St. Charles County, MO
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
All motor vehicles and every trailer and semitrailer operating upon the public highways of St. Charles County and carrying goods or material or farm products which may reasonably be expected to become dislodged and fall from the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer as a result of wind pressure or air pressure and/or by the movement of the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer shall have a protective cover or be sufficiently secured so that no portion of such goods or material can become dislodged and fall from the vehicle, trailer or semitrailer while being transported or carried.
B. 
Operation of a vehicle, trailer or semitrailer in violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
As used in Sections 307.040 to 307.090, OSCCMo., unless the context requires another or different construction:
APPROVED
Approved by the Missouri Director of Revenue and when applied to lamps and other illuminating devices means that such lamps and devices must be in good working order.
HEADLAMP
A major lighting device capable of providing general illumination ahead of a vehicle.
MULTIPLE-BEAM HEADLAMPS
Headlamps or similar devices arranged so as to permit the driver of the vehicle to use one (1) of two (2) or more distributions of light on the road.
REFLECTOR
An approved device designed and used to give an indication by reflected light.
VEHICLE
Every device in, upon or by which a person or property is or may be transported upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
WHEN LIGHTED LAMPS ARE REQUIRED
At any time from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise and at any other time when there is not sufficient light to render clearly discernable persons and vehicles on the highway at a distance of five hundred (500) feet ahead. Lighted lamps shall also be required any time the weather conditions require usage of the motor vehicle's windshield wipers to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner as defined in Section 304.012, OSCCMo. The provisions of this Section shall be interpreted to require lighted lamps during periods of fog even if usage of the windshield wipers is not necessary to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
No person shall drive, move, park or be in custody of any vehicle or combination of vehicles on any street or highway during the times when lighted lamps are required unless such vehicle or combination of vehicles displays lighted lamps and illuminating devices as hereinafter in this Chapter required. No person shall use on any vehicle any approved electric lamp or similar device unless the light source of such lamp or device complies with the conditions of approval as to focus and rated candlepower.
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo., except violations for failure to use lighted lamps when required due to weather conditions or fog, which shall only be fined ten dollars ($10.00) with no court costs assessed.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
Except as provided in this Chapter or in Chapter 307, RSMo., every motor vehicle other than a motor-drawn vehicle and other than a motorcycle shall be equipped with at least two (2) approved headlamps mounted at the same level with at least one (1) on each side of the front of the vehicle. Every motorcycle shall be equipped with at least one (1) and not more than two (2) approved headlamps. Every motorcycle equipped with a sidecar or other attachment shall be equipped with a lamp on the outside limit of such attachment capable of displaying a white light to the front.
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
Every person driving a motor vehicle equipped with multiple-beam road lighting equipment, during the times when lighted lamps are required, shall use a distribution of light or composite beam directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations: Whenever the driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within five hundred (500) feet or is within three hundred (300)[1]feet to the rear of another vehicle traveling in the same direction, the driver shall use a distribution of light or composite beam so aimed that the glaring rays are not projected into the eyes of the other driver, and in no case shall the high-intensity portion which is projected to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of the vehicle be aimed higher than the center of the lamp from which it comes at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead, and in no case higher than a level of forty-two (42) inches above the level upon which the vehicle stands at a distance of seventy-five (75) feet ahead.
[1]
Editor's Note—Ord. no. 08-092 originally set this out as "three hundred (500)", after review by the county this was changed to read "three hundred (300)".
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
Every motor vehicle and every motor-drawn vehicle shall be equipped with at least two (2) rear lamps, not less than fifteen (15) inches or more than seventy-two (72) inches above the ground upon which the vehicle stands, which when lighted will exhibit a red light plainly visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear. Either such rear lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a white light the rear registration marker and render it clearly legible from a distance of fifty (50) feet to the rear. When the rear registration marker is illuminated by an electric lamp other than the required rear lamps, all such lamps shall be turned on or off only by the same control switch at all times.
B. 
Every motorcycle registered in the State of Missouri, when operated on a highway, shall also carry at the rear, either as part of the rear lamp or separately, at least one (1) approved red reflector, which shall be of such size and characteristics and so maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within three hundred (300) feet to fifty (50) feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps.
C. 
