Borough of Lansdowne, PA
Delaware County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
The provisions of this chapter shall be held to be the minimum requirements to meet the purposes stated herein.
B. 
Words used in the present tense include the future.
C. 
The word "building" includes "structure" or any part thereof.
D. 
The phrase "used for" includes "arranged for," "designed for," "intended for," "maintained for," or "occupied for."
E. 
The word "person" includes any individual, corporation, partnership, incorporated association or any similar entity.
F. 
The words "includes" or "including" shall not limit the provision to the specified examples but are intended to extend the coverage of the provision to all other instances of like kind and character.
G. 
The words "shall" and "will" are mandatory and not discretionary, and the word "may" is permissive.
H. 
The singular shall include the plural, and the plural shall include the singular.
Unless a contrary definition clearly appears, the words and phrases defined in this section shall have the meanings provided below. Any word not defined herein shall be used with a meaning of standard usage unless otherwise defined by the Municipalities Planning Code.[1]
ABANDONMENT
Where a building or land is abandoned for six consecutive months or more, whereby the owner discontinues the maintenance, use or any activity, the building or structure shall be declared abandoned and may be required to be removed. In the case of abandonment of a nonconforming use, Article X applies.
ACCESSORY BUILDING
A subordinate building, the use of which is customarily incidental to that of the principal building on the same lot.
ACCESSORY USE
A use of land or of a building or portion thereof customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use of the land or building and located on the same lot with such principal use.
A. 
Adult entertainment uses include any of the following as defined below:
(1) 
Any place to which the public is permitted or invited to operate still or motion-producing devices which show images to five or fewer persons per machine at any one time and where the image so displayed or distinguished or characterized depicts or describes specified anatomical areas or specific sexual activities.
(2) 
(a) 
Any commercial establishment which, as one of its principal business purposes, offers for sale or rental for any form of consideration any one or more of the following:
[1] 
Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter, or photographs, films, motion pictures, video cassettes or video productions, slides or other visual representations which depict or describe specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
[2] 
Instruments, devices or paraphernalia which are designed for use in connection with specified sexual activities.
(b) 
A commercial establishment may have other principal business purposes that do not involve the offering for sale or rental of material depicting or describing specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas and still be categorized as an adult bookstore, adult novelty shop or adult video store. Such other business purposes will not serve to exempt such commercial establishments from being categorized as an adult bookstore, adult novelty shop or adult video store so long as one of its principal business purposes is offering for sale or rental for consideration the specified materials which depict or describe specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, a business engaged in the sale of birth control devices, medications or products incidental to the sale of other medications or products and not as its principal business shall not be deemed to be an adult bookstore, adult novelty shop or adult video store.
(3) 
Any type of establishment offering adult entertainment which presents material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting or describing specific sexual activities or specified anatomical areas for observation by patrons therein. Such presentation or material may be live or through films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or other means of photographic reproduction.
(4) 
A structure used for presenting material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas for observation by patrons therein.
(5) 
A hotel, motel or similar commercial establishment which offers accommodation to the public for any form of consideration, provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmission, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions which are used for presenting material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting or describing specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
(6) 
Any structure which houses a commercial establishment with the capacity for one or more persons, used for presenting material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting or describing specified sexual activity or specified anatomical areas for observation by parties therein.
(7) 
A business or commercial enterprise that, as one of its primary business purposes, offers physical contact in the form of wrestling or tumbling between persons of the opposite sex or activities between two or more persons when one or more of the persons is in a state of nudity or seminudity.
B. 
As used in the "adult entertainment use" definition, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
(1) 
Live or non-live entertainment containing sexual activities or displaying or presenting specified anatomical areas. This definition is a broad overall definition which includes the activities of adult arcades/cabarets/dance halls/private clubs/bars/gentlemen's bars/taverns/adult bookstores, adult video stores, adult mini motion-picture theaters and peep shows, adult motels and sexual encounter centers as part of its definition for "adult entertainment."
(2) 
The appearance of the specified anatomical area without any covering on the body area.
(3) 
State of dress in which clothing partially or transparently covers the specified anatomical areas.
(4) 
Human genitals, pubic region, anus, buttocks, female breasts below the top of the areola or human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered.
