Part 1 SOLID WASTE ORDINANCE
Part 2 RECYCLING
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 1]
This Part shall be known and referred to as the "Solid Waste Ordinance."
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 2; as amended by Ord. 652, 4/13/2011]
The following words and phrases as used in this Part shall have the meaning ascribed herein, unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
- ACT OR ACT 97
- The Pennsylvania Solid Waste Management Act of 1980, P.L. 380, No. 97, July 7, 1980, 35 P.S. § 6018.101 et seq.
- AGRICULTURAL WASTE
- Poultry and livestock manure, or residual materials in liquid or solid form, generated in the production, and marketing of poultry, livestock, fur-bearing animals and their products, provided such waste is not a hazardous waste. The term includes the residual materials generated in producing, harvesting, and marketing of all agronomic, horticultural, silvicultural and agricultural crops, or commodities grown on what are usually recognized and expected as farms, forests, or other agricultural lands.
- BULKY WASTE
- Large items of solid waste including, but not limited to, appliances, furniture, large auto parts, trees, branches, or stumps which may require special handling due to their size, shape, or weight.
- COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any establishment engaged in nonmanufacturing or nonprocessing business including, but not limited to, stores, markets, office buildings, restaurants, shopping centers, and theaters.
- CONSTRUCTION DEMOLITION WASTE
- All municipal and residual waste, building materials, grubbing waste, and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair and demolition operations on houses, commercial buildings and other structures and pavements.
- The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
- The incineration, deposition, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of solid waste into or on the land or water in a manner that the solid waste or a constituent of the solid waste enters the environment, is emitted into the air or is discharged to the waters of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- DOMESTIC WASTE OR HOUSEHOLD WASTE
- Solid waste, comprised of garbage and rubbish, which normally originates in the residential private household or apartment house.
- Any solid waste derived from animal, grain, fruit, or vegetable matter that is capable of being decomposed by microorganisms with sufficient rapidity to cause such nuisance as odors, gases, or vectors.
- HAULER OR PRIVATE COLLECTOR
- Any person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation who has been licensed by the Township or its designated representative to collect, transport, and dispose of refuse for a fee as herein prescribed.
- HAZARDOUS WASTE
- Any solid waste or combination of solid wastes, as defined in the Act which because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may:
- (1) Cause or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in morbidity in either an individual or the total population.
- (2) Pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
- INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any establishment engaged in manufacturing or processing including, but not limited to, factories, foundries, mills, processing plants, refineries, mines, and slaughterhouses.
- INSTITUTIONAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Any establishment engaged in service including, but not limited to, hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, schools and universities.
- MUNICIPAL WASTE
- Garbage, refuse, industrial lunchroom or office waste, and other material including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from operation of residential, municipal, commercial, or institutional establishments and from community activities; and any sludge not meeting the definition of residual or hazardous waste under Act 97 from a municipal, commercial or institutional water supply treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant, or air pollution control facility. The term does not include source-separated recyclable materials.
- The Township of Collier, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
- Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, institution, cooperative enterprise, state institution and agency, or any other legal entity which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties. In any provision of this Part prescribing a fine, imprisonment or penalty, or any combination of the foregoing, the term "person" shall include the officers and directors of any corporation or other legal entity having officers and directors.
- Any technology used for the purpose of reducing the volume or bulk of municipal or residual waste or any technology used to convert part of all such waste materials for off-site reuse. Processing facilities include, but are not limited to, transfer facilities, composting facilities, and resource recovery facilities.
- All solid waste materials which are discarded as useless.
- RESIDUAL WASTE
- Any garbage, refuse, other discarded material, or other waste including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous materials resulting from industrial, mining, and agricultural operations and any sludge from an industrial, mining or agricultural water supply treatment facility, wastewater treatment facility or air pollution control facility, provided that [it] is not hazardous. The term residual waste shall not include coal refuse as defined in the Coal Refuse Disposal Control Act, 52 P.S. § 30.51 et seq. Residual waste shall not include treatment sludges from coal mine drainage treatment plants, disposal of which is being carried on pursuant to and in compliance with a valid permit issued pursuant to the Clean Stream Law, 35 P.S. § 691.1 et seq.
