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Borough of Westwood, NJ
Bergen County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be as set forth in Table 1. If determination of the number of required parking spaces results in a fractional space, a fraction of 0.5 or higher shall require one additional parking space.
Table 1
Off-Street Parking Requirements
[Amended 12-17-2002 by Ord. No. 02-19; 4-22-2008 by Ord. No. 08-10; 9-18-2012 by Ord. No. 12-18]
Land Uses
Required Off-Street Parking Spaces
Adult day-care center
1 space per 6 participants in the adult day-care center, maximum attendance, plus 1 space for every employee on the maximum shift
Auto service stations
3 per bay or 1 per gas pump and 1 per bay, whichever is greater
Banks and savings institutions
1 per 300 square feet of GFA
Child-care centers
1 per 10 children, plus 1 space per staff
Clubs and fraternal organizations
1 per 250 square feet of GFA
Eating establishments, restaurants, restaurants with bar
1 space for each 3 seats or 1 space per 50 square feet, whichever is greater
Flexible office/warehouse
Utilize component standards
Funeral home
1 per 150 square feet of GFA
Home occupation
1 per employee, plus RSIS standard
Hospitals
3.9 spaces per bed
House of worship
1 per 3 seats. For benches, 1 seat equals 3 feet of linear space
Industrial and wholesale
1 per 400 square feet of GFA
Manufacturing and assembly operations
1 per 400 square feet of GFA
Medical or dental offices
1 per 150 square feet of GFA
Medical school
1 space per each employee, staff and enrolled student on site during peak hours of operation
Office
1 per 250 square feet of GFA
Place of public assembly
1 per 5 fixed seats or 1 per 50 square feet of floor area, whichever is greater
Recreational uses (including health clubs)
1 per 250 square feet of GFA
Residential (per N.J.A.C. 5:21-4.14)
Single-family detached
3-bedroom
2.0, including 1 garage space
4-bedroom
2.5,** including 2 garage spaces
5-bedroom
3.0, including 2 garage spaces
Garden apartment (also, mid-rise)
1-bedroom
1.8
2-bedroom
2.0**
3-bedroom
2.1
Townhouse
2-bedroom
2.3,** including 1 garage space
3-bedroom
2.4, including 2 garage spaces
Retirement community
Values shall be commensurate with the most appropriate housing unit type and size noted above that the retirement community resembles. (See Notes 8 and 9.)
Retail stores and personal service establishments
1 per 200 square feet of GFA
Schools, Elementary (K through 8)
2 per classroom, but not less than 1.5 per teacher and staff
Storage areas (primary use)
1 per 5,000 square feet of GFA of storage area and 1 per 650 square feet of GFA of related offices
Warehouse
1 per 1,000 square feet of GFA of storage area and 1 per 650 square feet of GFA of related office space
Other uses not provided herein
Shall be determined by the approving authority
NOTES (relating to parking requirements):
GFA = gross floor area.
**If applicant does not specify the number of bedrooms per unit, this off-street parking requirement shall apply.
1.
Whenever there is more than one use conducted on any one premises, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the combined requirements of each use as shown in the above schedule or as approved by the Planning Board or Zoning Board of Adjustment or as otherwise indicated in this chapter.
2.
Drive-through lanes and windows for banks and other uses, where permitted, shall be provided with room for queuing for minimally 12 vehicles.
3.
The inclusion of any use in this table is not meant to imply it is a permitted use in the Borough. See the applicable sections of this Code for the enumeration of permitted uses.
4.
A one-car garage and driveway combination shall count as 2.0 off-street parking spaces, provided the driveway measures a minimum of 18 feet in length between the face of the garage door and the right-of-way. A two-car garage and driveway combination shall count as 3.5 off-street parking spaces, provided a minimum parking area width of 20 feet is provided for a minimum length of 18 feet as specified for a one-car garage and driveway combination [N.J.A.C. 5:21-4.14(d)].
5.