(5) 
Activities which include any of the following:
(a) 
Human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal.
(b) 
Acts or simulated acts of sexual intercourse, masturbation, sodomy, oral copulation or bestiality.
(c) 
Fondling or other erotic touching of specified anatomical areas.
ALL-WEATHER SURFACE
A material used to provide the top layer of a parking lot which will not suffer significant deterioration during inclement weather.
ALTERATION, INCIDENTAL
Modifications to an existing structure that are of a cosmetic nature, replacement of utilities, or rearrangement of non-load-bearing partitions.
ALTERATION OF A BUILDING
Any change or rearrangement in the supporting members of an existing building, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, girders, or interior partitions, as well as any change in doors, windows, means of ingress and egress, or any change in use from one district classification to another, or any enlargement to or diminution of a building or structure, or the moving of a building from one location to another.
ANTENNA
Any device or mechanism used in the collection, transmission, routing or receiving of telecommunications transmissions, radio signals or radio frequency energy, including but not limited to use by or provisions of wireless communications, cellular communications and personal communications services.
ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE
Any pole, telescoping mast, tower, tripod or any other structure which supports or has attached to it an antenna or antennae.
APARTMENT
A dwelling unit located in a building containing three or more dwelling units.
APARTMENT BUILDING
A structure containing three or more dwelling units.
ARTIST'S STUDIO
A building or portion of a building used as a place of work by an artist, photographer or artisan.
AUTOMATIC CAR WASH
A structure containing facilities for washing automobiles and automatic or semiautomatic application of cleaner, brushes, rinse water, and heat for drying.
AUTOMOBILE REPAIR, MINOR
The replacement or repair of any automobile part that does not require removal of the engine head or pan, engine transmission, or differential but may include incidental body and fender work, minor painting, and upholstery service.
AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SERVICES, MAJOR
General repair, rebuilding, or reconditioning of engines, motor vehicles, or trailers, including bodywork, welding, and major painting service.
BASEMENT
A space having 1/2 or more of its floor-to-ceiling height below the average level of the adjoining grounds and with a floor-to-ceiling height of not less than 6 1/2 feet.
BEAUTY SALON
An establishment wherein cosmetology is offered or practiced on a regular basis for compensation including, but not limited to, day spas, hair salons, nail salons, and barbershops.
BED-AND-BREAKFAST
Overnight accommodations and a morning meal in a dwelling unit (B & B) provided to transients for compensation.
BILLBOARD
A sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered at a location other than the premises on which the sign is located.
BLOCK
A portion of the Borough comprising all of the lot areas on both sides of a street between two street corners; provided, however, that where one street comes to an end at its junction with another street, then the lines of the street which ends shall be projected to comprise a corner for the purpose of this definition.
BOARDER
See "roomer."
BOROUGH
The Borough of Lansdowne, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
BOROUGH COUNCIL
The governing body of the Borough of Lansdowne, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
BUFFER PLANTING STRIP
A strip of required yard space not occupied by any building or structure adjacent to the boundary of a property or district, not less in width than is designated in this chapter and which is landscaped as provided for in this chapter.
BUILDING
A structure or appendage to a structure which is affixed to the land, contains one or more floors and which has a roof supported by walls.
BUILDING COVERAGE RATIO
The proportion of the total lot area covered by the building and any accessory buildings. Calculations of building coverage shall include sun parlor, foyers, porches and breezeways.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the average level of the ground surrounding the structure to the top of the highest point of the roof for flat roofs and to the ridge of the gable, hip and gambrel roofs. Chimneys, spires, towers, steeples, mechanical equipment, tanks, vessels, antennas and similar projections of the buildings not intended for human occupancy shall not be included in calculating the height, unless specifically stated otherwise in this chapter.
BUILDING LINE
A line, generally parallel to the street right-of-way line, which establishes the actual location of the front wall of the principal building on the lot.
BUILDING SETBACK LINE
A line parallel to the street right-of-way line, at a distance that is at least equal to the depth of the front yard required for the district in which the lot is located.
BUILD-TO LINE
The line which defines the placement of the building from the street on which the building fronts. The build-to line of the building forms the street wall line. On a corner lot, the build-to line is located on each side of a lot abutting a street. A build-to line may have a recess or projection up to four feet in order to promote variations of building placement on a block.