- All nonputrescible municipal waste except garbage and other decomposable matter. This category includes, but is not limited to, ashes, bedding, cardboard, cans, crockery, glass, paper, wood, and yard cleanings.
- The unauthorized and uncontrolled removal of material placed for collection or from a solid waste processing or disposal facility.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT RESIDUES
- Any coarse screenings, grit and dewatered, or air-dried sludges from sewage treatment plants and pumpings from septic tanks or septage which are a municipal solid waste and require proper disposal under Act 97.
- SOLID WASTE
- Any waste, including, but not limited to, municipal, residual, or hazardous wastes, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material.
- SOURCE-SEPARATED RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
- Those materials separated at the point of origin for the purpose of being recycled.
- The containment of any waste on a temporary basis in such a manner as not to constitute disposal of such waste. It shall be presumed that the containment of any waste in excess of one year constitutes disposal. This presumption can be overcome by clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.
- The off-site removal of any solid waste at any time after generation.
- TRANSFER STATION
- Any supplemental transportation facility used as an adjunct to solid waste route collection vehicles.
In this Part, the singular shall include the plural and the masculine shall include the feminine and the neuter.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 3]
It shall be unlawful for any person to accumulate or permit to accumulate upon any public or private property within the Township, any garbage, rubbish, bulky waste, or any other municipal or residual waste except in accordance with the provisions of this Part, any Department rules and regulations adopted pursuant to Act 97 and the Health Department Rules and Regulations, Article VIII.
It shall be unlawful for any person to burn any solid waste within the Township except in accordance with the provisions of this Part, any Department rules and regulations adopted pursuant to Act 97 and the Health Department Rules and Regulations, Article VIII.
It shall be unlawful for any person to dispose of any solid waste in the Township except in accordance with the provisions of this Part, any Department rules and regulations adopted pursuant to Act 97 and the Health Department Rules and Regulations, Article VIII.
It shall be unlawful for any person to haul, transport, collect, or remove any solid waste from public or private property within the Township without first securing a license to do so in accordance with the provisions of this Part.
It shall be unlawful for any person to scavenge any materials from any solid waste that is stored or deposited for collection within the Township without prior approval by the Township.
It shall be unlawful for any person to salvage or reclaim any solid wastes within the Township except at an approved and permitted resource recovery facility under Act 97 and any Department rules and regulations adopted pursuant to Act 97.
It shall be unlawful for any person to throw, place, or deposit, or cause or permit to be thrown, placed, or deposited any solid waste in or upon any street, alley, sidewalk, body of water, public or private property within the Township except as provided in this Part.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 4]
The storage of all solid waste shall be practiced so as to prevent the attraction, harborage, or breeding of insects or rodents, and to eliminate conditions harmful to public health or which create safety hazards, odors, unsightliness, or public nuisance.
Any person producing municipal waste shall provide a sufficient number of approved containers to store all waste materials generated during periods between regularly scheduled collections, and shall place and store all waste materials therein.
Any person storing municipal waste for collection shall comply with the following preparation standards:
All municipal waste shall be drained of free liquids before being placed in storage containers.
All garbage or other putrescible waste shall be securely wrapped in paper, plastic or similar material or placed in properly tied plastic bags.
All cans, bottles, or other food containers should be rinsed free of food particles and drained before being placed in storage containers.
Garden clippings and tree trimmings shall be placed in approved containers or shall be cut and tied securely into bundles. Bundles shall be not more than four feet in length not more than two feet in diameter and not more than 40 pounds in weight.
Newspaper and magazines shall be placed in approved containers or shall be tied securely into bundles of not more than 40 pounds in weight.
