St. Charles County, MO
 
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999; Ord. No. 01-054 §1, 4-25-2001; Ord. No. 03-142 §1(64—67), 10-1-2003; Ord. No. 04-053 §1, 4-13-2004; Ord. No. 05-029 §1, 3-29-2005; Ord. No. 07-040 §1, 3-31-2007; Ord. No. 10-041 §43, 6-2-2010]
A. 
Minimum Area Parking Space. An off-street parking space shall have a length of not less than nineteen (19) feet and a width of not less than nine (9) feet. Said parking space shall not be located within a public right-of-way of a street, or an aisle, alley, drive, or driveway entrance to the parking area. Such parking space shall be permanently reserved for the temporary storage of one (1) vehicle and be connected to a parking aisle, drive lane, street or alley which affords ingress and egress for a vehicle without requiring another vehicle to be moved. In no case shall a parking space be located directly behind another parking space where a vehicle has to be moved for another vehicle to exit the parking area.
B. 
Minimum Area Loading Space. For the purpose of these regulations, a loading space is a space located within the main building or on the same lot, providing for the standing, loading, and unloading of trucks, having a minimum area of six hundred (600) square feet, a minimum width of twelve (12) feet, and a minimum depth of fifty (50) feet, and a vertical clearance of fourteen (14) feet.
C. 
Drainage And Maintenance. Off-street parking and loading facilities shall be drained to eliminate standing water and to prevent damage to abutting property and/or public streets and alleys and surfaced with erosion-resistant material in accordance with applicable County specifications. Off-street parking areas shall be maintained in a clean, orderly, and dust-free condition at the expense of the owner or lessee and not used for the sale, repair, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials or supplies.
D. 
Parking Stall And Access Aisle Requirements. Stalls for off-street parking spaces shall be designed in accordance with the following criteria:
Par Angle
Stall Width
Stall Depth
Aisle Width
Traffic Patterns
45°
9'
20' 8"
15'
One-way
60°
9'
21'
18'
One-way
75°
9'
19' 6"
23'
One-way
90°
9'
19'
24'
Two-way
Parking spaces which are parallel shall be a minimum of twenty-four (24) feet in length. The Director of the Division of Planning and Zoning shall approve specifications for other configurations.
E. 
Location And Access. The location and design of entrances and exits shall be in accordance with the current applicable regulations of the St. Charles County Highway Department and/or Missouri Department of Transportation.
F. 
Paving.
1. 
All parking areas, including driveways and aisles, shall be paved and striped. Such paving shall consist of Portland concrete, an asphaltic overlay or permeable pavement alternative. An alternative dust-free surface six (6) inches in depth may be approved by the Director of the Division of Planning and Zoning provided that surface is maintained free of weeds and vegetation.
2. 
In the A and R districts, where the required number of parking spaces for the use is two (2) spaces or less and where a lot or parcel is one (1) acre or greater in size, the parking area and drive shall be an all-weather surface of a uniform depth of six (6) inches at a minimum. This surface must be maintained free of weeds and vegetation.
G. 
Screening. When off-street parking areas for five (5) or more automobiles or loading areas are located closer than fifty (50) feet to a lot or parcel in a residential district, or to any lot upon which there is a dwelling as a permitted use under these regulations, and where such parking areas are not entirely screened visually from such lot by an intervening building or structure, a continuous, visual screen with a minimum height of six (6) feet shall be provided between the parking area and the said lot in a residential district, or upon which there is a dwelling. Such screen may consist of a compact evergreen hedge, foliage screening, berm, or a solid or louvered or sight-proof fence or wall.
H. 
Landscaping In Parking Areas.
1. 
Any parking lot with at least fifty (50) parking spaces must have at least one (1) landscaped island or peninsula containing at least two hundred (200) square feet for every fifty (50) parking spaces.
2. 
The dimensions of any planting area shall be sufficient to support the landscaping materials planted therein and to insure proper growth.
3. 
The primary landscaping materials used in parking lots shall be trees, which provide shade or are capable of providing shade at maturity. Shrubbery, hedges and other materials may be used to complement the trees. All islands or peninsulas must contain at least one (1) large deciduous tree.
I. 
Outdoor Lighting. Outdoor lighting, when provided, shall meet safety standards for the general public and have an arrangement and a level of intensity which will not interfere with adjacent streets or properties, and shall not be flashing or intermittent.
J. 
Special Uses And Conditions. For uses other than specified in this Chapter and Chapter 410, parking and loading spaces adequate in number and size to serve such use, and the elimination or reduction of the full provision of parking and loading facilities where application of said provision is either impractical under certain conditions or unnecessary due to the nature of such uses, shall be determined by the Director of the Division of Planning and Zoning upon recommendation by the Director of the Division of Development Review.
K. 
Front Yard Setback Requirement. No parking spaces or aisles shall be located within front yard setback area. The area within the required front yard setback shall remain an open space, unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward, except for permitted signs, landscaping and driveways providing ingress and egress to the site that result in the smallest area of encroachment of such yard.
[1]
Editor's Note—For designation of the division of planning and zoning, see ord. no. 02-204 adopted 12-23-2002 set out in ch. 132 of this code and ord. no. 03-195 adopted 12-31-2003.