BUSINESS OFFICE
A building or portion of a building where the sale of non-tangible goods or real estate is sold to the general public. Business offices include real estate, insurance, securities and travel offices.
BUSINESS OR TRADE SCHOOL
A secondary or higher educational facility primarily teaching usable skills that prepares students for jobs in a trade or business and meeting the state requirements as a business, trade, or vocational school.
CAR WASH
Any building or premises used for washing motor vehicles.
CELLULAR COMMUNICATION FACILITY
Includes but is not limited to the antenna, antenna support structures and cell sites.
CENTER LINE
A line midway between and parallel to the right-of-way lines of a street or railroad.
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
A statement signed by the Zoning Officer indicating that a building or structure is in conformity with all applicable codes of the Borough and stating its zoning classification.
CHILD DAY-CARE CENTER
A facility that is licensed to provide care for seven or more children unrelated to the operator, where the child-care areas are not being used as a family residence.
CLUB
An organization catering exclusively to members and their guests for recreational, social, athletic, educational, political, patriotic or cultural purposes.
COMMON OPEN SPACE
A parcel or parcels of land or an area of water within a development site which is designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of all residents of the development for active or passive recreational purposes and which is maintained by an association or similar entity representing residents. The common open space area is exclusive of areas used for buildings, parking, loading and streets.
COMPATIBLE USES
Uses of different character which are capable of being located near each other in harmony and without conflict. Some of the elements which affect compatibility include the absence of a nuisance, density of development, the ratio of floor area to lot size, extent of pedestrian and vehicular traffic generated, volume of goods handled and impact upon physical development.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
A comprehensive long-range plan intended to guide the growth and development of a community or region and one that includes analysis, recommendations and proposals for the community's population, economy, housing, transportation, community facilities, land use and related areas.
CONVERSION
A change in the use of a building such as the change of a residential or retail use to offices. Such change may be accomplished without subdivision or the introduction of a newer owner. Where the use and dimensional regulations of the chapter permit, such conversion may be accomplished by appropriate alteration upon the issuance of the necessary permits.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner, agent of such landowner, or tenant with the permission of such landowner who makes or causes to be made subdivision, land development, or any other development.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, streets, and other paving, utilities, dredging, filling, grading, excavation, or drilling operations and the subdivision of land.
DWELLING
A building or unit designed and constructed for residential use
DWELLING, MULTIFAMILY
A building containing three or more dwelling units, including units that are located above ground-floor retail or service uses.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED (TOWNHOUSE/ROW HOUSE)
A single-family dwelling unit within a building, which unit has at least one party wall in common with other dwelling units in the same row; a townhouse or row house. After the effective date of this chapter, no such building shall be constructed with more than six attached units.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED
A building designed for and occupied exclusively as a residence for only one family with yards on all sides of the dwelling.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY SEMIDETACHED (TWIN)
Two dwelling units, each accommodating one family, which are attached side by side by means of a party wall, with each dwelling unit having only one side yard.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY DETACHED (DUPLEX)
A building designed or occupied exclusively as a residence for two families living independently of one another. The usual arrangement is for one unit to be located above the other.
DWELLING UNIT
A grouping of rooms designed, occupied, or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters, with cooking, sleeping, and sanitary facilities provided within the dwelling unit for the exclusive use of a single family maintaining a household.
FAMILY
Any number of individuals living together as a single housekeeping unit when said individuals are related by blood, marriage, or adoption, or are registered as domestic partners pursuant to the codified ordinances of the Borough of Lansdowne, including foster children; or any number of individuals living together as a single housekeeping unit with single kitchen facilities where not more than two of such individuals: i) are unrelated by blood, marriage, or adoption; ii) are not registered as domestic partners; or iii) are not foster children. For the purposes of this chapter, "family" does not include any society, club, fraternity, sorority, association, lodge, federation, or like organizations; or any group of individuals who are living in a group arrangement as a result of criminal offenses.
FAMILY DAY-CARE HOME
A home, other than the child's own home, operated for profit or not-for-profit, in which child care is provided at any one time to four, five, or six children unrelated to the operator.