When specified by the Township or its designated representative, special preparation and storage procedures may be required to facilitate the collection and resource recovery of certain waste materials.
All municipal waste shall be stored in containers approved by the Township or its designated representative. Individual containers and bulk containers utilized for storage of municipal waste shall comply with the following standards:
Reusable containers shall be constructed of durable, watertight, rust, and corrosion resistant material, such as plastic, metal, or fiberglass, in such a manner as to be leak-proof, weather-proof, insect-proof, and rodent-proof.
Reusable containers for individual residences shall have a tight-fitting cover and suitable lifting handles to facilitate collection.
Reusable containers for individual residences shall have a capacity of not less than 10 gallons nor more than 40 gallons, and a loaded weight of not more than 40 pounds.
Disposable plastic bags or sacks are acceptable containers, provided the bags are designated for waste disposal. Plastic bags shall have sufficient wall strength to maintain physical integrity when lifted by the top, shall be securely tied at the top for collection, and shall have a capacity of not more than 30 gallons and a loaded weight of not more than 35 pounds.
All containers, either reusable or disposable, shall also comply with the minimum standards established by the National Sanitation Foundation.
Any person storing municipal waste for collection shall comply with the following storage standards:
Containers shall be kept tightly sealed or covered at all times. Solid wastes shall not protrude or extend above the top of the container.
Reusable containers shall be kept in a sanitary condition at all times. The interior of the containers shall be thoroughly cleaned, rinsed, drained, and disinfected, as often as necessary, to prevent the accumulation of liquid residues or solids on the bottom or sides of the containers.
Containers shall be used and maintained so as to prevent public nuisances.
Containers that do not conform to the standard of this Part or which have sharp edges, ragged edges, or any other defect that may hamper or injure collection personnel shall be promptly replaced by the owner upon notice from the Township or its designated representative.
Containers shall be placed by the owner or customer at a collection point specified by the Township or its designated representative.
Placement and Storage.
[Amended by Ord. 682, 3/11/2015]
With the exception of pickup days when trash containers are placed out for collection, the containers shall be properly stored in the side or rear yard of the owner's or customer's premises at all times.
No trash, garbage, rubbish, recyclables or other waste may be placed in the front yard or at the curbline of any property prior to 6:00 p.m. on the day preceding the day of scheduled collections.
Containers for all trash, garbage, rubbish, recyclables or other waste shall be moved back to the side or rear yard not later than 12:00 midnight on the evening of the day of collection.
Bulk waste items such as furniture, automobile parts, machinery, appliances, and tires shall be stored in a manner that will prevent the accumulation or collection of water, the harborage of rodents, safety hazards, and fire hazards.
The storage of all municipal waste from multi-family residential units, commercial establishments, institutions, and industrial lunchroom or office waste sources is subject to the regulations and standards set forth in this Part. The type, size and placement requirements for bulk containers shall be determined by the waste generator and the waste hauler, and are subject to approval by the Township.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 5]
The Township shall provide for the collection of all garbage, rubbish, and bulky wastes, from individual residences and multi-family residential sources with less than four units, or it may contract with a private collector or collectors to provide this essential residential collection service.
All household and homeowners shall utilize the residential collection service provided by the Township unless they can demonstrate that they have made alternate arrangements that are consistent with this Part and approved by the Township.
All multi-family residential sources (with more than four units), commercial, institutional, and industrial establishments shall negotiate and individually contract collection service with the Township's collector or any other properly licensed waste hauler of their choice.
All residential garbage and rubbish shall be collected at least once a week. Bulky wastes shall be collected following prior arrangement with the Township's collector and payment of any required special fees.
All commercial, institutional, public and industrial lunchroom, and office waste containing garbage shall be collected at least once a week. Rubbish collection from these sources shall be made as often as necessary to control health hazards, odors, flies, and unsightly conditions. The Township reserves the right to require more frequent collection when deemed necessary.
Residential collection schedules shall be published regularly by the Township or its contracted hauler.