Every motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle, when operated upon a highway, shall also carry at the rear at least two (2) approved red reflectors, at least one (1) at each side, so designed, mounted on the vehicle and maintained as to be visible during the times when lighted lamps are required from all distances within five hundred (500) to fifty (50) feet from such vehicle when directly in front of a motor vehicle displaying lawful undimmed headlamps. Every such reflector shall meet the requirements of Chapter 307, RSMo., and shall be mounted upon the vehicle at a height not to exceed sixty (60) inches nor less than fifteen (15) inches above the surface upon which the vehicle stands.
D. 
Any person who knowingly operates a motor vehicle without the lamps required in this Section in operable condition is guilty of an infraction.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not to exceed one (1) spotlamp, but every spotlamp shall be so aimed and used so as not to be dazzling or glaring to any person.
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
Signaling Devices. Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a horn, directed forward, or whistle in good working order capable of emitting a sound adequate in quantity and volume to give warning of the approach of such vehicle to other users of the highway and to pedestrians. Such signaling device shall be used for warning purposes only and shall not be used for making any unnecessary noise and no other sound-producing signaling device shall be used at any time.
B. 
Muffler Cutouts. Muffler cutouts shall not be used and no vehicle shall be driven in such manner or condition that excessive and unnecessary noises shall be made by its machinery, motor, signaling device, or other parts, or by any improperly loaded cargo. The motors of all motor vehicles shall be fitted with properly attached mufflers of such capacity or construction as to quiet the maximum possible exhaust noise as completely as is done in modern gas engine passenger vehicles. Any cutout or opening in the exhaust pipe between the motor and the muffler on any motor vehicle shall be completely closed and disconnected from its operating lever and shall be so arranged that it cannot automatically open or be opened or operated while such vehicle is in motion.
C. 
Brakes. All motor vehicles, except motorcycles, shall be provided at all times with two (2) sets of adequate brakes kept in good working order, and motorcycles shall be provided with one (1) set of adequate brakes kept in good working order.
D. 
Mirrors. All motor vehicles which are so constructed or loaded that the operator cannot see the road behind such vehicle by looking back or around the side of such vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror so adjusted as to reveal the road behind and be visible from the operator's seat.
E. 
Projections On Vehicles. All vehicles carrying poles or other objects, which project more than five (5) feet from the rear of such vehicle, shall, during the period when lights are required by this Chapter, carry a red light at or near the end of the pole or other object so projecting. At other times a red flag or cloth, not less than six (6) inches square, shall be displayed at the end of such projection.
F. 
Towlines. When one vehicle is towing another, the connecting device shall not exceed fifteen (15) feet. During the time that lights are required by Sections 307.020 to 307.090, OSCCMo., the required lights shall be displayed by both vehicles. Every towed vehicle shall be coupled to the towing vehicle by means of a safety chain, cable or equivalent device in addition to the primary coupling device, except that such secondary coupling device shall not be necessary if the connecting device is connected to the towing vehicle by a center-locking ball located over or nearly over the rear axle and not supported by the rear bumper of the towing vehicle. Such secondary safety connecting devices shall be of sufficient strength to control the towed vehicle in the event of failure of the primary coupling device. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to wreckers towing vehicles or to vehicles secured to the towing vehicle by a fifth-wheel type connection.
G. 
The provisions of Subsection (F) of this Section shall not apply to farm implements or to any vehicle which is not required to be registered.
H. 
Devices attached to or towed by motor vehicles for the purposes of transporting hay shall have the protruding parts raised or retracted when not in use to a position which will not cause injury or damage to persons or property in the vicinity of such device when on the highways of this County.
I. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 08-030 §4, 3-3-2008]
A. 
Any person may operate a motor vehicle with front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver that have a sun-screening device, in conjunction with safety glazing material, that has a light transmission of thirty-five percent (35%) or more plus or minus three percent (3%). Except as provided in Subsection (D) of this Section, any sun-screening device applied to front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver in excess of the requirements of this Section shall be prohibited without a permit pursuant to a physician's prescription as described below. A permit to operate a motor vehicle with front sidewing vents or windows located immediately to the left and right of the driver that have a sun-screening device, in conjunction with safety glazing material, which permits less light transmission and luminous reflectance than allowed under the requirements of this Subsection may be issued by the State Department of Public Safety to a person having a serious medical condition which requires the use of a sun-screening device if the permittee's physician prescribes its use. The permit shall allow operation of the vehicle by any titleholder or relative within the second degree by consanguinity or affinity, which shall mean a spouse, each grandparent, parent, brother, sister, niece, nephew, aunt, uncle, child and grandchild of a person who resides in the household. Except as provided in Subsection (B) of this Section, all sun-screening devices applied to the windshield of a motor vehicle are prohibited.
