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City of Hudson, NY
Columbia County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following terms shall, for the purpose of this chapter, have the meaning herein indicated. Words used in the present tense include the future; the singular number includes the plural, and the plural, the singular; the word "person" includes a corporation as well as an individual; the word "lot" includes the word "plot." The term "occupied" or "used" as applied to any building shall be construed as though followed by the words "or intended, arranged or designed to be occupied or used."
ACTIONS
Includes all the following, except minor actions:
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
A. 
Projects or physical activities, such as construction or any other activities that may affect natural, man-made or other resources in the coastal area or the environment by changing the use, appearance or condition of any resource or structure, that:
(1) 
Are directly undertaken by an agency; or
(2) 
Involve funding by an agency; or
(3) 
Require one or more new or modified approvals, permits, or review from an agency or agencies.
B. 
Agency planning and policymaking activities that may affect the environment and commit the agency to a definite course of future decisions.
C. 
Adoption of agency rules, regulations and procedures, including local laws, codes, ordinances, executive orders and resolutions that may affect coastal resources or the environment.
D. 
Any combination of the above.
ADULT CARE FACILITY
A family-type home for adults, a shelter for adults, a residence for adults or an adult home, which provides temporary or long-term residential care and services to adults who do not require continual, medical or nursing care as provided by facilities licensed pursuant to Article 28 of the Public Health Law or Articles 19, 31 and 32 of the Mental Hygiene Law or are, by reasons of physical or other limitations associated with age, physical or mental disabilities or other factors, unable or substantially unable to live independently as such term is defined in the Social Services Law of the State of New York and as hereinafter amended.
[Added 10-20-1981 by L.L. No. 8-1981; amended 4-20-2004 by L.L. No. 3-2004]
AGENCY
Any board, agency, department, office, other body, or officer of the City of Hudson.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
BASEMENT
A story in a building, the structural ceiling level of which is four feet or more above the average level of finished grade where such grade abuts the exterior wall of such building which fronts on any street and the floor level of which is below finished grade at any point on the periphery of the building.
BILLBOARD
A sign which directs attention to a business, commodity, service or entertainment conducted, sold or offered elsewhere than upon the lot on which such sign is situated.
BOARDINGHOUSE
A dwelling occupied by one family with three to 10 rooms rented to boarders, roomers or lodgers in the same household, who are lodged with or without meals and in which there are provided such services as are incidental to such use. A rooming house or a furnished rooming house shall be deemed a boardinghouse.
BUILDING
Any combination of materials forming any construction, except where entirely underground so as to permit the use of the ground above the same as if no building were present; the term "building" shall include the term "structure."
BUILDING, ACCESSORY
A building detached from and subordinate to the principal building on a lot and used for purposes customarily incidental to those of the principal building.
CELLAR
Any space in a building, the structural ceiling level of which is less than four feet above the average finished grade where such grade abuts that exterior wall of such building which fronts on any street.
COASTAL AREA or LOCAL WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION AREA (LWRA)
That portion of New York State coastal waters and adjacent shorelands located within the boundaries of the City of Hudson, as shown on the coastal area map on file in the office of the Secretary of State and as delineated in the City of Hudson Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
COASTAL ASSESSMENT FORM (CAF)
The form used by the Coastal Consistency Review Board to assist in determining the consistency of an action with the Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
CONGREGATE HOUSING
A community residential-style living option that provides nursing-home care, including unskilled support, to individuals which promotes independent living but which does not provide for the treatment or care of individuals suffering from adverse effects of alcohol or illicit drug use or transitional housing for individuals newly released from a correctional institution or other court-mandated treatment facility or program for drug or alcohol abuse or for the treatment of mental illness.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
CONSISTENT
The action will fully comply with the Local Waterfront Revitalization Program policy standards, conditions and objectives and, whenever practicable, will advance one or more of them.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
COURT, INNER
An open space enclosed on all sides by exterior walls of a building.
COURT, OUTER
An open space enclosed on three sides by exterior walls of a building.
