For the purpose of these ordinances, rules, and orders, the words and phrases used herein shall have the following meanings, except in those instances where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
- BUS STOP
- An area in the roadway set aside for the boarding of or alighting from buses.
- COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
- Any vehicle being used in the transportation of goods, wares or merchandise for commercial purposes.
- COMMERCIAL VEHICLE, HEAVY
- Any commercial vehicle 2 1/2 tons of capacity or over.
- That portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or continuation of curblines and property lines at intersections or at a portion of the roadway clearly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines on the road surface or by other markings or signs.
- EMERGENCY VEHICLES
- Vehicles of the Fire Department (Fire Patrol), police vehicles, ambulances and emergency vehicles of the federal, state and municipal departments or public service corporations when said vehicles are responding to an emergency in relation to the public safety.
- Any procession of mourners properly identified as such accompanying the remains of a human body.
- A longitudinal division of a roadway into a strip of sufficient width to accommodate the passage of a single line of vehicles.
- MOTOR VEHICLE
- Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power from overhead wires but not operated on rails.
- Any police officer of the City of Gardner or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for the violation of traffic regulations.
- OFFICIAL CURB MARKING
- That portion of a curbing, the painting of which has been authorized by the Chief of Police and which has the written approval of the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- OFFICIAL STREET MARKING
- Any painted line, legend, marking, or marker of any description painted or placed upon any way which purports to direct or regulate traffic and which has the written approval of the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- OFFICIAL TRAFFIC SIGNALS
- All signals conforming to the standards as prescribed by the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, not inconsistent with these rules and orders, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of directing or warning traffic.
- OFFICIAL TRAFFIC SIGNS
- All signs, markings, devices or other signals, not inconsistent with these rules and orders, which conform to the standards as prescribed by the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and are placed or erected by the authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of guiding, directing, warning or regulating traffic.
- The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading or in obedience to an officer or traffic signs or signals or while making emergency repairs or, if disabled, while arrangements are being made to move such vehicle.
- PARKING METER
- Any mechanical device, not inconsistent with the provisions of this regulation, placed or erected on any public way within the City for the regulation of parking. Each parking meter installed shall indicate by proper legend the legal time established by this chapter and when operated shall at all times indicate the balance of legal parking time permitted and at the expiration of such period shall indicate illegal or overtime parking.
- PARKING METER SPACE
- Any space within a parking meter zone adjacent to a parking meter which is duly assigned for the parking of a single vehicle by lines painted on the surface of the street adjacent to or adjoining such parking meter.
- PARKING METER ZONE
- Includes any street or portion thereof upon which parking of vehicles is permitted for a limited time subject to compliance with the further provisions of this regulation.
- Any person afoot or riding on a conveyance moved by human power, except bicycles or tricycles.
- Includes any individual, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.
- PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED PERSON
- A person confined to a wheelchair; a person who, because
of the use of braces or crutches or because of the loss of a foot
or leg, or because of an arthritic, spastic, pulmonary or cardiac
condition, walks with difficulty or insecurity; a person who, due
to a brain, spinal or peripheral nerve injury, suffers from faulty
coordination or palsy; a person who is blind or whose sight is so
impaired that, functioning in a public area, he is insecure or exposed
to danger; a person whose hearing is so impaired that he is unable
to hear warning signals; or a person whose mobility, flexibility,
coordination, or perceptiveness is significantly reduced by aging.[3-3-1980 by Ord. No. 719]
- RAILROAD CROSSING
- Any intersection of ways within a railroad right-of-way.
- That portion of a street or highway between the regularly established curblines or that part inclusive of shoulders improved and intended to be used for vehicular traffic.
- ROTARY TRAFFIC
- Counterclockwise operation of a vehicle around an object, structure or island in the roadway.
- SAFETY ZONE
- Any area or space set aside within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which has been indicated by signs, lines, or markings having the written approval of the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
- SERVICE ZONE
- An area in the roadway set aside for accommodation of commercial and transient vehicular traffic.
- That portion of a street or highway set aside for pedestrian travel.
- STREET or HIGHWAY
- The entire width between property lines of every way open to the use of the public for the purpose of travel.
- TAXICAB STAND
- An area in the roadway in which certain taxicabs are required to park while waiting to be engaged.
- Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, street cars and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street or highway for the purpose of travel.
- TRAFFIC CONTROL AREA
- Any area along any way, other than an intersecting way, at which the drivers are to be controlled by traffic control signals.
- TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL
- Any device using colored lights which conform to the standards as prescribed in the Department of Transportation, Highway Division, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic may be alternately directed to stop and proceed.
- TRAFFIC ISLAND
- Any area or space set aside within a roadway which is not intended for use by vehicular traffic.
- The turning of a vehicle by means of a continuous left turn whereby the direction of such vehicle is reversed.
- Every device in, upon, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a street or highway, except devices moved by human power, other than bicycles, or exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
Editor's Note: Throughout this chapter, references to the Massachusetts Department of Public Works were amended to the Highway Division of the Massachusetts Department of Transportation 11-18-2013 by Ord. No. 1563.