[R.O. 2008 §520.010; Ord. No. 31-2004 §1, 11-8-2004]
The purpose of this Chapter is to protect the public health, safety and general welfare of the people in the City in non-owner occupied dwellings, including:
To protect the character and stability of residential areas;
To correct and prevent housing conditions that adversely affect or are likely to adversely affect the life, safety, general welfare and health, including the physical, mental and social well-being of persons occupying dwellings;
To provide minimum standards for cooking, heating and sanitary equipment necessary to health and safety;
To provide minimum standards for light and ventilation necessary to health and safety;
To prevent the overcrowding of dwellings by providing minimum space standards per occupant for each dwelling unit;
To provide minimum standards for the maintenance of existing residential buildings and to thus prevent slums and blight;
To preserve the value of land and buildings throughout the City.
With respect to the rental disputes, except as otherwise specifically provided by this Chapter, it is not the intention of the City Council to intrude upon contractual relationships between tenant and landlord. The City Council does not intend to intervene as an advocate of either party, nor to act as an arbiter, nor to be receptive to complaints from tenant or landlord, which is not specifically and clearly relevant to the provisions of this Chapter. In the absence of such relevancy with regard to rental disputes, it is intended that the contracting parties exercise such legal sanctions as are available to them without intervention of City Government.
[R.O. 2008 §520.020; Ord. No. 31-2004 §2, 11-8-2004]
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to conduct or operate or cause to be rented, either as owner, lessee, lessor, agent or manager within the City, any rental units used for human habitation without having first obtained a permit to do so as provided in this Chapter. A unit is a family occupancy or a sleeping room of a facility, a boarding house or a dwelling. This Chapter shall not apply to hospitals, nursing homes or other rental units used for human habitation which offer or provide medical or nursing services or hotels, motels and dormitories if such units are subject to other City, State or Federal licensing or regulations concerning the safety of the users, patients or tenants, or where owned and inspected by the City Housing Authority.
The permit so issued shall state that the condition of the premises and its proposed occupation complies with all of the provisions of this Code as far as can be determined by a visual inspection of the premises and a review of the records.
The permit so issued shall state the maximum occupancy for the unit inspected.
[R.O. 2008 §520.030; Ord. No. 31-2004 §3, 11-8-2004]
Within six months after the effective date of this Chapter, the owner of each rental dwelling unit existing on the effective date shall make written application to the Building Inspector for a permit for such use on a form to be supplied by the City and containing such information as necessary to administer and enforce the provisions of, and to insure compliance with, the provisions of this Chapter and the Housing Code in its entirety. In addition, the legal owner of record of each rental unit, as hereinbefore stated, constructed or put into rental service after the effective date of this Chapter shall make written application to the Building Inspector for a permit as herein provided and receive a satisfactory rating for the property prior to any initial occupancy.
[R.O. 2008 §520.040; Ord. No. 31-2004 §4, 11-8-2004]
Upon completion of the inspection of the building or buildings, if the Inspector finds the requirements of the City Codes and zoning ordinance have been met, a permit certifying such facts shall be issued. If the Inspector finds that the requirements of the City Code and/or zoning ordinance have not been met, a written denial specifying the defects shall be transmitted to the applicant.
When a permit has been denied, expired, suspended or revoked, no further rental and occupancy of dwelling units then vacant or which may become vacant shall be permitted until a permit has been issued. The units within a structure which are in compliance with the Housing Code requirements may continue to be occupied if units in other portions of the structure which do not comply, do not create hazard to the health and safety of the persons in the occupied units.
[R.O. 2008 §520.050; Ord. No. 31-2004 §5, 11-8-2004]
After the initial inspection, a permit shall be renewed every two (2) years, based on the date of the initial issuance and/or upon a change of ownership. So that the privacy of occupants is honored, notification of inspection of occupied properties shall be given at least fourteen (14) days prior to the week which inspection is to be performed. This notification shall be deemed served by either hand delivery or posted upon the property to be inspected.
[R.O. 2008 §520.060; Ord. No. 31-2004 §6, 11-8-2004]
A permit may be suspended upon a finding by the Inspector that one (1) or more of the requirements of the Housing Code have been violated. The Inspector shall give written notice to the permit holder of the violations of the Housing Code. Upon failure of the permit holder to correct the violations as stated in the notices of violation, the permit may be revoked in the manner provided by ordinance for the revocation of permits. The suspended permit may be reinstated upon meeting the requirements of the code.
[R.O. 2008 §520.070; Ord. No. 31-2004 §7, 11-8-2004]
Permits issued under this Section shall be produced on the request of a tenant or prospective tenant and shall be available at reasonable times for inspection by an authorized Building Inspector.
