City of Oakland, MO
St. Louis County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.010), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The purpose of this Chapter is to promote the educational, cultural, economic and general welfare of the community by:
1. 
Providing a mechanism to identify and preserve the distinctive historic, archeological and architectural characteristics of the City of Oakland which represent elements of the City's cultural, social, economic, political and architectural history;
2. 
Fostering civic pride in the beauty and noble accomplishments of the past as represented in the City's landmarks and historic districts;
3. 
Conserving and improving the value of properties designated as landmarks or within historic districts;
4. 
Providing for economic benefits to encourage business and residential owners to locate and invest in historically significant properties;
5. 
Protecting and enhancing the attractiveness of the City to home buyers, tourists, visitors and shoppers and thereby supporting and promoting business, commerce and industry and providing economic benefit to the City;
6. 
Fostering and encouraging preservation, restoration, rehabilitation of the historic structures, areas and neighborhoods and thereby preventing future urban blight;
7. 
Promoting the use of landmarks and historic districts for the education, pleasure and welfare of the people of the City;
8. 
Promoting the identification, evaluation, protection and interpretation of the prehistoric and historic archeological resources within the incorporated limits of the City.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.020), 10-15-2003]
Unless specifically defined below, words or phrases in this Chapter shall be interpreted so as to give them the same meaning as they have in common usage and so as to give this Chapter its most reasonable application.
ALTERATION
Any act or process that changes one (1) or more historic, architectural or physical features of an area, site, landscape, place and/or structure, including, but not limited to, painting, the erection, construction, reconstruction or removal of a structure; the expansion or significant modification of agricultural activities; and clearing, grading or other modification of an area, site or landscape that changes its current condition. For the purpose of this Chapter, alteration shall not include restoration. See "RESTORATION".
AREA
A specific geographic division of the City of Oakland.
BOARD OF ADJUSTMENT (BOA)
The Board established pursuant to the Code of Oakland.
BOARD OF ALDERMEN
The Board of Aldermen of the City of Oakland and/or its members.
CERTIFICATE OF APPROPRIATENESS
A certificate issued by the Historic Preservation Commission indicating its approval of plans for alteration, construction, removal or demolition of a landmark or of a structure within a historic district.
CITY PLANNING AND ZONING COMMISSION (PZ)
The Commission established pursuant to the Code of Oakland and Chapter 89, RSMo., as amended.
CONSTRUCTION
The act of adding an addition to an existing structure or the erection of a new principal or accessory structure on a lot or property.
CULTURAL RESOURCES
Districts, sites, structures, objects and evidence or parts thereof of some importance to a culture, a subculture or a community for scientific, engineering, art tradition, religious or other reasons, significant in providing resource and environmental data necessary for the study and interpretation of past ways of life and for interpreting human behavior.
DATE OF INITIATION OF DESIGNATION
The date of the meeting of the Historic Preservation Commission where the landmark or historic district is nominated by a member of the Historic Preservation Commission, the owner of record of the structure or the Board of Aldermen.
DEMOLITION
Any act or process which destroys in part or in whole a landmark or a structure within a historic district or which threatens to destroy a landmark or a structure within a historic district or which destroys or threatens to destroy a potentially significant property or structure by failure to maintain it in a condition of good repair and maintenance.
DESIGN GUIDELINE
A standard of appropriate activity that will preserve the historic, architectural, scenic or aesthetic character of a landmark or a historic district.
EXTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL APPEARANCE
The architectural character and general composition of the exterior of a structure including, but not limited to, the kind, color and texture of the building material; the type of roofline, dormers and overhangs; the size, location and design of porches, steps and handrails and the type, size, location, spacing, design and character of all windows, doors, light fixtures, signs and appurtenant elements.
HISTORIC DISTRICT
An area designated as a "historic district" by ordinance of the Board of Aldermen which may include individual landmarks, as well as other properties or structures which, while not of such historic and/or architectural significance to be designated as landmarks, nevertheless contribute to the overall visual characteristics and a historical significance of the historic district.