COURT, OUTER, DEPTH OF
The linear average dimension measured from the unenclosed side of the court to the farthest wall thereof.
COURT, OUTER, WIDTH OF
The linear dimension of the unenclosed side of the court.
COVERAGE, BUILDING
The sum of all areas covered by all principal and accessory buildings.
CURB LEVEL
The established elevation of the street grade at the point that is opposite the center of the wall nearest to and facing the street line. Where a building is on a corner lot, the curb level is the average of the mean levels of the curb on the two intersecting streets. Where a front yard of 25 feet or more is provided or where there are two or more buildings on the lot, the curb level is the average level of the land immediately adjacent to the building prior to or after any excavation or fill, as may be determined by the Building Inspector.
DIRECT ACTIONS
Actions planned or proposed for implementation by an agency, such as, but not limited to, a capital project, rule-making, procedure-making and policy-making.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
DISCONTINUANCE
Any cessation of nonconforming use, whether such cessation is voluntary or involuntary, active or passive, and irrespective of the circumstances giving rise to such discontinuance or the reasons therefor.
DWELLING, ATTACHED OR ROW
A one-family dwelling with two common or party walls separating it from adjacent units on both sides, or one party wall in the case of a building at the end of a group of attached buildings.
DWELLING, MULTIPLE
A building or portion thereof containing three or more dwelling units.
DWELLING, ONE-FAMILY
A detached building containing one dwelling unit only.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
A detached building containing two dwelling units, respectively.
DWELLING UNIT
A building or entirely self-contained portion other than a studio apartment, which contains complete housekeeping facilities for one family (including any domestic servants employed on the premises) and having no enclosed space (other than for vestibules, entrance or other hallways or porches) or cooking or sanitary facilities in common with any dwelling unit. A boardinghouse, or convalescent home, dormitory, fraternity or sorority house, hotel inn, lodging or rooming house, nursing or similar home or other similar structure shall not be deemed to constitute a dwelling unit.
[Amended 3-5-2015 by L.L. No. 1-2015]
ENVIRONMENT
All conditions that will be affected by a proposed action, including land, air, water, minerals, flora, fauna, noise, resources of agriculture, archaeological, historic or aesthetic significance, existing patterns of population concentration, distribution or growth, existing community or neighborhood character, and human health.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
FAMILY
One or more persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, living and cooking together, exclusive of household servants. A number of persons living together as a single housekeeping unit, although not related by blood, adoption or marriage, shall be deemed to constitute a family unit. A fraternity, club or boardinghouse shall not be considered a family.
[Amended 4-20-2004 by L.L. No. 3-2004]
FINAL PLAT
A drawing prepared in a manner prescribed by § 325-35.1 showing the final layout of a proposed subdivision or cluster development, including, but not restricted to, road and lot layout and approximate dimensions, key plan, topography and drainage, all proposed facilities unsized, including preliminary plans and profiles, at suitable scale and in such detail as local regulation may require.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
FLOOR AREA, AGGREGATE
The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of a building or buildings on a lot, measured from the exterior faces of exterior walls or from the center line of party walls separating two buildings, excluding:
A. 
Roof areas.
B. 
Cellar and basement areas used only for storage or the operation and maintenance of the building.
C. 
Any areas devoted only to accessory off-street parking or loading.
GAS, OIL, OR SOLUTION DRILLING OR MINING ACTIVITIES
The process of exploration and drilling through wells or subsurface excavations for oil or gas, and extraction, production, transportation, purchase, processing, and storage of oil or gas, including, but not limited to the following:
[Added 5-21-2013 by L.L. No. 4-2013]
A. 
A new well and the surrounding well site, built and operated to produce oil or gas, including auxiliary equipment required for production (separators, dehydrators, pumping units, tank batteries, tanks, metering stations) and other related equipment;
B. 
Any equipment involved in the reworking of an existing well;
C. 
A water or fluid injection station, including associated facilities;
D. 
A storage or construction staging yard associated with an oil or gas facility;
E. 
