[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the Borough of Milford 7-10-1978 by Ord. No. 236-78. Amendments noted where applicable.]
All driveways to be constructed or existing driveways to be modified, to the extent that said driveways lie within Borough road rights-of-way, shall be constructed or modified in accordance with the minimum standards set forth in § 80-7, Schedule A specifications.
As used in this chapter, the following term shall have the meaning indicated:
- The paving over of a previously unpaved surface, the realignment of a driveway with respect to location and/or grade or the installation of any driveway drainage facility.
[Amended 11-16-1987 by Ord. No. 405-87]
No driveway or field entrance may be constructed within or along an existing Borough street unless the owner first obtains a driveway permit from the Borough Engineer or Zoning Officer. The applicant shall pay the Borough an application fee as prescribed in Chapter 10, Fees, of this Code and shall further deposit with the Borough Clerk an amount to be determined by the Borough Engineer, not to exceed $1,000, which shall constitute an inspection deposit from which the Borough shall be reimbursed for the expense incurred for engineering site inspections required.
Any person applying for a driveway permit shall submit one completed application form and three copies of the proposed driveway plans to the Borough Clerk.
The plans shall provide the following information:
A plot or site plan showing the driveway for its entire length and the abutting portion of the public road.
A profile of the driveway showing existing and proposed center-line grades and elevations for its entire length.
A plan showing the type of storm drainage to be constructed at the driveway entrance to the Borough road, i.e., dish-type gutter, pipe or culvert, sizes of pipes, culverts and gutters, grades, elevations, typical cross sections and construction details.
No building permit shall be issued by the Zoning Officer for the construction or alteration of any structure where it appears from the review of the application for such permit that a driveway permit is also required, in which case the applicant shall obtain a driveway permit, and all work required thereunder shall be completed, except that the surface course of bituminous concrete may be completed after issuance of the certificate of occupancy, provided that a sum sufficient to reimburse the Borough to pay for the cost of completing the improvement has been deposited with the Borough Clerk or has been provided for through issuance of a performance bond satisfactory in amount to the Borough Engineer and in form to the Borough Attorney.
The Borough Engineer shall be notified 48 hours prior to the commencement of work so as to permit an inspection of the work.
Slope. All driveways shall be constructed or altered so as to slope from the road right-of-way line towards the edge of the existing shoulder or traveled way in accordance with the following schedule:
For road right-of-way widths greater than 50 feet, the driveway shall be constructed or modified so that, at the point of intersection of the road right-of-way line and the center line of the driveway, the finished grade of the driveway shall be no more than six inches higher than the center-line elevation of the existing pavement or traveled way.
For road right-of-way widths of 50 feet or less, the driveway shall be constructed or modified so that, at the point of intersection of the road right-of-way and the center line of the driveway, the finished grade of the driveway shall be no more than three inches higher than the center-line elevation of the existing pavement or traveled way.
Angle with roadway. All driveways shall be constructed so as to be perpendicular to the existing pavement or traveled way. Any curved or angular approach of the driveway for aesthetic or topographical reasons shall be accomplished outside the Borough road right-of-way or a right-of-way 50 feet in width, the center line of which is the center line of the existing right-of-way, whichever is wider.
Width. All driveways shall have a minimum driving width of 10 feet with a minimum radius of five feet on each side where the driveway abuts the existing road pavement or traveled way and, with regard to residential lots, shall have a maximum width of 25 feet.
Erosion control. All driveways shall be constructed and maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent soil erosion and sediment from accumulating in the driveway and being deposited in the public way.
Drainage interference. All driveways shall be constructed in such a manner as not to interfere with the drainage along the existing pavement or traveled way. Under no circumstances shall the driveway be allowed to extend beyond the edge of the existing ditch line at an elevation creating a hump or uneven driving surface on the pavement, traveled way or shoulder.
Gutters, pipes or culverts. The construction of a properly sized dish-type gutter will be permitted, provided that existing drainage patterns are not adversely affected. The installation of a suitably sized reinforced concrete pipe or culvert will be required in the event that the existing flow line or ditch cannot be crossed with a shallow dish-type gutter. The size of the pipe or culvert required shall be determined by the Borough Engineer.
Driveways shall be constructed of the following materials:
Driveways entering unpaved roads: four inches (compacted thickness) of one-and-one-half-inch quarry-process (blend) stone thoroughly rolled and compacted at the specific width.
Driveways entering paved roads:
Base course: four inches (compacted thickness) of one-and-one-half-inch quarry-process (blend) stone thoroughly rolled and compacted.
All materials shall comply with the New Jersey State Highway Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, 1961 Edition, and all amendments and revisions thereto.
Indemnification. All applicants shall agree, in writing, to hold the Borough of Milford harmless from any loss, injury or damage whatsoever arising out of the driveway construction, whether directly or indirectly connected with the work, or from any negligence or fault of the applicant or its agents, servants, representatives or contractors in connection with the performance of the work covered by the plans.
Sight distance required.
Exit driveways. Any exit driveway shall be designed in profile, grading and location to permit a minimum sight distance of 150 feet measured in each direction along the center line of the intersecting road. The sight distance shall be from a sight point on the center line of the exit driveway 15 feet behind the curbline of the thoroughfare, or, if no curbline exists, a minimum of 30 feet from the center line of the intersecting road. A clear sight triangle shall be established connecting the sight points described above and shall be graded and otherwise kept free of shrubbery, fences, structures, etc., in order to maintain clear vision between sight points.
Entrance driveways. Any entrance driveway shall be located to permit a minimum sight distance of 150 feet, for left-turning vehicles, from the intersections of the driveway and roadway center lines.
Commercial or industrial driveways. For a commercial use, the above minimum sight distances shall be increased by 50%. For industrial uses, sight distances shall be increased by 100%.
Any person or persons, firm or corporation violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to a fine of $75 per day for any violation of this chapter. Each and every day that said violation continues shall constitute a separate and specific violation.