All solid waste collection activity shall be conducted from Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. or on Saturdays between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. (specify hours), unless prior approval or any exception has been granted by the Township. No collection, hauling, or transporting of solid waste shall be permitted on Sunday.
All licensed haulers and haulers under contract with the Township shall comply with the following standards and regulations:
All municipal waste collected within the Township shall ultimately be disposed only at a landfill cited in the Allegheny County Solid Waste Plan-1990 or in subsequent revisions thereto.
Any truck or other vehicles used for the collection and transportation of municipal waste must comply with the requirements of Act 97 and any Department regulations adopted pursuant to Act 97 and must be licensed by the Allegheny County Health Department.
All collection vehicles conveying domestic waste and garbage shall be watertight and suitably enclosed to prevent leakage, roadside littering, attraction of vectors, the creation of odors, and other nuisances.
Collection vehicles for rubbish and other nonputrescible solid waste shall be capable of being enclosed or covered to prevent roadside litter and other nuisances.
All solid waste shall be collected and transported so as to prevent public health hazards, safety hazards, and nuisances.
All solid waste collection vehicles shall be operated and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 6]
The Board of Supervisors shall be authorized to make funds available, in accordance with the laws and procedures of the Township, for the establishment, maintenance, and operation of a municipal solid waste collection and disposal system; or for the contracting of such service to a private collector.
Annual fee schedule (if appropriate) shall be published by the Township on any competitively bid residential collection service contract that may be awarded by the Township.
The Township shall be responsible for the collection of any fees for solid waste collection and disposal from the residential customers. Licensed haulers shall be responsible for the collection of any collection and disposal fees from commercial, institutional, and industrial customers.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 7]
All appeals shall be made in writing to the Board of Supervisors.
Pending a reversal or modification, all decisions of the Township shall remain effective and enforceable.
Appeals may be made by the following persons: any person who is aggrieved by a new standard or regulation issued by the Township may appeal within 10 days after the Township gives notice of its intention to issue the new standard or regulation.
The notice of appeal shall be served in writing and sent by certified mail with return receipt requested. Within 20 days after the receipt of the notice of appeal, the Township shall hold a public hearing. Notice of the hearing shall be sent to both parties in time to adequately prepare for the hearing. Notice shall be sent to the parties by certified mail with return receipt request at the last known address in addition to publication in the local newspaper.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 8]
The Township may petition the Court of Common Pleas for an injunction, either mandatory or prohibitive, to enforce any of the provisions of this Part.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 9; as amended by Ord. 652, 4/13/2011]
Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 30 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues shall constitute a separate offense.
[Ord. 504, 7/2/1991, § 12]
This Part shall take effect on August 2, 1991.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 1]
The short title of this Part shall be the "Township of Collier Recycling Ordinance," and the same may be cited in that manner.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 2]
The following words and phrases used throughout this Part shall have the following meanings:
- ACT 101
- The Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act of 1988, 53 P.S. § 4000.101 et seq.
- All empty beverage or food cans.
- BI-METAL CONTAINERS
- Empty food containers consisting of steel and aluminum.
- The entity or entities authorized by the Township to collect recyclable materials from residences, or authorized by commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments that do not receive collection services from the Township to collect recyclable materials from those parties.
- COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS
- Those properties used primarily for commercial or industrial purposes.
- COMMUNITY ACTIVITY
- Events that are sponsored by public or private agencies or individuals that include, but are not limited to fairs, bazaars, socials, picnics, and organized sporting events attended by 200 or more individuals per day.
- CORRUGATED PAPER
- Structural paper and material with an inner core shaped in rigid parallel furrows and ridges.
- FERROUS CONTAINERS
- Empty steel or tin coated food or beverage containers.
- GLASS CONTAINERS
- Bottles and jars made of clear, green, or brown glass. Expressly excluded are noncontainer glass, plate glass, automotive glass, light bulbs, blue glass, and porcelain and ceramic products.