Gas pipes, water lines, or other gathering systems and components, including but not limited to drip stations, vent stations, chemical injection stations, and valve boxes.
F. 
The disposal, treatment, staging or storage of any waste, by-product or other material generated or created as a result of any of the activities described in Subsections A through E of this definition.
A. 
For buildings the front wall of which is within five feet of the street, the height is the vertical distance, in feet and in stories, measured from curb level to the highest level of the roof surface of roofs the slope of which is not more than one inch vertical to one foot horizontal, or to the mean point between the eaves and the highest point of the roof if the roof is of any other type.
B. 
For buildings located in their entirety more than five feet from the street line, the height in feet and in stories shall be established by the Building Inspector in such a way that no building shall be prevented from attaining at least at one point the maximum height permitted in the district in which such building is proposed to be erected, such height to be measured above the elevation of the finished grade abutting such building at that point.
C. 
For one- or two-family dwellings, the height is the vertical distance from the average level of the finished grade along the wall or walls of the building facing the street to the highest level of the roof surface of roofs the slope of which is not more than one inch vertical to one foot horizontal, or to the mean point between the eaves and the highest point of the roof if the roof is of any other type.
HOME OCCUPATION
A business, profession, occupation or trade conducted by the occupant of a dwelling unit or accessory structure and which is incidental and secondary to the use of the dwelling unit.
[Added 8-20-2013 by L.L. No. 7-2013]
INCENTIVES or BONUS
Adjustments to the permissible population density, area, or height for the purpose of preserving and making available open space; protecting natural resources; preserving scenic views; protecting and encouraging the rehabilitation of historic buildings, structures, archaeological sites, or other resources recognized as eligible for listing on the State or National Register of Historic Places or as a local landmark; promoting housing units affordable to low- and moderate-income residents; and promoting public ingress, egress and use of the Hudson River waterfront.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
INCENTIVE ZONING
The system by which specific incentives or bonuses are granted, pursuant to this section, on condition that specific physical, social, or cultural benefits or amenities would inure to the community.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
LIGHT INDUSTRY
A facility which manufactures, designs, assembles, or processes a product for wholesale or retail within a fully enclosed building and which does not result in the generation of potentially dangerous, offensive or hazardous materials or wastes or utilize a process which is dangerous, polluting or incompatible with other uses of the district.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
LOCAL WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION AREA (LWRA) or COASTAL AREA
That portion of New York State coastal waters and adjacent shorelands located within the boundaries of the City of Hudson, as shown on the coastal area map on file in the office of the Secretary of State and as delineated in the City of Hudson Local Waterfront Revitalization Program.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
LOCAL WATERFRONT REVITALIZATION PROGRAM or LWRP
The Local Waterfront Revitalization Program of the City of Hudson, approved by the Secretary of State pursuant to the Waterfront Revitalization of Coastal Areas and Inland Waterways Act (Executive Law, Article 42),[1] a copy of which is on file in the office of the Clerk of the City of Hudson.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
LOT
Any parcel of land, not necessarily coincident with a lot or lots shown on a map of record, which is occupied or which is to be occupied by a building and its accessory buildings, if any, or by a group of buildings having any land in common with the buildings accessory thereto, if any, together with the required open spaces appurtenant to such building or group of buildings.
LOT, CORNER
A lot at the junction of and abutting on two or more intersecting streets where the interior angle of intersection does not exceed 135º. Any lot adjoining a curved street at a point where the street line describes an arc subtended by an angle of 135º or less shall also be considered a "corner lot." All corner lots are deemed to have two front yards, two side yards and no rear yard.
LOT DEPTH
The minimum distance from the street line of a lot to the rear lot line of such lot.
LOT, INTERIOR
Any lot which is not a corner lot or a through lot.
LOT LINE
Any boundary of a lot other than a street line.
LOT LINE, REAR
The lot line generally opposite to the street line.
LOT, THROUGH
A lot which is not a corner lot and which has two street lines.