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999; Ord. No. 01-054 §1, 4-25-2001; Ord. No. 03-142 §1(68—70), 10-1-2003; Ord. No. 05-029 §1, 3-29-2005; Ord. No. 07-040 §1, 3-13-2007]
Except as otherwise provided in this Unified Development Ordinance, when any building or structure is hereafter erected or structurally altered, or any building or structure which is existing is converted to another use, accessory off-street parking spaces shall be provided as follows (all square footages are based upon the gross floor area of the structure):
Residential Type Use
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
One- or two-family dwelling
2 per dwelling unit
Multi-family dwelling
2 per dwelling unit
Housing specifically designed for the elderly and/or disabled
1 per dwelling unit
Group home facility
2 per group home
Room, boarding, or lodging house (Bed and breakfast)
1 per each sleeping room, plus a minimum of 2 required for permanent residents
Health Care Related Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Hospital
2 per patient bed, plus 1 per employee on the maximum shift
Medical office or clinic
1 per 200 square feet
Nursing home, sanitarium, rest home, convalescent care center, home for the aged, or similar institution
1 per 2 patient beds
Health club
1 per 75 square feet
Educational Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Elementary or junior high school
3 per classroom
Preschool, daycare, special, or other private school
1 per 8 children plus 1 per employee on the maximum work shift
High school
1 per 4 students, plus 1 per each faculty member and employee
College, university, trade, or vocational school, business school
8 per classroom, plus 1 per each faculty member and employee
Public library, art museum, or art gallery
5 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
Institutional, Public, or Semi-Public Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Church, temple, synagogue, or place of assembly for worship
1 per 3 seats in main assembly area
Fire station
1 per employee on maximum work shift, plus 1 guest space
Foster home
1 per 5 beds, plus 1 per each employee on the maximum work shift
Group living facility
1 per 5 beds, plus 1 per each employee on the maximum work shift
Postal station
4 per customer service station, and 1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per every postal vehicle stored on the property
Recreational, Cultural, or Entertainment Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Amusement park, amusement place
1 per 100 square feet of activity area, or 100 square feet of gross floor area, whichever applies
Athletic field
30 spaces for every diamond or athletic field
Auditorium, theater, gymnasium, stadium, arena, meeting rooms and places, convention hall, or center
1 per 3 seats, 1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area without fixed seating
Boat dock, harbor, marina
1 per every 2 berths or moorings, plus 1 per employee on the maximum shift
Bowling alley
5 per alley, plus 1 per employee on the maximum work shift
Campground
1 per camp site
Private clubs, fraternities, sororities, and lodges with sleeping rooms
2 per sleeping rooms or suites
Private clubs, fraternities, sororities, and lodges with no sleeping rooms
1 per 4 members
Community center
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Drive-in theatre
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, in addition to spaces for movie patrons' parking
Fairground
Sufficient open-land convertible to parking area such that no vehicle will be parked on any street
Golf course or country club
1 per 5 members, or 6 per hole if open to the public
Golf driving range
1 per tee, plus 1 per employee
Handball, racquetball courts
3 per court
Ice and roller hockey rink or indoor soccer facility
60 per playing field or surface
Ice and roller rink
1 per 100 square foot of skating or playing area
Miniature golf course
2 per hole
Racetrack
1 per 4 seats
Recreation center
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Stable, Riding
1 per 2 stalls, plus 1 per every 4 seats of spectator seating
Swimming pool
1 per 100 square feet of water area
Tennis court
2 per court
Commercial Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Animal hospital/clinic
3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Automobile repair and service
4 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Auto, truck, boat sales, and service
1 per employee plus a minimum of 2 parking spaces for customer parking or 2 per 1,000 square feet of interior showroom, whichever is greater; plus 3 per service bay in service area
Banking and financial facilities
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Barber and beauty shops
3 per chair, except those operated as a home occupation
Car wash, not self-service
Service line-up equal to 5 cars, and 1 per employee
Car wash, self-service
Service line-up for each wash stall equal to 2 cars, plus 1 drying space for each stall
Department and discount stores
3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Equipment sales and service, rent and repair
3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Food markets (over 5,000 square feet)
3 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Food storage locker
1 per 200 square feet of customer service area
Furniture, appliance, and hardware stores
1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area
General service or repair establishment, printing, plumbing, heating
1 per 400 square feet of sales and office area, plus 1 per vehicle utilized in the operation of the business
Hotel and motel
1 per sleeping room or suite, plus 1 per employee on the maximum work shift
Mobile homes, manufactured homes, modular homes, or travel trailers sales
1 per 300 square feet of gross sales office area
Mortuary or funeral home
At least 1 parking space for each 4 seats, based upon the designated maximum capacity of the parlor(s), plus at least 1 parking space for each employee and 1 parking space for each vehicle maintained on the premises
Office or office building
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Restaurant (sit-down), bar, cocktail lounge, microbrewery, night club
12 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Restaurant, fast food
15 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Retail store, food markets (5,000 square feet or less), or personal services establishment
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area
Service station
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 for each service bay
Shopping center
4 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area
Winery
1 per 200 square feet in the tasting room plus 1 per table for seating in both an indoor and outdoor arrangement
Industrial Uses
Off-street Parking Spaces Required
Brewery, bottling plant, creamery, or dairy
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per each vehicle utilized in the operation of the business and 1 guest space
Extraction of raw materials
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per each vehicle utilized in the operation of the business
Research and testing laboratory
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 guest space
Manufacturing, fabrication, or industrial establishment
1 per employee on the maximum work shift plus, 1 per each vehicle utilized in the operation of the business, and 1 guest space
Storage yard for bulk materials
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per each vehicle utilized in the operation of the business
Service yard for contractors' equipment
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per each vehicle or equipment stored on the property
Vehicle impound facility
1 per employee, plus 1 per vehicle utilized in the operation and stored on the property, plus 1 for customer parking
Warehouse, distribution center, wholesale establishment, or similar operation
1 per employee on the maximum work shift, plus 1 per each vehicle utilized in the operation and stored on the property, and 1 guest space
[1]
Editor's Note—The words "zoning ordinance" have been changed to "unified development ordinance". See notes at chs. 405 and 410 of this code.