B. 
This Section shall not prohibit labels, stickers, decalcomania or informational signs on motor vehicles or the application of tinted or solar-screening material to recreational vehicles as defined in Section 700.010, RSMo., provided that such material does not interfere with the driver's normal view of the road. This Section shall not prohibit factory-installed tinted glass, the equivalent replacement thereof or tinting material applied to the upper portion of the motor vehicle's windshield which is normally tinted by the manufacturer of motor vehicle safety glass.
C. 
Any person who violates the provisions of this Section shall be punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
D. 
Any vehicle licensed with a historical license plate shall be exempt from the requirements of this Section.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
No person shall use or display a siren or blue lights on a motor vehicle, fire, ambulance or rescue equipment without a valid permit authorizing the use as provided in Section 307.175, RSMo., and such siren and blue lights shall only be used in bona fide emergencies.
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.
[Ord. No. 07-153 §1, 10-30-2007]
A. 
As used in this Section of the Chapter, the term "passenger car" means every motor vehicle designed for carrying ten (10) persons or less and used for the transportation of persons; except that, the term "passenger car" shall not include motorcycles, motorized bicycles, motor tricycles, and trucks with a licensed gross weight of twelve thousand (12,000) pounds or more.
B. 
Each driver and front seat passenger of a passenger car manufactured after January 1, 1968, operated on a street or highway in the unincorporated area of St. Charles County, and persons less than eighteen (18) years of age operating or riding in a truck, as defined in Section 301.010, RSMo., on a street or highway of this County shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt that meets Federal National Highway, Transportation and Safety Act requirements. No person shall be stopped, inspected, or detained solely to determine compliance with this Subsection. The provisions of this Section and Section 307.179 shall not be applicable to persons who have a medical reason for failing to have a seat belt fastened about their body, nor shall the provisions of this Section be applicable to persons while operating or riding a motor vehicle being used in agricultural work-related activities, nor shall the provisions of this Section be applicable to persons employed by the United States Postal Service while performing duties for that Federal agency which require the operator to service postal boxes from their vehicles, or which require frequent entry into and exit from their vehicles. Non-compliance with this Subsection shall not constitute probable cause for violation of any other provision of law. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to the transporting of children under sixteen (16) years of age, as provided in Section 307.179, set forth below.
C. 
Each driver of a motor vehicle transporting a child less than sixteen (16) years of age shall secure the child in a properly adjusted and fastened restraint under Section 307.179 below.
D. 
Except as otherwise provided for in Section 307.179 below, each person who violates the provisions of Subsection (B) of this Section is guilty of an infraction for which a fine not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00) may be imposed. All other provisions of law and court rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no court costs shall be imposed on any person due to a violation of this Section. In no case shall points be assessed against any person for a violation of this Section.
[1]
State Law Reference—For similar provisions, §307.178, RSMo.
[Ord. No. 07-153 §2, 10-30-2007; Ord. No. 08-030 §5, 3-3-2008]
A. 
As used in this Section, the following terms shall mean:
CHILD BOOSTER SEAT
A seating system which meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set forth in 49 C.F.R. 571.213, as amended, that is designed to elevate a child to properly sit in a federally approved safety belt system;
CHILD PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEM
a seating system which meets the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set forth in 49 C.F.R. 571.213, as amended, and which is either permanently affixed to a motor vehicle or is affixed to such vehicle by a safety belt or a universal attachment system;
DRIVER
A person who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle.
B. 
Every driver transporting a child under the age of sixteen (16) years shall be responsible, when transporting such child in a motor vehicle operated by that driver on the streets or highways of this County, for providing for the protection of such child as follows:
1. 
Children less than four (4) years of age, regardless of weight, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system appropriate for that child;
2. 
Children weighing less than forty (40) pounds, regardless of age, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system appropriate for that child;
3. 
Children at least four (4) years of age but less than eight (8) years of age, who also weigh at least forty (40) pounds but less than eighty (80) pounds, and who are also less than four (4) feet, nine (9) inches tall, shall be secured in a child passenger restraint system or booster seat appropriate for that child;
4. 