FLOOR AREA RATIO (FAR)
Representing the gross floor area of all buildings or structures on a lot divided by the total lot area.
FOOD PREPARATION/CATERING
The preparation, packaging, separation, shrink wrapping and vacuum sealing of food items for the purpose of later consumption; or the preparation, cooking, and baking of raw food items, generally in large quantities, for transport to off-site locations for consumption.
FREESTANDING BUILDING
Any building located within a development site which is separate from any group or cluster development on such site and which shall comply with the regulations of the district in which it is located.
GASOLINE SERVICE STATION
Any area of land, including structures thereon, or any building or part thereof that is used for the sale of gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel or accessories and which may include facilities for lubricating, washing or otherwise servicing motor vehicles, but which shall not include painting or body and fender repairs.
GASOLINE STATION, SELF-SERVICE
A property and/or place of business where flammable or combustible liquids used as motor fuels are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles by a person other than the service station attendant.
GLARE
The effect produced by light from a luminaire with an intensity sufficient to cause annoyance, discomfort, or loss in visual performance and visibility.
GROUP LIVING ARRANGEMENT
A group of mentally or physically disabled residents, under state-approved supervision, living together as the functional equivalent of a family, i.e., set parental-like care, available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The intent of a group living arrangement is to provide long-term residency (one year or more) in a residential setting. The maximum number of residents shall not exceed seven, excluding supervisors. These facilities shall not be used to accommodate persons recovering from the effects of drugs or alcohol or inmates of penal institutions. The facilities shall not be trade related.
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE
Any substance or material that, by reason of its toxic, caustic, corrosive, abrasive, or otherwise injurious properties, may be detrimental or deleterious to the health of any person handling or otherwise coming into contact with such material or substance.
HAZARDOUS USE
A building or structure or any portion thereof that is used for the storage, manufacture, or processing of highly combustible or explosive products or materials that are likely to burn with extreme rapidity or that may produce poisonous fumes or explosions; for storage or manufacturing that involves highly corrosive, toxic, or noxious alkalies, acids, or other liquids or chemicals producing flame, fume, or poisonous, irritant, or corrosive gases; and for the storage or processing of any materials producing explosive mixtures of dust or that result in the division of matter into fine particles subject to spontaneous ignition.
HISTORIC STRUCTURE
Any structure that is:
A. 
Listed individually in the National Register of Historic Places (a listing maintained by the Department of the Interior) or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as meeting the requirements for individual listing on the National Register;
B. 
Certified or preliminarily determined by the Secretary of the Interior as contributing to the historical significance of a registered historic district or a district preliminarily determined by the Secretary to qualify as a registered historic district;
C. 
Individually listed on a local inventory of historic places in communities with historic preservation programs that have been certified either:
(1) 
By an approved state program as determined by the Secretary of the Interior; or
(2) 
Directly by the Secretary of the Interior in states without approved programs.
D. 
Historic resources identified in the Official Historic Resource Survey of Lansdowne Borough, adopted by resolution July 16, 2008.
HOME OCCUPATION
A use customarily carried on within a dwelling by the inhabitants thereof which is incidental and subordinate to the use of the dwelling for living purposes and does not change the residential character of the building. A home occupation shall not be interpreted to include a barbershop, beauty shop, tearoom, tourist home or kennel.
HOSPITAL
An institution providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients, suffering from illness, disease, injury, deformity, and other abnormal physical or mental conditions and including as an integral part of the institution related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient facilities, training facilities, medical offices, and staff residences.
HOTEL
A facility offering transient lodging accommodations to the general public and which may include additional facilities and services, such as restaurants, meeting rooms, entertainment, personal services, and recreational facilities.
IMPACT, HEAVY
Any use that poses a health hazard, a significant threat from fire, or involves the use of hazardous materials in any way that could endanger persons or property in the event of accidental discharge or combustion.
IMPACT, LIGHT OR MEDIUM
Any use whose impact is not heavy, as herein defined.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
The coverage of the lot or tract area by materials that prevent the percolation of water into the soil and generate stormwater runoff, such as buildings, streets, paved parking areas, driveways, and any other similar surfaces.