[R.O. 2008 §520.080; Ord. No. 31-2004 §8, 11-8-2004; Ord. No. 05-2012 §1, 3-12-2012]
At the time of application for the permit for permit renewal required by this Section, the City Clerk shall collect the appropriate permit fee and inspection fee in accordance with the following schedule:
The above permit fees shall be tendered with the application for the first (1st) issuance of permit and thereafter every two (2) years, except a change of ownership and for a bed and breakfast, which shall be on an annual basis. If a permit is denied or suspended, the permit and inspection fee is non-refundable. A twenty dollar ($20.00) reinspection fee will be required. The Building Inspector shall review the fee schedule annually and recommend changes as deemed appropriate to the City Council.
[R.O. 2008 §520.090; Ord. No. 31-2004 §9, 11-8-2004]
As part of the monthly and annual reports the Building Inspector shall report to the City Council on the results of this program.
[R.O. 2008 §520.110; Ord. No. 31-2004 §11, 11-8-2004]
Every building and its premises used in whole or in part as a rented home or rented residence, or as an accessory structure thereof, for a single family or person, and every building used in whole or in part as a rented home or rented residence of two (2) or more persons or families living in a separate unit shall conform to the requirements of this Chapter, irrespective of when such building may have been constructed, altered or repaired. This establishes minimum standards for erected dwelling units, accessory structures and related premises.
[R.O. 2008 §520.120; Ord. No. 31-2004 §12, 11-8-2004]
As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates that a different meaning is intended:
- Complying with all applicable City ordinances and City Code.
- A roofed and walled structure built for use as a dwelling.
- BUILDING INSPECTOR
- Where mentioned, shall include the Building Inspector or any person authorized by him.
- The City of Louisiana, Missouri.
- An imperfection that causes inadequacy or failure; a shortcoming.
- A building containing two (2) dwelling units.
- A building, or portion thereof, designed or used predominantly for residential occupancy of a continuing nature, including one-family dwellings, two-family dwellings and multiple-family dwellings, but not including hotels or motels.
- DWELLING UNIT
- A single residential accommodation which is arranged, designed, used or, if vacant, intended for use exclusively as a domicile for one (1) family. Where a private garage is structurally attached, it shall be considered as part of the building in which the dwelling unit is located.
- EXISTING STRUCTURE
- Existing prior to the date of the adoption of this Chapter.
- FAMILY (any of the following definitions shall apply)
- A person or persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, together with his/her or their domestic servants or gratuitous guests, all maintaining a common household in a dwelling unit; or groups of foster care authorized by law, of not more than five (5) wards or clients with their guardian or guardians, together with his/her or their domestic servants or gratuitous guests, all maintaining a common household in a dwelling unit; or a group of not more than five (5) persons not related by blood, marriage or adoption maintaining a common household in a dwelling unit.
- FLUSH WATER CLOSET
- A toilet bowl flushed with water with a water-sealed trap.
- Putrescible animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
- HABITABLE BUILDING
- Any building or part thereof that meets minimum standards for use as a home or place of abode by one (1) or more persons.
- HABITABLE SPACE OR ROOM
- Space in a structure for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet rooms, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces, and similar areas are not considered habitable spaces.
- HEATED WATER
- Water heated to a temperature of not less than one hundred twenty degrees Fahrenheit (120°F) measured at faucet outlet.
- The inspector(s) of the City includes Code Enforcement, Fire, Police or any other person as authorized by the Building Inspector.
- A space which contains a sink with counter working space, adequate space for installing cooking and refrigeration equipment, and adequate space for the storage of cooking utensils.
- MULTIPLE-FAMILY DWELLING
- A dwelling or portion thereof containing three (3) or more dwelling units.
- Any person including owner or operator living, sleeping, cooking and eating in a dwelling unit.
- The owner or his/her agent who has charge, care, control or management of a building or part thereof in which dwelling unit or rooming units are let.
- Any person, partnership, firm or corporation who, alone, jointly or severally with others, shall be in actual possession of, or have charge, care or control of, any dwelling or dwelling unit within the City as owner, employee or agent of the owner, or as trustee or guardian of the estate or person of the title holder. Any such person representing the actual owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this Chapter to the same extent as the owner.
- PERMISSIBLE OCCUPANCY
- The maximum number of persons permitted by State law or City ordinance to reside in a dwelling unit or rooming unit.
- An individual, firm, partnership, association, limited liability corporation, limited liability company, corporation or joint venture or organization of any kind.