HISTORIC PRESERVATION COMMISSION (HPC)
The Commission established pursuant to Chapter 420 of the Code of Oakland.
HISTORIC SIGNIFICANCE
Character, interest or value as part of the development, heritage or culture of the community, County, State or country; as the location of an important local, County, State or national event; or through identification with a person or persons who made an important contribution to the development of the community, County, State or country.
HPC
The Historic Preservation Commission and/or its members.
LANDMARK
A property or structure designated as a "landmark" by ordinance of the Board of Aldermen, pursuant to procedures prescribed herein, which is worthy of rehabilitation, restoration, interpretation and preservation because of its historic, architectural or archaeological significance to the City of Oakland.
MINIMUM MAINTENANCE
The minimum regulations governing the conditions and maintenance of all existing structures, as set out in the BOCA Basic Existing Structures Code, First Edition (1984) as amended from time to time and other legally adopted codes of the City of Oakland.
ORDINARY MAINTENANCE
Any work for which a building permit is not required by ordinance, where the purpose and effect of such work is to correct any deterioration or decay of or damage to a structure or any part thereof and to restore the same, as nearly as practical, to its condition prior to the occurrence of such deterioration, decay or damage and does not involve change of materials nor of form.
OWNER OF RECORD
The person, corporation or other legal entity listed as owner in the records of the St. Louis County Recorder of Deeds.
PZ
The City Planning and Zoning Commission and/or its members.
REMOVAL
Any relocation of a structure, object or artifact on its site or to another site.
REPAIR
Any change that is not construction, alteration, demolition or removal and is necessary or useful for continuing normal maintenance and upkeep.
RESTORATION
The process or product of returning, as nearly as possible, an existing site, building, structure or object to its condition at a particular time in history, using the same construction materials and methods as the original where possible. Typically the period of greatest historical significance or aesthetic integrity is chosen. This may include removing the later additions, making hidden repairs and replacing missing period work.
SITE
The traditional, documented or legendary location of an event, occurrence, action or structure significant in the life or lives of a person, persons, groups or tribe or any place with evidence of past human activity. Sites include, but are not limited to, cemeteries, burial grounds, occupation and work areas, evidence of farming or hunting and gathering, battlefields, settlements, estates, gardens, groves, river crossings, springs, wells, routes and trails, caves, quarries, mines or significant trees or other plant life.
STOP WORK ORDER
An order directing an owner, occupant, contractor or subcontractor to halt an action for which a certificate of appropriateness is required and notifying the owner, occupant, contractor, subcontractor or other responsible person of the application process for a certificate of appropriateness.
STRUCTURE
Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires permanent or temporary location on or in the ground, including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, buildings, fences, gazebos, advertising signs, billboards, backstops for tennis courts, radio and television antennae and towers and swimming pools.
SURVEY
The systematic gathering of information on the architectural, historic, scenic and archaeological significance of buildings, sites, structures, areas or landscapes, through visual assessment in the field and historical research for the purpose of identifying landmarks or districts worthy of preservation.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.030), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 731 §§1 — 2, 4-9-2007]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall consist of a total of eight (8) regular and ex officio members and two (2) alternate members.
B. 
The eight (8) regular members shall consist of five (5) appointed citizens and three (3) ex officio members which shall be the City Engineer (or other designated staff member), a Board member selected by the Board of Aldermen and the Chairperson of the Planning and Zoning Commission.
C. 
All regular appointed members shall be voting members. The Chairperson of Planning and Zoning Commission, the City Engineer (or staff member designated to sit for the City Engineer) and the Council member shall serve but have no vote.
D. 