INDUSTRY, LIGHT
Industrial processes where the finished item, material or product does not exceed 15 cubic feet, which are conducted in an enclosed building and comply with all performance standards listed in Article VI, General Regulations. No deliveries shall be made in trucks having more than one axle.
INSTITUTIONAL USE
A nonprofit, religious, or public use, such as a religious building, library, public or private school, hospital, or government-owned or operated building, structure, or land used for public purpose.
LANDSCAPED PLANTING AREA
An area landscaped with grass, ground cover, shrubs, or similar plantings placed where required by this chapter and permanently maintained. See Article VI, General Regulations.
LAUNDRY FACILITY
An establishment providing washing, drying, or dry-cleaning machines on the premises for rental use to the general public.
LOADING SPACE
An off-street space or berth for the loading or unloading of commercial vehicles. Such spaces shall comply with Article VIII, Parking.
LOT
A parcel of land on which a main building and any accessory building are or may be placed, together with the required open space and setbacks.
LOT AREA
The total horizontal area within the lot lines of a parcel.
LOT, CORNER
A lot bounded by intersecting streets on at least two sides. Both yards adjacent to streets shall be considered front yards.
LOT DEPTH
The distance along a straight line measured from the midpoint of the front lot line to the midpoint of the rear lot line.
LOT LINE
A line of public record bounding a lot that divides one lot from another lot or from a public or private street or any other public space.
LOT LINE, FRONT
The line separating the lot from the street right-of-way.
LOT LINE, REAR
Any lot line, except the front lot line, which is parallel to, or within 45° of being parallel to, the front lot line, and does not intersect any street line, except in the case of corner lots.
LOT LINE, SIDE
Any lot line that is not a front or rear lot line.
LOT, MINIMUM AREA OF
The smallest allowable lot area as established by the chapter on which a use or structure may be located in a particular district.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth at the building setback line.
MIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT
The development of a neighborhood, tract of land, building, or structure with a variety of complementary and integrated uses, such as, but not limited to, residential, office, manufacturing, retail, public, and recreation, in a compact urban form.
MULTITENANT BUILDING
A building designed or converted to accommodate two or more commercial tenants. Each tenant shall operate a use that is permitted in the district where the building is located.
NO-IMPACT HOME-BASED BUSINESS
A business or commercial activity administered or conducted as an accessory use which is clearly secondary to the use as a residential dwelling and which involves no customer, client or patient traffic, whether vehicular or pedestrian, pickup, delivery or removal functions to or from the premises, in excess of those normally associated with residential use. Specific requirements are contained Article VI, General Regulations.
NONCONFORMING BUILDING OR STRUCTURE
A building or structure that does not comply with the provisions of this chapter, as amended, where such building or structure lawfully existed prior to the effective date of this chapter or of amendments thereafter.
NONCONFORMING LOT
Any lawful lot that does not conform to one or more of the applicable provisions of the district in which it is located either on the effective date of this chapter or of amendments thereafter.
NONCONFORMING USE
A use, whether of land or a structure, which does not comply with the applicable provisions of this chapter, where such use was lawfully in existence prior to the effective date of this chapter or amendments thereafter.
A. 
A building or portion of a building where the sale of nontangible goods or real estate is sold to the general public. Business offices include real estate, insurance, securities and travel offices.
B. 
A building or portion of building where administrative or clerical services are conducted or where duties not involving the sale of services are performed. General offices include administrative offices for industry, employment offices, and other similar offices, not including municipal or governmental offices or client-based social service providers.
C. 
A type of general office consisting of a facility that provides on-site assistance to persons with limited ability for self-care. This term includes a facility that provides assistance for psychological, psychiatric, and/or medical problems, employment, welfare and other similar forms of assistance.
D. 
A building or portion of a building where a member of a recognized profession sells services to the general public. Professional offices include doctor, lawyer, engineer, accountant offices and other similar offices.
E. 
A building or portion of a building occupied by a governmental entity which shall include offices for the Borough, the county, the state and/or for the federal government, excluding client-based social service providers.
OFF-STREET PARKING SPACE
A temporary storage area for a motor vehicle that is directly accessible to an access aisle and that is not located on a dedicated street right-of-way.
OPEN SPACE
Any parcel or area of land or water, essentially unimproved and set aside, dedicated, designated, or reserved for public or private use or enjoyment or for the use and enjoyment of owners, occupants, and their guests.
