City of Hollister, MO
Taney County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. No. 99-57, 10-21-1999; Ord. No. 12-01, 1-19-2012]
A. 
No permit for floodplain development shall be granted for new construction, substantial improvements and other improvements, including the placement of manufactured homes, within any numbered or unnumbered A Zones and AE Zones, unless the conditions of this Section are satisfied.
B. 
All areas identified as unnumbered A Zones on the FIRM are subject to inundation of the 100-year flood; however, the base flood elevation is not provided. Development within unnumbered A Zones is subject to all provisions of this Chapter. If Flood Insurance Study data is not available, the community shall obtain, review and reasonably utilize any base flood elevation or floodway data currently available from Federal, State or other sources.
C. 
Until a floodway is designated, no new construction, substantial improvements or other development, including fill, shall be permitted within any numbered A Zone or AE Zone on the FIRM, unless it is demonstrated that the cumulative effect of the proposed development, when combined with all other existing and anticipated development, will not increase the water surface elevation of the base flood more than one (1) foot at any point within the community.
D. 
All new construction, subdivision proposals, substantial improvements, prefabricated structures, placement of manufactured homes, and other developments shall require:
1. 
Design or adequate anchorage to prevent flotation, collapse or lateral movement of the structure resulting from hydrodynamic and hydrostatic loads, including the effects of buoyancy;
2. 
Construction with materials resistant to flood damage;
3. 
Utilization of methods and practices that minimize flood damages;
4. 
All electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing, air-conditioning equipment, and other service facilities be designed and/or located so as to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components during conditions of flooding;
5. 
New or replacement water supply systems and/or sanitary sewage systems be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the systems and discharges from the systems into floodwaters, and on-site waste disposal systems be located so as to avoid impairment or contamination; and
6. 
Subdivision proposals and other proposed new development, including manufactured home parks or subdivisions, located within special flood hazard areas are required to assure that:
a. 
All such proposals are consistent with the need to minimize flood damage;
b. 
All public utilities and facilities, such as sewer, gas, electrical and water systems, are located and constructed to minimize or eliminate flood damage;
c. 
Adequate drainage is provided so as to reduce exposure to flood hazards; and
d. 
All proposals for development, including proposals for manufactured home parks and subdivisions, of five (5) acres or fifty (50) lots, whichever is lesser, include within such proposals base flood elevation data.
E. 
Storage, Material And Equipment.
1. 
The storage or processing of materials within the special flood hazard area that are in time of flooding buoyant, flammable, explosive, or could be injurious to human, animal or plant life is prohibited.
2. 
Storage of other material or equipment may be allowed if not subject to major damage, if firmly anchored to prevent flotation, or if readily removable from the area within the time available after a flood warning.
F. 
Agricultural Structures. Structures used solely for agricultural purposes in connection with the production, harvesting, storage, drying or raising of agricultural commodities, including the raising of livestock, may be constructed at-grade and wet-floodproofed provided there is no human habitation or occupancy of the structure; the structure is of single-wall design; there is no permanent retail, wholesale or manufacturing use included in the structure; a variance has been granted from the floodplain management requirements of this Chapter; and a floodplain development permit has been issued.
G. 
Accessory Structures. Structures used solely for parking and limited storage purposes, not attached to any other structure on the site, of limited investment value, and not larger than four hundred (400) square feet may be constructed at-grade and wet-floodproofed provided there is no human habitation or occupancy of the structure; the structure is of single-wall design; a variance has been granted from the standard floodplain management requirements of this Chapter; and a floodplain development permit has been issued.
H. 
Critical Facilities.
1. 
All new or substantially improved critical non-residential facilities, including, but not limited to, governmental buildings, police stations, fire stations, hospitals, orphanages, penal institutions, communication centers, transportation maintenance facilities, places of public assembly, emergency aviation facilities, and schools shall be elevated above the 500-year flood level or, together with attendant utility and sanitary facilities, be floodproofed so that below the 500-year flood level the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water and with structural components having the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and the effects of buoyancy. A registered professional engineer or architect shall certify that the standards of this Subsection are satisfied. Such certification shall be provided to the Floodplain Administrator as set forth in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) regulations.
[Ord. No. 13-20, 9-19-2013]
2. 
All critical facilities shall have access routes that are above the elevation of the 500-year flood.
3. 
No critical facilities shall be constructed in any designated floodway.
I. 
Hazardous Materials. All hazardous material storage and handling sites shall be located out of the special flood hazard area.
J. 
Non-Conforming Use. A structure or the use of a structure or premises that was lawful before the passage or amendment of the ordinance, but which is not in conformity with the provisions of this Chapter, may be continued subject to the following conditions:
1. 
If such structure, use or utility service is discontinued for twelve (12) consecutive months, any future use of the building shall conform to this Chapter.
2. 
If any non-conforming use or structure is destroyed by any means, including flood, it shall not be reconstructed if the cost is more than fifty percent (50%) of the pre-damaged market value of the structure. This limitation does not include the cost of any alteration to comply with existing State or local health, sanitary, building, safety codes, regulations or the cost of any alteration of a structure listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the State Inventory of Historic Places, or Local Inventory of Historic Places upon determination.
[Ord. No. 99-57, 10-21-1999; Ord. No. 12-01, 1-19-2012]
A. 
In all areas identified as numbered and unnumbered A Zones and AE Zones, where base flood elevation data have been provided, as set forth in Article V, Section 415.150(B), the following provisions are required:
1. 
Residential construction. New construction or substantial improvement of any residential structures, including manufactured homes, shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated to one (1) foot* above base flood elevation.