Alternate members shall attend meetings and vote only when called upon to act for a regular, appointed, citizen member in accordance with Section 420.070 of this Chapter.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.040), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 731 §3, 4-9-2007]
The five (5) regular, citizen members and two (2) alternate members shall be appointed by the Board of Aldermen.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.050), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 731 §4, 4-9-2007]
All regular members and alternate members shall serve three (3) year terms, unless appointed to an unexpired term, except that those members appointed to replace the original three (3) members of the Historic Preservation Commission (or original members appointed to a second (2nd) term) shall serve staggered terms: one (1) shall be appointed to a one (1) year term, one (1) shall be appointed to a two (2) year term and one (1) shall be appointed to a three (3) year term. A regular member or alternate member may serve additional terms as appointed by the Board of Aldermen. The terms of all ex officio members shall be coincident with their terms in office with their respective bodies.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.060), 10-15-2003]
A. 
Regular members and alternate members should have been residents of the City of Oakland for at least one (1) year preceding their appointment. Regular members and alternate members should be persons with demonstrated interest or expertise in historic preservation. Representatives of historical societies and residents of historic districts (if any) shall be encouraged to serve as members.
B. 
To the extent available in the community, the Historic Preservation Commission shall include professional members representing such disciplines as architecture, law, real estate brokerage, banking, history or other fields related to a historic preservation.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.070), 10-15-2003]
Insofar as practical, alternate members shall be called upon to serve in the absence of, or the disqualification of, the members on a rotation basis.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.080), 10-15-2003]
A. 
Officers shall consist of a Chairperson, a Vice Chairperson and a Secretary elected by the Historic Preservation Commission, each of whom shall serve a term of one (1) year and be eligible for re-election. The Chairperson shall preside over meetings. In the absence or disqualification of the Chairperson, the Vice Chairperson shall perform the duties of the Chairperson. In the absence of the Chairperson and the Vice Chairperson, the Acting Chairperson shall be elected from those members present by those members present.
B. 
The Chairperson of the Historic Preservation Commission shall have the following duties:
1. 
Be responsible for publication and distribution of copies of the minutes, reports and decisions to the members of the Historic Preservation Commission;
2. 
Give notice as provided herein by law for all public hearings conducted by the Historic Preservation Commission;
3. 
Advise the Mayor of vacancies on the Historic Preservation Commission and expiring terms of members;
4. 
To forward a register of all properties and structures which have been designated as landmarks or historic districts annually to the City Clerk; and
5. 
Prepare to submit to the Board of Aldermen a complete record of the proceedings before the Historic Preservation Commission on any matter requiring Council action.
C. 
The Vice Chairperson shall have the duties of the Chairperson, but only during such times as the Vice Chairperson serves as Acting Chairperson in the absence, refusal or disqualification of the Chairperson.
D. 
The Secretary of the Historic Preservation Commission shall keep minutes of the Historic Preservation Commission meetings and perform such other duties as assigned by the Historic Preservation Commission, the Secretary may be a staff member appointed by the Board of Aldermen.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.090), 10-15-2003]
A. 
Vacancies of members and alternate members shall be filled for the unexpired term only. Regular members and alternate members serve at the pleasure of the Board of Aldermen and may be removed by the Mayor and the Board of Aldermen without cause.
B. 
Action to fill vacancies shall be initiated within sixty (60) days.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.100), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 731 §5, 4-9-2007]
A. 
A quorum shall consist of three (3) of the voting members. All decisions or actions of the Historic Preservation Commission shall be made by an affirmative vote of a majority of those voting members present. In the event of a tie vote, the issue shall be considered as deadlocked and shall be tabled until the next regular or special meeting.
B. 
Meetings shall be held at regularly scheduled times or at any time upon the call of the Chairperson, but no less than once each quarter (four (4) meetings per year).
C. 
All meetings shall be held and agendas posted in accordance with the laws of the State of Missouri.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.110), 10-15-2003]
Members of the Historic Preservation Commission shall be governed by all applicable provisions of law and Oakland ordinances regarding conflicts of interest.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.120), 10-15-2003]
A. 
No action shall be taken by the Historic Preservation Commission that could in any manner deprive or restrict the owner of a property in its use, modification, maintenance, disposition or demolition until such owner shall have had the opportunity to be heard at a public hearing.
B. 
The Chairperson, and in his/her absence the Acting Chairperson, may administer oaths and compel the attendance of witnesses.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.130), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall keep minutes of its proceedings, showing the vote and shall keep records of its examinations and other official actions, all of which shall be filed as public record.