Children at least eighty (80) pounds or children more than four (4) feet, nine (9) inches in height shall be secured by a vehicle safety belt or booster seat appropriate for that child.
5. 
A child who otherwise would be required to be secured in a booster seat may be transported in the back seat of a motor vehicle while wearing only a lap belt if the back seat of the motor vehicle is not equipped with a combination lap and shoulder belt for booster seat installation.
6. 
When transporting children in the immediate family when there are more children than there are seating positions in the enclosed area of a motor vehicle, the children who are not able to be restrained by a child safety restraint device appropriate for the child shall sit in the area behind the front seat of the motor vehicle unless the motor vehicle is designed only for a front seat area. The driver transporting children referred to in this subsection is not in violation of this Section.
This Subsection shall only apply to the use of a child passenger restraint system or vehicle safety belt for children less than sixteen (16) years of age being transported in a motor vehicle.
C. 
Any driver who violates Subdivision (1), (2) or (3) of Subsection (B) of this Section is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction, may be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars ($50.00) and court costs. Any driver who violates Subdivision (4) of Subsection (B) of this Section shall be subject to the penalty in Subsection (D) of Section 307.178. If a driver receives a citation for violating Subdivisions (1), (2) or (3) of Subsection (B) of this Section, the charges shall be dismissed or withdrawn if the driver prior to or at his or her hearing provides evidence of acquisition of a child passenger restraint system or child booster seat which is satisfactory to the court or the party responsible for prosecuting the driver's citation.
D. 
The provisions of this Section shall not apply to any public carrier for hire. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to students four (4) years of age or older who are passengers on a school bus designed for carrying eleven (11) passengers or more and which is manufactured or equipped pursuant to Missouri Minimum Standards for School Buses as school buses are defined in Section 301.010, RSMo.
[1]
State Law Reference—For similar provisions, §307.179, RSMo.
[Ord. No. 07-153 §3, 10-30-2007]
A. 
No person operating or driving a vehicle on any highway, street or alley or parts thereof, knowing that an injury has been caused to a person, or damage has been caused to property or that an accident has occurred due to culpability of such operator or driver, shall leave the place of such injury, damage or accident without stopping and giving his name, residence, including City and street number, motor vehicle number and chauffeur's or registered operator's number, if any, to the injured party or to a Police Officer, or, if no Police Officer is in the vicinity, then to the nearest Police station or Judicial Officer.
B. 
Any driver who violates this Section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, may be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) and/or one hundred eighty (180) days in jail and court costs.
[Ord. No. 07-153 §4, 10-30-2007]
A. 
Any person who is not an operator of a vehicle in an organized funeral procession shall not:
1. 
Drive between the vehicles comprising an organized funeral procession while such vehicles are in motion and have the flashing emergency lights lighted pursuant to law, except when required to do so by a Law Enforcement Officer or when such person is operating an emergency vehicle giving an audible or visual signal;
2. 
Join a funeral procession for the purpose of securing the right-of-way granted by law;
3. 
Attempt to pass any vehicle in an organized funeral procession, except where a passing lane has been specifically provided.
B. 
When an organized funeral procession is proceeding through a red signal light as permitted by law, a vehicle not in the organized funeral procession shall not enter the intersection unless such vehicle may do so without crossing the path of the funeral procession.
C. 
Any person violating the provisions of this Section is guilty of an infraction which shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00).
[Ord. No. 16-090 § 1, 11-14-2016]
A. 
No person shall stop or park a vehicle within ten (10) feet of any public or private mailbox, except:
1. 
On Sunday; or
2. 
On any Federal holiday; or
3. 
Between the hours of 6:00 P.M. until 8:00 A.M. the next morning; or
4. 
When necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with a Police Officer or official traffic-control device.
B. 
Any person who violates this Section is guilty of an infraction and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than three hundred dollars ($300.00). A separate offense shall be deemed committed on each day a violation occurs or continues. Enforcement of this Section shall be the responsibility of the County Counselor's Office.
[Ord. No. 08-092 §3, 8-1-2008]
A. 
The owner of every motor vehicle or trailer operated within St. Charles County shall display thereon the certificate of inspection and approval as required by Section 307.350, RSMo.
B. 
Violation of this Section is a misdemeanor punishable in accordance with Section 300.001(E), OSCCMo.