When housing is included in a mixed-use development, a shared parking approach to the provision of parking shall be permitted [N.J.A.C. 5:21-4.14(e)].
6.
The following parking requirements are for nursing home/congregate care facilities. These uses are not specifically identified in the State Residential Site Improvement Standards (N.J.A.C. 5:21 et seq.): 0.5 space for each nursing bed; 0.75 space for each independent living and assisted living unit.
7.
The following standards are for senior citizen housing. This use is not specifically identified in the State Residential Site Improvement Standards (N.J.A.C. 5:21 et seq.): 0.75 space for each one-bedroom unit and 1.25 spaces for each two-bedroom unit.
[Amended 12-17-2002 by Ord. No. 02-19]
8.
50% of a site's off-street parking requirement for a site in the CBD, CBD/SPE and CO Districts may be satisfied by a contribution to an off-street parking trust fund, provided such an ordinance has been adopted by the Borough.
9.
In the CBD, CBD/SPE [as specifically permitted in § 195-118B(4)], and SC Districts, the following parking standards apply to restaurants or gourmet and specialty foods stores:
[Amended 12-17-2002 by Ord. No. 02-19; 12-19-2017 by Ord. No. 17-26]
a.
For restaurants with a seating area of less than 1,500 square feet, no additional off-street parking will be required. This exception shall not apply to a restaurant with bar nor to stand alone "bar" establishments as regulated elsewhere in this chapter.
b.
Restaurants with 1,500 square feet or more of seating area shall provide one space for each three seats or one space per 50 square feet, including counter and waiting area, whichever is greater.
10.
The parking of motor vehicles on residential developed lots shall be limited to the defined driveway portion of a lot. Parking areas shall not encroach upon the required front yard; with the stipulation, however, that a driveway having access to a garage, no wider than said garage, shall not be considered as an encroachment on the front yard. No one- or two-family residential use shall have a garage or garages with space for more than three cars. No dwelling shall be erected upon any lot or parcel of land in the R-1 or R-2 Residential District which does not include the erection thereon of a garage for the storage of at least two motor vehicles.
[Added 12-17-2002 by Ord. No. 02-19]
A. 
The approving authority shall approve the location of all proposed parking spaces on the site and shall take into consideration the size and topography of the site, visibility from the site to the adjoining street, as well as within the parking area, conditions of safety relating to the movement of people and vehicles and the elimination of nuisance factors, including glare, noise, dust and other similar considerations. Off-street parking shall not be located closer than 10 feet to any front yard lot line, nor closer than five feet to any side or rear lot line. These conditions shall apply to all surface and above-grade parking facilities. All parking facilities shall not be located closer than 25 feet to any two intersecting streets or within the sight triangle of any driveway and the street right-of-way.
B. 
Parking spaces for all uses shall be within 300 feet of the building or structure they are intended to serve, measured from the nearest point of the off-street parking facilities and the nearest point of the building or structure to be served, and in a district or zone where such a use is permitted.
A. 
In any nonresidential parking lot, designated parking spaces for disabled persons shall be required as follows (these spaces shall be considered part of the total number of required spaces):
[Amended 1-18-2011 by Ord. No. 11-04]
Table 2
Required Parking For Disabled Persons
Total Parking Spaces
Required Accessible Parking Spaces*
1 to 25
1
26 to 50
2
51 to 75
3
76 to 100
4
101 to 150
5
151 to 200
6
201 to 300
7
301 to 400
8
401 to 500
9
501 to 1,000
2% of total
1,001 or more
20, plus 1 for each 100 over 1,000
NOTES:
*For every eight accessible parking spaces, one shall be a van-accessible parking space.
B. 
Parking spaces for the disabled shall be located in one area and designated as parking for the handicapped. They shall be located so that access does not require wheeling or walking behind parked cars. Parking spaces for the disabled shall be at least eight feet wide with a five-foot access area located adjacent to the driver's side.
A. 