B. 
All Historic Preservation Commission rules of procedure, designation criteria, design guidelines and forms shall be available as public record.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.140), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission may, with the consent of the Board of Aldermen, apply for, receive or expend any Federal, State or private grant, grant-in-aid, gift or bequest in furtherance of the general purposes of this Chapter.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.150), 10-15-2003]
The members shall serve without compensation.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.160), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 745 §2, 12-10-2007]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall have the following powers and duties:
1. 
To adopt its own bylaws and procedural regulations for the purpose of conducting meetings, provided that such regulations are consistent with this Chapter, the City Code and the Missouri Revised Statutes as amended;
2. 
To conduct an ongoing survey for the identification of historically, archaeologically and architecturally significant properties, structures, sites and areas that exemplify the cultural, social, economic, political or architectural history of the nation, State or City; and to maintain the research information in an inventory accessible to the public;
3. 
To investigate and recommend to the Board of Aldermen the adoption of ordinances designating areas as having special cultural, historic, archeological, community or architectural value as "landmarks";
4. 
To investigate and recommend to the Board of Aldermen the adoption of ordinances designating areas as having special cultural, historic, archeological, community or architectural value as "historic districts";
5. 
To keep a register of all properties and structures which have been designated as landmarks or historic districts, including all information required for each designation;
6. 
To confer recognition upon the owners of landmarks and property or structures within historic districts by means of certificates, plaques or markers; and to make recommendations for the design and implementation of specific markings of the streets and routes leading from one landmark or a historic district to another;
7. 
To advise and assist owners of landmarks and property of structures within historic districts on physical and financial aspects of preservation, renovation, rehabilitation and reuse and on procedures for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places;
8. 
To nominate landmarks and historic districts to the historic register of the City of Oakland and to the National Register of Historic Places and to review and comment on any nominations to the National Register of Historic Places;
9. 
To inform and educate the citizens of the City of Oakland concerning the historic, archaeological and architectural heritage of the City through Board of Aldermen approved expenditures for publication or sponsorship of maps, newsletters, brochures, pamphlets, programs and seminars by the City, the Historic Preservation Commission or other appropriate parties;
10. 
To hold public hearings and to review applications for removal or demolition affecting proposed or designated landmarks or structures within historic districts and issue or deny certificates of appropriateness for such actions. Applicants may be required to submit plans, drawings, elevations, specifications and other information as may be necessary to make decisions;
11. 
To hold public hearings on each proposed nomination of a landmark and of a historic district and on the guidelines developed for each nomination;
12. 
To request that the City Engineer issue stop work orders for any construction, alteration, removal or demolition undertaken without a certificate of appropriateness or to stop work that violates the conditions of a certificate;
13. 
To call upon available City staff members as well as other experts for technical advice;
14. 
Upon approval of Board of Aldermen, to retain such specialists or consultants or to appoint such citizen advisory committees as may be required from time to time;
15. 
To testify before all boards and commissions, including the Board of Aldermen, the Planning and Zoning Commission and the Board of Aldermen, on any matter affecting historically, archaeologically, culturally and architecturally significant property, structures, sites and areas;
16. 
To make recommendations to the Board of Aldermen concerning budgetary appropriations to further the general purposes of this Chapter; and
17. 
To undertake any other action or activity necessary or appropriate to the implementation of its powers and duties or to implementation of the purpose of this Chapter.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.170), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall undertake an ongoing survey and research effort on the City of Oakland to identify neighborhoods, areas, sites, structures and objects that have historic, cultural, archaeological, architectural or aesthetic importance, interest or value. As part of the survey, the Historic Preservation Commission shall review and evaluate any prior surveys and studies by any unit of government or private organization and compile appropriate descriptions, facts and photographs. The Historic Preservation Commission shall systematically identify potential landmarks and historic districts and adopt procedures to nominate them based upon the following criteria:
1. 