*In all unnumbered and numbered A Zones and AE Zones, the FEMA Region VII office recommends elevating to one (1) foot above the base flood elevation to accommodate floodway conditions when the floodplain is fully developed.
2. 
Non-residential construction. New construction or substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial, or other non-residential structures, including manufactured homes, shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated to one (1) foot* above the base flood elevation or, together with attendant utility and sanitary facilities, be floodproofed so that below the base flood elevation the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water and with structural components having the capability of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy. A registered professional engineer or architect shall certify that the standards of this Subsection are satisfied. Such certification shall be provided to the Floodplain Administrator as set forth in Article IV, Section 415.130(9).
*The FEMA Region VII office recommends elevating to one (1) foot above the base flood elevation to qualify for flood insurance rates based upon floodproofing.
3. 
Require, for all new construction and substantial improvements, that fully enclosed areas below lowest floor used solely for parking of vehicles, building access, or storage in an area other than a basement and that are subject to flooding shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect or meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
a. 
A minimum of two (2) openings having a total net area of not less than one (1) square inch for every square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding shall be provided; and
b. 
The bottom of all opening shall be no higher than one (1) foot above grade. Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, valves, or other coverings or devices provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
[Ord. No. 99-57, 10-21-1999; Ord. No. 04-21, 4-1-2004; Ord. No. 06-01, 1-19-2006; Ord. No. 12-01, 1-19-2012]
A. 
All manufactured homes to be placed within all unnumbered and numbered A Zones and AE Zones on the community's FIRM shall be required to be installed using methods and practices that minimize flood damage. For the purposes of this requirement, manufactured homes must be elevated and anchored to resist flotation, collapse or lateral movement. Methods of anchoring may include, but are not limited to, use of over-the-top or frame ties to ground anchors.
B. 
Require manufactured homes that are placed or substantially improved within unnumbered or numbered A Zones and AE Zones on the community's FIRM on sites:
1. 
Outside of manufactured home park or subdivision;
2. 
In a new manufactured home park or subdivision;
3. 
In an expansion to an existing manufactured home park or subdivision; or
4. 
In an existing manufactured home park or subdivision on which a manufactured home has incurred substantial damage as the result of a flood,
be elevated on a permanent foundation such that the lowest floor of the manufactured home is elevated to one (1) foot* above the base flood elevation and be securely attached to an adequately anchored foundation system to resist flotation, collapse and lateral movement.
C. 
Require that manufactured homes to be placed or substantially improved on sites in an existing manufactured home park or subdivision within all unnumbered and numbered A Zones and AE Zones on the community's FIRM, that are not subject to the provisions of Subsection (B) of this Section, be elevated so that either:
1. 
The lowest floor of the manufactured home is at one (1) foot* above the base flood level; or
2. 
The manufactured home chassis is supported by reinforced piers or other foundation elements of at least equivalent strength that are no less than thirty-six (36) inches in height above grade and be securely attached to an adequately anchored foundation system to resist flotation, collapse and lateral movement.
*In all unnumbered and numbered A Zones and AE Zones, the FEMA Region VII office recommends elevating to one (1) foot above the base flood elevation to accommodate floodway conditions when the floodplain is fully developed.
[Ord. No. 99-57, 10-21-1999; Ord. No. 12-01, 1-19-2013; Ord. No. 13-21, 9-19-2013]
A. 
Located within areas of special flood hazard established in Article III, Section 415.040, are areas designated as "floodways." Since the floodway is an extremely hazardous area due to the velocity of floodwaters that carry debris and potential projectiles, the following provisions shall apply:
1. 
The community shall select and adopt a regulatory floodway based on the principle that the area chosen for the regulatory floodway must be designed to carry the waters of the base flood without increasing the water surface elevation of that flood more than one (1) foot at any point.
2. 
The community shall prohibit any encroachments, including fill, new construction, substantial improvements, and other development within the adopted regulatory floodway unless it has been demonstrated through hydrologic and hydraulic analyses performed in accordance with standard engineering practice that the proposed encroachment would not result in any increase in flood levels within the community during the occurrence of the base flood discharge. This means a no-rise certificate filled out and signed and sealed by a Missouri licensed engineer is required before a floodplain development permit can be issued.
3. 
Structures, including buildings having two (2) or more walls and a roof, including a gas or liquid storage tank that is principally above ground, as well as a manufactured home, are prohibited from being built or placed in the floodway. Existing structures in the floodway shall not be issued permits to be substantially improved or substantially repaired. (See "substantial damage," "substantial improvement.")
4. 
If Article V, Section 415.180(A)(2) is satisfied, all new construction and substantial improvements shall comply with all applicable flood hazard reduction provisions of Article V.
5. 
In unnumbered A Zones, the community shall obtain, review and reasonably utilize any base flood elevation or floodway data currently available from Federal, State or other sources as set forth in Article V, Section 415.150(B).
[Ord. No. 99-57, 10-21-1999; Ord. No. 12-01, 1-19-2012]
A. 
Require that recreational vehicles placed on sites within all unnumbered and numbered A Zones and AE Zones on the community's FIRM either:
1. 
Be on the site for fewer than one hundred eighty (180) consecutive days;
2. 
Be fully licensed and ready for highway use*; or
3. 
Meet the permitting, elevating, and the anchoring requirements for manufactured homes of this Chapter.
*A recreational vehicle is ready for highway use if it is on its wheels or jacking system, is attached to the site only by quick-disconnect type utilities and security devices, and has no permanently attached additions.