LOT WIDTH
The width of a lot measured along a line drawn parallel to the street line through the point of existing proposed construction nearest to such street line.
LOW-INCOME HOUSING
Rental or permanent residential housing which is affordable to individuals whose household income is 30% or below of the median household income, adjusted for family size, for the County of Columbia, New York. For purposes of determining eligibility for low-income housing or incentive zoning benefits provided pursuant to § 325-28.2, the median household income for the County of Columbia shall be the median income level as of January 1 of the year in which eligibility is requested.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
MAJOR ACTION
Any action except a minor action.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
MARINA
Any premises containing one or more piers, wharves, docks, moorings, bulkheads, buildings, slips or basins and used primarily for the docking, mooring, storage and servicing of boats for compensation. Such premises may include incidental sale of marine supplies and food.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
MINOR ACTION
Includes the following actions:
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 6-2011]
A. 
Maintenance or repair involving no substantial changes in an existing structure or facility;
B. 
Replacement, rehabilitation or reconstruction of a structure or facility, in kind, on the same site, including upgrading buildings to meet building or fire codes, unless such action meets or exceeds any of the thresholds in 6 NYCRR Part 617.4(b) and except for structures in areas designated by the Coastal Erosion Hazard Area (CEHA) law where structures may not be replaced, rehabilitated or reconstructed without a permit;
C. 
Repaving or widening of existing paved highways not involving the addition of new travel lanes;
D. 
Street openings and right-of-way openings for the purpose of repair or maintenance of existing utility facilities;
E. 
Maintenance of existing landscaping or natural growth, except where threatened or endangered species of plants or animals are affected, or within state-designated significant coastal fish and wildlife habitat areas;
F. 
Construction or expansion of a primary or accessory/appurtenant, nonresidential structure or facility involving less than 4,000 square feet of gross floor area and not involving a change in zoning or a use variance and consistent with local land use controls, but not radio communications or microwave transmission facilities;
G. 
Routine activities of educational institutions, including expansion of existing facilities by less than 10,000 square feet of gross floor area and school closings, but not changes in use related to such closings;
H. 
Construction or expansion of a single-family, a two-family or a three-family residence on approved lot, including provision of necessary utility connections;
I. 
Construction, expansion or replacement of minor accessory/appurtenant residential structures, including garages, carports, patios, decks, swimming pools, tennis courts, satellite dishes, fences, barns, storage sheds or other buildings not changing land use or density;
J. 
Extension of utility distribution facilities, including gas, electric, telephone, cable, water and sewer connections, to render service in approved subdivisions or in connection with any action on this list;
K. 
Granting of individual setback and lot line variances, except in relation to a regulated natural feature, a bulkhead or other shoreline defense structure;
L. 
Granting of an area variance(s) for a single-family, two-family, or three-family residence;
M. 
Minor temporary uses of land having negligible or no permanent impact on coastal resources or the environment;
N. 
Installation of traffic control devices on existing streets, roads and highways;
O. 
Mapping of existing roads, streets, highways, natural resources, land uses and ownership patterns;
P. 
Information collection, including basic data collection and research, water quality and pollution studies, traffic counts, engineering studies, surveys, subsurface investigations and soils studies that do not commit the agency to undertake, fund or approve any action;
Q. 
Official acts of a ministerial nature involving no exercise of discretion, including building permits where issuance is predicated solely on the applicant's compliance or noncompliance with the relevant local building code;
R. 
Issuance of an historic preservation certificate of appropriateness pursuant to Chapter 169;[2]
S. 
Routine or continuing agency administration and management, not including new programs or major reordering of priorities that may affect the environment;
T. 
Conducting concurrent environmental, engineering, economic, feasibility and other studies and preliminary planning and budgetary processes necessary to the formulation of a proposal for action, provided those activities do not commit the agency to commence, engage in or approve such action;
U. 
Refinancing existing debt;
V. 
License, lease and permit renewals, or transfers of ownership thereof, where there will be no material change in permit conditions or the scope of permitted activities;
W. 