The potential landmarks and historic districts in one (1) identifiable neighborhood or distinct geographical area of the City of Oakland;
2. 
The potential landmarks and historic districts associated with a particular person, event or historical period;
3. 
The potential landmarks and historic districts in a particular architectural style or school or of a particular architect, engineer, builder, designer or craftsman;
4. 
The potential landmarks and historic districts contain historic and prehistoric archaeological resources with the potential to contribute to the understanding of historic and prehistoric cultures;
5. 
Such other criteria as may be adopted by the Historic Preservation Commission to assure systematic survey and nomination of all potential landmarks and historic districts within the City of Oakland.
[Ord. No. 745 §1, 12-10-2007]
There shall be maintained by the HPC a list of properties within the City that are being considered for nomination as landmarks or historic districts. This list shall be generated by the HPC not less than twice annually and posted at such locations within the City designated for the posting of public notices. Owners of properties placed on the list, as listed in the real estate index of St. Louis County, shall be given notice by first class mail or hand delivery of such listing within seven (7) days after the meeting at which the property is placed on the list. The owner may request in writing to the City Clerk that the HPC either move forward with the designation process or remove the property from the list. The HPC shall then have sixty (60) days to nominate the property, or the property shall be removed from the list. No application for a permit to construct, alter or demolish any structure or feature on a listed property may be granted until the HPC has had sixty (60) days from the date of permit application to begin the process for designation set forth in this Chapter. The moratorium set forth in Section 420.250 shall then govern, even when the permit application was filed prior to the notice of proposed designation.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.180), 10-15-2003]
Nominations shall be made to the Historic Preservation Commission on a form prepared by it and may be submitted by an owner of record of the nominated property or structure, by motion of the Historic Preservation Commission acting as a body or by motion of the Board of Aldermen acting as a body. Nominations shall be submitted to the City Clerk who shall, within seven (7) days of receipt, mail a notification of the intent to nominate to the owner of record of the nominated property. Forms and criteria for nomination will be available at the office of the City Clerk.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.190), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall, upon such investigation as it deems necessary, make a determination as to whether a nominated property, structure, site, area or district meets one (1) or more of the following criteria, based on the criteria for evaluation for the National Register of Historic Places:
1. 
Its character, interest or value as a part of the development, heritage or cultural characteristics of the community, County, State or country;
2. 
Its overall setting and harmony as a collection of buildings, structures, objects where the overall collection forms a unit;
3. 
Its potential to be returned to an accurate historic appearance regardless of alterations or insensitive treatment that can be demonstrated to be reversible;
4. 
Its location as a site of a significant local, County, State or national event;
5. 
Its identification with a person or persons who significantly contributed to the development of the community, County, State or country;
6. 
Its embodiment of distinguished characteristics of an architectural type valuable for the study of a period type, method of construction or use of indigenous materials;
7. 
Its identification as the work of a master builder, designer, architect or landscape architect whose individual work has influenced the development of the community, County, State or Country;
8. 
Its embodiment of elements of design, detailing, materials or craftsmanship that render it architecturally significant;
9. 
Its embodiment of design elements that make it structurally or architecturally innovative;
10. 
Its unique location or singular physical characteristic that make it an established or familiar visual feature of the neighborhood, community or City;
11. 
Its character as a particularly fine or unique example of a utilitarian structure, including, but not limited to, farmhouses, gas stations or other commercial structures, with a high level of integrity of architectural significance;
12. 
Its suitability for preservation or restoration; and
13. 
Its potential to yield information important to history and prehistory.
Any structure, property or area that meets one (1) or more of the above criteria shall also have sufficient integrity of location, design, materials and workmanship to make it worthy of preservation and restoration.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.200), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission shall conduct a public hearing on each proposed designation of a landmark or a historic district in order to obtain the viewpoints of affected property owners, residents and other interested parties.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.210), 10-15-2003]
A. 