- HIGH GRADE OFFICE PAPER
- All white paper, bond paper, and computer paper used in commercial, institutional, and municipal establishments and in residences.
- INSTITUTIONAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Those facilities that house or serve groups of people including, but not limited to, hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, day care centers, schools, and universities.
- LEAD ACID BATTERIES
- Includes, but not limited to, automotive, truck, and industrial batteries that contain lead.
- LEAF WASTE
- Leaves from trees, bushes, and other plants, garden residues, chipped shrubbery, and tree trimmings, but not including grass clippings.
- MAGAZINES AND PERIODICALS
- Printed matter containing miscellaneous written pieces published at fixed or varying intervals. Expressly excluded are all other paper products of any nature whatsoever.
- MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING PROPERTIES
- Any properties having four or more dwelling units per structure.
- MUNICIPAL ESTABLISHMENT
- Public facilities operated by the Township and other governmental and quasi-governmental authorities.
- MUNICIPAL WASTE
- Any garbage, refuse, industrial lunchroom or other material, including solid, liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material, resulting from operation of residential, municipal, commercial, or institutional establishments and from community activities; and, any sludge not meeting the definition of residual or hazardous waste in the Solid Waste Management Act, 35 P.S. § 6018.101 et seq., from a municipal, commercial or institutional water supply treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant, or air pollution control facility. The term does not include source-separated recyclable materials.
- The Township of Collier.
- Paper of the type commonly referred to as newsprint and distributed at fixed intervals, having printed thereon news and opinions, containing advertisements and other matters of public interest. Expressly excluded are newspapers which have been soiled, color comics, glossy advertising inserts and advertising inserts printed in colors other than black and white, often included with newspaper.
- Owners, lessees, and occupants of residences and commercial, municipal and institutional establishments.
- PLASTIC CONTAINERS
- Empty plastic food and beverage containers. Due to the wide variety of types of plastic, the Township may stipulate specific types of plastic which may be recycled.
- RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
- Materials generated by residences and commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments which are specified by the Township and can be separated from municipal waste and returned to commerce to be reused as a resource in the development of useful products. Recyclable materials may include, but are not necessarily limited to, clear glass, colored glass, aluminum, steel, and bi-metallic cans, high grade office paper, newsprint, corrugated paper, leaf waste, plastics, and any other items selected by the Township or specified in future revisions to Act 101. The recyclable materials selected by the Township may be revised from time to time as deemed necessary by the Township.
- The collection, separation, recovery, and sale or re-use of metals, glass, paper, leaf waste, plastics, and other materials which would otherwise be disposed or processed as municipal waste, or the mechanized separation and treatment of municipal waste (other than through combustion) and creation and recovery of reusable materials.
- Any occupied single or multi-family dwelling having up to four dwelling units per structure for which the Township provides municipal waste collection service.
- SOURCE-SEPARATED RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
- Those materials separated at the point of origin for the purpose of being recycled.
- A material whose original purpose has been completed and which is directed to a disposal or processing facility or is otherwise disposed. The term does not include source-separated recyclable materials or material approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection for beneficial use.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 3]
The Township hereby establishes a recycling program for the mandatory separation and collection of recyclable materials and the separation, collection, and composting of leaf waste from all residences and all commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments located in the Township for which waste collection is provided by the Township or any other collector. Collection of the recyclable materials shall be made at least once per month by the Township, its designated agent, or any other solid waste collectors operating in the Township and authorized to collect recyclable materials from residences or from commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments. The recycling program shall also contain a sustained public information and education program.
Specific program regulations are provided as an attachment to this Part. The Board of Commissioners is empowered to make changes to program regulations as necessary, as described in § 20-210. Subsequent changes in the program regulations may be made through approval of the Board of Commissioners and public notice and notification of all affected parties.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 4]
Disposal by persons of lead acid batteries and tires with other municipal wastes is prohibited and shall be a violation of this Part.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 5]
All persons who are residents of the Township shall separate all of those recyclable materials designated by the Township from all other municipal waste produced at their homes, apartments, and other residential establishments, store such material for collection, and shall place same for collection in accordance with the guidelines established.