Adoption of regulations, policies, procedures and local legislative decisions in connection with any action on this list;
X. 
Engaging in review of any part of an application to determine compliance with technical requirements, provided that no such determination entitles or permits the project sponsor to commence the action unless and until all requirements of this chapter have been fulfilled;
Y. 
Civil or criminal enforcement proceedings, whether administrative or judicial, including a particular course of action specifically required to be undertaken pursuant to a judgment or order, or the exercise of prosecutorial discretion;
Z. 
Adoption of a moratorium on land development or construction;
AA. 
Interpreting an existing code, rule or regulation;
BB. 
Designation of local landmarks or their inclusion within historic districts;
CC. 
Emergency actions that are immediately necessary on a limited and temporary basis for the protection or preservation of life, health, property or natural resources, provided that such actions are directly related to the emergency and are performed to cause the least change or disturbance practicable under the circumstances to coastal resources or the environment. Any decision to fund, approve or directly undertake other activities after the emergency has expired is fully subject to all rules and regulations which were otherwise applicable.
MODERATE-INCOME HOUSING
Rental or permanent residential housing which is affordable to individuals whose household income is between 31% and 100% of the median household income, adjusted for family size, for the County of Columbia, New York. For purposes of determining eligibility for moderate income housing or incentive zoning benefits provided pursuant to § 325-28.2, the median household income for the County of Columbia shall be the median income level as of January 1 of the year in which eligibility is requested.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
NONCONFORMING BUILDING OR USE
A building or use that does not conform to the regulations prescribed for the district in which it is situated.
OPEN SPACE or OPEN SPACE AREA
Any space or area:
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
A. 
Characterized by natural scenic beauty; or
B. 
Whose existing openness, natural condition, or present state of use, if retained, would enhance the present or potential value of abutting or surrounding urban development or would maintain or enhance the conservation of natural or scenic resources.
PARCEL
An area of land with definite boundaries, all parts of which are owned by the same person(s)/entity(ies), the boundaries of which are established either by the filing of an approved subdivision plat or by the recording of a deed prior to the adoption of § 325-35.1.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PARENT PARCEL
A parcel of land which existed on December 31, 2009.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PARKING SPACE
A paved or surfaced space which, exclusive of access driveways and turning areas, is 10 feet wide by 20 feet long and which is accessible and available at all hours for the parking of one passenger car.
PERSON
A firm, association, organization, partnership, trust, company or individual.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PLAT
A map or plan, drawn to scale, showing, at a minimum, property boundaries and geographic features.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PRELIMINARY PLAT
A map or plan prepared in a manner prescribed by § 325-35.1 showing the layout of a proposed subdivision, including, but not restricted to, road and lot layout and approximate dimensions, key plan, topography and drainage, all proposed facilities unsized, including preliminary plans and profiles, at suitable scale and in such detail as local regulation may require.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PROCESSING
The processing, preparation and production activities associated with man-made or raw materials and other manufactured items which are altered, restored or improved by the utilization of biological, chemical or physical actions, tools, instruments, machines or other such similar natural, scientific or technological means. Processing activities shall include, but not be limited to, such operations as mixing, crushing, cutting, grinding and polishing; casting, molding and stamping; alloying and refining; assaying, cleaning, coating and printing; and assembling and finishing.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
PROPERTY LINE
A lot line other than a street line.
SIGN
Any letter, word, model, pennant, insignia, trade flag, device or representation used as, or which is in the nature of, an advertisement, announcement, attraction or directive.
SIGN AREA
Shall be measured as follows:
A. 
When such sign is on a plate or framed or outlined, all of the area of such plate or the area enclosed by such frame or outline shall be included.
B. 
When such sign consists only of letters, designs or figures engraved, painted, projected or in any manner affixed on a wall, the total area of such sign shall be deemed the area of the smallest triangle, rectangle or circle within which all of the matter of which such sign consists may be included.