Notice of a proposed designation shall be hand delivered or sent by first class mail to the owners, as listed in the real estate index of St. Louis County, of property proposed for landmark or a historic district designation, describing the property proposed and announcing, at least seven (7) days in advance, a public hearing by the Historic Preservation Commission to consider said designation. The notice shall briefly describe the proposed designation and state the time and place of the public hearing.
B. 
The notice shall be posted at such locations within the City designated for the posting of public notices at least twenty-four (24) hours before the hearing.
C. 
The notice shall be posted on the property at least seven (7) days in advance of the hearing.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.220), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall make a determination with respect to the proposed designation in writing within fifteen (15) days after the initial hearing date and shall forthwith hand deliver or send by first class mail a copy or copies thereof to the owner or owners as listed in the real estate index of St. Louis County, to the Board of Aldermen, as well as to such other interested parties as may request a copy thereof, setting forth those findings of fact which constitute the basis for its recommendation. The determination shall be in the form of a finding of fact. The following information shall be included in the determination:
1. 
Explanation of the significance or lack of significance of the nominated landmark or a historic district as it relates to the criteria for consideration of nomination (Section 420.190); and
2. 
Explanation of the integrity or lack of integrity of the nominated landmark or a historic district.
B. 
In the case of a nominated landmark found to meet the criteria for designation:
1. 
The significant exterior architectural features of the nominated landmark that should be protected;
2. 
The types of construction, alteration, demolition and removal, other than those requiring a building or demolition permit, that should be reviewed for appropriateness pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter; and
3. 
Archaeological significance and recommendations for interpretation and protection.
C. 
In the case of a nominated historic district found to meet the criteria for designation:
1. 
The types of significant exterior architectural features of the structures within the nominated historic district that should be protected;
2. 
The types of alterations and demolitions that should be reviewed for appropriateness pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter;
3. 
The type and significance of historic and prehistoric archeological sites within the nominated historic district;
4. 
Proposals for the design guidelines of Historic Preservation Commission review of certificates of appropriateness within the nominated landmark or a historic district;
5. 
The relationship of the nominated landmark or a historic district to the ongoing effort of the Historic Preservation Commission to identify and nominate all potential cultural resources that meet the criteria for designation;
6. 
Recommendations as to appropriate permitted uses, conditional uses, height and area regulations, minimum dwelling size, floor area, sign regulations, lot size and parking regulations necessary or appropriate to the preservation of the nominated landmark or a historic district, including recommendations for buffer zones to protect and preserve visual integrity; and
7. 
A map showing the location of the nominated landmark and/or the boundaries of the nominated historic district.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.230), 10-15-2003]
Upon receipt of the recommendations of the Historic Preservation Commission, the Board of Aldermen shall schedule a public hearing. Following the public hearing, the Board of Aldermen may approve or disapprove the Historic Preservation Commission's recommendations which shall not be binding on the Board of Aldermen. The Board of Aldermen shall cause notice of the time and place of its public hearing to be published at least two (2) times in a newspaper having a general circulation within the City of Oakland. The first (1st) publication shall be at least fifteen (15) days prior to the day of the hearing. The Board of Aldermen may provide by ordinance for additional notice of any such hearing to interested persons and citizens of the City. Not withstanding the foregoing, the Board of Aldermen may disapprove the recommendation of the Historic Preservation Commission, without a public hearing, upon compliance with the Missouri Open Meeting Statute and by an affirmative vote of not less than three (3) Board members who determine that there is a compelling reason for such disapproval.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.240), 10-15-2003; Ord. No. 745 §3, 12-10-2007]
Within fifteen (15) days after approval by the Board of Aldermen of the ordinance designating property as a landmark or a historic district, the City Clerk shall send to the owner, as listed in the real estate index of St. Louis County, of each property within the designated district, by hand delivery or first class mail, a copy of the ordinance and a letter outlining the basis for such designation and the obligations and restrictions which result from such designation. The City Clerk shall send copies of this material to the City Building Inspector.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.250), 10-15-2003]
A. 