Aisle width. Provisions shall be made for the safe and adequate circulation of vehicles and pedestrians within and adjoining the subject property. Aisle widths providing direct access to individual parking stalls shall be in accordance with the standards in Table 3. Only one-way traffic shall be permitted in aisles of less than 24 feet in width.
Table 3
Minimum Aisle Width
Parking Angle
(degrees)
Minimum Aisle Width
(feet)
One-Way
Two-Way
0° (parallel parking)
12
18
30°
15
18
45°
18
20
60°
20
22
90° (perpendicular parking)
22
24
B. 
Stall dimensions.
(1) 
Parking stalls shall be nine feet by 19 feet in dimension, with a paved area of 171 square feet, provided that parking stalls serving lots which contain retail uses utilizing shopping carts shall be 10 feet by 20 feet.
(2) 
Two feet of the parking area may be a pervious overhang, but same shall not be included in any required parking setback, buffer or green area.
(3) 
Parallel parking stalls shall be eight feet by 19 feet or 46 feet in tandem.
C. 
Circulation within parking area.
(1) 
All parking spaces shall be designed free and clear of any obstruction to individual parking stalls.
(2) 
Parking spaces shall be located in such a fashion as to permit all vehicles to exit in a safe and orderly manner. Under no condition shall vehicles be permitted to back out of a parking lot driveway or otherwise block the free movement of traffic within the parking area or specific points of safety control, such as fire hydrants, doorways, elevators or other similar locations.
(3) 
Pedestrian circulation within a parking area shall be, to as great an extent as possible, separated from vehicular traffic. Safety zones, crossing points and sidewalk areas, where warranted, shall be provided.
D. 
Driveway design criteria.
(1) 
Location of driveways. All entrance and exit driveways to a public or private street shall be located so as to afford maximum safety to said roadway, to provide for safe and convenient ingress and egress and to minimize conflict with the free flow of traffic. In no case shall unrestricted access along the length of the street or streets upon which the parking area abuts be permitted.
(2) 
Sight distances.
(a) 
The minimum sight distances established in Table 4 shall be adhered to between a driveway and the adjoining street in accordance with the sight triangle definition. Said driveway shall be designed in profile, and grading shall be reviewed by the Borough Engineer.
(b) 
For the purpose of this chapter, sight distance measurement shall be measured from the driver's seat of a standing vehicle, located on that portion of the exit driveway that is immediately contiguous to the traveled way, with the front of the vehicle 10 feet behind the right-of-way line of the road, with the height of the eye 3.75 feet to the top of the object 4.5 feet above the pavement.
Table 4
Minimum Sight Distance From a Driveway and Adjoining Street
Maximum Allowable Speed on Roadway
(miles per hour)
Minimum Sight Distance
(feet)
25
175
30
250
35
325
40
400
45
450
50 or more
500
(3) 
Where a site is located at the intersection of two streets, no driveway entrance or exit shall be located within 50 feet of the point where the curb return of the street intersection and the curbline meet.
(4) 
No part of any driveway shall be located closer than 20 feet to any other driveway on the adjoining parcel, nor shall more than one driveway be located closer than 40 feet to another driveway on the same site, as measured from the closest edge of any two driveways along the same right-of-way line.
(5) 
No entrance or exit driveway shall be located on a traffic circle or on a ramp of an interchange or within 50 feet of the beginning of any ramp or other portion of an interchange.
(6) 
Geometric design. The geometric design of a driveway connection to a public or private street shall be governed by sound traffic engineering principles. The following guidelines are utilized in preparing a geometric design, but some deviation may be necessitated from time to time due to the many variables encountered in the course of preparing a design. The applicant should be aware, therefore, that although the driveway layout may conform to these guidelines, conditions may dictate deviation from them and that the requirements of the Borough Engineer shall be final.
(a) 
Two-way operation. Driveways used for two-way operation will intersect a public or private street at an angle to as near 90° as site conditions will permit, and in no case will be less than 60°.
(b) 
One-way operation. Driveways used for vehicles in one direction of travel (right turn only) shall not form an angle smaller than 45° with a public street.