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
Land within or related to a development, not individually owned or dedicated for public use, that is designed and intended for the common use or enjoyment of the residents of the development and their guests and that may include such complementary structures and improvements as are necessary and appropriate.
PARKING SPACE
A reasonably level space, having a surface slope not exceeding 6%. Such space shall have an area as listed Article VIII, Parking, which shall be exclusive of passageways, driveways, or other means of circulation or access.
PARKING STRUCTURE
A building or structure consisting of more than one level and used to store motor vehicles on a short-term, temporary basis.
PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
A right-of-way for pedestrians, separate from vehicular traffic and including access ramps, stairs, and routes through buildings and other areas that are available for public use.
PENNSYLVANIA MUNICIPALITIES PLANNING CODE
Pennsylvania Act 247 of 1968 (P.L. 805) as amended, also cited as 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq., or any subsequent act of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that replaces, supplements, or repeals any or all of the provisions of Act 247.
PERMIT
Written municipal permission issued by the appropriate local official empowering the holder thereof to do some act not forbidden by law, but not permitted without such authorization.
PERSONAL SERVICES
Establishments primarily engaged in providing services involving the care of a person or his or her personal goods or apparel. Personal services include laundry, dry cleaning, dressmakers, copy centers, beauty salons, shoe repair, and tailors.
A. 
A church, synagogue, temple, mosque, or other facility that is used for prayer by persons of similar beliefs;
B. 
A special-purpose building that is architecturally designed and particularly adapted for the primary use of conducting formal religious services on a regular basis.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING OR USE
A building or use which is the primary building or use on a lot as distinguished from a building or buildings relating to an accessory, incidental or subordinate use. The primary purpose for which land, a building or a subordinate structure, or the use thereof, is designed, arranged, or intended.
RECREATION AREA
A place designed and equipped for the conduct of sports, leisure time activities and other customary and usual recreational activities.
RESTAURANT, FAST-FOOD
Any restaurant where the design or method of operation involves the serving of the food or beverage, which is not normally delivered to the customer's table, by an employee of the restaurant. This includes all establishments where over 30% of the business involves the sale of refreshments or beverages taken out and consumed in places other than the interior of the restaurant or where any food or drink is served or dispensed by means of a drive-through window. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, a coffee shop shall not be deemed to be a fast-food restaurant unless such coffee shop serves or dispenses food or drink by means of a drive-through window.
RESTAURANT, STANDARD OR SIT-DOWN
Any premises used for the sale, dispensing and/or serving of food, refreshments, or beverages where the customer is normally involved with an individual menu and is served by a restaurant employee at the table, booth, or counter at which said items are consumed.
RETAIL STORE
Any store or shop in which commodities are sold directly to the consuming public.
RIGHT-OF-WAY LINE
The line that forms the boundary of a right-of-way.
RIGHT-OF-WAY (ROW)
Land acquired by reservation, dedication, prescription, condemnation or other legal manner and occupied, or intended to be occupied, by a street, crosswalk, electric transmission line, oil or gas pipeline, waterline, watercourse, or similar uses.
RINGELMANN SMOKE CHART
A scale for grading the density of smoke as published by the United States Bureau of Mines or any chart, recorder, indicator, or device that is approved by the Bureau or appropriate state department as the equivalent for the measurement of smoke density.
ROOFLINE
The line the marks the lowest point of the roof.
ROOF RIDGELINE
The line that marks the highest point of the roof. This term is applicable to roofs other than flat roofs.
SATELLITE ANTENNA
An antenna together with all attachments and parts, the purpose of which is to receive communication from orbiting satellites. Such antennas shall comply with Article VI, General Regulations.
SCHOOL
Any building or part thereof that is designed, constructed, or used for education or instruction in any branch of knowledge.
SCREENING
A method of visually shielding or buffering one abutting or nearby structure or use from another by fencing, berms, or densely planted vegetation. Specific standards are contained in Article VI, General Regulations.
SETBACK
The distance between the street right-of-way line or a lot line and any building on a lot or tract.
SHOPPING CENTER
A group of commercial establishments planned, constructed and managed as a total entity, including both attached buildings and freestanding buildings with customer and employee parking provided on site.