No application for a permit to construct, alter or demolish any structure or other feature on a proposed landmark or in a historic district, filed after the day that notice of a proposed designation has been first (1st) given to initiate designation of the said landmark or a historic district, shall be approved by the Historic Preservation Commission or the City Engineer while proceedings are pending on such designation; provided however, that after one hundred eighty (180) calendar days have elapsed from the date of initiation of said designation, if final action on such designation has not been completed, the permit application may be approved.
B. 
If an appeal of a decision is made, the one hundred eighty (180) day moratorium remains in effect until the appeal is resolved.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.260), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission may support the nomination to the National Register of Historic Places of local landmarks and historic districts that the Historic Preservation Commission deems to have contributed to the history, architecture and culture of the City of Oakland.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.270), 10-15-2003]
A. 
A certificate of appropriateness shall be approved by the Historic Preservation Commission before any of the following actions may be taken to a landmark or to a building, feature or structure located in a historic district:
1. 
Demolition;
2. 
Moving;
3. 
New construction including alterations and additions involving the outward appearance of buildings.
B. 
The Historic Preservation Commission may delegate the authority to implement previously approved applications for certificates of appropriateness to the City Engineer for changes not visible from the street frontage, excluding changes to the primary structure.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.271), 10-15-2003]
The Secretary of the Interior's "Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings" shall be the Historic Preservation Commission's general guide concerning landmarks and buildings in historic districts.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.272), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission shall consider the following in passing upon the appropriateness of architectural features on new buildings: the extent to which the building or structure would be harmonious with or incongruous to the old and historic aspects of the surroundings. It is not the intent of this consideration to discourage contemporary architectural expression or to encourage the emulation of existing buildings or structures of historic or architectural interest in specific detail. Harmony or incompatibility should be evaluated in terms of the appropriateness of materials, scale, size, height, placement and use of a new building or structure in relationship to existing buildings and structures and to the setting thereof.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.273), 10-15-2003]
An applicant for a certificate of appropriateness must submit proposed plans to the Historic Preservation Commission in sufficient detail for the Historic Preservation Commission to have full knowledge of the requested demolition or moved structure, particularly as to how the proposed actions will affect the appearance, materials and architectural design of the landmark or the buildings, structure or land within a historic district.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.274), 10-15-2003]
A. 
The Historic Preservation Commission shall schedule a public hearing to consider an application for a certificate of appropriateness within fifteen (15) days of receipt of the application and supporting documents from the City Engineer. A notice which states that an application is pending and also states the date of the Historic Preservation Commission hearing at which such application will be considered shall be mailed to the applicant by first class mail and posted conspicuously on the property at least seven (7) days in advance of the hearing. In addition, notice of the applications to be considered at the Historic Preservation Commission meeting will be posted twenty-four (24) hours before of the hearing at such locations within the City designated for the posting of public notices.
B. 
At the Historic Preservation Commission hearing at which his/her application is considered, an applicant shall have the opportunity to examine any witnesses who may testify at the hearing. In addition, the applicant shall have the opportunity to discuss the application with the members of the Historic Preservation Commission.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.275), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission may approve, deny or approve in amended form the proposed plan subject to the acceptance of the amendment by the applicant. If an applicant chooses not to accept a proposed amendment, the application is considered denied.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.276), 10-15-2003]
A written report of action taken or determination by the Historic Preservation Commission shall be forwarded to the applicant, the Board of Aldermen and the Planning and Zoning Commission not later than forty-five (45) days after receipt of the application by the Historic Preservation Commission. The report must state reasons why an application is approved, denied or amended.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.277), 10-15-2003]
All work performed pursuant to the issuance of certificate of appropriateness shall conform to the requirements of such certificate. It shall be the duty of the City Engineer to inspect from time to time any work performed pursuant to such certificate to assure such compliance. In the event work is performed not in accordance with such certificate, the City Engineer or his/her designated representative shall issue a stop work order and all work shall cease. No person, firm or corporation shall undertake any work on such project as long as such stop work order shall continue in effect.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.290), 10-15-2003]
Applications for sign permits involving landmarks or historic districts are reviewed under the standard procedures of the sign ordinance. The Historic Preservation Commission may review sign applications for a certificate of appropriateness only if the sign is on a structure in a historic district whose written standards are more strict concerning signs than those of the sign ordinance.