(c) 
The dimensions of driveways shall be designed to adequately accommodate the volume and character of vehicles anticipated to be attracted daily onto the land development for which a site plan is prepared. The required maximum and minimum dimensions for driveways connecting to a public or private street at 90° are indicated in Table 5. Driveways serving large volumes of daily traffic, or traffic over 25% of which is truck traffic, shall be required to utilize high to maximum dimensions. Driveways serving low daily traffic volumes, or traffic less than 25% of which is truck traffic, shall be permitted to use low to minimum dimensions.
Table 5
Driveway Widths, Depressed Curbs and Curb Return Radius Standards
Use
One-Way Operation
Two-Way Operation
Driveway Width
(feet)
Depressed Curb
(feet)
Curb Return Radius
(feet)
Driveway Width
(feet)
Depressed Curb
(feet)
Curb Return Radius
(feet)
3-to-10-family residence
12 to 15
22 to 25
20 minimum/
30 maximum
24 to 30
44 to 50
20 minimum/
30 maximum
Over 10-family residence
18 to 20
35 to 38
20 minimum/
30 maximum
24 to 30
46 to 52
25 minimum/
35 maximum
Commercial and industrial
18 to 30
35 to 50
35 minimum/
45 maximum
30 to 50
50 to 70
35 minimum/
45 maximum
Service stations
20 to 30
35 to 50
20 minimum/
35 maximum
40 to 50
50 to 60
20 minimum/
35 maximum
(d) 
Any vertical curve on a driveway shall be flat enough to prevent the dragging of any vehicle undercarriage.
(e) 
Should the sidewalk be so close to the curb or a depressed curb driveway as to cause the ramp to be too steep and be likely to cause undercarriage drag, the sidewalk shall be appropriately lowered to provide a suitable ramp gradient.
(f) 
The surface of any driveway shall be constructed with a permanent pavement of a type specified by standards set by the Borough Engineer. Such pavement shall extend to the paved portion of the public or private sidewalk.
(7) 
Guiderail breakaway cable terminals (BCT), wheel stops and parking lot striping.
(a) 
Guiderail breakaway cable terminals (BCT) shall be provided in appropriate locations where required for safety purposes.
(b) 
Wheel stops, permanently anchored to the ground, may be required in appropriate locations. Parked vehicles shall not overhang or extend over the sidewalk area unless an additional sidewalk width of 2 1/2 feet is provided to accommodate such overhang.
(c) 
Parking stalls, driveways and aisles shall be clearly marked and delineated. The approving authority may require that certain areas be maintained for fire-fighting purposes or other emergency purposes. These areas, as well as other pavement signage, shall be appropriately designated.
(8) 
Minimum and maximum grades in parking area. The minimum and maximum parking grades shall be in accordance with the following requirements:
Table 6
Minimum and Maximum Grades of Parking Areas
Use
Maximum Grade
(percent)
Minimum Grade
(percent)
Parking stalls and service aisles
5
1/2
Main approach walkways to buildings
4
1/2
Swales
10
2
Principal circulation aisles
8
1/2
Driveways: entrances and exits
6*
1/2*
NOTES:
*For a distance of 100 feet from the street right-of-way line.
(9) 
Maintenance of off-street parking and loading areas. Every parcel of land used as a public or private off-street parking or loading area shall be maintained in good condition, free of hazards and deterioration. All pavement areas, sidewalks, curbs, drainage facilities, lighting, bumpers, guardrails, markings, signs, landscaping and other improvements shall be maintained in workable, safe and good condition.
(10) 
Other off-street parking requirements.
(a) 
Limitation as to use. Off-street parking areas shall be used solely for the parking of passenger automobiles and commercial vehicles in accordance with, and conforming to, the limitations contained in Subsection D(10)(d) below, and no commercial repair work or service of any kind upon a commercial vehicle, beyond a diminutive nature such as a tire change, shall be conducted within the parking location or elsewhere on the lot.
