-operated dry-cleaning machines shall be fitted with a device which will prevent the opening of the door of any such machine:
Use of chlorinated or fluorinated hydrocarbons. In the event that any chlorinated or fluorinated hydrocarbon is a component part of any solvent used in a coin-operated dry-cleaning machine then such machine shall not be used:
If the odor of any chlorinated or fluorinated hydrocarbon is masked or watered in any fashion; or
If the concentrations of solvent vapor of such chlorinated or fluorinated hydrocarbon is greater than 40 parts of such vapor to 1,000,000 parts of air at any time and anywhere from such machines or appurtenant equipment.
Certain equipment inaccessible to public. In any coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment, solvent storage tanks, power boxes and other sources of danger shall be so situated as to be inaccessible to the general public and patrons of such establishment and shall be kept in a place that is properly ventilated.
Spotting operations. Spotting operations utilizing flammable liquids shall not be permitted in this type of occupancy.
Maintenance area inaccessible to public. Only the front or customer side of dry-cleaning machines shall be exposed in the customer area. The working or maintenance portion of the equipment shall be separated from the front of such machines by a solid partition. Access doors to the enclosure back of the machines shall be kept closed and locked to prevent access by the public. The enclosure for the dry-cleaning machines shall not be a part of, or interconnected with, those areas that contain heating devices requiring air for combustion, such as dryers, water heaters and boilers.
An exhaust system shall be provided for the removal of toxic vapors. Such exhaust system shall consist of the individual exhaust on each dry-cleaning machine, scavenger ducts strategically located, exhaust fans for the enclosure behind such machines, and the front grill of loading door air intakes on each machine.
The central exhaust ventilating system for dry-cleaning machines as described above shall be operated continuously while the premises are open to the public. The vapor removal system shall be interlocked with the dry-cleaning machines so that the latter cannot be operated without actuating the exhaust system. The manifolded exhaust system shall exhaust to the outside, not terminate within 25 feet of any building opening, not expose the passing public, and be located as remotely as possible from appliance air intakes. In addition to the individual exhaust for the vapor from each such machine, a scavenger duct shall be provided for each two machines to pick up vapors surrounding the equipment near the floor. The suction of these scavenger pipes shall be located two to four inches above the floor. A general ventilation fan shall also be installed within the rear enclosure of such machines to be used in case of serious solvent spill. Each such machine shall be designed so that when the machine is not in operation, air is drawn through the front door or grill of the machine at a face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Provisions must be made for make-up air to compensate for that which is exhausted to the outside.
Vapor accumulation; diking. Such dry-cleaning machines shall be provided with some satisfactory means to limit vapor accumulation and to salvage the solvent resulting from a spill due to an accident or failure of equipment, such as by diking the entire system with a four-inch curb on the floor which will contain the solvent and drain it to an underground tank where it can be recovered. When an underground tank is not feasible, the curbed area shall be provided with a sump pump that will pump the solvent to an above-ground tank.
Minimum exits required. All coin-operated dry-cleaning establishments shall have two exits which shall be at least 25 feet apart from each other and shall lead directly to the outside.
Residue disposal. Filter residue and other residues containing solvent shall be disposed of so as not to create a health hazard or nuisance. A locked covered metal container shall be used for temporary storage outside the building.
Lint disposal. All direct equipment exhausts or vents shall be provided with mesh lint arrestors which shall be kept clean unless lint traps are provided on the dry-cleaning unit. All exhausts shall be under static pressure by reason of a mechanical fan.
Fire extinguishers. Each self-service or coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment shall be provided with a portable fire extinguisher of the carbon dioxide or dry chemical type.
Servicing machines. Each day, or after the specified number of cycles recommended by the manufacturer, dry-cleaning machines shall be serviced, including, but not limited to:
Adding "charged" solvent to restore the main supply;
Cleaning the button trap and the lint bag, trap or screen;
Cleaning the tank sump and removing the sludge;
Adding filter aids to dispensers;
Resetting the cycle counter, if one is provided;
Emptying the water from the separator.
Use of water. All installations shall be equipped with a water conserving device for recirculating the water used in the dry-cleaning operation. No such water shall be discharged into the sanitary sewerage system of the Township.
Toilets. Separate rooms or compartments for the sexes, devoted exclusively to toilet facilities, shall be provided within the licensed premises.
Business hours; Sundays. No coin-operated dry-cleaning establishment shall be open for business between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m. of the following day nor at any time during Sunday.
Unauthorized entries. No person other than the licensee, his employee or a representative of the licensee shall enter the maintenance area.
Floor coverings. The floor covering in the customer area shall be made of a material resistant to the solvents used in the machines.
General requirements. All establishments shall meet the requirements of all laws, ordinances, codes and regulations including but not limited to air pollution, electrical wiring, plumbing, fire prevention, waste disposal, sanitation, solvent storage, food or beverage vending and any other applicable requirement.
All coin-operated dry-cleaning establishments shall prominently display lighted indoor signs warning the general public of the danger of excessive solvent vapor inhalation and skin irritation from unevaporated dry-cleaning solvent.
A step-by-step instruction list must be posted in a conspicuous location near each laundry and dry-cleaning machine for customer use.
All machines shall be checked daily and kept in good repair by the licensee. All maintenance personnel shall be familiar with all necessary machinery repairs and instructed as to the solvent hazards.
Only the solvent specified by the equipment manufacturer shall be used.
Coin-operated dry-cleaning plants shall utilize only solvent classified as non-flammable or as non-flammable at ordinary temperatures and uses.
Each establishment shall post in a conspicuous location, readily visible from the outside of the premises, a telephone number to be called in the event of an emergency.
The Manager may, at any time, for violation of this chapter or any applicable law, regulation or ordinance, or such other cause as the Manager, upon investigation and after a hearing, deems sufficient, suspend or revoke any license granted under five the provisions of this chapter.
Notice in writing of the proposed suspension or revocation and the reason or reasons therefor, and of the time and place of a hearing to be held thereon by the Manager shall be served upon the licensee either personally or by certified or registered mail to the business address given in the application at least 10 days prior to the hearing.
Whenever any license shall be so revoked, no refund of any unearned portion of the license fee shall be made.
No license shall be granted to any person whose license has been revoked within a period of two years from the date of such revocation, except in the discretion of the Manager.
Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding $500, or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 90 days or both. A separate offense shall be deemed committed on each day during or on which a violation occurs or continues.