[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Town of Ashland 1988. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The following guidelines are provided to aid in the process of installing a well or a septic system in new construction or repair.
The first step involved with installing a septic system or a well is to contact a professional civil engineer or a registered sanitarian to draft a septic system and/or well.
If the land to be used has not been tested for groundwater or soil conditions, then soil tests are to be arranged with the engineer and the Board of Health Department. Soil testing is only allowed from March 15 through April 30 of each year for groundwater testing, and these observations have to be applied for by March 13 of each year or as otherwise approved by the Board of Health.
Permits. All the necessary permits are to be obtained from the Ashland Board of Health. The applications for the septic system (standard state form) are to be provided by the engineer. The well application is obtained at the Ashland Board of Health office.
Fees. All proper fees are to be paid at the time of application. The fee schedule can be obtained at the Board of Health office.
Four (4) plans of the septic system/well are to be submitted at the time the applications are submitted.
Once the application, fees and plans are received, the plans will be reviewed by the Ashland Board of Health environmental consultant. The time required to have the plans reviewed is from two (2) to four (4) weeks in most cases and up to six (6) weeks during busy periods, which generally occur in the spring and summer.
The following list is for the installation of a septic system and well together. Once the plans are approved by the Ashland Board of Health, then the plans are submitted to the Building Department, and the owner's copy can be obtained at the Ashland Board of Health office. The following is a step-by-step procedure list. Note: Copies of the Ashland regulations for septic systems and wells should be obtained for reference and any supplement to these guidelines.
The well is to be staked out by the engineer as it is indicated on the plans.
The well is to be drilled by a state-certified well driller. The well driller is responsible for submitting his or her certification to the Ashland Board of Health office.
Once the well is drilled, a well pump test is to be scheduled with the Ashland Board of Health environmental consultant. The amount of time required to be placed on the schedule for a pump test is five (5) to seven (7) days in most cases. A qualified well driller is to conduct the well pump tests.
A water sample is to be taken from the well and submitted to a state-certified lab for the quality water tests. (See Ashland well regulations.) The collection for this test is usually taken by the well pump company at the end of the pump test. Note: This is the first of the two (2) water quality tests required (at the well and at the tap once the plumbing is installed).
The water quality report is to be submitted to the Ashland Board of Health office by the applicant for the well so that the submitted documents can be signed by the applicant once they are stamped at the office.
The well results will be reviewed by the Ashland Board of Health environmental consultant and, if the well water meets all the criteria for issuing a building permit, then the Building Inspector and the applicant will be notified, in writing, of this approval. A building permit cannot be issued until the well water has been approved.
A well curtain is to be placed around the well: two-foot radius curtain of cement sloping to the ground and sealed at the pipe.
A licensed installer with the Ashland Board of Health is the only person allowed to install a septic system. All inspections for septic systems are to be arranged by the installer.
A guideline of the as-builts required can be obtained at the Ashland Board of Health office.
Any changes to the house or septic system plans are not to be done until reviewed by the design engineer and the Ashland Board of Health environmental consultant.
It is recommended that the septic system be installed after the construction and plumbing in the house has been completed to avoid any damages to the septic system.
Once the septic system has been completely installed and final graded with all the necessary as-builts and inspections completed, then the final procedures for occupancy permit can commence.
A final inspection will consist of inspecting the final grading (loam and grass seed is to be placed), well curtain, bedroom count, observation of any garbage disposals if not allowed, well siphon/pump and any other parts to the septic system and well.