- All of the following supplied facilities and equipment in a dwelling: gas pipes, gas burning equipment, water pipes, steam pipes, garbage disposal units, waste pipes, water closet, sinks, installed dishwashers, lavatories, bathtubs, shower baths, installed clothes washing machines, catch basins, drains, vents, and any other similar fixtures and the installation thereof, together with all connections to water, sewer and gas lines.
- A platted lot or part thereof or unplatted parcel of land, either occupied or unoccupied by any dwelling or non-dwelling structure, including such building, accessory structure or other structure thereon.
- PUBLIC HALL
- A hall, corridor or passageway for providing egress from the dwelling unit to a public way and not within the exclusive control of one (1) family.
- All putrescible and non-putrescible waste solids including garbage and rubbish.
- RENTAL OR RENTED DWELLING OR DWELLING UNIT
- A dwelling or dwelling unit let or intended to be let for rent or lease, or being sold on contract. Any building used as commercial in combination with residential rental dwelling units.
- To a sound and acceptable state of operation, serviceability or appearance.
- RODENT HARBORAGE
- Any place where rodents can live, nest or seek shelter.
- ROOMING UNIT
- Any room or group of rooms forming a singe habitable unit used or intended to be used for living and sleeping, but not for cooking and eating purposes.
- Non-putrescible solid waste consisting of both combustible and non-combustible wastes, such as paper, cardboard, tin cans, grass and shrubbery clippings, wood, glass, brick, plaster, bedding, crockery and similar materials.
- The condition of being reasonable free from danger and hazards which may cause accidents or disease.
- SUBSTANDARD DWELLING
- Any dwelling which does not conform to the minimum standards established by the City Code.
- Paid for, furnished by, provided by or under the control of the owner, operator or agent.
[R.O. 2008 §520.130; Ord. No. 31-2004 §13, 11-8-2004]
The following requirements shall apply to permits:
No person shall rent any building or mobile home to any person for dwelling purposes without obtaining a permit and paying the fee required by this Section. A permit must be renewed every other year and/or when ownership changes.
Applications shall be made to the Building Inspector. Each applicant shall provide the name and address of the applicant. If the applicant is a corporation, the application shall name the principal officers. The applicant shall provide the address and apartment number, if any.
The fee for such permit is shown in Section 520.080. The Inspector shall inspect each unit before a permit is issued.
If the required permit fee has been paid, and the dwelling unit to be covered by the permit has been inspected and it does not appear that any violation of this Chapter or of any other applicable State law or City ordinance or of any other applicable State law or City ordinance exists, the Inspector shall issue the permit.
[Ord. No. 01-2014 §1, 1-13-2014]
Any person, firm or corporation who shall knowingly violate the provisions of Section 520.120 of this Code shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction for such offense shall be fined in an amount not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500) for each offense.
Each day of violation shall be considered a separate offense.
[R.O. 2008 §520.140; Ord. No. 31-2004 §14, 11-8-2004]
No owner or other person shall occupy or let another person inhabit any dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit unless it and the premises are clean, sanitary, fit for human occupancy, and comply with all applicable legal requirements of the State and the City, including the following requirements:
Maintenance of shared or public areas. Every owner of a dwelling containing two (2) or more dwelling units shall maintain in a clean and sanitary condition the shared or public areas of the dwelling and premises thereof, provided however, a tenant or tenants may assume that responsibility.
Maintenance of occupied areas. Every occupant of a dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit shall maintain in a clean and sanitary condition that part or those parts of the dwelling, dwelling unit and premises thereof that he/she occupies and controls.
Maintenance of yards. Outside storage for dwelling units or rooming houses shall be limited to equipment and materials for the care and maintenance of lawns and gardens, except as specifically provided in the Zoning Code.
Pest extermination. Every owner of a dwelling or dwellings shall be responsible for the extermination of vermin and rodents on the premises. No occupant of a dwelling or dwelling unit shall accumulate fire wood, rubbish, boxes, lumber, scrap metal, or any other materials in such manner that may provide a rodent harborage in or about any dwelling or dwelling unit. Stored materials shall be stacked neatly and safely.
Sanitary fixtures and appliances. Every occupant of a dwelling unit shall keep all supplied fixtures and facilities therein in a clean and sanitary condition and shall be responsible for the exercise of reasonable care in the proper use and operation thereof.
Minimum exterior lighting. The owner of a multiple-family dwelling or dwellings shall be responsible for providing and maintaining effective illumination near the entrances of the dwelling.