Persons in residences must separate recyclable materials from other refuse. Recyclable materials shall be placed at the curbside in clear or blue plastic bags. If any containers are provided to residences for collection of recyclable materials, they shall be the property of the Township and shall be used only for the collection of recyclable materials. Any resident who moves within or from the Township shall be responsible for returning the allocated container(s) to the Township or shall pay the replacement costs of said container(s). Use of recycling containers for any purpose other than the designated recycling program, or use of the recycling container(s) by any person other than the person allocated such container(s), shall be a violation of this Part.
An owner, landlord, manager, or agent of an owner, landlord, or manager of a multi-family housing property with more than four units may comply with its recycling responsibilities by establishing a collection system at each property. The collection system must include suitable containers for collecting and sorting the recyclable materials, easily accessible locations for the containers and written instructions to the occupants concerning the use and availability of the collection system. Owners, landlords, managers, and agents of owners, landlords, or managers who comply with this Part shall not be liable for noncompliance of occupants of their buildings.
If recyclable materials are collected by a collector other than the Township or its authorized agent, owners, landlords, and agents of owners or landlords shall submit an annual report to the Township reporting the tonnage of materials recycled during the previous year. This requirement may be fulfilled by submission of a letter or form from the collector which certifies that recyclable materials are being collected from the multi-family housing property; provided, the collector submits an annual report indicating the tonnage of materials, recycled during the previous year from all customers in the Township.
All persons must separate leaf waste from other municipal waste generated at their houses, apartments, and other residential establishments for collection unless those persons have otherwise provided for composting of leaf waste.
Persons must separate high grade office paper, aluminum, corrugated paper, leaf waste, and such other materials as may be designated by the Township, generated at commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments and from community activities, and store the recyclable materials until collection. A person may be exempted from this subsection by:
Providing for the recycling of high grade office paper, aluminum, corrugated paper, leaf waste, and other materials deemed appropriate by the Township.
Submitting at a minimum, an annual recycling report to the Board of Supervisors. The report shall document the amount of municipal waste generated per year as well as the type and weight of materials that were recycled in the previous calendar year. Valid documentation shall include information from an end-use recycler, or waste hauler, which describes the type and weight of each recyclable material that was collected and marketed. Documentation may be in the form of one of the following:
Copies of weight receipts or statements which consolidate such information.
A report from the provider of recycling collection services which identifies the amount of each material collected and marketed. The type and weight of recyclables generated by an individual establishment may be approximated based on a representative sample of its source-separated materials.
A report from the provider of waste collection services that identifies the type and weight of each recyclable material collected and marketed in cases where recyclables are commingled with the establishment's waste. The type and weight of recyclables generated by an individual establishment may be approximated based on a representative sample of its waste.
If recyclable materials are collected by a collector other than the Township or its authorized agent, occupants of said establishments shall submit an annual report to the Township reporting the type and weight of materials recycled during the previous calendar year. This requirement may be fulfilled by submission of a letter or form from the collector which certifies that recyclable materials are being collected from the establishment; provided, the collector submits an annual report indicating the tonnage of material recycled during the previous year from all customers in the Township.
All employees, users (patrons), and residents of commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments must be informed of the recycling program. The education program should describe the program's features and requirements, and should include at a minimum an annual program meeting and an orientation to the program upon the arrival of a new employee or resident.
Receptacles should be clearly marked with the recycling symbol and the type of recyclable material that is to be placed in the receptacle, and signs should be prominently displayed stating the requirements of the program.