[1]:
Cross Reference — Comprehensive sign ordinance, ch. 525.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.300), 10-15-2003]
The Historic Preservation Commission may review development plans involving landmarks or historic districts and forward recommendations to the Planning and Zoning Commission. Development plans adopted by the Board of Aldermen concerning landmarks or historic districts shall be amendments to the ordinance establishing individual landmarks or historic districts.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.310), 10-15-2003]
Nothing in this Chapter shall be construed to prevent the ordinary maintenance or repair of any exterior element of any building or structure.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.320), 10-15-2003]
This Chapter shall not be construed to prevent the construction, reconstruction, alteration or demolition of any such elements that the authorized municipal officers shall certify as required by public safety.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.330), 10-15-2003]
Applications for zoning amendments, conditional use permits or variances for a landmark or structures within a historic district may be referred to the Historic Preservation Commission by the City Engineer prior to the date of the public hearing set by the Planning and Zoning Commission or the Board of Aldermen. The Historic Preservation Commission may review these applications using any format which it deems appropriate provided, however, that the applicant shall be notified of the time and place of such review and shall be given the opportunity to appear and be heard. Within fifteen (15) days after receipt of said application or at the next regularly scheduled meeting, the Historic Preservation Commission shall forward its comments to the City Engineer (or other designated staff person) for presentation to the Planning and Zoning Commission for its consideration in reviewing the application.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.340), 10-15-2003]
A. 
Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Historic Preservation Commission, the City or any proper person acting on behalf of the City may, within thirty (30) days thereafter, apply to the Board of Aldermen for review of the decision. Written requests for Board of Aldermen review of a decision shall be filed with the City Clerk. The Board of Aldermen shall review appeals within sixty (60) days of the written request for review of the decision. The Board of Aldermen may, after a public hearing as provided for in Section 420.230, reverse or modify the decision of the Historic Preservation Commission, but only if it finds that:
1. 
Every reasonable effort has been made by the applicant to agree to the requirements of the Historic Preservation Commission, or
2. 
Owing to special conditions pertaining to the specific piece of property, denial of the certificate of appropriateness will cause undue and unnecessary hardship, or
3. 
Such reversal or modification is in the public interest.
Appeals from decisions of the Board of Aldermen will be as provided by State law.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.350), 10-15-2003]
The City Engineer shall give written notification of any violation of this Chapter to the owner or lessor of or the trustee or other legally responsible party for such property, stating in such notification that they have inspected the property and have found it in violation of this Chapter. The notification shall contain a description or explanation of the violation(s). The property owner, trustee, lessor or legally responsible party shall have thirty (30) days in which to correct such violation or to give satisfactory evidence that steps have been taken that will lead to correcting such violation within a stated period of time. The time shall be agreeable to the City Engineer as being fair and reasonable. If after the thirty (30) day period an agreement is not reached, the City or any proper person may institute an appropriate action or proceeding to prevent or correct such unlawful action. The imposition of any penalty hereunder shall not preclude the City or any proper person from instituting any proper action or proceeding to require compliance with the provisions of this Chapter and with the administrative orders and determination made hereunder.
[Ord. No. 658 §1(29.360), 10-15-2003]
The owner of a building or premises where a violation of any provision of said regulations has been committed or shall exist or the lessee or tenant of an entire building or entire premises where such violation has been committed or shall exist or the owner, lessee or tenant of any part of the building or premises in which such violation has been committed or shall exist or the architect, builder, contractor or any other person who commits, takes part or assists in any such violation or who maintains any building or premises in which any such violation shall exist shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than ten dollars ($10.00) and not more than one hundred dollars ($100.00) for each and every day that such violation continues, but if the offense be willful on conviction thereof, the punishment shall be a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100.00) or more than two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) for each and every day that such violation shall continue or by imprisonment for ten (10) days for each and every day such violation shall continue or by both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.