SIDEWALK
A paved, surfaced, or leveled area, paralleling and usually separated from the traveled way, used as a pedestrian walkway.
SIDEWALK CAFE
An outdoor area set up and maintained for the purpose of selling, offering for sale, and serving food or beverages for immediate consumption on site by an adjoining restaurant or other business which sells, offers for sale, and serves food and/or beverages for immediate consumption.
SIDEWALK DISPLAY
The outdoor display of merchandise for sale by a business use.
SIGN
See Article VII, Signs, for definitions.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
Special permission granted by the Zoning Hearing Board in accordance with the provisions of Article XI, Zoning Hearing Board, only in specified circumstances and only upon the compliance with specified conditions.
STEEP SLOPE
Land with a gradient in excess of 15%.
STREET
A public or private way used or intended to be used as a means of vehicular and/or pedestrian travel and access to abutting properties and space for public utilities that is improved in compliance with all Borough requirements for public or private streets.
STREETSCAPE
The space formed by buildings located close to the street, which is embellished with sidewalks, street trees, streetlights, curbs, on-street parking, and cartways. The streetscape is framed by buildings which create the "outdoor room" character of the street.
STREET WALL
The wall of a building adjoining a sidewalk at the edge of the street right-of-way; or architectural elements such as walls, pillars, and colonnades, in lieu of a building wall, when an existing building is already set back from the street wall line.
STRUCTURE
Anything constructed or erected with a fixed location on the ground or attached to something having a fixed location on the ground.
STUDIO
The workshop of an artist, sculptor, photographer, or craftsperson.
SWIMMING POOL (PRIVATE)
Any body of water, tank, or receptacle of water having a depth at any point of greater than two feet used or intended to be used for swimming or bathing solely by the owner, his or her family and guests of the household and constructed, installed, established, or maintained outside any building in or above the ground upon any premises as an accessory use to the residence. Such swimming pools shall comply with Article VI, General Regulations.
TOWNHOUSE BUILDING
A building containing single-family attached dwelling units (townhouse units) in which each townhouse unit is attached only by a party wall or walls to one or two other townhouse units. Townhouse buildings erected after the effective date of this chapter shall contain not more than six attached units.
TRACT
An area, lot, parcel, site, or property which is the subject of a subdivision and/or land development.
TRADITIONAL BUILDING
A building constructed prior to 1950 in Lansdowne Borough, typically two or three stories in height, adjoining or located close to the sidewalk.
TRAILER, CONSTRUCTION/OFFICE
A moveable structure located at or near a work or construction site for storage or other purpose related to or supporting construction or office activity, except in the General Business District.
TRAILER, OFFICE/STORAGE
A moveable structure located in an industrial district used for office, storage or similar purposes.
TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT (TOD)
Development concentrated around and oriented to transit stations in a manner that promotes transit riding or passenger rail use. The term does not refer to a single real estate project, but represents a collection of projects, usually mixed use, at a neighborhood scale that are oriented to a transit node.
VARIANCE
Relief granted pursuant to the Articles VI and IX of the Municipalities Planning Code[2] and Article VI, General Regulations, of this chapter.
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
A secondary or higher educational facility primarily teaching usable skills that prepares students for jobs in a trade or business and meeting the state requirements as a business, trade, or vocational school.
YARD
An unobstructed open space on the same lot with a principal building that extends from a street line or lot line inward to the principal building.
YARD, FRONT
A yard extending the full width of the lot, the depth of which extends from the front lot line to the nearest point of the principal building.
YARD, REAR
A yard extending the full width of the lot, the depth of which extends from the rear lot line to the nearest point of the principal building.
YARD, SIDE
A yard extending between the inside lines of the front and rear yards and extending in width from the side lot line to the nearest point of the principal building.
ZONING ORDINANCE
An ordinance that divides the Borough or other unit of local government into areas or zones that specify allowable uses for real property and size and locational restrictions for buildings within these areas.
ZONING PERMIT
Written permission issued by the Zoning Officer or other appropriate municipal official empowering the holder thereof to erect or alter a building or structure, including signs and fences, change the use of a building or land and change or extend a nonconforming use.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[2]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. §§ 10601 et seq. and 10901 et seq.