[Amended 7-24-2007 by Ord. No. 07-06; 10-2-2007 by Ord. No. 07-19]
(b) 
Nonavailability. At any time that the required off-street parking facilities cease to be available as required, the certificate of occupancy for the building or buildings built in conjunction with such parking areas shall be canceled and become null and void.
(c) 
Charges. There shall be no charge made for the use of off-street parking facilities, except as regulated by the Westwood Parking Authority, and no cars other than self-propelled passenger vehicles shall be permitted to use any of the off-street parking facilities herein required, and no service of any kind shall be extended to the vehicle occupying such off-street parking facilities except for emergency purposes.
(d) 
Commercial vehicles permitted.
[Amended 7-24-2007 by Ord. No. 07-06; 10-2-2007 by Ord. No. 07-19]
[1] 
One commercial vehicle conforming to this chapter and all other applicable regulations and for which a permit has been issued may be parked in a residential zone. The commercial vehicle permitted herein shall have a maximum width of eight feet by a maximum length of 22 feet and a maximum height of eight feet (excluding racks), with not more than two axles, such as a van or truck with a covered bed. No open pickup beds containing equipment, cargo or the residue thereof shall be permitted.
[2] 
Such commercial vehicle shall exhibit a municipal permit decal and must be parked on a lawfully established driveway. Permits shall be issued annually by the Borough Clerk pursuant to forms and procedures adopted from time to time by resolution.
[3] 
No vehicle may be parked which encroaches over the sidewalk or roadway. If a garage parking space issued to fulfill parking requirements, said space must be available and usable for parking.
[4] 
Commercial vehicles parked on a driveway in a residential zone must be principally used by the owner or occupant of the residential property on which the commercial vehicle is parked.
(e) 
No boat, recreational vehicles, campers or trailers shall be stored on any residential property except in the rear yard, with screening sufficient to shield the vehicle from view from neighboring properties.
E. 
Off-street parking construction.
(1) 
All off-street parking areas shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of all surface water in a manner so as not to unreasonably impair the surroundings.
(2) 
All off-street parking areas, aisles and driveways shall be surfaced with asphalt, bituminous or cement binder pavement according to specifications established for this purpose by the Borough Engineer.
(3) 
All parking areas and access drives shall be edged by a concrete or Belgian block not exceeding six inches above the paved surface or ground level.
Landscaping in parking and loading areas shall be provided as follows:
A. 
Loading areas shall be screened with landscaping, fencing, berms, walls or any combination thereof and shall not be less than six feet in height. The screening shall be sufficient to obscure the view of parked vehicles, loading platforms and loading activities.
B. 
Parking areas with 20 or greater parking spaces shall be screened from the street with landscaping, fencing or a wall, and interior parking lot landscaping shall be required. Whenever feasible, the approving authority shall require that at least 10% of the paved parking lot area shall be used for interior landscaping, including shade trees and shrubs. Landscaped areas should be located in protected areas, such as along walkways, in center islands, or at the end of parking bays, and shall be distributed throughout the parking area to mitigate the view of the parked vehicles without interfering with adequate sight distance for vehicles or pedestrians. The landscaping shall consist of hardy, low-maintenance varieties of trees and shrubs complying with the standards of the American Association of Nurserymen.
C. 
Parking areas with less than 20 spaces shall be screened from the street with landscaping, fencing or a wall, but interior parking lot landscaping may not be deemed necessary by the approving authority.
D. 
One shade tree, with a minimum diameter of 2 1/2 inches measured six inches above the ground, shall be provided for every 10 parking spaces. Trees shall be staggered and/or spaced so as not to interfere with driver vision and shall have branches no lower than six feet.
E. 
Parking lot landscaping shall be designed to withstand anticipated snowplowing operations.
F. 
Dead or dying trees, within the preceding two years from the date of installation, shall be replaced by the developer during the next recommended planting season.
G. 
Landscaping shall not cast excessive shade on adjacent properties, interfere with existing vegetation, interfere with light fixtures or interfere with adequate sight distance for vehicles or pedestrians.