[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Town Commissioners of the Town of Bel Air 10-5-2015 by Ord. No. 770-15. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed former Ch. 180, Electrical Standards, adopted 3-11-1980 by Ord. No. 310 as Ch. 8, Art. 8, of the 1980; amended in its entirety 10-6-2008 by Ord. No. 711-08.
For the purpose of establishing rules and regulations for the proper design, acceptable installation and adequate maintenance of electrical systems within the Town of Bel Air, including but not limited to the granting and revocation of permits and the fixing of penalties and fees, the Town of Bel Air hereby adopts the National Electrical Code, 2014 Edition, including all annexes, as adopted by the National Fire Protection Association (Electrical Section), saving and excepting such portions as are deleted, modified or amended by this chapter, and the same is hereby adopted and made part of this chapter with the same force and effect as though set out in full herein.
The purpose of this chapter is to provide practical electrical regulations to safeguard persons and property from hazards arising from the use of electricity in the Town of Bel Air.
The provisions of this chapter shall apply to and govern electrical regulations to safeguard persons and electrical conditions within the Town of Bel Air.
The National Electrical Code, 2014 Edition, adopted by this chapter is amended and revised as follows:
Aluminum conductors of Number 6 American wire gauge (AWG) and smaller are not permitted.
In Subsection 210.8(A)(2) and (5) add the following exception: "Exception to (2) and (5): Receptacles for refrigeration and submersible pumps are permitted to be installed without GFCI protection when a single receptacle is utilized for each appliance."
In Subsection 210.8(B)(2) add the following exception: "Exception No. 1 to (2): Receptacles for refrigeration and submersible pumps are permitted to be installed without GFCI protection when a single receptacle is utilized for each appliance."
In Subsection 210.11(C)(1) delete the word "two" in the third line and insert the word "three" in lieu thereof.
In Subsection 210.12(A) add the following exception: "Exception: Receptacles for refrigeration and submersible pumps are permitted to be installed without GFCI protection when a single receptacle is utilized for each appliance."
In Subsection 210.52(B)(1) delete the word "two" in the third line and insert the word "three" in lieu thereof.
In Subsection 210.52(B)(2) delete the word "two" in the first line and insert the word "three" in lieu thereof.
In Subsection 240.21(B)(1) and (B)(2) add the following exception: "Exception: In meter rooms, the conductors within the auxiliary gutter that supplies the meters shall not count as part of the total length."
In Subsection 250.52(A)(5)(B) delete the language and insert the following language in lieu thereof: "Electrodes or rods of iron or steel are not permitted. Stainless steel rods, nonferrous rods, or their equivalent shall be listed and shall not be less than 16 millimeters (5/8 inch) in diameter."
In Subsection 250.104(B)(1) add the following language to the end of the sentence: "For other than gas piping system(s)." Under (B)(1), add the following language: "For gas piping system(s), the bonding conductors shall not be smaller than six AWG copper wire or equivalent to be connected at a readily accessible location either outside of a building or structure or inside nearest to the point of entrance of the piping system and ahead of any CSST piping that may be installed in the structure."
In Subsection 410.16(C) add the following language: "All 'lay-in' luminaires require independent suspension to ensure the luminaire will not drop when the framing members no longer provide support. At a minimum, 12 SWG wire which is firmly secured to the building structure and the luminaires must be utilized. Two restraining wires, one at each corner, are required when installed in fire-rated ceilings. Other types of luminaires installed in suspended ceilings must have at least one 12 SWG or larger wire which is firmly secured to the building structure and the luminaire as a secondary support to preclude the danger of falling when the framing members fail or are removed."
In Subsection 680.26(B)(2)(b) delete the language after "alternate means," including (1) through (5), and insert the following language in lieu thereof: "where structural reinforcing steel is not available or is encapsulated in a nonconductive compound, a copper conductor grid shall be provided and shall comply with (b)(1) through (b)(3): (1) Be constructed of minimum 8 AWG bare solid copper conductors bonded to each other at all points of crossing. (2) Conform to the contour of the pool and the pool deck. (3) Be arranged in a 300 millimeter (12 inch) by 300 millimeter (12 inch) network of conductors in a uniformly spaced perpendicular grid pattern with a tolerance of 100 millimeters (four inches)."
All persons performing electrical work in the Town of Bel Air shall be licensed and registered in accordance with Article III, Licenses and Registrations, of the Harford County Electrical Code.
No license or permit shall be required for installations of low-voltage systems of 50 volts or less within a dwelling.
No work authorized under this chapter, unless accepted in this chapter, shall be undertaken without an electrical permit issued by the Harford County Division of Electrical Services under the authority of the Town of Bel Air.
The Harford County Division of Electrical Services shall perform the inspection of all electrical work for which an electrical permit is required in the Town of Bel Air during the course of construction and upon completion of the construction. If any defects are found, the Town of Bel Air shall have the authority to order such electrical work to be corrected to comply with the provisions of the code.
This chapter shall be administered and enforced by the Department of Public Works, herein referred to as the "Department."
The Director or an authorized representative, upon exhibiting proper credentials or proof of identity on request, has the right to enter any building, structure or premises, except private residences, without consent of the occupants, at any time during business or operating hours and at such other times as may be necessary in any emergency that immediately endangers life, property or public safety for the purpose of enforcing this chapter. In the case of multiple dwellings, the Director or an authorized representative has the right to enter without consent only those spaces to which the public is ordinarily admitted, such as hallways, basements and similar spaces, provided that the Director or an authorized representative may enter any private residence or dwelling for the purpose of enforcing this chapter with the consent of the occupants or without such consent if the Director obtains an administrative search warrant in accordance with prescribed legal procedure or if there is an emergency present.
Any person in violation of the provisions of this chapter and rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to penalty as provided in Chapter 1, Article II, of this Code. In addition, the Town may institute other appropriate legal actions for the enforcement of this chapter.
Where any electrical system, whether installed before or after the enactment of this chapter, is determined by the Director to be an immediate threat to the safety of persons or property, or where it may interfere with the fire-protection service of any fire department in the county, the Director shall have authority to cause the electrical system to be disconnected immediately without prior notice to the owner.
Prior to the issuance of any permit or license as provided for in this chapter, the applicant shall pay a fee in accordance with the schedule of fees established and revised by Harford County. Fees for electrical permits are separate from the fees paid for building permits and will be paid directly to the Harford County Division of Electrical Services.