Commercial municipal and institutional establishments which generate more than 2,200 pounds of municipal waste per month should also implement a waste minimization opportunity assessment which includes:
Waste characterization, including source, generation rate, management techniques, and management costs. The assessment should expressly consider high-grade office paper, aluminum, corrugated, paper, leaf waste, and any other materials generated in significant quantities.
A description of all possible waste minimization options, including use and waste reclamation.
An evaluation of the economic and technical feasibility of each option and a ranking of each option.
An estimate of the pay back period for each feasible option.
A statement of which options will be implemented, including an explanation and a timetable.
Identification of the individual(s) who will be responsible for implementing the plan.
The waste minimization plan should be periodically updated. Implementation of the plan should include:
Recycling or composting of materials, to the greatest extent feasible, either privately or through a municipal recycling program.
Use, to the greatest extent feasible, of products and materials which are recyclable or made of post-consumer materials.
Substitution, to the greatest extent feasible, of durable and reusable products and materials for products that are not durable or reusable.
Appropriate education materials and signs should be made available to employees or the public to encourage participation in recycling and waste reduction.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 6]
All recyclable materials placed by persons for collection by the Township or authorized collector pursuant to this Part shall, from time of placement at the curb, become property of the Township or the authorized collector, except as otherwise provided by § 20-208 of this Part. Nothing in this Part shall be deemed to impair the ownership of separated recyclable materials by the generator unless and until such materials are placed at the curbside for collection.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 7]
It shall be a violation of this Part for any person, firm, or corporation, other than the Township or one authorized by the Board of Supervisors or other entity responsible for providing for collection of recyclable materials, to collect recyclable materials placed by residences or commercial, municipal, or institutional establishments for collection by the Township or an authorized collector, unless such person, firm, or corporation has prior written permission from the generator to make such collection. In violation hereof, unauthorized collection from one or more residences or commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments on one calendar day shall constitute a separate and distinct offense punishable as hereinafter provided.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 8]
Any residence or commercial, municipal, or institutional establishment may donate or sell materials to any person, firm, or corporation, whether operating for profit or not, provided that the receiving person, firm, or corporation shall not collect such donated recyclable materials from the collection point of a residence or commercial, municipal, or institutional establishment without prior written permission from the Board of Supervisors or other entity responsible for authorizing collection of recyclable materials to make such a collection.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 9]
Disposal by persons of recyclable materials with wastes is prohibited and shall be a violation of this Part. The collected recyclable materials shall be taken to a recycling facility. Disposal by collectors or operators of recycling facilities of source-separated recyclable materials in landfills or to be burned in incinerators is prohibited.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 10; as amended by Ord. 652, 4/13/2011]
The Code Enforcement Officer is hereby authorized and directed to make reasonable rules and regulations for the operation and enforcement of this Part as deemed necessary including, but not limited to:
Establishing recyclable materials to be separated for collection and recycling by residences, and additional recyclable materials to be separated by commercial, municipal, and institutional establishments.
Establishing collection procedures for recyclable materials.
Establishing reporting procedures for amounts of materials recycled.
Establishing procedures for the distribution, monitoring, and collection of recyclable containers.
Establishing procedures and rules for the collection of leaf waste.
Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate the provisions of this Part shall receive an official written warning of noncompliance for the first and second offense. Thereafter, all such violations shall be subject to the penalties hereinafter provided.
Any person, firm, or corporation who shall violate any provision of this Part, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $25 nor more than $1,000 plus costs and, in default of payment of said fine and costs, to a term of imprisonment not to exceed 30 days. Each day that a violation of this Part continues shall constitute a separate offense.
The Township reserves the right not to collect municipal waste containing recyclable materials in combination with nonrecyclable materials.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 11]
The Township may enter into an agreement(s) with public or private agencies or firms to authorize them to collect all or part of the recyclable materials from curbside.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 12]
The Township may, from time to time, modify, add to, or remove from the standards and regulations herein and as authorized in § 20-210.
[Ord. 503, 5/7/1991, § 14]
This Part shall take effect and be in force from and after September 1, 1991.