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999]
A. 
The parking requirements for a use not specifically listed in the chart shall be the same as for a listed use of similar characteristics of parking demand generation at the determination of the Director of the Division of Planning and Zoning.
B. 
The parking requirements in this Article do not limit special requirements which may be imposed with planned unit developments, conditional use permits, or developments which are unique relating to traffic and parking generation data.
C. 
When the determination of the number of off-street parking spaces required in this Article results in a requirement of a fractional space less than one-half (½), the extra space can be disregarded. If the fractional space is one-half (½) or more, a parking space must be added.
D. 
The total number of employees in relation to determining the number of parking spaces required shall be compiled on the basis of the total number of persons on the maximum work shift. Seasonal variation in employment may be recognized in determining the total number of parking spaces required.
E. 
The parking requirements are in addition to space for storage of trucks and other vehicles in connection with any use.
F. 
In the case of mixed uses, uses with different parking requirements utilizing the same building or premises, or in the case of joint use of a building or premises by more than one (1) use having the same parking requirements, the total number of parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses.
G. 
When a building use is changed or converted to a new use, or enlarged in floor area, number of employees, number of dwelling units, seating capacity, or otherwise, to create a need under the requirements of this Article for an increase in parking spaces of ten percent (10%) or more, such additional parking spaces shall be provided on the basis of the change or enlargement.
[1]
Editor's Note—For designation of the division of planning and zoning, see ord. no. 02-204 adopted 12-23-2002 set out in ch. 132 of this code and ord. no. 03-195 adopted 12-31-2003.
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999; Ord. No. 05-029 §1, 3-29-2005]
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served, except that where an increase in the number of spaces is required by a change or enlargement of use or where such spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located and maintained not to exceed three hundred (300) feet from an institutional building or other non-residential building served.
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999]
A. 
A parking lot serving any commercial or industrial use, public facility, or multi-family development shall have a number of level parking spaces, as set forth in the following table, reserved for physically disabled persons. Each reserved parking space shall be not less than thirteen (13) feet wide (eight (8) foot stall with an adjacent five (5) foot access aisle) and identified by an above-grade sign designating the parking space for the physically disabled. Two (2) handicapped parking spaces may share an adjacent five (5) foot access aisle. The following parking standards are consistent with the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act and regulations adopted under the Act's authority.
ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES FOR THE DISABLED
Total Parking in Lot
Required Number of Accessible Spaces
01 to 05
1*
06 to 25
1
26 to 50
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of total
over 1,000
20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1,000
*
Accessible space shall be provided, but is not required to be designated by appropriate signage.
B. 
For every eight (8) or fraction of eight (8) accessible parking spaces, at least one (1) shall be a van-accessible parking space, which shall be provided as described in Subsection (D).
C. 
Parking spaces reserved for the physically disabled shall be adjacent to curb ramps, elevators, walkways, and entrances so that disabled persons can avoid passing behind parked cars. Reserved parking spaces for the disabled shall be as close to building entrances as possible.
D. 
In the development of large shopping areas, medical centers, hospitals, and housing for the elderly and/or handicapped, an area for van parking serving the disabled shall be reserved. Each reserved parking space for vans transporting the elderly and disabled shall have a minimum width of sixteen (16) feet (eight (8) foot stall with an adjoining eight (8) foot access aisle) to accommodate a wheel chair lift. Each reserved parking space for van parking shall be level and identified by an above-grade sign designating the van space for the physically disabled.
[Ord. No. 99-99 §1, 7-12-1999]
Off-street loading spaces shall be provided in all districts as follows:
Use or Use Category
Floor Area in Square Feet
Loading Spaces Required
Commercial and Industrial uses
0 - 5,000
None
5,000 - 50,000
One
50,000 - 100,000
Two
Each 100,000 over 100,000
One additional
Educational and Large Medical Facilities
0 - 10,000
None
10,000 - 100,000
One
Each 100,000 over 100,000
One additional
Funeral homes or mortuaries
Not applicable
One