SITE PLAN
A rendering, drawing, or sketch prepared to specifications and containing necessary elements as set forth in § 325-35D and E, which shows the arrangement, layout and design of the proposed use of a single parcel of land as shown on said plan.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
STORY
That part of any building, exclusive of cellars but inclusive of basements, comprised between the level of one finished floor and the level of the next higher finished floor, or, if there is no higher finished floor, then that part of the building comprised between the level of the highest finished floor and the top of the roof beams.
STORY, HALF
Any space partially within the roof framing, where the clear height of not more than 50% of such space between the top of the floor beams and the structural ceiling level is seven feet six inches or more.
STREET
Any public street, court, place, square, lane or way with a minimum right-of-way of 25 feet, set aside or used as a right-of-way for common street purposes.
STREET LINE
The dividing line between a lot and a street.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATION
Any change in the supporting members of a building.
STUDIO APARTMENT
An apartment unit which consists solely of a single room plus bathroom. The single room shall contain a kitchen, living room and bedroom.
[Added 3-5-2015 by L.L. No. 1-2015]
SUBDIVIDABLE LOT
A parcel or plot of land with two or more times the minimum acreage area within a particular zoning district.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
SUBDIVISION
The division of any parcel of land into a number of lots, blocks or sites with or without streets or highways, for the purpose of sale, transfer of ownership, or development.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
SUBDIVISION, MAJOR
All subdivisions not classified as minor.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
SUBDIVISION, MINOR
A subdivision of land for the creation of not more than two lots.
[Added 11-30-2011 by L.L. No. 5-2011]
TRAILER
Any vehicle mounted on wheels, movable either by its own power or by being drawn by another vehicle, and equipped to be used for living or sleeping quarters or so as to permit cooking. The term "trailer" shall include such vehicles if mounted on temporary or permanent foundations with the wheels removed.
TRANSITIONAL SERVICE FACILITY
An authorized or licensed residence operated or funded by a public or private agency duly authorized and licensed by the State Division for Youth, State Department of Social Services, State Department of Mental Hygiene, State Board of Social Welfare, State Department of Correctional Services or any other state or county agency having authority to license and approve said facility, which residence houses individuals being cared for or whose housing or other living expenses are being paid for by the agency and deemed by the agency to be capable of living and functioning in the community and which provides professional guidance to such individuals while living in the facility.
[Added 3-16-1976 by L.L. No. 3-1976; amended 4-20-2004 by L.L. No. 3-2004; 4-19-2011 by L.L. No. 1-2011]
TRANSITIONAL SERVICE FACILITY RESIDENT
A person receiving care, treatment, or living at a transitional service facility, other than an individual employed or volunteering as a staff member or employee of a transitional service facility.
[Added 3-16-1976 by L.L. No. 3-1976; amended 4-19-2011 by L.L. No. 1-2011]
TRANSPORTATION SERVICE
A business or use whose primary purpose is the transport of people, goods or materials.
[Added 1-30-2013 by L.L. No. 1-2013]
USABLE OPEN SPACE
An unenclosed portion of the ground of a lot which is not devoted to driveways or parking spaces, which is free of structures of any kind, of which not more than 25% is roofed for shelter purposes only, the minimum dimension of which is 20 feet, and which is available and accessible to all occupants of the building or buildings on the lot for purposes of active or passive outdoor recreation. Accessory building roof space may be substituted for ground space, provided that such space is available and accessible to all the occupants by means of access other than stairs.
USE, ACCESSORY
A use customarily incidental and subordinate to the main use on a lot, whether such accessory use is conducted in principal or accessory building.
YARD, FRONT
An unoccupied ground area fully open to the sky between the street line and a line drawn parallel thereto.
YARD, REAR
An unoccupied ground area fully open to the sky between the rear lot line and a line drawn parallel thereto.
YARD, SIDE
An unoccupied ground area fully open to the sky between any property line other than a street or rear lot line and a line drawn parallel thereto, and between the front and rear yards.
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 910 et seq. of the Executive Law.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 169, Historic Preservation.