Minimum standards for basic equipment and facilities. No person shall occupy as owner, occupant or let to another for occupancy any dwelling or dwelling unit, for the purpose of living, sleeping, cooking or eating therein, which does not comply with the following requirements:
Every dwelling unit shall have a space in which food may be prepared and cooked, which shall have adequate circulation area and which shall be equipped with the following:
A kitchen sink in good working condition, connected to an approved water supply including hot and cold water and also connected to an approved sewer system.
Cabinets or shelves for the storage of eating, drinking and cooking equipment and utensils.
Adequate space and hookups shall be provided for a stove or similar device for cooking food and a refrigerator, or similar device.
Access. Access to or egress from each dwelling unit shall be provided without passing through any other dwelling or dwelling unit.
Facilities to function. Every supplied facility and every piece of equipment or utility and every chimney and flue shall be installed and shall be maintained so that it works effectively and safely.
Property Maintenance Code. All provisions as stated in the Property Maintenance Code as adopted by the City of Louisiana. If any provisions in the Property Maintenance Code shall conflict with any provisions in this Chapter, the more stringent provision shall apply.
One (1) family per dwelling unit. Not more than one (1) family, except for temporary guests, shall occupy a dwelling unit.
[R.O. 2008 §520.150; Ord. No. 31-2004 §15, 11-8-2004]
The Inspector, as defined, shall enforce the provisions of this Chapter and is thereby authorized to make inspections on a scheduled basis or when reason exists to believe that violation of this Chapter has been or is being committed.
Inspection Access. If any owner or other person in charge of a dwelling or a dwelling unit fails or refuses to permit free access and entry to the structure or premises under his/her control for any inspection pursuant to this Chapter, the Inspector may seek a search warrant or other appropriate court order authorizing such inspections.
[R.O. 2008 §520.160; Ord. No. 31-2004 §16, 11-8-2004]
Whenever the Inspector determines that any dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit, or the premises surrounding any of these fails to meet the requirements set forth in this Chapter, he/she shall issue a notice setting forth the alleged failure and advising the owner, occupant, operator or agent that such failure must be corrected. This notice shall:
Be in writing;
Set forth the alleged violations of this Chapter;
Describe the dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit or other premises where the violations are alleged to exist or to have been committed;
Provide a reasonable time, not to exceed sixty (60) days, for the correction of any alleged violations, except up to one hundred twenty (120) days may be allowed for the initial original inspection for the correction of any alleged violations, and
Be served on the owner, occupant, operator and/or agent of the dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit personally or by certified mail addressed to the last known place of residence of the owner, operator, or agent. If upon a diligent effort to locate the owner, occupant, operator or agent, none can be found, notice may be posted on or near the dwelling, dwelling unit, rooming unit or premises described in the notice.
Repairs And Corrective Action. Whenever an owner, operator, agent of a dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit neglects or refuses to make repairs or take other corrective action called for by order or notice of violation issued by a compliance official, the City may undertake such repairs or action when, in its judgment, the failure to do so will substantially endanger the public health, safety or welfare. The cost of such repairs and actions shall be charged to the person or persons required to make such repairs.
[R.O. 2008 §520.170; Ord. No. 31-2004 §17, 11-8-2004]
The owner, operator or agent of a dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit, which has been declared unfit for human habitation or which is otherwise vacant for a period of thirty (30) days or more, shall make it safe and secure so that it is not hazardous to the health, safety or welfare of the public and does not constitute a public nuisance. Any vacant dwelling, dwelling unit or rooming unit with open and unguarded doors or windows shall be deemed to be a hazard to the health, safety or welfare of the public and a public nuisance within the meaning of this Section.
[R.O. 2008 §520.180; Ord. No. 31-2004 §18, 11-8-2004]
All complaints shall be made to the office of the Building Inspector in writing on forms provided by that office. A twenty dollar ($20.00) reinspection fee is required at the time of complaint by the person(s) filing the complaint. If the situation is resolved without an inspector having to review the property, the twenty dollar ($20.00) fee will be refunded.
[R.O. 2008 §520.190; Ord. No. 31-2004 §19, 11-8-2004]
Any person aggrieved by any decision of any inspector from the City may appeal the decision to the Building Inspector. No formalities shall be required, but a written note or letter shall be provided by the person making the appeal informing the Building Inspector of the action taken by the City employee and the change requested.
[R.O. 2008 §520.200; Ord. No. 31-2004 §20, 11-8-2004]
Any violation of this Chapter is hereby declared to be a nuisance. In addition to any other relief provided by this Chapter, the City Attorney may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction for an injunction to prohibit the continuation of any violation of this Chapter. Such application for relief may include seeking a temporary restraining order, temporary injunction or permanent injunction.